Latest & greatest articles for infants

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Top results for infants

101. Determinants of neonatal, infant and under-five mortality in a war-affected country: analysis of the 2010 Household Health Survey in South Sudan

Determinants of neonatal, infant and under-five mortality in a war-affected country: analysis of the 2010 Household Health Survey in South Sudan 1 Mugo NS, et al. BMJ Glob Health 2018;3:e000510. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000510 Determinants of neonatal, infant and under-five mortality in a war-affected country: analysis of the 2010 Household Health Survey in South Sudan Ngatho Samuel Mugo, 1 Kingsley E Agho, 2 Anthony B Zwi, 3 Eliaba Yona Damundu, 4 Michael J Dibley 1 Research To cite: Mugo NS (...) , Agho KE, Zwi AB, et al. Determinants of neonatal, infant and under-five mortality in a war-affected country: analysis of the 2010 Household Health Survey in South Sudan. BMJ Glob Health 2018;3:e000510. doi:10.1136/ bmjgh-2017-000510 Handling editor Sanni Yaya ? Additional material is published online only. To view please visit the journal online (http:// dx. doi. org/ 10. 1136/ bmjgh- 2017- 000510). Received 3 August 2017 Revised 4 December 2017 Accepted 13 December 2017 1 School of Public Health

BMJ global health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

102. The protective role of maternal post-traumatic growth and cognitive trauma processing in Palestinian mothers and infants: a longitudinal study.

The protective role of maternal post-traumatic growth and cognitive trauma processing in Palestinian mothers and infants: a longitudinal study. BACKGROUND: Women at pre partum and post partum are especially susceptible to war trauma because they struggle to protect their infants from danger. Trauma research suggests increased problems in maternal mental health and infant development. Yet many cognitive-emotional processes affect the trauma survivors' mental health, such as post-traumatic growth (...) and post-traumatic cognition. The aim of this study was to examine whether a mother's high post-traumatic growth and optimal post-traumatic cognition could protect their own mental health and their infant's stress regulation from the effects of traumatic war experiences. METHODS: This three-wave prospective study involved Palestinian women living in the Gaza Strip who were at the second trimester of pregnancy (T1), women with infants aged 4 months (T2), and women with children aged 12 months (T3

Lancet2018

103. Adenovirus respiratory tract infections in infants: a retrospective chart-review study.

Adenovirus respiratory tract infections in infants: a retrospective chart-review study. BACKGROUND: Human adenoviruses have an important role in paediatric respiratory tract infections. They are estimated to cause 2-5% of the overall respiratory tract infections and 4-10% of all pneumonias. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical presentation and effect of adenoviral infection on the management of infected infants. METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records of patients (...) infected with adenovirus and admitted to Caritas Baby Hospital. Adenoviral respiratory tract infections were diagnosed from nasopharyngeal aspirates using direct fluorescent antibody staining. We analysed patient clinical presentation, medical workup, laboratory workup, and antibiotic administration. This study was approved by Caritas Baby Hospital Medical Research Committee. FINDINGS: We reviewed records for 491 patients admitted to Caritas Baby Hospital with adenoviral infection between Jan 1, 2006

Lancet2018

104. Planned birth at or near term for improving health outcomes for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes and their infants.

Planned birth at or near term for improving health outcomes for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes and their infants. BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2) have increased rates of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Current clinical guidelines support elective birth, at or near term, because of increased perinatal mortality during the third trimester of pregnancy.This review replaces a review previously published in 2001 that included "diabetic (...) pregnant women", which has now been split into two reviews. This current review focuses on pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2) and a sister review focuses on women with gestational diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of planned birth (either by induction of labour or caesarean birth) at or near term gestation (37 to 40 weeks' gestation) compared with an expectant approach, for improving health outcomes for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes and their infants

Cochrane2018

105. The NSIGHT1-randomized controlled trial: rapid whole-genome sequencing for accelerated etiologic diagnosis in critically ill infants

The NSIGHT1-randomized controlled trial: rapid whole-genome sequencing for accelerated etiologic diagnosis in critically ill infants The NSIGHT1-randomized controlled trial: rapid whole-genome sequencing for accelerated etiologic diagnosis in critically ill infants | npj Genomic Medicine Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode (...) in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. A Nature Research Journal The NSIGHT1-randomized controlled trial: rapid whole-genome sequencing for accelerated etiologic diagnosis in critically ill infants , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , & npj Genomic Medicine volume 3 , Article number: 6 ( 2018 ) | Subjects Abstract Genetic disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants

NPJ genomic medicine2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

107. Differences in Morbidity and Mortality Rates in Black, White, and Hispanic Very Preterm Infants Among New York City Hospitals

Differences in Morbidity and Mortality Rates in Black, White, and Hispanic Very Preterm Infants Among New York City Hospitals 29297054 2018 02 07 2168-6211 2018 Jan 02 JAMA pediatrics JAMA Pediatr Differences in Morbidity and Mortality Rates in Black, White, and Hispanic Very Preterm Infants Among New York City Hospitals. 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4402 Substantial quality improvements in neonatal care have occurred over the past decade yet racial and ethnic disparities in morbidity (...) and mortality remain. It is uncertain whether disparate patterns of care by race and ethnicity contribute to disparities in neonatal outcomes. To examine differences in neonatal morbidity and mortality rates among non-Hispanic black (black), Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white (white) very preterm infants and to determine whether these differences are explained by site of delivery. Population-based retrospective cohort study of 7177 nonanomalous infants born between 24 and 31 completed gestational weeks in 39

EvidenceUpdates2018

108. Computerised interpretation of the fetal heart rate during labour: a randomised controlled trial (INFANT)

Computerised interpretation of the fetal heart rate during labour: a randomised controlled trial (INFANT) Computerised interpretation of the fetal heart rate during labour: a randomised controlled trial (INFANT) Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need

NIHR HTA programme2018

109. Survival in Very Preterm Infants: An International Comparison of 10 National Neonatal Networks

Survival in Very Preterm Infants: An International Comparison of 10 National Neonatal Networks 29162660 2017 12 11 2017 12 11 1098-4275 140 6 2017 Dec Pediatrics Pediatrics Survival in Very Preterm Infants: An International Comparison of 10 National Neonatal Networks. e20171264 10.1542/peds.2017-1264 To compare survival rates and age at death among very preterm infants in 10 national and regional neonatal networks. A cohort study of very preterm infants, born between 24 and 29 weeks' gestation (...) . The network ranking of survival rates for very preterm infants remained largely unchanged as GA increased; however, survival rates showed marked variations at lower GAs. The median age at death also varied among networks. These findings warrant further assessment of the representativeness of the study populations, organization of perinatal services, national guidelines, philosophy of care at extreme GAs, and resources used for decision-making. Copyright © 2017 by the American Academy of Pediatrics

EvidenceUpdates2018

110. Race Effects of Inhaled Nitric Oxide in Preterm Infants: An Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis

Race Effects of Inhaled Nitric Oxide in Preterm Infants: An Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis 29241680 2018 02 01 1097-6833 193 2018 Feb The Journal of pediatrics J. Pediatr. Race Effects of Inhaled Nitric Oxide in Preterm Infants: An Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis. 34-39.e2 S0022-3476(17)31345-8 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.10.004 To assess whether inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) improves survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) for preterm African American infants (...) . An individual participant data meta-analysis was conducted, including 3 randomized, placebo-controlled trials that enrolled infants born at <34 weeks of gestation receiving respiratory support, had at least 15% (or a minimum of 10 infants in each trial arm) of African American race, and used a starting iNO of >5 parts per million with the intention to treat for 7 days minimum. The primary outcome was a composite of death or BPD. Secondary outcomes included death before discharge, postnatal steroid use

EvidenceUpdates2018

111. Effect of Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Infants With Meconium Aspiration Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Effect of Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Infants With Meconium Aspiration Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial 29204652 2018 02 06 2168-6211 172 2 2018 Feb 01 JAMA pediatrics JAMA Pediatr Effect of Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Infants With Meconium Aspiration Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial. 161-165 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3873 Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) as a primary respiratory therapy in meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) has (...) was conducted from August 5, 2014, to May 26, 2016. Data were collected from 3 tertiary care neonatal intensive care units. All infants admitted with respiratory distress, defined as Downe score greater than 4 and peripheral capillary oxygen saturation less than 90%, were assessed for study eligibility if the chest radiograph was suggestive of MAS and they met the other inclusion criteria: gestation longer than 35 weeks, a birth weight greater than 2000 g, and born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid

EvidenceUpdates2018

112. Predicting Mortality or Intestinal Failure in Infants with Surgical Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Predicting Mortality or Intestinal Failure in Infants with Surgical Necrotizing Enterocolitis 29173311 2017 12 11 2017 12 11 1097-6833 191 2017 Dec The Journal of pediatrics J. Pediatr. Predicting Mortality or Intestinal Failure in Infants with Surgical Necrotizing Enterocolitis. 22-27.e3 S0022-3476(17)31127-7 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.08.046 To compare existing outcome prediction models and create a novel model to predict death or intestinal failure (IF) in infants with surgical necrotizing (...) enterocolitis (NEC). A retrospective, observational cohort study conducted in a 2-campus health system in Atlanta, Georgia, from September 2009 to May 2015. Participants included all infants ≤37 weeks of gestation with surgical NEC. Logistic regression was used to model the probability of death or IF, as a composite outcome, using preoperative variables defined by specifications from 3 existing prediction models: American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric, Score

EvidenceUpdates2018

113. A Mixed Lipid Emulsion for Prevention of Parenteral Nutrition Associated Cholestasis in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants: A Randomized Clinical Trial

A Mixed Lipid Emulsion for Prevention of Parenteral Nutrition Associated Cholestasis in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants: A Randomized Clinical Trial 29269199 2018 02 28 1097-6833 194 2018 Mar The Journal of pediatrics J. Pediatr. A Mixed Lipid Emulsion for Prevention of Parenteral Nutrition Associated Cholestasis in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants: A Randomized Clinical Trial. 87-93.e1 S0022-3476(17)31505-6 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.11.012 To examine whether a mixed lipid emulsion reduces (...) the incidence of parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000 g) infants. This double-blind randomized trial of 230 ELBW infants (June 2012-October 2015) was performed at a single level IV neonatal intensive care unit. Patients received either a mixed lipid emulsion composed of soybean oil, medium chain triglycerides, olive oil, and fish oil-(intervention) or a soybean oil-based lipid emulsion (control) for parenteral nutrition. The primary outcome measure

EvidenceUpdates2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

114. Serum level of vitamin D in preterm infants and its association with premature-related respiratory complications: a case-control study

Serum level of vitamin D in preterm infants and its association with premature-related respiratory complications: a case-control study Serum level of vitamin D in preterm infants and its association with premature-related respiratory complications: a case-control study Search Search... For Authors Research Reporting Guidelines: Selected Editorials , Editorial by Associate Editor Prof. Dr. Umesh Wadgave, India. November 2018 . Editorial by Associate Professor Dr. Hossein Sanaei-Zadeh, Shiraz (...) Written by Hasan Boskabadi, Gholamali Mamoori, Seyedeh Fatemeh Khatami, Raheleh Faramarzi Parent Category: Year 2018, Volume 10 Category: Abstract Background and aim : Prematurity and related problems, especially respiratory distress, are one of the main challenges for neonatal medicine. The aim of this study was to compare vitamin D levels in preterm infants with, and those without respiratory distress. Methods : This case-control study was conducted in Ghaem and Emam Reza Hospitals in Mashhad (Iran

Electronic physician2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

115. Prevalence and Source of Fecal and Oral Bacteria on Infant, Child, and Adult Hands

Prevalence and Source of Fecal and Oral Bacteria on Infant, Child, and Adult Hands Prevalence and Source of Fecal and Oral Bacteria on Infant, Child, and Adult Hands | mSystems Main menu User menu Search Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Research Article | Host-Microbe Biology Prevalence and Source of Fecal and Oral Bacteria on Infant, Child, and Adult Hands Michael Shaffer , Catherine Lozupone Paul Wilmes , Editor Michael Shaffer Department of Medicine, University of Colorado (...) and an individual’s own palms far more often than to unrelated individuals and showed relationships with age, gender, and parental status. For instance, oral microbes that were specifically sourced to the same individual (oneself) were most common on infant palms; mothers had more infant-child-sourced and oral-sourced microbes on their palms than nonparents. Fecal microbes on palms more often sourced to members of the family than unrelated individuals, but more often to other members of the family than oneself

mSystems2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

116. Machine Learning Leveraging Genomes from Metagenomes Identifies Influential Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Infant Gut Microbiome

Machine Learning Leveraging Genomes from Metagenomes Identifies Influential Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Infant Gut Microbiome Machine Learning Leveraging Genomes from Metagenomes Identifies Influential Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Infant Gut Microbiome | mSystems Main menu User menu Search Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Editor's Pick Research Article | Host-Microbe Biology Machine Learning Leveraging Genomes from Metagenomes Identifies Influential Antibiotic (...) Resistance Genes in the Infant Gut Microbiome Sumayah F. Rahman , Matthew R. Olm , Michael J. Morowitz , Jillian F. Banfield Nicola Segata , Editor Sumayah F. Rahman Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA Matthew R. Olm Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA Michael J. Morowitz Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

mSystems2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

117. Planned birth at or near term for improving health outcomes for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and their infants.

Planned birth at or near term for improving health outcomes for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and their infants. BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to experience adverse health outcomes such as pre-eclampsia or polyhydramnios (excess amniotic fluid). Their babies are also more likely to have health complications such as macrosomia (birthweight > 4000 g) and being large-for-gestational (...) with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of planned birth (either by induction of labour or caesarean birth), at or near term (37 to 40 weeks' gestation) compared with an expectant approach for improving health outcomes for women with gestational diabetes and their infants. The primary outcomes relate to maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register, ClinicalTrials.gov and the WHO

Cochrane2018

118. Noninvasive monitoring of plant-based formulations on skin barrier properties in infants with dry skin and risk for atopic dermatitis

Noninvasive monitoring of plant-based formulations on skin barrier properties in infants with dry skin and risk for atopic dermatitis Redirecting

International journal of women's dermatology2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

119. Effect of Hydrolyzed Infant Formula vs Conventional Formula on Risk of Type 1 Diabetes: The TRIGR Randomized Clinical Trial.

Effect of Hydrolyzed Infant Formula vs Conventional Formula on Risk of Type 1 Diabetes: The TRIGR Randomized Clinical Trial. Importance: Early exposure to complex dietary proteins may increase the risk of type 1 diabetes in children with genetic disease susceptibility. There are no intact proteins in extensively hydrolyzed formulas. Objective: To test the hypothesis that weaning to an extensively hydrolyzed formula decreases the cumulative incidence of type 1 diabetes in young children. Design (...) , Setting, and Participants: An international double-blind randomized clinical trial of 2159 infants with human leukocyte antigen-conferred disease susceptibility and a first-degree relative with type 1 diabetes recruited from May 2002 to January 2007 in 78 study centers in 15 countries; 1081 were randomized to be weaned to the extensively hydrolyzed casein formula and 1078 to a conventional formula. The follow-up of the participants ended on February 28, 2017. Interventions: The participants received

JAMA2018

120. Disorders of infant feeding

Disorders of infant feeding Disorders of infant feeding - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Disorders of infant feeding Last reviewed: August 2018 Last updated: March 2018 Summary Common in children under 1 year of age. Causative conditions may persist, leading to ongoing feeding difficulties during childhood. Results in the inadequate intake or intolerance of fluids or nutrients necessary to meet (...) are guided by physical findings and severity of symptoms. Feeding disorders are usually subacute to chronic in nature. A sudden change in feeding habit may be associated with other conditions, notably infections, which need to be excluded. Definition Conditions that lead to inadequate intake or intolerance of fluids and nutrients in infants under 1 year of age. Milnes SM, Piazza CC, Carroll-Hernandez TA. Assessment and treatment of pediatric feeding disorders. Encyclopedia on early childhood development

BMJ Best Practice2018