Latest & greatest articles for hepatitis

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Top results for hepatitis

1. Clinical outcomes in patients with chronic hepatitis C after direct-acting antiviral treatment: a prospective cohort study. (PubMed)

Clinical outcomes in patients with chronic hepatitis C after direct-acting antiviral treatment: a prospective cohort study. Although direct-acting antivirals have been used extensively to treat patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, their clinical effectiveness has not been well reported. We compared the incidence of death, hepatocellular carcinoma, and decompensated cirrhosis between patients treated with direct-acting antivirals and those untreated, in the French ANRS CO22 (...) Hepather cohort.We did a prospective study in adult patients with chronic HCV infection enrolled from 32 expert hepatology centres in France. We excluded patients with chronic hepatitis B, those with a history of decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, or liver transplantation, and patients who were treated with interferon-ribavirin with or without first-generation protease inhibitors. Co-primary study outcomes were incidence of all-cause mortality, hepatocellular carcinoma

2019 Lancet

2. AASLD-IDSA Recommendations for Testing, Managing, and Treating Hepatitis C Virus Infection

AASLD-IDSA Recommendations for Testing, Managing, and Treating Hepatitis C Virus Infection Clinical Infectious Diseases • CID 2018:67 (15 November) • 1477 2018 AASLD-IDSA Hepatitis C Guidance Hepatitis C Guidance 2018 Update: AASLD-IDSA Recommendations for Testing, Managing, and Treating Hepatitis C Virus Infection AASLD-IDSA HCV Guidance Panel a (See the Commentary by Jhaveri etal on pages 1493–7.) Recognizing the importance of timely guidance regarding the rapidly evolving field of hepatitis (...) C management, the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) developed a web-based process for the expeditious formulation and dissemination of evidence-based recommendations. Launched in 2014, the hepatitis C virus (HCV) guid- ance website undergoes periodic updates as necessitated by availability of new therapeutic agents and/or research data. A major update was released electronically in September 2017, prompted primarily

2019 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases

3. Harm reduction approaches predicted to reduce rates of new hepatitis C infection for people who inject drugs

Harm reduction approaches predicted to reduce rates of new hepatitis C infection for people who inject drugs Harm reduction approaches predicted to reduce rates of new hepatitis C infection for people who inject drugs Discover Portal Discover Portal Harm reduction approaches predicted to reduce rates of new hepatitis C infection for people who inject drugs Published on 5 December 2017 doi: A combination of providing clean needles and syringes and offering safer oral therapy, such as methadone (...) , reduced the predicted risk of becoming infected with hepatitis C virus by 71%. Providing both services to people who inject drugs was likely to be cost-effective and has the potential to be cost-saving in some parts of the UK, depending on the size of the local population of people who inject drugs and underlying rates of infection. Current services are estimated to save up to £54 million in costs of treating hepatitis C infection. This is in addition to the savings made from reducing the incidence

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

4. Tenofovir reduces mother-to-child hepatitis B transmission

Tenofovir reduces mother-to-child hepatitis B transmission Tenofovir reduces mother-to-child hepatitis B transmission Discover Portal Discover Portal Tenofovir reduces mother-to-child hepatitis B transmission Published on 25 July 2017 doi: Giving pregnant women with hepatitis B the drug tenofovir reduced the likelihood of passing the infection on to their baby by about 80% and did not have any adverse impact on mother or child. Hepatitis B often doesn't cause any obvious symptoms in adults (...) and typically passes in a few months without treatment, but in children it often persists for years and may cause progressive liver damage with cirrhosis and increased risk of liver cancer. Babies can get the infection from their mother during birth. The findings of this systematic review support current NICE recommendations that pregnant women with active hepatitis B infection are treated in the third trimester using the drug tenofovir and at risk babies immunised after birth. Share your views

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

5. Scaling up prevention and treatment towards the elimination of hepatitis C: a global mathematical model. (PubMed)

Scaling up prevention and treatment towards the elimination of hepatitis C: a global mathematical model. The revolution in hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment through the development of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) has generated international interest in the global elimination of the disease as a public health threat. In 2017, this led WHO to establish elimination targets for 2030. We evaluated the impact of public health interventions on the global HCV epidemic and investigated whether WHO's

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2019 Lancet

6. Acetyl-L-carnitine for patients with hepatic encephalopathy. (PubMed)

Acetyl-L-carnitine for patients with hepatic encephalopathy. Hepatic encephalopathy is a common and devastating neuropsychiatric complication of acute liver failure or chronic liver disease. Ammonia content in the blood seems to play a role in the development of hepatic encephalopathy. Treatment for hepatic encephalopathy is complex. Acetyl-L-carnitine is a substance that may reduce ammonia toxicity. This review assessed the benefits and harms of acetyl-L-carnitine for patients with hepatic (...) encephalopathy.To assess the benefits and harms of acetyl-L-carnitine for patients with hepatic encephalopathy.We searched the Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE Ovid, Embase Ovid, LILACS, and Science Citation Index Expanded for randomised clinical trials. We sought additional randomised clinical trials from the World Health Organization Clinical Trials Search Portal and ClinicalTrials.gov. We performed all electronic searches until 10 September 2018. We looked through

2019 Cochrane

7. Chloroquine Is Effective for Maintenance of Remission in Autoimmune Hepatitis: Controlled, Double-Blind, Randomized Trial. (PubMed)

Chloroquine Is Effective for Maintenance of Remission in Autoimmune Hepatitis: Controlled, Double-Blind, Randomized Trial. Between 50% and 86% of patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) relapse after immunosuppression withdrawal; long-term immunosuppression is associated with increased risk of neoplasias and infections. Chloroquine diphosphate (CQ) is an immunomodulatory drug that reduces the risk of flares in rheumatologic diseases. Our aims were to investigate the efficacy and safety of CQ

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2019 Hepatology communications

8. Direct-acting antivirals for chronic hepatitis C: risk of hypoglycaemia in patients with diabetes

Direct-acting antivirals for chronic hepatitis C: risk of hypoglycaemia in patients with diabetes Direct-acting antivirals for chronic hepatitis C: risk of hypoglycaemia in patients with diabetes - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Search Direct-acting antivirals for chronic hepatitis C: risk of hypoglycaemia in patients with diabetes Monitor glucose levels closely in patients with diabetes during direct-acting antiviral therapy for hepatitis C, particularly within the first (...) 3 months of treatment, and modify diabetes medication or doses when necessary. Patients with diabetes may experience symptomatic hypoglycaemia if diabetic treatment is continued at the same dose due to potential for an enhanced hypoglycaemic effect. Published 18 December 2018 From: Therapeutic area: , , Contents Advice for healthcare professionals: rapid reduction in hepatitis C viral load during direct-acting antiviral therapy for hepatitis C may lead to improvements in glucose metabolism

2019 MHRA Drug Safety Update

9. Public health guidance on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA

Public health guidance on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA SCIENTIFIC AD VICE www.ecdc.europa.eu Public health guidance on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA An integrated approachECDC SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Public health guidance on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA An integrated approach ii This guidance was commissioned by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), coordinated by Andrew J Amato-Gauci and Lara Tavoschi with the support of Helena (...) Kingdom Masoud Dara, World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe, Denmark Michael Ninburg, World Hepatitis Alliance, United Kingdom Mika Salminen, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland Mojca Maticic, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Slovenia Nikos Dedes, EATG/Positive Voice, Greece Peter Vickerman, University of Bristol, United Kingdom Philippa Easterbrook, WHO, Switzerland Raj Patel, IUSTI/NHS England, United Kingdom Ruta Kaupe, DIA+LOGS, Latvia Slim Fourati, European

2019 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance

10. Public health guidance in brief on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA

Public health guidance in brief on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Public health guidance in brief on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA – An integrated approach. Stockholm: ECDC; 2018. Stockholm, December 2018 Reproduction is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged. PDF Print ISBN 978-92-9498-291-9 ISBN 978-92-9498-292-6 DOI 10.2900/809892 DOI 10.2900/579896 Catalogue number TQ-06-18-361-EN-N (...) Catalogue number TQ-06-18-361-EN-C © European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, 2018 Scope and purpose of guidance The ECDC guidance on integrated testing of hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV supports countries in the global effort to combat viral hepatitis and eliminate HIV as public health threats by 2030. At present, reaching and testing those at risk of infection with HIV, HBV or HCV is still a public health challenge across Europe. Figure 1. The case for integrated

2019 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance

11. Pharmacological interventions for acute hepatitis C infection. (PubMed)

Pharmacological interventions for acute hepatitis C infection. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a single-stranded RNA (ribonucleic acid) virus that has the potential to cause inflammation of the liver. The traditional definition of acute HCV infection is the first six months following infection with the virus. Another commonly used definition of acute HCV infection is the absence of HCV antibody and subsequent seroconversion (presence of HCV antibody in a person who was previously negative for HCV

2018 Cochrane

12. Drugs for hepatitis C: it's time to slash prices!

Drugs for hepatitis C: it's time to slash prices! Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Drugs for hepatitis C: it's time to slash prices!'', 1 December 2018 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Drugs for hepatitis C: it's time to slash prices! Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Drugs for hepatitis C: it's time to slash prices! The high prices (...) of hepatitis C drugs are an obstacle to treatment for most of the people around the world who are infected by the virus. When so-called direct-acting antiviral drugs against hepatitis C came onto the market around 2015, some stakeholders hailed them as a means of eradicating this disease. Sofosbuvir (Sovaldi°) was marketed in the United States at the exorbitant price of 1000 dollars per day, reflecting the company's strategy of seeking maximum profits in the richest countries and not eradication

2018 Prescrire

13. Chronic hepatitis B virus infection. (PubMed)

Chronic hepatitis B virus infection. Chronic hepatitis B virus infection is a global public health threat that causes considerable liver-related morbidity and mortality. It is acquired at birth or later via person-to-person transmission. Vaccination effectively prevents infection and chronic hepatitis B virus carriage. In chronically infected patients, an elevated serum hepatitis B virus DNA concentration is the main risk factor for disease progression, although there are other clinical (...) . With current vaccines, therapies, and an emphasis on improving linkage to care, WHO's goal of eliminating hepatitis B virus as a global health threat by 2030 is achievable.Copyright © 2018 World Health Organization. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

2018 Lancet

14. Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir (chronic hepatitis C) - Addendum to Commission A17-35

Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir (chronic hepatitis C) - Addendum to Commission A17-35 1 Translation of addendum A18-05 Sofosbuvir/Velpatasvir/Voxilaprevir (Chronische Hepatitis C) – Addendum zum Auftrag A17-35 (Version 1.0; Status: 25 January 2018). Please note: This translation is provided as a service by IQWiG to English-language readers. However, solely the German original text is absolutely authoritative and legally binding. Addendum 25 January 2018 1.0 Commission: A18-05 Version (...) : Status: IQWiG Reports – Commission No. A18-05 Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/ voxilaprevir (chronic hepatitis C) – Addendum to Commission A17-35 1 Addendum A18-05 Version 1.0 Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir – Addendum to Commission A17-35 25 January 2018 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) - i - Publishing details Publisher: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care Topic: Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir (chronic hepatitis C) – Addendum to Commission A17-35

2018 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG)

15. Sofosbuvir (hepatitis C in adolescents) - Benefit assessment according to §35a Social Code Book V

Sofosbuvir (hepatitis C in adolescents) - Benefit assessment according to §35a Social Code Book V Extract 1 Translation of Sections 2.1 to 2.5 of the dossier assessment Sofosbuvir (chronische Hepatitis C bei Jugendlichen) – Nutzenbewertung gemäß § 35a SGB V (Version 1.0; Status: 11 January 2018). Please note: This translation is provided as a service by IQWiG to English-language readers. However, solely the German original text is absolutely authoritative and legally binding. IQWiG Reports (...) – Commission No. A17-55 Sofosbuvir (chronic hepatitis C in adolescents) – Benefit assessment according to §35a Social Code Book V 1 Extract of dossier assessment A17-55 Version 1.0 Sofosbuvir (chronic hepatitis C in adolescents) 11 January 2018 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) - i - Publishing details Publisher: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care Topic: Sofosbuvir (chronic hepatitis C in adolescents) – Benefit assessment according to §35a Social Code Book V

2018 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG)

16. Treatment of Adolescents With Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection: New Regimen on the Block (PubMed)

Treatment of Adolescents With Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection: New Regimen on the Block Editorial to Leung et al. "Ombitasvir/Paritaprevir/Ritonavir With or Without Dasabuvir and With or Without Ribavirin for Adolescents With HCV Genotype 1 or 4".

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2018 Hepatology communications

17. Hepatic Encephalopathy in Patients in Lviv (Ukraine) (PubMed)

Hepatic Encephalopathy in Patients in Lviv (Ukraine) Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) research has long been impeded by the vague definition of this disabling complication of liver failure. This article provides an overview of the etiology and impact of HE on neuromuscular functions as well as its role in the development of infections and anemia.This was a descriptive study conducted in 36 patients with HE. Close monitoring of these patients was done by checking on several parameters.The etiological (...) distribution: alcohol (67%), hepatitis C virus (HCV; 17%), HCV and alcohol (8%), hepatitis B virus (HBV; 3%), HBV and alcohol (3%), HBV and HCV (6%), and cryptogenic (3%). The laboratory results indicated an elevation of De Ritis level in 69% of cases and in 92% of total bilirubin values. The Halstead-Reitan (H-R) test score with regards to gender indicated that more than half of the patients had a score of 2, while only few cases received the scores 3 and 4. The frequency of H-R score with regards

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2018 Journal of translational internal medicine

18. Evaluating Women’s Preferences for Hepatitis C Treatment During Pregnancy (PubMed)

Evaluating Women’s Preferences for Hepatitis C Treatment During Pregnancy There is a rising prevalence of hepatitis C (HCV) among women of child-bearing age nationally, which prompted a recommendation by national guidelines to screen all women for HCV during pregnancy. Women with HCV during pregnancy are at risk of perinatal transmission of HCV. Directly acting antiviral (DAA) therapy during pregnancy can potentially reduce the risk of perinatal transmission as well as cure women while

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2018 Hepatology communications

19. VAXELIS, hexavalent vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis, pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae type b infections, hepatitis B

VAXELIS, hexavalent vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis, pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae type b infections, hepatitis B Haute Autorité de Santé - VAXELIS, vaccin hexavalent contre diphtérie, tétanos, poliomyélite, coqueluche, infections à Haemophilus influenzae type b, hépatite B Développer la qualité dans le champ sanitaire, social et médico-social Recherche Évaluation & Recommandation La HAS Accréditation & Certification Outils, Guides & Méthodes Agenda Avis sur les

2018 Haute Autorite de sante

20. Hepatic Nuclear Receptor Expression Associates with Features of Histology in Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (PubMed)

Hepatic Nuclear Receptor Expression Associates with Features of Histology in Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in children and adults. This study examined the relationship between hepatic nuclear receptor (NR) expression and histologic features of NAFLD. Drugs targeting a variety of NRs for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are in clinical trials. Liver messenger RNA was isolated from 40

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2018 Hepatology communications