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Latest & greatest articles for hepatitis
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on hepatitis or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Evaluating Womenâ€™s Preferences for Hepatitis C Treatment During Pregnancy There is a rising prevalence of hepatitis C (HCV) among women of child-bearing age nationally, which prompted a recommendation by national guidelines to screen all women for HCV during pregnancy. Women with HCV during pregnancy are at risk of perinatal transmission of HCV. Directly acting antiviral (DAA) therapy during pregnancy can potentially reduce the risk of perinatal transmission as well as cure women while
Hepatic Nuclear Receptor Expression Associates with Features of Histology in Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in children and adults. This study examined the relationship between hepatic nuclear receptor (NR) expression and histologic features of NAFLD. Drugs targeting a variety of NRs for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are in clinical trials. Liver messenger RNA was isolated from 40
Randomized, Doubleâ€Blind, Placeboâ€Controlled, Single Ascending Dose Trial of Synthetic Preimplantation Factor in Autoimmune Hepatitis Preimplantation factor (PIF) is an evolutionary conserved peptide secreted by viable embryos which promotes maternal tolerance without immune suppression. Synthetic PIF (sPIF) replicates native peptide activity. The aim of this study was to conduct the first-in-human trial of the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of sPIF in patients with autoimmune (...) hepatitis (AIH). We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, prospective phase I clinical trial. Patients were adults with documented AIH with compensated chronic liver disease. Diagnosis of AIH was confirmed by either a pretreatment International Criteria for the Diagnosis of AIH score of 15 or more, or a posttreatment score of 17 or more. Patients were divided into three dosing cohorts (0.1, 0.5, or 1.0 mg/kg) of 6 patients in each group. Three patients in each group had normal liver
Autoimmune Hepatitis During Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir Treatment of Hepatitis C: A Case Report We report the case of a woman with chronic hepatitis C and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) who developed autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) during antiviral therapy with ledipasvir (LDV)/sofosbuvir (SOF). The onset of acute hepatitis rose two weeks after starting treatment with LDV/SOF when HCV-RNA tested negative, suggesting a link between rapid HCV clearance and de novo autoimmune diseases. Conclusion (...) : This case report proposes new immunologic scenarios in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) with laboratory or clinical signs of autoimmunity during direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy.
CEACAM1 Is Associated With the Suppression of Natural Killer Cell Function in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Natural killer cells (NK cells) play an essential role in the immunological mechanism underlying chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Impairment of NK cell function facilitates persistent infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatocellular carcinogenesis. However, the mechanism by which NK cell activity is suppressed in CHC is not completely understood. In this study, we focused (...) on carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell-adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1). CEACAM1 is thought to suppress NK cell function. We examined the effect of CEACAM1 on NK cell function in CHC. We investigated the function of CEACAM1 in vitro using Huh7.5.1 cells and the HCV-Japanese fulminant hepatitis (JFH)-1 strain. We analyzed serum CEACAM1 level, NK cell function, and CEACAM1 messenger RNA (mRNA) level in human liver samples. Levels of CEACAM1 on the cell surface, CEACAM1 mRNA levels, and soluble CEACAM1 levels
Liver Disease Monitoring Practices After Hepatitis C Cure in the Underserved Population Recent hepatitis C virus (HCV) guidelines recommend disease monitoring and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) screening in patients with advanced fibrosis after a sustained virologic response (SVR) with direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy. However, data on practice patterns in this setting is lacking. We aimed to characterize disease monitoring and HCC screening practices post-SVR in an underserved HCV
Acute Kidney Injury in Patients Undergoing Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Treatment With Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir Ledipasvir-sofosbuvir, a once-a-day, oral combination pill, was approved in 2014 for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection. Initial trials did not comment on nephrotoxicity; however, recent data suggest a risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) with the use of the medication. We assessed the rates of AKI in patients undergoing ledipasvir-sofosbuvir in a large, urban tertiary care center
Serum HBV RNA is a Potential Predictor of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Reversion 30288471 2018 11 14 2471-254X 2 10 2018 Oct Hepatology communications Hepatol Commun Serum HBV RNA is a Potential Predictor of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Reversion. 1168-1171 10.1002/hep4.1249 Wang Jie J State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, Department of Microbiology and Infectious Disease Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences Peking University Health Science Center Beijing China. Chen Xiangmei
Serum Interleukinâ€8, Osteopontin, and Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein 1 Are Associated With Hepatic Fibrosis in Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease The severity of hepatic fibrosis is the primary predictor of liver-related morbidity and mortality in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Unfortunately, noninvasive serum biomarkers for NAFLD-associated fibrosis are limited. We analyzed baseline serum samples for 24 cytokines of 97 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD (...) . These patients were prospectively enrolled in a clinical study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00794716) to identify cytokines associated with liver fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Patients were stratified according to severity of hepatic fibrosis (mild, stage 0-1, n = 37; moderate, stage 2, n = 40; and advanced, stage 3-4, n = 20) while controlling for age, race, sex, body mass index, and diabetes mellitus. Interleukin-8 (IL-8), osteopontin (OPN), and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP1
Morphometry Confirms Fibrosis Regression From Sustained Virologic Response to Directâ€Acting Antivirals for Hepatitis C Sustained virologic response (SVR) after direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy for chronic hepatitis C results in significant decreases in liver stiffness measured by transient elastography (TE). The aim of this study was to clarify if TE can guide post-SVR management in patients with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis prior to treatment as current guidelines are unclear (...) on the role of TE after SVR. In total, 84 patients with hepatitis C virus and advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis and from a single center underwent DAA treatment and achieved SVR. Overall, 62% had improved liver stiffness that was consistent with regression of at least one stage of fibrosis. In the cirrhosis group, 48% showed fibrosis regression by at least two stages by TE (<9.5 kPa). In the F3 fibrosis group, 39% regressed by at least two stages (<7 kPa). The median time from SVR to regression by TE was 1
Hepatitis C Virus Clearance by Direct-acting Antiviral Results in Rapid Resolution of Hepatocytic Injury as Indicated by Both Alanine Aminotransferase and Aspartate Aminotransferase Normalization Background and Aims: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection results in hepatocytic injury with elevation of both alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). It remains to be determined if direct-acting antiviral treatment can terminate hepatocytic injury following virologic response
Transmission of Hepatitis B and D Viruses in an African Rural Community According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an estimated 257 million people worldwide are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), with approximately 15 million of them being coinfected with hepatitis D virus (HDV). To investigate the prevalence and transmission of HBV and HDV within the general population of a rural village in Cameroon, we analyzed serum samples from most (401/448) of the villagers. HBV
Hepatocellular carcinoma in children: hepatic resection and liver transplantation Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a rare malignancy in children and at the time of diagnosis up to 80% of pediatric HCC are unresectable due to large and multiple lesions. The majority of pediatric HCC occurs on a background of normal liver, and consequently the absence of concomitant chronic liver disease generally allows tolerating pre- and post-operative chemotherapy. Based on the large experiences of adult HCC (...) of the pediatric HCC therapeutic strategy is the radical tumor resection, weather by hepatic resection or liver transplantation, nevertheless the best surgical approaches as well as the optimal neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatment are still under debate. Different strategies have been explored to convert unresectable HCC into resectable tumors by extending criteria for surgical treatment and/or associating multi-modal treatments, such as systemic and local-regional therapy, but universal recommendation needs
Suboptimal Level of Boneâ€Forming Cells in Advanced Cirrhosis are Associated with Hepatic Osteodystrophy Bone loss is common in advanced cirrhosis, although the precise mechanisms underlying bone loss in cirrhosis are unknown. We studied the profile and functionality of bone-forming cells and bone-building proteins in bone marrow (BM) of individuals with cirrhosis (n = 61) and individuals without cirrhosis as normal controls (n = 50). We also performed dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
Randomized clinical trial of stapler hepatectomy versus LigaSure transection in elective hepatic resection Previous studies have demonstrated stapler hepatectomy and use of various energy devices to be safe alternatives to the clamp-crushing technique in elective hepatic resection. In this randomized trial, the effectiveness and safety of stapler hepatectomy were compared with those of parenchymal transection with the LigaSure™ vessel sealing system.Patients scheduled for elective liver
Preventing Hepatitis B Reactivation During Antiâ€CD20 Antibody Treatment in the Veterans Health Administration Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation may occur with high risk immunosuppression, such as anti-cluster of differentiation (CD)20 antibodies (Abs). Appropriate HBV prophylaxis during anti-CD20 Ab therapy averts hepatitis, chemotherapy disruption, and death. Serologic evidence of prior HBV exposure is present in one in nine veterans in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). In 2014
Serum Autotaxin Concentrations Reflect Changes in Liver Stiffness and Fibrosis After Antiviral Therapy in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C The purpose of this study was to determine whether serum autotaxin concentrations reflect liver stiffness in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) treated with direct-acting antiviral agents. Adult patients with chronic HCV were enrolled from January 2016 to August 2017. Autotaxin concentrations in these patients were compared with those
Abundance of Cytochromes in Hepatic Extracellular Vesicles Is Altered by Drugs Related With Drugâ€Induced Liver Injury Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a serious worldwide health problem that accounts for more than 50% of acute liver failure. There is a great interest in clinical diagnosis and pharmaceutical industry to elucidate underlying molecular mechanisms and find noninvasive biomarkers for this pathology. Cell-secreted extracellular vesicles (EVs) have provided a new biological
Discovery of the Novel Entecavirâ€Resistant Hepatitis B Virus Reverse Transcriptase A181C Substitution From an Integrated Genotypic Analysis Entecavir (ETV) is a first-line therapy for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV), demonstrating potent suppression of HBV DNA and a high barrier to viral resistance. Previous studies revealed that ETV-resistant (ETVr) HBV DNA resulted from substitutions in the HBV reverse transcriptase (RT) at positions rtT184, rtS202, or rtM250 in combination with lamivudine
Twelve-Month Outcomes After Transplant of Hepatitis C-Infected Kidneys Into Uninfected Recipients: A Single-Group Trial. Organs from hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected deceased donors are often discarded. Preliminary data from 2 small trials, including THINKER-1 (Transplanting Hepatitis C kidneys Into Negative KidnEy Recipients), suggested that HCV-infected kidneys could be safely transplanted into HCV-negative patients. However, intermediate-term data on quality of life and renal function (...) outcome was HCV cure. Exploratory outcomes included 1) RAND-36 Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) quality-of-life scores at enrollment and after transplant, and 2) posttransplant renal function, which was compared in a 1:5 matched sample with recipients of HCV-negative kidneys.The mean age of THINKER participants was 56.3 years (SD, 6.7), 70% were male, and 40% were black. All 20 participants achieved HCV cure. Hepatic and renal complications were transient or were