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/AIDS; stigma and HIV/AIDS; changes in sexual behavior after becoming infected; living with the virus; and pregnancy and motherhood in seropositive women. The moment of diagnosis is of vital importance for these people due to feelings such as disappointment, sadness, fear, despair, lack of awareness, and pain. Social support is highly valued among these people and is linked to an improvement in these peoples' quality of life. Different kinds of stigma accompany people with HIV/AIDS throughout (...) Experiences and Attitudes of People with HIV/AIDS: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies. The aim of this article was to explore the experiences and attitudes of people with HIV/AIDS. A systematic review of qualitative studies was carried out. Twenty-seven articles were included, with sample sizes ranging from 3 to 78. Articles from North America, South America, Central America, Europe, and Africa were included. Five topics emerged from the synthesis: feelings about the diagnosis of HIV
A School of Pharmacy, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK. Al-Hamid Abdullah A School of Pharmacy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. eng Journal Article Systematic Review 2019 11 19 England Int J STD AIDS 9007917 0956-4624 IM X Attitude of Health Personnel Delivery of Health Care methods HIV Infections diagnosis drug therapy therapy Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Health Personnel psychology Humans Qualitative Research Social Stigma HIV healthcare management qualitative 2019 11 20 6 (...) Healthcare-related factors affecting the management of HIV infected patients: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. 31739748 2020 03 11 2020 03 11 1758-1052 30 14 2019 12 International journal of STD & AIDS Int J STD AIDS Healthcare-related factors affecting the management of HIV infected patients: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. 1350-1361 10.1177/0956462419875357 Cheema Ejaz E 0000-0002-8538-7392 School of Pharmacy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. Abbas Asraa
Association between the UGT1A1*28 allele and hyperbilirubinemia in HIV-positive patients receiving atazanavir: a meta-analysis. Objectives The uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1)*28 allele in HIV-positive patients receiving atazanavir (ATV) might be associated with the risk of hyperbilirubinemia. Owing to mixed and inconclusive results, a meta-analysis was conducted to systematically summarize and clarify this association.Methods Based on a comprehensive search of PubMed (...) . Publication bias was evaluated using Orwin's fail-safe N test.Results A total of six individual studies were included in this meta-analysis. A significantly increased risk of hyperbilirubinemia was observed in HIV-positive patients receiving ATV with the UGT1A1*1/*28 or UGT1A1*28/*28 genotype, and the risk was higher with the UGT1A1*28/*28 genotype than with the UGT1A1*1/*28 genotype. (UGT1A1*28/*28 versus UGT1A1*1/*28: OR = 3.69, 95%CI = 1.82-7.49; UGT1A1*1/*28 versus UGT1A1*1/*1: OR = 3.50, 95%CI = 1.35
Hormonal contraception and HIV acquisition among women: an updated systematic review. To update a 2016 systematic review on hormonal contraception use and HIV acquisition.We searched Pubmed and Embase between 15 January 2016 and 26 June 2019 for longitudinal studies comparing incident HIV infection among women using a hormonal contraceptive method and either non-users or users of another specific hormonal contraceptive method. We extracted information from newly identified studies, assessed (...) study quality, and updated forest plots and meta-analyses.In addition to 31 previously included studies, five more were identified; three provided higher quality evidence. A randomised clinical trial (RCT) found no statistically significant differences in HIV risk among users of intramuscular depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-IM), levonorgestrel implant (LNG implant) or the copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD). An observational study found no statistically significant differences in HIV risk
HIV Care Among Elderly Population: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Elderly people living with HIV are increasing. At present in the United States, nearly half of newly diagnosed HIV-infected people are aged >50 years. Diagnosis and treatment of HIV-infected elderly patients tends to be delayed by several health care factors as several life-threatening diseases are common in elderly people. This study aimed to find the pooled HIV prevalence in elderly population and the present situation (...) of continuum care for the elderly HIV patients through systematic review and meta-analysis. All previously published articles from 2000 to 2018 are retrieved using MEDLINE, PUBMED, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Google Scholar. DerSimonian and Laird Random Effects model are used to critically appraise articles. STATA 13.0 is used to perform the meta-analysis and quantum-geographic information system (Q-GIS) is used to prepare desired map. I2 statistics has been used to test heterogeneity and publication
HIV testing and engagement with the HIV treatment cascade among men who have sex with men in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. HIV disproportionately affects gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in Africa, where many countries criminalise same-sex behaviour. We assessed changes in the engagement of African MSM with HIV testing and treatment cascade stages over time, and the effect of anti-LGBT legislation and stigma.We systematically searched Embase, Global (...) Health, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science for peer-reviewed cross-sectional or longitudinal studies recruiting at least ten MSM, published from Jan 1, 1980, to Oct 10, 2018. We extracted or derived estimates of HIV testing, engagement with the HIV treatment cascade, or both among African MSM from published reports. We derived pooled estimates using inverse-variance random-effects models. We used subgroup and meta-regression analysis to assess associations between testing and status awareness
Dolutegravir based antiretroviral therapy compared to other combined antiretroviral regimens for the treatment of HIV-infected naive patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Numerous randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were conducted to evaluate dolutegravir based triple antiretroviral therapy (ART) compared to other triple antiretroviral regimens in naïve patients, and a summary of the available evidence is required to shed more light on safety and effectiveness issues.Systematic review (...) and meta-analysis of RCTs comparing dolutegravir-containing ART to non-dolutegravir containing ART in HIV-infected naive patients. Primary outcomes: % of patients with viral load<50 copies/mL at 48 weeks, stratified according to baseline viral load levels (< or >100.000 copies/mL); overall rate of discontinuation and/or switching for any cause (virologic failure, clinical failure, adverse events). Measure of treatment effect: Risk Difference (RD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The GRADE system
HIV-Related Stigma by Healthcare Providers in the United States: A Systematic Review. Reducing HIV-related stigma may enhance the quality of HIV prevention and care services and is a national prevention goal. The objective of this systematic review was to identify studies of HIV-related stigma among healthcare providers. For studies published between 2010 and 2017, we: (1) searched databases using our keywords, (2) excluded nonpeer reviewed studies, (3) limited the findings to the provider (...) perspective and studies conducted in the United States, (4) extracted and summarized the data, and (5) conducted a contextual review to identify common themes. Of 619 studies retrieved, 6 were included, with 3 themes identified: (1) attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors (n = 6), (2) quality of patient care (n = 3), and (3) education and training (n = 2). Factors associated with HIV-related stigma varied by gender, race, provider category, and clinical setting. Providers with limited recent HIV-stigma training
Brief Report: Body Mass Index and Cognitive Function Among HIV-1-Infected Individuals in China, India, and Nigeria. Risk of cognitive impairment is increased among persons with high or low body mass index in HIV- and HIV+ populations in resource-rich settings. We examined this association among HIV+ patients in 3 resource-limited settings.This secondary analysis included data of 761 HIV+ volunteers pooled from 3 prospective cohort studies conducted in China (n = 404; 53%), India (n = 200; 26 (...) logistic regression of pooled longitudinal data, adjusting for clinical and demographic variables, the odds of global NCI were 38% higher among the overweight/obese as compared to normal weight participants [odds ratio: 1.38 (95% confidence interval: 1.1 to 1.72); P = 0.005]. Similarly, the odds of global NCI were 39% higher among the underweight as compared to normal weight participants [odds ratio: 1.39 (95% confidence interval: 1.03 to 1.87); P = 0.029].NCI among HIV-1-infected patients was more
Self-management Interventions for Pain and Physical Symptoms Among People Living With HIV: A Systematic Review of the Evidence. Pain and symptoms still persist among people living with HIV/AIDS. Evidence-based self-management interventions have the potential to help people with HIV/AIDS to successfully manage pain and symptoms. We aimed to identify and appraise the evidence regarding the effectiveness of self-management interventions for pain and/or physical symptoms in people living with HIV (...) -management interventions delivered either online, face-to-face, or group-based consisting of booklet, leaflet, or manuals are effective in improving pain and physical symptoms. Findings suggest the need for theoretically plausible high-quality clinical trials of pain and physical symptom self-management among culturally diverse people with HIV.
Interventions for developmental delays in children born to HIV-infected mothers: a systematic review. Children born to HIV-infected mothers have worse developmental outcomes compared to HIV-unexposed children. However, little is known about interventions to improve developmental outcomes in this population. This study systematically reviews the literature on interventions to improve development in children born to HIV-infected mothers. We systematically searched the following electronic
The Association Between Marijuana Use and HIV Continuum of Care Outcomes: a Systematic Review. Approximately 77% of HIV-infected adults report lifetime marijuana use. Given the high rates and social acceptability of marijuana use among HIV-infected individuals, it is important to gain a stronger understanding of if, and how, marijuana impacts HIV care cascade outcomes. The purpose of this study is to systematically review recent articles that assess the relationship between marijuana use (...) and HIV continuum of care outcomes.One hundred and ninety articles from PubMed were considered for inclusion, and 15 were included in the review. The studies focus on marijuana use among HIV-infected individuals aware of their serostatus (k = 4), individuals engaged in treatment (k = 1), marijuana use in association with adherence to antiretroviral medications (k = 6), and marijuana use in relation to multiple stages of the HIV care cascade (k = 4). Preliminary findings from the small number
A Qualitative Systematic Review of Cigarette Smoking Cessation Interventions for Persons Living with HIV. Persons living with HIV (PLWH) have disproportionately high rates of both cigarette smoking and tobacco-induced negative health outcomes. The goal of this qualitative systematic review was to identify gaps in the existing literature and future directions for smoking cessation support for PLWH. Three online databases were searched from their inception through December 31, 2017, using
Physical activity and HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review of correlates and levels. Self-management strategies such as physical activity (PA) can address disability and optimize mental, physical, social and economic outcomes for persons living with HIV (PLWH). Understanding factors that influence PA behavior in PLWH is a first step in order to devise effective interventions.The present review provides a systematic review of the correlates of PA in PLWH in sub-Saharan (...) Africa.Electronic databases were searched till April 2016. Keywords included 'physical activity' or 'exercise' or 'sports' and 'AIDS' or 'HIV'.Ten correlates were identified in 6 studies including 1,015 (329♂) PLWH (mean age range=30.5-40.8years). Lower levels of PA were associated with older age (2/2 studies), a lower number of CD4 cells/µl (1/1), a more severe HIV-stage (1/1), a higher HIV load (1/1), the presence of opportunistic infections (1/1) and a higher BMI (1/1). Fisher's exact tests showed there were
Comparison of mHealth and Face-to-Face Interventions for Smoking Cessation Among People Living With HIV: Meta-Analysis. The prevalence of smoking among people living with HIV (PLHIV) is higher than that reported in the general population, and it is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases in this group. Mobile phone interventions to promote healthier behaviors (mobile health, mHealth) have the potential to reach a large number of people at a low cost. It has been hypothesized
Meta-analysis of gene expression profiles in long-term non-progressors infected with HIV-1. In the absence of antiretroviral treatments (ARTs), a small group of individuals infected with HIV, including long-term non-progressors (LTNPs) who maintain high levels of CD4+ T cells for more than 7-10 years in the absence of ART and in particular a subgroup of LTNPs, elite controllers (ECs), who have low levels of viremia, remain clinically and/or immunologically stable for years. However (...) , the mechanism of stable disease progression in LTNPs and ECs needs to be elucidated to help those infected with HIV-1 remain healthy. In this study, to identify the characteristics of gene expression profiles and biomarkers in LTNPs, we performed a meta-analysis using multiple gene expression profiles among LTNPs, individuals infected with HIV-1 without ART, individuals infected with HIV-1 with ART, and healthy controls.The gene expression profiles obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) microarray
evidence of effective interventions for this age group. Recent years have seen an increase in focus on adolescent health and a rapidly changing programmatic environment. This systematic review article provides an evidence update by synthesizing empirical evaluations of interventions designed to improve antiretroviral therapy adherence and retention among adolescents (10-19) and youth (15-24) living with HIV, published between January 2016 and June 2018. A search of 11 health and humanities databases (...) Recent Interventions to Improve Retention in HIV Care and Adherence to Antiretroviral Treatment Among Adolescents and Youth: A Systematic Review. Adolescents represent a growing proportion of people living with HIV worldwide and the highest risk population group for treatment attrition and AIDS-related mortality. There is an urgent need to design, implement, and test interventions that keep young people in HIV treatment and care. However, previous systematic reviews show scarce and inconclusive
Which community-based HIV initiatives are effective in achieving UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets? A systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence (2007-2018). Reaching the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 90-90-90 targets to end the HIV epidemic relies on effective interventions that engage untested HIV+ individuals and retain them in care. Evidence on community-based interventions through the lens of the targets has not yet been synthesized, reflecting a knowledge gap. We (...) conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to shed light on successful community-based interventions that have been effective in contributing, directly or indirectly, towards the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets: knowledge of HIV status, linkage to care/on treatment, and viral suppression. Linkage to care was also included in this review due to the limitations of studies.We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the period 2007-2018. Eleven databases were searched to identify community-based
Second-line HIV treatment failure in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Increased second-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) failure rate narrows future options for HIV/AIDS treatment. It has critical implications in resource-limited settings; including sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where the burden of HIV-infection is immense. Hence, pooled estimate for second-line HIV treatment failure is relevant to suggest valid recommendations that optimize ART outcomes in SSA.We retrieved (...) literature systematically from PUBMED/MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Google Scholar, and AJOL. The retrieved studies were screened and assessed for eligibility. We also assessed the eligible studies for their methodological quality using the Joanna Briggs Institute's appraisal checklist. The pooled estimates for second-line HIV treatment failure and its associated factors were determined using STATA, version 15.0 and MEDCALC, version 18.11.3, respectively. We assessed publication bias using Comprehensive Meta
Which HIV-infected youth are at risk of developing depression and what treatments help? A systematic review focusing on Southern Africa. Background Depression is common in people with HIV and is associated with lower quality of life, reduced medication adherence, worse disease progression and higher risk of transmission to others. While the majority of HIV-infected youth live in Southern Africa, research has largely focused on adults from Western countries, with limited generalisability across (...) these populations. This review sought to identify and synthesise research on the risk factors for depression in HIV-infected youth in Southern Africa, and to summarise the available evidence on psychosocial interventions to reduce depression. Method A systematic review was conducted of studies using a validated measure of depression in HIV-infected youth (aged ≤19) in Southern Africa. Eligible studies included either analysis of variables associated with depression, or evaluation of the impact of psychosocial