Latest & greatest articles for inequality

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Top results for inequality

101. Health inequalities and population health

Health inequalities and population health Health inequalities and population health | Advice | NICE Health inequalities and population health Local government briefing [LGB4] Published date: October 2012 Advice Between 2012 and 2015 we developed a series of local government briefings for a range of public health topics. We no longer have the capacity to maintain these to an acceptable standard and the information is now out of date, so these were removed from our website on 30 March 2018

2012 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

102. Human papilloma virus vaccination programs reduce health inequity in most scenarios: a simulation study

Human papilloma virus vaccination programs reduce health inequity in most scenarios: a simulation study Human papilloma virus vaccination programs reduce health inequity in most scenarios: a simulation study | SCPHRP Publication Information Date of Publication 31/10/2012 Link

2012 Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research & Policy

103. Health inequalities: an Olympic-size challenge

Health inequalities: an Olympic-size challenge Health inequalities: an Olympic-size challenge | The King's Fund Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply Health inequalities: an Olympic-size challenge This content relates to the following topics: Share this content Authors The good news is that government interventions have had a positive impact on healthy living. The bad news

2012 The King's Fund

104. Strategies for reducing inequalities and improving developmental outcomes for young children in low-income and middle-income countries. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Strategies for reducing inequalities and improving developmental outcomes for young children in low-income and middle-income countries. This report is the second in a Series on early child development in low-income and middle-income countries and assesses the effectiveness of early child development interventions, such as parenting support and preschool enrolment. The evidence reviewed suggests that early child development can be improved through these interventions, with effects greater (...) for programmes of higher quality and for the most vulnerable children. Other promising interventions for the promotion of early child development include children's educational media, interventions with children at high risk, and combining the promotion of early child development with conditional cash transfer programmes. Effective investments in early child development have the potential to reduce inequalities perpetuated by poverty, poor nutrition, and restricted learning opportunities. A simulation model

2011 Lancet

105. Inequality in early childhood: risk and protective factors for early child development. (Abstract)

Inequality in early childhood: risk and protective factors for early child development. Inequality between and within populations has origins in adverse early experiences. Developmental neuroscience shows how early biological and psychosocial experiences affect brain development. We previously identified inadequate cognitive stimulation, stunting, iodine deficiency, and iron-deficiency anaemia as key risks that prevent millions of young children from attaining their developmental potential

2011 Lancet

106. Obesity: Inequalities in EBM, medical research and policy

Obesity: Inequalities in EBM, medical research and policy Obesity: Inequalities in EBM, medical research and policy | TrustTheEvidence.net Syndicate Discover the truth behind the research findings that affect everyday healthcare. » » Links Tags HONcode Certified This site complies with the for trustworthy health information: . Obesity: Inequalities in EBM, medical research and policy Ami Banerjee Last edited 26th August 2011 Today’s main news story is that and will continue to rise (...) and global health policymakers put evidence into practice? Evidence-based medicine aims, at the end of the day, to institute changes which make the health of individuals better. It seems that there are inequalities in the way evidence is put into practice, based not just on societal interests, but on conflicts of interest, particularly multi-billion dollar industries. If we are serious about EBM and , we should take lessons learned from other sectors and apply them accordingly. Tags: to post comments

2011 TrustTheEvidence

107. The growing global health inequality of new drugs and clinical trials

The growing global health inequality of new drugs and clinical trials The growing global health inequality of new drugs and clinical trials | TrustTheEvidence.net Syndicate Discover the truth behind the research findings that affect everyday healthcare. » » Links Tags HONcode Certified This site complies with the for trustworthy health information: . The growing global health inequality of new drugs and clinical trials Ami Banerjee Last edited 30th August 2011 At the European Cardiology (...) than 50% even in rich countries. In Africa, 80% of eligible patients were taking no drugs at all. As Salim Yusuf said, treatment gaps like this in the HIV/AIDS epidemic led to human rights arguments for broadening of antiretroviral treatment and mobilisation of the global health community and governments. The inequality was also visible at concurrent “Meet the Triallists” sessions. Delegates clamoured to get to the trial update for the ARISTOTLE trial of the novel anticoagulant, apixaban, but I

2011 TrustTheEvidence

108. Socioeconomic inequalities in outcome of pregnancy and neonatal mortality associated with congenital anomalies: population based study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Socioeconomic inequalities in outcome of pregnancy and neonatal mortality associated with congenital anomalies: population based study. To investigate socioeconomic inequalities in outcome of pregnancy and neonatal mortality associated with congenital anomalies.Retrospective population based registry study.East Midlands and South Yorkshire regions of England (representing about 10% of births in England and Wales).All registered cases of nine selected congenital anomalies with poor prognostic (...) with deprivation (rate ratio 0.99, 0.84 to 1.17). The rate of termination after antenatal diagnosis of a congenital anomaly was lower in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived areas (63% v 79%; rate ratio 0.80, 0.65 to 0.97). Consequently there were significant socioeconomic inequalities in the rate of live birth and neonatal mortality associated with the presence of any of these nine anomalies. Compared with the least deprived areas, the most deprived areas had a 61% higher rate of live

2011 BMJ

109. [Evaluation of the impact in inequality before and after the enhancement of health insurance coverage of cancer]

[Evaluation of the impact in inequality before and after the enhancement of health insurance coverage of cancer] [Evaluation of the impact in inequality before and after the enhancement of health insurance coverage of cancer] [Evaluation of the impact in inequality before and after the enhancement of health insurance coverage of cancer] Kwon SM, Kim SJ, Yoon Y, Jung Y, Kim HS, Oh JH, Choi YS, Kim GY, Tae YH, Kang BJ Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology (...) assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Kwon SM, Kim SJ, Yoon Y, Jung Y, Kim HS, Oh JH, Choi YS, Kim GY, Tae YH, Kang BJ. [Evaluation of the impact in inequality before and after the enhancement of health insurance coverage of cancer] Seoul: National Evidence-based Healthcare Collaborating Agency (NECA). NECA-M-11-001. 2011 Authors' conclusions The purpose of this study is to evaluate how the enforcement

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

110. Impact of Quality and Outcomes Framework on health inequalities

Impact of Quality and Outcomes Framework on health inequalities Impact of Quality and Outcomes Framework on health inequalities | The King's Fund Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply Impact of Quality and Outcomes Framework on health inequalities: Summary of full report This content relates to the following topics: Part of Share this content Related details Authors Artak (...) Khachatryan Andrew Wallace Stephen Peckham Tammy Boyce Stephen Gillam Publication details ISBN 978 1 85717 618 6 Pages 14 When it came to power in 1997 the Labour government committed to reducing health inequalities, and made extra funding available to those primary care trusts (PCTs) in areas of the country with the worst health and deprivation indicators (Spearhead areas). The General Medical Services contract introduced a pay-for-performance scheme known as the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF

2011 The King's Fund

111. Nature of socioeconomic inequalities in neonatal mortality: population based study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nature of socioeconomic inequalities in neonatal mortality: population based study. To investigate time trends in socioeconomic inequalities in cause specific neonatal mortality in order to assess changing patterns in mortality due to different causes, particularly prematurity, and identify key areas of focus for future intervention strategies.Retrospective cohort study.England.All neonatal deaths in singleton infants born between 1 January 1997 and 31 December 2007.Cause specific neonatal (...) . For intrapartum events and sudden infant deaths (only 13.5% of deaths) the relative deprivation gap narrowed slightly.Almost 80% of the relative deprivation gap in all cause mortality was explained by premature birth and congenital anomalies. To reduce socioeconomic inequalities in mortality, a change in focus is needed to concentrate on these two influential causes of death. Understanding the link between deprivation and preterm birth should be a major research priority to identify interventions to reduce

2010 BMJ

112. Variation and inequality-what are the causes?

Variation and inequality-what are the causes? Variation and inequality-what are the causes? | TrustTheEvidence.net Syndicate Discover the truth behind the research findings that affect everyday healthcare. » » Links Tags HONcode Certified This site complies with the for trustworthy health information: . Variation and inequality-what are the causes? Ami Banerjee Last edited 26th November 2010 Yesterday the was launched. It aims to “address variations in activity and spend within the NHS (...) ” and “search for un-warranted variation”. Unwarranted variation is defined as “Variation in the utilization of health care services that cannot be explained by variation in patient or patient preferences”, and addressing it may “maximise health outcome and minimise inequalities”. The media coverage, as expected, has focused on the shocking of NHS healthcare with a . Across countries and across disease areas, there has been a flurry of research to show both VARIATION and INEQUALITIES. What do these words

2010 TrustTheEvidence

113. Inequalities in premature mortality in Britain: observational study from 1921 to 2007. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Inequalities in premature mortality in Britain: observational study from 1921 to 2007. To report on the extent of inequality in premature mortality as measured between geographical areas in Britain.Observational study of routinely collected mortality data and public records. Population subdivided by age, sex, and geographical area (parliamentary constituencies from 1991 to2007, pre-1974 local authorities over a longer time span).Great Britain.Entire population aged under 75 from 1990 to 2007 (...) , and entire population aged under 65 in the periods 1921-39, 1950-3, 1959-63, 1969-73, and 1981-2007.Relative index of inequality (RII) and ratios of inequality in age-sex standardised mortality ratios under ages 75 and 65. The relative index of inequality is the relative rate of mortality for the hypothetically worst-off compared with the hypothetically best-off person in the population, assuming a linear association between socioeconomic position and risk of mortality. The ratio of inequality

2010 BMJ

114. Association of leg-length inequality with knee osteoarthritis: a cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of leg-length inequality with knee osteoarthritis: a cohort study. Leg-length inequality is common in the general population and may accelerate development of knee osteoarthritis.To determine whether leg-length inequality is associated with prevalent, incident, and progressive knee osteoarthritis.Prospective observational cohort study.Population samples from Birmingham, Alabama, and Iowa City, Iowa.3026 participants aged 50 to 79 years with or at high risk for knee (...) osteoarthritis.The exposure was leg-length inequality, measured by full-limb radiography. The outcomes were prevalent, incident, and progressive knee osteoarthritis. Radiographic osteoarthritis was defined as Kellgren and Lawrence grade 2 or greater, and symptomatic osteoarthritis was defined as radiographic disease in a consistently painful knee.Compared with leg-length inequality less than 1 cm, leg-length inequality of 1 cm or more was associated with prevalent radiographic (53% vs. 36%; odds ratio [OR], 1.9

2010 Annals of Internal Medicine

115. Educational inequalities in mortality over four decades in Norway: prospective study of middle aged men and women followed for cause specific mortality, 1960-2000. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Educational inequalities in mortality over four decades in Norway: prospective study of middle aged men and women followed for cause specific mortality, 1960-2000. To determine the extent to which educational inequalities in relation to mortality widened in Norway during 1960-2000 and which causes of death were the main drivers of this disparity.Nationally representative prospective study.Four cohorts of the Norwegian population aged 45-64 years in 1960, 1970, 1980, and 1990 and followed up (...) for mortality over 10 years.359 547 deaths and 32 904 589 person years.All cause mortality and deaths due to cancer of lung, trachea, or bronchus; other cancer; cardiovascular diseases; suicide; external causes; chronic lower respiratory tract diseases; or other causes. Absolute and relative indices of inequality were used to present differences in mortality by educational level (basic, secondary, and tertiary).Mortality fell from the 1960s to the 1990s in all educational groups. At the same time

2010 BMJ

116. Tobacco Control, Inequalities in Health and Action at the Local Level in England

Tobacco Control, Inequalities in Health and Action at the Local Level in England Tobacco control, inequalities in health and action at the local level in England. FINAL REPORT 31 March 2011 Grantholders Amanda Amos, University of Edinburgh Linda Bauld, University of Stirling Sarah Hill, University of Edinburgh Steve Platt, University of Edinburgh Jude Robinson, University of Liverpool Project Team Amanda Amos, University of Edinburgh Linda Bauld, University of Stirling David Clifford (...) . INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………17 1.1 Background…………………………………………………………………………..17 1.2 Aims………………………………………………………………………………….17 1.3 Research questions…………………………………………………………………...17 1.4 Structure of the report……………………………………….………………………..18 1.5 Resources and contributions……………………………………………….…………19 2. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF THE EVIDENCE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TOBACCO CONTROL INTERVENTIONS IN REDUCING INEQUALITIES IN SMOKING 2.1 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………21 2.2 Methods

2010 Public Health Research Consortium

117. Will policies for the early years reduce inequalities in health? A synthesis of evidence to inform policy development, using the examples of unintentional injury and childcare

Will policies for the early years reduce inequalities in health? A synthesis of evidence to inform policy development, using the examples of unintentional injury and childcare 1 Will policies for the early years reduce inequalities in health? A synthesis of evidence to inform policy development, using the examples of unintentional injury and childcare. Final report Law, Catherine 1 ; Abbas, Jake 2 ; Duncan, Helen 2 ; Ferguson, Brian 2 ; Graham, Hilary 3 ; Jenkins, Richard 1 ; Li, Leah 1 (...) and childcare. Some of these less well researched areas were then explored with secondary data, summarised below. Because these are based on observational data, causality cannot be assumed. Policies and inequalities in unintentional injury in young children Home environment in relation to inequalities in injury · Preschool children from less advantaged backgrounds were more likely to have visited a GP or A&E due to an unintentional injury which occurred in the home and they were also more likely to live

2010 Public Health Research Consortium

118. The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community engagement in the New Deal for Communities regeneration initiative: a mixed-methods evaluation Full Text available with Trip Pro

The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community engagement in the New Deal for Communities regeneration initiative: a mixed-methods evaluation The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community engagement in the New Deal for Communities regeneration initiative: a mixed-methods evaluation Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please

2010 NIHR HTA programme

119. Socioeconomic inequalities in survival and provision of neonatal care: population based study of very preterm infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Socioeconomic inequalities in survival and provision of neonatal care: population based study of very preterm infants. To assess socioeconomic inequalities in survival and provision of neonatal care among very preterm infants.Prospective cohort study in a geographically defined population.Former Trent health region of the United Kingdom (covering about a twelfth of UK births).All infants born between 22+0 and 32+6 weeks' gestation from 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2007 who were alive

2009 BMJ

120. Could Medicare Readmission Policy Exacerbate Health Care System Inequity? (Abstract)

Could Medicare Readmission Policy Exacerbate Health Care System Inequity? The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services recently started publicly reporting hospital readmission rates. Health care reform proposals include readmission provisions as vehicles to promote care coordination and achieve savings. Current approaches ascribe variability in hospital readmission primarily to differences in patient medical risk and hospital performance. These approaches do not adequately account (...) for the effect of patient sociodemographic and community factors that influence health care utilization and outcomes. The evidence base on cost-effective and generalizable care management techniques to reduce readmission is still evolving. Although readmission-related policies may prove to be a transformational force in health care reform, their incorrect application in facilities serving vulnerable communities may increase health care system inequity. Policy options can mitigate this potential.

2009 Annals of Internal Medicine