Latest & greatest articles for infants

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Top results for infants

181. Contemporary Outcomes of Infants with Gastroschisis in North America: A Multicenter Cohort Study

Contemporary Outcomes of Infants with Gastroschisis in North America: A Multicenter Cohort Study 28712519 2017 07 17 2017 09 11 2017 09 11 1097-6833 188 2017 Sep The Journal of pediatrics J. Pediatr. Contemporary Outcomes of Infants with Gastroschisis in North America: A Multicenter Cohort Study. 192-197.e6 S0022-3476(17)30796-5 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.06.013 To quantify outcomes and analyze factors predictive of morbidity and mortality in infants with gastroschisis. Clinical data regarding (...) & numerical data Enterocolitis, Necrotizing epidemiology Female Gastroschisis epidemiology surgery Gastrostomy statistics & numerical data Humans Infant Nutrition Disorders epidemiology Infant, Newborn Infant, Small for Gestational Age Intestinal Atresia epidemiology surgery Jejunostomy statistics & numerical data Length of Stay statistics & numerical data Male North America epidemiology Risk Factors Sepsis mortality associated anomalies intestinal atresia necrotizing enterocolitis surgery 2017 01 15 2017

EvidenceUpdates2017

182. High flow nasal cannula (HFNC) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) for the initial respiratory management of acute viral bronchiolitis in young infants: a multicenter randomized controlled trial (TRAMONTANE study)

High flow nasal cannula (HFNC) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) for the initial respiratory management of acute viral bronchiolitis in young infants: a multicenter randomized controlled trial (TRAMONTANE study) PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2017

183. Interconception care for women with a history of gestational diabetes for improving maternal and infant outcomes.

Interconception care for women with a history of gestational diabetes for improving maternal and infant outcomes. BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse health outcomes for mothers and their infants both perinatally and long term. Women with a history of GDM are at risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies and may benefit from intervention in the interconception period to improve maternal and infant health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (...) of interconception care for women with a history of GDM on maternal and infant health outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (7 April 2017) and reference lists of retrieved studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials, including quasi-randomised controlled trials and cluster-randomised trials evaluating any protocol of interconception care with standard care or other forms of interconception care for women with a history of GDM on maternal

Cochrane2017

184. Estimates of burden and consequences of infants born small for gestational age in low and middle income countries with INTERGROWTH-21<sup>st</sup> standard: analysis of CHERG datasets.

Estimates of burden and consequences of infants born small for gestational age in low and middle income countries with INTERGROWTH-21st standard: analysis of CHERG datasets. Objectives To estimate small for gestational age birth prevalence and attributable neonatal mortality in low and middle income countries with the INTERGROWTH-21 st birth weight standard. Design Secondary analysis of data from the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG), including 14 birth cohorts (...) with gestational age, birth weight, and neonatal follow-up. Small for gestational age was defined as infants weighing less than the 10th centile birth weight for gestational age and sex with the multiethnic, INTERGROWTH-21 st birth weight standard. Prevalence of small for gestational age and neonatal mortality risk ratios were calculated and pooled among these datasets at the regional level. With available national level data, prevalence of small for gestational age and population attributable fractions

BMJ2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

185. Subcortical Brain and Behavior Phenotypes Differentiate Infants with Autism versus Language Delay

Subcortical Brain and Behavior Phenotypes Differentiate Infants with Autism versus Language Delay 29560900 2018 12 04 2451-9030 2 8 2017 11 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging Subcortical Brain and Behavior Phenotypes Differentiate Infants With Autism Versus Language Delay. 664-672 S2451-9022(17)30141-6 10.1016/j.bpsc.2017.07.007 Younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are themselves at increased risk (...) for ASD and other developmental concerns. It is unclear if infants who display developmental concerns, but are unaffected by ASD, share similar or dissimilar behavioral and brain phenotypes to infants with ASD. Most individuals with ASD exhibit heterogeneous difficulties with language, and their receptive-expressive language profiles are often atypical. Yet, little is known about the neurobiology that contributes to these language difficulties. In this study, we used behavioral assessments

Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

186. Peritoneal Dialysis vs Furosemide for Prevention of Fluid Overload in Infants After Cardiac Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Peritoneal Dialysis vs Furosemide for Prevention of Fluid Overload in Infants After Cardiac Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2017

187. Epidemiology of Live Born Infants with Nonimmune Hydrops Fetalis-Insights from a Population-Based Dataset

Epidemiology of Live Born Infants with Nonimmune Hydrops Fetalis-Insights from a Population-Based Dataset 28533037 2017 05 23 2017 07 28 1097-6833 187 2017 Aug The Journal of pediatrics J. Pediatr. Epidemiology of Live Born Infants with Nonimmune Hydrops Fetalis-Insights from a Population-Based Dataset. 182-188.e3 S0022-3476(17)30508-5 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.04.025 To evaluate the incidence, etiology, and 1-year mortality of nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) and to identify risk factors (...) for mortality in a contemporary population-based dataset. The California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development maintains a database linking maternal and infant hospital discharge, readmissions, and birth and death certificate date from 1 year before to 1 year after birth. We searched the database (2005-2012) for infants with NIHF (identified by the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification code). Hazard models were used to identify risk factors for mortality

EvidenceUpdates2017

188. Supplemental Iodide for Preterm Infants and Developmental Outcomes at 2 Years: An RCT

Supplemental Iodide for Preterm Infants and Developmental Outcomes at 2 Years: An RCT 28557747 2017 05 30 2017 08 10 2017 08 10 1098-4275 139 5 2017 May Pediatrics Pediatrics Supplemental Iodide for Preterm Infants and Developmental Outcomes at 2 Years: An RCT. e20163703 10.1542/peds.2016-3703 The recommendation for enteral iodide intake for preterm infants is 30 to 40 μg/kg per day and 1 μg/kg per day for parenteral intake. Preterm infants are vulnerable to iodide insufficiency and thyroid (...) dysfunction. The hypothesis tested whether, compared with placebo, iodide supplementation of preterm infants improves neurodevelopment. A randomized controlled trial of iodide supplementation versus placebo in infants <31 weeks' gestation. Trial solutions (sodium iodide or sodium chloride; dose 30 μg/kg per day) were given within 42 hours of birth to the equivalent of 34 weeks' gestation. The only exclusion criterion was maternal iodide exposure during pregnancy or delivery. Whole blood levels

EvidenceUpdates2017

189. Timing of Etonogestrel-Releasing Implants and Growth of Breastfed Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Timing of Etonogestrel-Releasing Implants and Growth of Breastfed Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial 28594758 2017 06 08 2017 07 24 2017 07 24 1873-233X 130 1 2017 Jul Obstetrics and gynecology Obstet Gynecol Timing of Etonogestrel-Releasing Implants and Growth of Breastfed Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 100-107 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002092 To evaluate the growth of breastfed infants whose mothers had inserted an etonogestrel-releasing implant in the immediate postpartum period (...) . An open, randomized controlled, and parallel trial of postpartum women who were block-randomized to early (up to 48 hours postpartum before discharge) or conventional (at 6 weeks postpartum) insertion of an etonogestrel implant. The primary outcome was average infant weight at 12 months (360 days) and a difference of equal to or greater than 10% between groups was considered clinically significant. The secondary outcomes were infant's height and head and arm circumferences. These variables were

EvidenceUpdates2017

190. Infants With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Are at Risk for Hypercalcemia, Hypercalciuria, and Nephrocalcinosis

Infants With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Are at Risk for Hypercalcemia, Hypercalciuria, and Nephrocalcinosis 29264571 2018 11 13 2472-1972 1 9 2017 Sep 01 Journal of the Endocrine Society J Endocr Soc Infants With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Are at Risk for Hypercalcemia, Hypercalciuria, and Nephrocalcinosis. 1160-1167 10.1210/js.2017-00145 Hypercalcemia is reported as a rare finding in adrenal insufficiency, but is not well described in congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH

Journal of the Endocrine Society2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

191. Ventilation in Extremely Preterm Infants and Respiratory Function at 8 Years.

Ventilation in Extremely Preterm Infants and Respiratory Function at 8 Years. BACKGROUND: Assisted ventilation for extremely preterm infants (<28 weeks of gestation) has become less invasive, but it is unclear whether such developments in care are associated with improvements in short-term or long-term lung function. We compared changes over time in the use of assisted ventilation and oxygen therapy during the newborn period and in lung function at 8 years of age in children whose birth (...) was extremely premature. METHODS: We conducted longitudinal follow-up of all survivors of extremely preterm birth who were born in Victoria, Australia, in three periods - the years 1991 and 1992 (225 infants), 1997 (151 infants), and 2005 (170 infants). Perinatal data were collected prospectively, including data on the duration and type of assisted ventilation provided, the duration of oxygen therapy, and oxygen requirements at 36 weeks of age. Expiratory airflow was measured at 8 years of age, and values

NEJM2017

192. The Effect of Nursing Quality Improvement and Mobile Health Interventions on Infant Sleep Practices: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

The Effect of Nursing Quality Improvement and Mobile Health Interventions on Infant Sleep Practices: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Importance: Inadequate adherence to recommendations known to reduce the risk of sudden unexpected infant death has contributed to a slowing in the decline of these deaths. Objective: To assess the effectiveness of 2 interventions separately and combined to promote infant safe sleep practices compared with control interventions. Design, Setting, and Participants: Four (...) -group cluster randomized clinical trial of mothers of healthy term newborns who were recruited between March 2015 and May 2016 at 16 US hospitals with more than 100 births annually. Data collection ended in October 2016. Interventions: All participants were beneficiaries of a nursing quality improvement campaign in infant safe sleep practices (intervention) or breastfeeding (control), and then received a 60-day mobile health program, in which mothers received frequent emails or text messages

JAMA2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

193. Interventions to Improve Infant Safe Sleep Practices

Interventions to Improve Infant Safe Sleep Practices 28742890 2017 09 07 2018 11 13 1538-3598 318 4 2017 07 25 JAMA JAMA Interventions to Improve Infant Safe Sleep Practices. 336-338 10.1001/jama.2017.9422 Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie K CK Division of Reproductive Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. eng CC999999 Intramural CDC HHS United States Editorial Comment United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 AIM IM JAMA. 2017 Jul 25;318(4):351-359 28742913 Humans Infant (...) Infant Care Sleep Sudden Infant Death 2017 7 26 6 0 2017 7 26 6 0 2017 9 8 6 0 ppublish 28742890 2645083 10.1001/jama.2017.9422 PMC5591649 NIHMS901917 Pediatrics. 2016 Nov;138(5):null 27940805 Curr Pediatr Rev. 2016;12 (1):67-75 26496723 Acad Pediatr. 2016 Aug;16(6):540-9 26851615 Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002 Jul;156(7):717-20 12090841 Pediatrics. 2017 Jul;140(1):null 28759397 JAMA. 1998 Jul 22-29;280(4):329-35 9686549 J Pediatr. 2010 Jul;157(1):92-97.e2 20303505 JAMA. 2017 Jul 25;318(4):351-359

JAMA2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

194. Management of Severe Hyponatremia With a Custom Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy in an Infant With Newly Diagnosed Chronic Kidney Disease

Management of Severe Hyponatremia With a Custom Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy in an Infant With Newly Diagnosed Chronic Kidney Disease 29270536 2018 11 13 2468-0249 2 6 2017 Nov Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep Management of Severe Hyponatremia With a Custom Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy in an Infant With Newly Diagnosed Chronic Kidney Disease. 1254-1258 10.1016/j.ekir.2017.07.003 Gaudreault-Tremblay Marie-Michèle MM Division of Nephrology, The Hospital for Sick

Kidney international reports2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

195. Corrigendum to “Is model of care associated with infant birth outcomes among vulnerable women? A scoping review of midwifery-led versus physician-led care” [SSM – Population Health 2 (2016) 182–193]

Corrigendum to “Is model of care associated with infant birth outcomes among vulnerable women? A scoping review of midwifery-led versus physician-led care” [SSM – Population Health 2 (2016) 182–193] 29988861 2018 11 14 2352-8273 3 2017 Dec SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Corrigendum to "Is model of care associated with infant birth outcomes among vulnerable women? A scoping review of midwifery-led versus physician-led care" [SSM - Population Health 2 (2016) 182-193]. 817

SSM - population health2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

196. Assessing Variation in the Cost of Palivizumab for Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention in Preterm Infants

Assessing Variation in the Cost of Palivizumab for Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention in Preterm Infants 29464672 2018 11 13 2509-4254 2 1 2018 Mar PharmacoEconomics - open Pharmacoecon Open Assessing Variation in the Cost of Palivizumab for Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention in Preterm Infants. 53-61 10.1007/s41669-017-0042-3 The variability in cost of palivizumab treatment, indicated for prevention of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections in high-risk infants, has not been (...) robustly estimated in prior studies. This study aimed to determine the cost variations of palivizumab from a US payer perspective for otherwise healthy preterm infants born 29-35 weeks gestational age (wGA) using infant characteristics and applied dosing regimens. Fenton Growth Charts were merged with World Health Organization Child Growth Standards to estimate preterm infant growth patterns. The merged growth chart was applied to infants who received palivizumab from a prospective, observational

PharmacoEconomics open2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

197. Hypothyroidism in Infants With Congenital Heart Disease Exposed to Excess Iodine

Hypothyroidism in Infants With Congenital Heart Disease Exposed to Excess Iodine 29264559 2018 11 13 2472-1972 1 8 2017 Aug 01 Journal of the Endocrine Society J Endocr Soc Hypothyroidism in Infants With Congenital Heart Disease Exposed to Excess Iodine. 1067-1078 10.1210/js.2017-00174 Thyroid hormone is critical for neonatal brain development, and even transient hypothyroidism can cause adverse neurocognitive outcomes. Infants exposed to excess iodine are at risk of developing hypothyroidism (...) cardiac surgery. Hypothyroidism was defined as an elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone level (>20 mIU/L at 24 to 96 hours of age and >15 mIU/L at >96 hours of age by heel-stick sampling and >9.1 mIU/L at 1 to 20 weeks of age by serum testing). Multivariate logistic regression was performed to predict the odds of developing hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism was diagnosed incidentally in 46 of 183 infants (25%) with CHD after iodine exposure. Controlling for baseline cardiac risk, postnatal age

Journal of the Endocrine Society2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

198. Smoking Reduction and Cessation Interventions for Pregnant Women and Mothers of Infants: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness

Smoking Reduction and Cessation Interventions for Pregnant Women and Mothers of Infants: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness Smoking Reduction and Cessation Interventions for Pregnant Women and Mothers of Infants: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Smoking Reduction and Cessation Interventions for Pregnant Women and Mothers of Infants: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness Smoking Reduction and Cessation Interventions for Pregnant Women (...) and Mothers of Infants: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness Published on: July 4, 2017 Project Number: RC0900-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of smoking reduction programs for pregnant women or mothers of infants? What is the clinical effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions for pregnant women or mothers of infants? Key Message Evidence on the effectiveness

Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review2017

199. Recommendations for the use of rotavirus vaccines in infants

Recommendations for the use of rotavirus vaccines in infants Recommendations for the use of rotavirus vaccines in infants | Position statements and practice points | Recommendations for the use of rotavirus vaccines in infants | Canadian Paediatric Society Protecting and promoting the health and well-being of children and youth CPS Member Login | Who We Are What We Do Get Involved Education/CPD Publications Careers > Share POSITION STATEMENT Recommendations for the use of rotavirus vaccines (...) in infants Posted: Sep 22 2016 The Canadian Paediatric Society gives permission to print single copies of this document from our website. For permission to reprint or reproduce multiple copies, please see our . Principal author(s) Nicole Le Saux; Canadian Paediatric Society , Abstract The present statement provides information concerning the clinical rotavirus disease and rotavirus vaccines in Canada. Since the implementation of publically funded rotavirus vaccine programs in Canada, increasing evidence

Canadian Paediatric Society2017

200. The effects of enteral feeding improvement massage on premature infants: A randomised controlled trial

The effects of enteral feeding improvement massage on premature infants: A randomised controlled trial 28415135 2017 04 17 2017 06 28 1365-2702 2017 Apr 17 Journal of clinical nursing J Clin Nurs The effects of enteral feeding improvement massage on premature infants: A randomised controlled trial. 10.1111/jocn.13850 To prove the effects of an enteral feeding improvement massage for premature infants with regard to their feeding, growing and superior mesentery artery blood flow aspect (...) by a randomised controlled trial. Premature infants have feeding-related problems related to eating and absorbing nutrition due to their immature gastrointestinal function. Studies regarding the effectiveness of premature infants' enteral feeding improvement by tactile stimulation massage are rare. The study group was composed of 55 patients. Of the 55 patients, 26 were randomised into an experimental group and 29 were randomised into a control group. They were all born <34 weeks of gestational age between 1

EvidenceUpdates2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro