Latest & greatest articles for inequality

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Top results for inequality

161. Tackling inequalities in obesity: how effective are public health interventions at reducing socio-economic inequalities in obesity amongst adults?

Tackling inequalities in obesity: how effective are public health interventions at reducing socio-economic inequalities in obesity amongst adults? Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2015 PROSPERO

162. How can interventions integrating health and academic education in schools help prevent substance misuse and violence, and reduce health inequalities among young people? Systematic review and evidence synthesis

How can interventions integrating health and academic education in schools help prevent substance misuse and violence, and reduce health inequalities among young people? Systematic review and evidence synthesis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2015 PROSPERO

163. Impact of public smoking bans on social inequalities in children's exposure to tobacco smoke at home: an equity-focused systematic review

Impact of public smoking bans on social inequalities in children's exposure to tobacco smoke at home: an equity-focused systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2015 PROSPERO

164. Ethnic inequalities in coronary reperfusion therapy for managing acute myocardial infarction in high income countries

Ethnic inequalities in coronary reperfusion therapy for managing acute myocardial infarction in high income countries Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2015 PROSPERO

165. Systematic review of the extent and sources of inequalities in the burden of coronary heart disease between urban and rural/regional areas in Australia

Systematic review of the extent and sources of inequalities in the burden of coronary heart disease between urban and rural/regional areas in Australia Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2015 PROSPERO

166. Social and gender inequalities in mental health in low and middle income countries: a systematic review

Social and gender inequalities in mental health in low and middle income countries: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2015 PROSPERO

167. Open Space on Health Inequalities in Scotland

Open Space on Health Inequalities in Scotland Open Space on Health Inequalities in Scotland (Report) | SCPHRP For more information about the event or the Working Age/Adult Life Working Group, contact or see the relevant pages on this website Publication Information Date of Publication 10/04/2015 Link

2015 Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research & Policy

168. Health Inequalities

Health Inequalities Health inequalities This site uses cookies. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you agree to our use of cookies. Health inequalities Health inequalities Health inequalities, differences in morbidity, life expectancy and access to health care – have risen to the forefront of the global healthcare agenda. General practice, with its unrivalled access to the heart of communities, has a central role in addressing both causes and consequences (...) of health inequalities in the UK. Our work aims to demonstrate how GPs can positively influence health inequalities as practitioners, commissioners and community leaders. It contains examples of good practice, relevant national guidance and links to useful resources from other organisations. Health Inequalities Policy Paper In May 2015 the RCGP published our policy paper on Health Inequalities detailing our position on the role of the GP in addressing health inequalities and the actions needed from

2015 Royal College of General Practitioners

169. A systematic review of the effectiveness of individual, community and societal-level interventions at reducing socio-economic inequalities in obesity among adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

A systematic review of the effectiveness of individual, community and societal-level interventions at reducing socio-economic inequalities in obesity among adults Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity are well established in high-income countries. There is a lack of evidence of the types of intervention that are effective in reducing these inequalities among adults.To systematically review studies of the effectiveness of individual, community and societal interventions in reducing socio (...) -economic inequalities in obesity among adults.Nine electronic databases were searched from start date to October 2012 along with website and grey literature searches. The review examined the best available international evidence (both experimental and observational) of interventions at an individual, community and societal level that might reduce inequalities in obesity among adults (aged 18 years or over) in any setting and country. Studies were included if they reported a body fatness-related outcome

2015 EvidenceUpdates

170. From work with men and boys to changes of social norms and reduction of inequities in gender relations: a conceptual shift in prevention of violence against women and girls. Full Text available with Trip Pro

From work with men and boys to changes of social norms and reduction of inequities in gender relations: a conceptual shift in prevention of violence against women and girls. Violence perpetrated by and against men and boys is a major public health problem. Although individual men's use of violence differs, engagement of all men and boys in action to prevent violence against women and girls is essential. We discuss why this engagement approach is theoretically important and how prevention (...) interventions have developed from treating men simply as perpetrators of violence against women and girls or as allies of women in its prevention, to approaches that seek to transform the relations, social norms, and systems that sustain gender inequality and violence. We review evidence of intervention effectiveness in the reduction of violence or its risk factors, features commonly seen in more effective interventions, and how strong evidence-based interventions can be developed with more robust use

2014 Lancet

171. A systematic review of the effectiveness of individual, community and societal level interventions at reducing socioeconomic inequalities in obesity amongst adults

A systematic review of the effectiveness of individual, community and societal level interventions at reducing socioeconomic inequalities in obesity amongst adults Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2014 DARE.

172. The impact of NHS resource allocation policy on health inequalities in England 2001-11: longitudinal ecological study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The impact of NHS resource allocation policy on health inequalities in England 2001-11: longitudinal ecological study. To investigate whether the policy of increasing National Health Service funding to a greater extent in deprived areas in England compared with more affluent areas led to a reduction in geographical inequalities in mortality amenable to healthcare.Longitudinal ecological study.324 lower tier local authorities in England, classified by their baseline level (...) between deprived and affluent areas in male mortality amenable to healthcare of 35 deaths per 100,000 population (95% confidence interval 27 to 42) and female mortality of 16 deaths per 100,000 (10 to 21). This explained 85% of the total reduction of absolute inequality in mortality amenable to healthcare during this time. Each additional £10 m of resources allocated to deprived areas was associated with a reduction in 4 deaths in males per 100,000 (3.1 to 4.9) and 1.8 deaths in females per 100,000

2014 BMJ

173. The effects of positive youth development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes

The effects of positive youth development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g

2014 PROSPERO

174. Does shared decision making reduce health inequalities: a systematic review

Does shared decision making reduce health inequalities: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect

2014 PROSPERO

175. Tobacco control interventions to reduce inequalities in tobacco smoke exposure among children: a systematic review

Tobacco control interventions to reduce inequalities in tobacco smoke exposure among children: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2014 PROSPERO

176. Socio-economic inequalities in patient, primary care, referral, diagnostic and treatment intervals on the lung cancer care pathway: systematic review and meta-analysis

Socio-economic inequalities in patient, primary care, referral, diagnostic and treatment intervals on the lung cancer care pathway: systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g

2014 PROSPERO

177. Effects of universal school-based interventions on inequalities in childhood health behaviours: a protocol for a systematic review

Effects of universal school-based interventions on inequalities in childhood health behaviours: a protocol for a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2014 PROSPERO

178. Income inequality and 30 day outcomes after acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia: retrospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Income inequality and 30 day outcomes after acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia: retrospective cohort study. To examine the association between income inequality and the risk of mortality and readmission within 30 days of hospitalization.Retrospective cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries in the United States. Hierarchical, logistic regression models were developed to estimate the association between income inequality (measured at the US state level) and a patient's risk (...) . The potential number of excess deaths and readmissions associated with higher levels of inequality in US states in the three highest quarters of income inequality were compared with corresponding data in US states in the lowest quarter.Mortality analyses included 555,962 admissions (4348 hospitals) for acute myocardial infarction, 1,092,285 (4484) for heart failure, and 1,146,414 (4520); readmission analyses included 553,037 (4262), 1,345,909 (4494), and 1,345,909 (4524) admissions, respectively. In 2006-08

2013 BMJ

179. Inequalities in non-communicable diseases and effective responses. (Abstract)

Inequalities in non-communicable diseases and effective responses. In most countries, people who have a low socioeconomic status and those who live in poor or marginalised communities have a higher risk of dying from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) than do more advantaged groups and communities. Smoking rates, blood pressure, and several other NCD risk factors are often higher in groups with low socioeconomic status than in those with high socioeconomic status; the social gradient also depends (...) on the country's stage of economic development, cultural factors, and social and health policies. Social inequalities in risk factors account for more than half of inequalities in major NCDs, especially for cardiovascular diseases and lung cancer. People in low-income countries and those with low socioeconomic status also have worse access to health care for timely diagnosis and treatment of NCDs than do those in high-income countries or those with higher socioeconomic status. Reduction of NCDs

2013 Lancet

180. Identifying appropriate methods to incorporate concerns about health inequalities into economic evaluations of health care programmes

Identifying appropriate methods to incorporate concerns about health inequalities into economic evaluations of health care programmes First page footer Identifying appropriate methods to incorporate concerns about health inequalities into economic evaluations of health care programmes Final Report 3.02.14 Susan Griffin 1 ; Miqdad Asaria 1 ; Richard Cookson 1 ; Mark Sculpher 1 . 1 Centre for Health Economics, University of York The work was undertaken by the authors as part of the Public Health (...) Detailed description of project findings 9 2 Contribution to Consortium themes 9 2.1 Health inequalities 9 2.1.1 Methodological development 9 2.1.2 Translation to policy 9 References 10 Outputs / Dissemination 11 4 What this study adds: ? Reducing health inequality is a recognised goal of public policy, but changes to health inequality are not commonly incorporated in economic evaluations ? This study shows how health inequality impacts can be incorporated in economic evaluation in a way that clarifies

2013 Public Health Research Consortium