Latest & greatest articles for inequality

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Top results for inequality

41. Inequality in Care and Differences in Outcome Following Stroke in People With ESRD Full Text available with Trip Pro

Inequality in Care and Differences in Outcome Following Stroke in People With ESRD Stroke rate and mortality are greater in individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) than in those without ESRD. We examined discrepancies in stroke care in ESRD patients and their influence on mortality.This is a national record linkage cohort study of hospitalized stroke individuals from 2005 to 2013. Presentation, measures of care quality (admission to stroke unit, swallow assessment, antithrombotics

2018 Kidney international reports

42. Health inequalities and inequities by age: Stability for the Health Utilities Index and divergence for the Frailty Index Full Text available with Trip Pro

Health inequalities and inequities by age: Stability for the Health Utilities Index and divergence for the Frailty Index Successful aging is an important policy goal in an aging society. A key indicator of successful aging of a population is whether health inequalities (differences) and inequities (unfair differences) in the population increase or decrease with age. This study investigates how health inequalities and inequities differ across age groups in the Canadian population within (...) the equity framework of equal opportunity for health, using two popular measures of health, the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI) and the Frailty Index (FI). We use the 2009-10 Canadian Health Measures Survey. We first quantify the degree of health inequality by calculating the Gini coefficient for the distributions of the HUI and the FI within three age groups (20-44, 45-64, and 65-79 years). We then identify sources of health inequality by using regression models and decomposing inequality

2018 SSM - population health

43. Tackling socioeconomic inequalities and non-communicable diseases in low-income and middle-income countries under the Sustainable Development agenda. (Abstract)

Tackling socioeconomic inequalities and non-communicable diseases in low-income and middle-income countries under the Sustainable Development agenda. Five Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set targets that relate to the reduction of health inequalities nationally and worldwide. These targets are poverty reduction, health and wellbeing for all, equitable education, gender equality, and reduction of inequalities within and between countries. The interaction between inequalities and health (...) in high-income settings. These conditions include tobacco use, obesity, hypertension, cancer, and diabetes. Strong evidence from 283 studies overwhelmingly supports a positive association between low-income, low socioeconomic status, or low educational status and NCDs. The associations have been differentiated by sex in only four studies. Health is a key driver in the SDGs, and reduction of health inequalities and NCDs should become key in the promotion of the overall SDG agenda. A sustained reduction

2018 Lancet

44. Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent body-mass index, weight, and height from 1953 to 2015: an analysis of four longitudinal, observational, British birth cohort studies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent body-mass index, weight, and height from 1953 to 2015: an analysis of four longitudinal, observational, British birth cohort studies Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood body-mass index (BMI) have been documented in high-income countries; however, uncertainty exists with regard to how they have changed over time, how inequalities in the composite parts (ie, weight and height) of BMI have changed, and whether inequalities differ (...) in magnitude across the outcome distribution. Therefore, we aimed to investigate how socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent weight, height, and BMI have changed over time in Britain.We used data from four British longitudinal, observational, birth cohort studies: the 1946 Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development (1946 NSHD), 1958 National Child Development Study (1958 NCDS), 1970 British Cohort Study (1970 BCS), and 2001 Millennium Cohort Study (2001 MCS). BMI (kg

2018 The Lancet. Public health

45. Impact of national cancer policies on cancer survival trends and socioeconomic inequalities in England, 1996-2013: population based study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of national cancer policies on cancer survival trends and socioeconomic inequalities in England, 1996-2013: population based study. To assess the effectiveness of the NHS Cancer Plan (2000) and subsequent national cancer policy initiatives in improving cancer survival and reducing socioeconomic inequalities in survival in England.Population based cohort study.England.More than 3.5 million registered patients aged 15-99 with a diagnosis of one of the 24 most common primary, malignant (...) , invasive neoplasms between 1996 and 2013.Age standardised net survival estimates by cancer, sex, year, and deprivation group. These estimates were modelled using regression model with splines to explore changes in the cancer survival trends and in the socioeconomic inequalities in survival.One year net survival improved steadily from 1996 for 26 of 41 sex-cancer combinations studied, and only from 2001 or 2006 for four cancers. Trends in survival accelerated after 2006 for five cancers. The deprivation

2018 BMJ

46. Global cancer control: responding to the growing burden, rising costs and inequalities in access Full Text available with Trip Pro

Global cancer control: responding to the growing burden, rising costs and inequalities in access The cancer burden is rising globally, exerting significant strain on populations and health systems at all income levels. In May 2017, world governments made a commitment to further invest in cancer control as a public health priority, passing the World Health Assembly Resolution 70.12 on cancer prevention and control within an integrated approach. In this manuscript, the 2016 European Society

2018 ESMO open

47. Could scale-up of parenting programmes improve child disruptive behaviour and reduce social inequalities? Using individual participant data meta-analysis to establish for whom programmes are effective and cost-effective

Could scale-up of parenting programmes improve child disruptive behaviour and reduce social inequalities? Using individual participant data meta-analysis to establish for whom programmes are effective and cost-effective Could scale-up of parenting programmes improve child disruptive behaviour and reduce social inequalities? Using individual participant data meta-analysis to establish for whom programmes are effective and cost-effective Could scale-up of parenting programmes improve child (...) disruptive behaviour and reduce social inequalities? Using individual participant data meta-analysis to establish for whom programmes are effective and cost-effective Gardner F, Leijten P, Mann J, Landau S, Harris V, Beecham J, Bonin E, Hutchings J & Scott S Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Gardner F, Leijten P, Mann J, Landau S

2018 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

48. Within country inequalities in caesarean section rates: observational study of 72 low and middle income countries. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Within country inequalities in caesarean section rates: observational study of 72 low and middle income countries. To provide an update on economic related inequalities in caesarean section rates within countries.Secondary analysis of demographic and health surveys and multiple indicator cluster surveys.72 low and middle income countries with a survey conducted between 2010 and 2014 for analysis of the latest situation of inequality, and 28 countries with a survey also conducted between 2000 (...) and 2004 for analysis of the change in inequality over time.Women aged 15-49 years with a live birth during the two or three years preceding the survey.Data on caesarean section were disaggregated by asset based household wealth status and presented separately for five subgroups, ranging from the poorest to the richest fifth. Absolute and relative inequalities were measured using difference and ratio measures. The pace of change in the poorest and richest fifths was compared using a measure of excess

2018 BMJ

49. Social inequalities in exposure to environmental chemicals in Europe: protocol for a systematic review

Social inequalities in exposure to environmental chemicals in Europe: protocol for a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2018 PROSPERO

50. Social inequalities in exposure to ambient (outdoor) air pollution in Europe: protocol for a systematic review

Social inequalities in exposure to ambient (outdoor) air pollution in Europe: protocol for a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2018 PROSPERO

51. Social inequalities in environmental resources in Europe: protocol for a systematic review

Social inequalities in environmental resources in Europe: protocol for a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address

2018 PROSPERO

52. Social inequalities in environmental noise exposure in Europe: protocol for a systematic review

Social inequalities in environmental noise exposure in Europe: protocol for a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address

2018 PROSPERO

53. Effect of social inequalities on response to pharmacological treatment in patients with depression having equal access to care

Effect of social inequalities on response to pharmacological treatment in patients with depression having equal access to care Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2018 PROSPERO

54. Do gender inequities in agriculture affect food security and nutrition outcomes? A mixed-methods systematic review

Do gender inequities in agriculture affect food security and nutrition outcomes? A mixed-methods systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2018 PROSPERO

55. Impact of population-level tobacco control interventions on socioeconomic inequalities in smoking among youth and adults: two linked systematic reviews

Impact of population-level tobacco control interventions on socioeconomic inequalities in smoking among youth and adults: two linked systematic reviews Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2018 PROSPERO

56. Inequalities in mental health treatment: ethnicity and CBT treatment outcomes

Inequalities in mental health treatment: ethnicity and CBT treatment outcomes Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect

2018 PROSPERO

57. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of inequality on the core indicators of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of inequality on the core indicators of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2018 PROSPERO

58. Social inequality and maternal mortality in South America, 1990-2017

Social inequality and maternal mortality in South America, 1990-2017 Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures

2018 PROSPERO

59. The impact of public health interventions on reducing inequalities in child development and growth among low and middle income countries - a systematic review

The impact of public health interventions on reducing inequalities in child development and growth among low and middle income countries - a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr

2018 PROSPERO

60. Can transport interventions reduce health inequalities? A systematic review

Can transport interventions reduce health inequalities? A systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect

2018 PROSPERO