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Latest & greatest articles for heparin
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Options for Peripartum Anticoagulation in Areas Affected by Shortage of Unfractionated Heparin Options for Peripartum Anticoagulation in Areas Affected by Shortage of Unfractionated Heparin | ACOG Clinical Guidance Journals & Publications Patient Education Topics Featured Clinical Topics Hi, Featured Clinical Topics Clinical Guidance Options for Peripartum Anticoagulation in Areas Affected by Shortage of Unfractionated Heparin March 2020 Jump to Resources Share By reading this page you agree (...) to ACOG's Terms and Conditions. . Baxter Healthcare first reported to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in November 2017 shortages of heparin sodium 2,000 international units/L in 0.9% weight/volume sodium chloride intravenous infusion, heparin sodium 2,000 USP units in 1,000 mL, and heparin sodium 1,000 USP units in 500 mL . The purpose of this practice advisory is to review options for anticoagulation in late gestation for practitioners in areas affected by a heparin shortage. In some cases
Diagnosis and management of heparin?induced thrombocytopenia: a consensus statement from the Thrombosis and Haemostasis Society of Australia and New Zealand HIT Writing Group Diagnosis and management of heparin‐induced thrombocytopenia: a consensus statement from the Thrombosis and Haemostasis Society of Australia and New Zealand HIT Writing Group | The Medical Journal of Australia mja-search search Use the for more specific terms. Title contains Body contains Date range from Date range (...) to Article type Author's surname Volume First page doi: 10.5694/mja__.______ Search Reset close Individual Login Purchase options Connect person_outline Login keyboard_arrow_down Individual Login Purchase options menu search Advertisement close Diagnosis and management of heparin‐induced thrombocytopenia: a consensus statement from the Thrombosis and Haemostasis Society of Australia and New Zealand HIT Writing Group Joanne Joseph, David Rabbolini, Anoop K Enjeti, Emmanuel Favaloro, Marie‐Christine Kopp
Prolonged thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin for abdominal or pelvic surgery. This an update of the review first published in 2009.Major abdominal and pelvic surgery carries a high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The efficacy of thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) administered during the in-hospital period is well-documented, but the optimal duration of prophylaxis after surgery remains controversial. Some studies suggest that patients undergoing
Continuous Anticoagulation and Cold Snare Polypectomy Versus Heparin Bridging and Hot Snare Polypectomy in Patients on Anticoagulants With Subcentimeter Polyps: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Management of anticoagulants for patients undergoing polypectomy is still controversial. Cold snare polypectomy (CSP) is reported to cause less bleeding than hot snare polypectomy (HSP).To compare outcomes between continuous administration of anticoagulants (CA) with CSP (CA+CSP) and periprocedural heparin
Occlusion between heparin saline and 0.9% sodium chloride in adults: A Snapshot Heparin versus saline and occlusion in adults: A Snapshot 1 Occlusion between heparin saline and 0.9% sodium chloride in adults: A Snapshot Citation Corey Joseph & Angela Melder. August 2018. Occlusion between heparin saline and 0.9% sodium chloride in adults: A Snapshot. Centre for Clinical Effectiveness, Monash Health, Melbourne, Australia. Executive Summary Background The Centre for Clinical Effectiveness have (...) patency between heparinised saline and 0.9% Sodium Chloride solution in Adults. Specifically, the review will focus on central lines only. Findings ? Given the very low-quality of the evidence, it is uncertain whether heparin saline results in fewer occlusions than normal saline. 3,4 ? Low quality evidence suggests there is no difference in occlusion of line access, lumen and patient between heparin saline and normal saline. 4 ? In the short term ( 30 days) there was not difference in occlusion
Relationship between degree of heparin anticoagulation and clinical outcome in patients receiving potent P2Y12-inhibitors with no planned GPI during primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction - a VALIDATE-SWEDEHEART substudy Heparin is the preferred choice of anticoagulant in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (MI). An established dosage of heparin has not yet been determined, but treatment may be optimized through monitoring (...) of activating clotting time (ACT). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between heparin dose or ACT with a composite outcome of death, MI or bleeding using data from the registry-based, randomized, controlled and open-label VALIDATE-SWEDEHEART-trial, although patients were not randomized to heparin dose in this sub-study.Patients with MI undergoing PCI and receiving treatment with a potent P2Y12-inhibitor and anticoagulation with heparin, without the planned use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa
Prospective comparison of the HEP score and 4Ts score for the diagnosis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia The HIT Expert Probability (HEP) score compared favorably with the 4Ts score in a retrospective study. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of the HEP score compared with the 4Ts score in a prospective cohort of 310 patients with suspected heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). A member of the clinical team calculated the HEP score and 4Ts score. An independent panel adjudicated HIT
Anti-tumour effect of low molecular weight heparin in localised lung cancer: a phase III clinical trial The anti-tumour and anti-metastatic properties of heparins have not been tested in patients with early stage cancer. Whether adjuvant low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) tinzaparin impacts the survival of patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was investigated.Patients with completely resected stage I, II or IIIA NSCLC were randomly allocated to receive subcutaneous
Radial versus femoral access and bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin in invasively managed patients with acute coronary syndrome (MATRIX): final 1-year results of a multicentre, randomised controlled trial. The Minimizing Adverse Haemorrhagic Events by Transradial Access Site and Systemic Implementation of Angiox (MATRIX) programme was designed to assess the comparative safety and effectiveness of radial versus femoral access and of bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin with optional (...) coronary angiography to radial or femoral access and to bivalirudin, with or without post-percutaneous coronary intervention infusion or unfractionated heparin (one-step inclusion). Patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome were randomly assigned (1:1) before coronary angiography to radial or femoral access and, only if deemed eligible to percutaneous coronary intervention after angiography (two-step inclusion), entered the antithrombin type and treatment duration programmes. Randomisation
2018LancetControlled trial quality: predicted high
Comparison of reversal activity and mechanism of action of UHRA, andexanet, and PER977 on heparin and oral FXa inhibitors Anticoagulants such as unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs), fondaparinux, and direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) targeting thrombin (IIa) or factor Xa (FXa) are widely used in prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. However, anticoagulant-associated bleeding is a concern that demands monitoring and neutralization. Protamine (...) , the UFH antidote, has limitations, while there is no antidote available for certain direct FXa inhibitors. Improved antidotes in development include UHRA (Universal Heparin Reversal Agent) for all heparin anticoagulants; andexanet alfa (andexanet), a recombinant antidote for both direct FXa inhibitors and LMWHs; and ciraparantag (PER977), a small-molecule antidote for UFH, LMWHs, and certain DOACs. The binding affinities of these antidotes for their presumed anticoagulant targets have not been
Heparin Top results for heparin - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 (...) or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for heparin The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you
Heparin Oligosaccharides Have Antiarrhythmic Effect by Accelerating the Sodium-Calcium Exchanger Background: Blockage of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) is used to determine the role of NCX in arrhythmogenesis. Trisulfated heparin disaccharide (TD) and Low Molecular Weight Heparins (LMWHs) can directly interact with the NCX and accelerate its activity. Objective: In this work, we investigated the antiarrhythmic effect of heparin oligosaccharides related to the NCX activity. Methods: The effects (...) of heparin oligosaccharides were tested on the NCX current (patch clamping) and intracellular calcium transient in rat cardiomyocytes. The effects of heparin oligosaccharides were further investigated in arrhythmia induced in isolated rat atria and rats in vivo. Results: The intracellular Ca2+ concentration decreases upon treatment with either enoxaparin or ardeparin. These drugs abolished arrhythmia induction in isolated atria. The NCX antagonist KB-R7943 abolished the enoxaparin or ardeparin
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia: A critical appraisal of clinical practice guidelines with the AGREE II instrument Despite the availability of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), the risk of death or thromboembolic complication associated with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) remains high. Our aim was to systematically review the quality of CPGs for HIT and summarize the recommendations.CPGs for HIT were systematically searched on PubMed, Embase, guidelines' websites, and Google up (...) and clarity of presentation obtained the highest median scores, while the domain of rigor of development and editorial independence obtained the lowest median scores. The ACCP guideline and BSH guideline were recommended for use in dealing with HIT, achieving a score of at least 50% in all six AGREE II domains. Recommendations across guidelines were inconsistent, especially in the choice of non-heparin anticoagulant for HIT.Future HIT guidelines should place more emphasis on methodological quality
Apixaban compared to heparin/vitamin K antagonist in patients with atrial fibrillation scheduled for cardioversion: the EMANATE trial The primary objective was to compare apixaban to heparin/vitamin K antagonist (VKA) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and ≤48 h anticoagulation prior to randomization undergoing cardioversion.One thousand five hundred patients were randomized. The apixaban dose of 5 mg b.i.d. was reduced to 2.5 mg b.i.d. in patients with two of the following: age ≥ 80 (...) , and 342 received a loading dose of apixaban. Comparing apixaban to heparin/VKA in the full analysis set, there were 0/753 vs. 6/747 strokes [relative risk (RR) 0; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0-0.64; nominal P = 0.015], no SE, and 2 vs. 1 deaths (RR 1.98; 95% CI 0.19-54.00; nominal P > 0.999). In the safety population, there were 3/735 vs. 6/721 major (RR 0.49; 95% CI 0.10-2.07; nominal P = 0.338) and 11 vs. 13 CRNM bleeding events (RR 0.83; 95% CI 0.34-1.89; nominal P = 0.685). On imaging, 60/61
2-O, 3-O desulfated heparin mitigates murine chemotherapy- and radiation-induced thrombocytopenia Thrombocytopenia is a significant complication of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Platelet factor 4 (PF4; CXCL4) is a negative paracrine of megakaryopoiesis. We have shown that PF4 levels are inversely related to steady-state platelet counts, and to the duration and severity of chemotherapy- and radiation-induced thrombocytopenia (CIT and RIT, respectively). Murine studies suggest that blocking (...) the effect of PF4 improves megakaryopoiesis, raising nadir platelet counts and shortening the time to platelet count recovery. We examined the ability of 2-O, 3-O desulfated heparin (ODSH), a heparin variant with little anticoagulant effects, to neutralize PF4's effects on megakaryopoiesis. Using megakaryocyte colony assays and liquid cultures, we show that ODSH restored megakaryocyte proliferation in PF4-treated Cxcl4-/- murine and human CD34+-derived megakaryocyte cultures (17.4% megakaryocyte colonies
Combination of the low anticoagulant heparin CX-01 with chemotherapy for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia Relapses in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) are a result of quiescent leukemic stem cells (LSCs) in marrow stromal niches, where they resist chemotherapy. LSCs employ CXCL12/CXCR4 to home toward protective marrow niches. Heparin disrupts CXCL12-mediated sequestration of cells in the marrow. CX-01 is a low-anticoagulant heparin derivative. In this pilot study, we combined CX-01
Frequency of Complete Blood Counts for Patients at Risk of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia: Frequency of Complete Blood Counts for Patients at Risk of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia: | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Frequency of Complete Blood Counts for Patients at Risk of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia: Frequency of Complete Blood Counts for Patients at Risk of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia: Last updated: October 2, 2018 Project Number: RC1025-000 Product Line: Research Type (...) : Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the frequency of complete blood counts to monitor for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia during intravenous heparin infusions for cardiac conditions? Key Message No relevant evidence-based guidelines were identified regarding the frequency of complete blood counts to monitor for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia during intravenous heparin infusions for cardiac