Latest & greatest articles for inequality

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Top results for inequality

1. Trends in earnings and income inequalities in Scotland and the UK 1997-2016

Trends in earnings and income inequalities in Scotland and the UK 1997-2016 Even money? Trends in earnings and income inequalities in Scotland and the UK, 1997-2016 David Walsh & Bruce Whyte December 2018 2 Contact David Walsh Public Health Programme Manager Glasgow Centre for Population Health Email: David.Walsh.2@glasgow.ac.uk Tel: 0141 330 2747 3 Contents Executive summary 4 Acknowledgements 7 Background, aims and research questions 8 Methods 9 Results 12 1. How do median earnings compare (...) across the countries and cities of interest? 12 2. Changes in the distribution of earnings 15 3. Earnings by occupation 25 4. Earnings in the public and private sectors 30 5. Low pay 41 6. Gender inequalities 49 7. Trends in Scottish household income inequality 66 Discussion 74 Conclusions 79 Appendix A: additional analyses of earnings in public and private employment sectors 80 References 84 4 Executive summary Income inequality is a well-established ‘fundamental cause’ of health inequality. Given

Glasgow Centre for Population Health2019

2. Girls’ hidden penalty: analysis of gender inequality in child mortality with data from 195 countries

Girls’ hidden penalty: analysis of gender inequality in child mortality with data from 195 countries 30483409 2018 11 28 2059-7908 3 5 2018 BMJ global health BMJ Glob Health Girls' hidden penalty: analysis of gender inequality in child mortality with data from 195 countries. e001028 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-001028 Gender inequality has been associated with child mortality; however, sex-specific mortalities have yet to be explored. The aim of this study is to assess the associations between gender (...) inequality and the child mortality sex ratio at country level, worldwide and to infer on possible mechanisms. Data on sex-specific under-five mortality rates (U5MR) and the corresponding sex ratio (U5MSR) for the year 2015, by country, were retrieved from the Unicef database. Excess under-five female mortality was derived from previous published work. Gender inequality was measured using the Gender Inequality Index (GII). Additional biological and social variables have been included to explore potential

BMJ global health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

3. Transnational wealth-related health inequality measurement

Transnational wealth-related health inequality measurement 30426063 2018 12 07 2352-8273 6 2018 Dec SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Transnational wealth-related health inequality measurement. 259-275 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.10.009 The study of international differences in wealth-related health inequalities has traditionally consisted of country-by-country comparisons using own-country relative measures of socioeconomic status, which effectively ignores absolute differences in both wealth (...) and health that can differ between and within countries. To address these limitations, we propose an alternative approach: that of constructing a transnational measure of wealth-related health inequality. To illustrate the limitations of the country-by-country approach, we simulate the impact of changes in wealth and health inequalities both between and within countries on cross-country measures of health inequality and find at least five errors that may arise using country-by-country methods. We

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

4. Measuring social inequality in health amongst indigenous peoples in the Arctic. A comparison of different indicators of social disparity among the Inuit in Greenland

Measuring social inequality in health amongst indigenous peoples in the Arctic. A comparison of different indicators of social disparity among the Inuit in Greenland 30294657 2018 11 14 2352-8273 6 2018 Dec SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Measuring social inequality in health amongst indigenous peoples in the Arctic. A comparison of different indicators of social disparity among the Inuit in Greenland. 149-157 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.08.010 The purpose of the article is to compare (...) different indicators of social position as measures of social inequality in health in a population sample from an indigenous arctic people, the Inuit in Greenland. Data was collected during 2005-2015 and consisted of information from 3967 adult Inuit from towns and villages in all parts of Greenland. Social inequalities for smoking and central obesity were analysed in relation to seven indicators of social disparity in four dimensions, i.e. education and employment, economic status, sociocultural

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

5. Inequalities in mental health and well-being in a time of austerity: Follow-up findings from the Stockton-on-Tees cohort study

Inequalities in mental health and well-being in a time of austerity: Follow-up findings from the Stockton-on-Tees cohort study 30225337 2018 11 14 2352-8273 6 2018 Dec SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Inequalities in mental health and well-being in a time of austerity: Follow-up findings from the Stockton-on-Tees cohort study. 75-84 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.08.004 In response to the 2007/8 financial crisis and the subsequent 'Great Recession', the UK government pursued a policy of austerity (...) , characterised by public spending cuts and reductions in working-age welfare benefits. This paper reports on a case study of the effects of this policy on local inequalities in mental health and wellbeing in the local authority of Stockton-on-Tees in the North East of England, an area with very high spatial and socio-economic inequalities. Follow-up findings from a prospective cohort study of the gap in mental health and wellbeing between the most and least deprived neighbourhoods of Stockton-on-Tees

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

6. Inequality

Inequality Top results for inequality - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice My query is: English Français Deutsch Čeština Español Magyar Svenska ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing (...) the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for inequality The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines

Trip Latest and Greatest2018

7. The rise and fall of mortality inequality in South Africa in the HIV era

The rise and fall of mortality inequality in South Africa in the HIV era 30094319 2018 11 14 2352-8273 5 2018 Aug SSM - population health SSM Popul Health The rise and fall of mortality inequality in South Africa in the HIV era. 239-248 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.06.007 Post-apartheid South Africa has seen an unprecedented rise and fall of mortality in less than two decades as a result of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the subsequent rollout of free antiretroviral therapy (ART). Since the incidence (...) of both was not equal for rich and poor, it is likely to also have affected disparities in health and survival chances by income. We use large nationwide surveys for 2001, 2007 and 2011 to obtain estimates of average income and mortality at the aggregate level of a municipality, and then to examine changes in mortality - and in inequality in mortality by income ─ over time. Using concentration indices to measure health inequality, we demonstrate that both the mean mortality level and absolute

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

8. Occupational inequalities in female cancer incidence in Japan: Hospital-based matched case-control study with occupational class

Occupational inequalities in female cancer incidence in Japan: Hospital-based matched case-control study with occupational class 30014030 2018 11 14 2352-8273 5 2018 Aug SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Occupational inequalities in female cancer incidence in Japan: Hospital-based matched case-control study with occupational class. 129-137 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.06.001 Socioeconomic inequalities in female cancer incidence have previously been undocumented in Japan. Using a nationwide (...) were evident for breast cancer: the OR for professionals in service industries was 1.60 (95% CI, 1.29-1.98). With some cancers, homemakers showed a similar trend to subjects with higher SES; however, the magnitude of the OR was weaker than those with higher SES. Even after controlling for major modifiable risk factors, socioeconomic inequalities were evident for female cancer incidence in Japan. Zaitsu Masayoshi M Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

9. Educational inequalities in mortality are larger at low levels of income: A register-based study on premature mortality among 2.3 million Swedes, 2006–2009

Educational inequalities in mortality are larger at low levels of income: A register-based study on premature mortality among 2.3 million Swedes, 2006–2009 29922712 2018 11 14 2352-8273 5 2018 Aug SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Educational inequalities in mortality are larger at low levels of income: A register-based study on premature mortality among 2.3 million Swedes, 2006-2009. 122-128 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.05.008 Education develops skills that help individuals use available (...) material resources more efficiently. When material resources are scarce, each decision becomes comparatively more important. Education may also protect from health-related income decline, since the highly educated tend to work in occupations with lower physical demands. Educational inequalities in health may, therefore, be more pronounced at lower levels of income. The aim of this study is to assess whether the shape of the income gradient in premature mortality depends on the level of education. Total

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

10. Does selective migration alter socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in Wales?: a record-linked total population e-cohort study

Does selective migration alter socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in Wales?: a record-linked total population e-cohort study 29892695 2018 11 14 2352-8273 5 2018 Aug SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Does selective migration alter socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in Wales?: a record-linked total population e-cohort study. 48-54 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.05.004 Recent studies found evidence of health selective migration whereby healthy people move to less deprived areas and less (...) healthy people move to or stay in more deprived areas. There is no consensus, however, on whether this influences health inequalities. Measures of socio-economic inequalities in mortality and life expectancy are widely used by government and health services to track changes over time but do not consider the effect of migration. This study aims to investigate whether and to what extent migration altered the observed socioeconomic gradient in mortality. Data for the population of Wales (3,136,881

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

11. Mind the gap: Temporal trends in inequalities in infant and child mortality in India (1992–2016)

Mind the gap: Temporal trends in inequalities in infant and child mortality in India (1992–2016) 30094315 2018 11 14 2352-8273 5 2018 Aug SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Mind the gap: Temporal trends in inequalities in infant and child mortality in India (1992-2016). 201-209 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.05.001 •Temporal trends in inequalities in infant and child mortality over two and half decades in India.•Relative change in inequalities in child mortality over survey periods.•Scatter plots (...) to identify states with largest inequalities among wealth index groups.•Concentration Index by various background characteristics and decomposition analysis to identify factors contributing in inequality in infant mortality between richest and poorest groups.•Gap between the poorest and richest groups has narrowed in most states in India in recent years. Bhatia M M Dept. of Health Policy, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, United Kingdom. Ranjan M M International Institute

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

12. Inequalities in socio-emotional development and positive parenting during childhood: Evidence from China 2010–2014

Inequalities in socio-emotional development and positive parenting during childhood: Evidence from China 2010–2014 30014029 2018 11 14 2352-8273 5 2018 Aug SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Inequalities in socio-emotional development and positive parenting during childhood: Evidence from China 2010-2014. 8-16 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.04.007 Socio-emotional development (SED) is a critical dimension of early childhood development (ECD). However, little research has been conducted thus far (...) regarding inequalities across family income status in children's SED and positive parenting scores in China, which has the second largest population of children in the world. Using nationally representative data from the China Family Panel Survey (CFPS), we addressed this knowledge gap by assessing the levels and trends of inequalities in children's SED scores and positive parenting scores across wealth quintiles between 2010 and 2014. Positive parenting was measured for (1) children aged two

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

13. Inequality in Care and Differences in Outcome Following Stroke in People With ESRD

Inequality in Care and Differences in Outcome Following Stroke in People With ESRD 30197973 2018 11 14 2468-0249 3 5 2018 Sep Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep Inequality in Care and Differences in Outcome Following Stroke in People With ESRD. 1064-1076 10.1016/j.ekir.2018.04.011 Stroke rate and mortality are greater in individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) than in those without ESRD. We examined discrepancies in stroke care in ESRD patients and their influence on mortality

Kidney international reports2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

14. Health inequalities and inequities by age: Stability for the Health Utilities Index and divergence for the Frailty Index

Health inequalities and inequities by age: Stability for the Health Utilities Index and divergence for the Frailty Index 30069499 2018 11 14 2352-8273 5 2018 Aug SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Health inequalities and inequities by age: Stability for the Health Utilities Index and divergence for the Frailty Index. 17-32 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.04.002 Successful aging is an important policy goal in an aging society. A key indicator of successful aging of a population is whether health (...) inequalities (differences) and inequities (unfair differences) in the population increase or decrease with age. This study investigates how health inequalities and inequities differ across age groups in the Canadian population within the equity framework of equal opportunity for health, using two popular measures of health, the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI) and the Frailty Index (FI). We use the 2009-10 Canadian Health Measures Survey. We first quantify the degree of health inequality by calculating

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

15. Tackling socioeconomic inequalities and non-communicable diseases in low-income and middle-income countries under the Sustainable Development agenda.

Tackling socioeconomic inequalities and non-communicable diseases in low-income and middle-income countries under the Sustainable Development agenda. Five Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set targets that relate to the reduction of health inequalities nationally and worldwide. These targets are poverty reduction, health and wellbeing for all, equitable education, gender equality, and reduction of inequalities within and between countries. The interaction between inequalities and health (...) in high-income settings. These conditions include tobacco use, obesity, hypertension, cancer, and diabetes. Strong evidence from 283 studies overwhelmingly supports a positive association between low-income, low socioeconomic status, or low educational status and NCDs. The associations have been differentiated by sex in only four studies. Health is a key driver in the SDGs, and reduction of health inequalities and NCDs should become key in the promotion of the overall SDG agenda. A sustained reduction

Lancet2018

16. Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent body-mass index, weight, and height from 1953 to 2015: an analysis of four longitudinal, observational, British birth cohort studies

Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent body-mass index, weight, and height from 1953 to 2015: an analysis of four longitudinal, observational, British birth cohort studies Redirecting

The Lancet. Public health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

17. Impact of national cancer policies on cancer survival trends and socioeconomic inequalities in England, 1996-2013: population based study.

Impact of national cancer policies on cancer survival trends and socioeconomic inequalities in England, 1996-2013: population based study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of the NHS Cancer Plan (2000) and subsequent national cancer policy initiatives in improving cancer survival and reducing socioeconomic inequalities in survival in England. DESIGN: Population based cohort study. SETTING: England. POPULATION: More than 3.5 million registered patients aged 15-99 with a diagnosis of one (...) of the 24 most common primary, malignant, invasive neoplasms between 1996 and 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Age standardised net survival estimates by cancer, sex, year, and deprivation group. These estimates were modelled using regression model with splines to explore changes in the cancer survival trends and in the socioeconomic inequalities in survival. RESULTS: One year net survival improved steadily from 1996 for 26 of 41 sex-cancer combinations studied, and only from 2001 or 2006 for four cancers

BMJ2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

18. Global cancer control: responding to the growing burden, rising costs and inequalities in access

Global cancer control: responding to the growing burden, rising costs and inequalities in access Global cancer control: responding to the growing burden, rising costs and inequalities in access - Europe PMC Article - Europe PMC 1 Europe PMC requires Javascript to function effectively. Either your web browser doesn't support Javascript or it is currently turned off. In the latter case, please turn on Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page. or https://orcid.org https (...) control: responding to the growing burden, rising costs and inequalities in access. (PMID:29464109 PMCID:pmc5812392) PMID:29464109 PMCID:pmc5812392 PMCID: PMC5812392 PMID: Global cancer control: responding to the growing burden, rising costs and inequalities in access , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 22 , 22 , 22 , 22 and 23 Gerald W Prager 1 Department of Medicine I, Comprehensive Cancer Center Vienna, Medical University of Vienna

ESMO open2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

19. Could scale-up of parenting programmes improve child disruptive behaviour and reduce social inequalities? Using individual participant data meta-analysis to establish for whom programmes are effective and cost-effective

Could scale-up of parenting programmes improve child disruptive behaviour and reduce social inequalities? Using individual participant data meta-analysis to establish for whom programmes are effective and cost-effective Could scale-up of parenting programmes improve child disruptive behaviour and reduce social inequalities? Using individual participant data meta-analysis to establish for whom programmes are effective and cost-effective Could scale-up of parenting programmes improve child (...) disruptive behaviour and reduce social inequalities? Using individual participant data meta-analysis to establish for whom programmes are effective and cost-effective Gardner F, Leijten P, Mann J, Landau S, Harris V, Beecham J, Bonin E, Hutchings J & Scott S Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Gardner F, Leijten P, Mann J, Landau S

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2018

20. Within country inequalities in caesarean section rates: observational study of 72 low and middle income countries.

Within country inequalities in caesarean section rates: observational study of 72 low and middle income countries. OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on economic related inequalities in caesarean section rates within countries. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of demographic and health surveys and multiple indicator cluster surveys. SETTING: 72 low and middle income countries with a survey conducted between 2010 and 2014 for analysis of the latest situation of inequality, and 28 countries with a survey (...) also conducted between 2000 and 2004 for analysis of the change in inequality over time. PARTICIPANTS: Women aged 15-49 years with a live birth during the two or three years preceding the survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Data on caesarean section were disaggregated by asset based household wealth status and presented separately for five subgroups, ranging from the poorest to the richest fifth. Absolute and relative inequalities were measured using difference and ratio measures. The pace of change

BMJ2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro