Latest & greatest articles for falls

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Top results for falls

101. Cohort study: High-dose monthly vitamin D3 can help to prevent acute respiratory infections in older long-term care residents, but may increase risk of falls

Cohort study: High-dose monthly vitamin D3 can help to prevent acute respiratory infections in older long-term care residents, but may increase risk of falls High-dose monthly vitamin D3 can help to prevent acute respiratory infections in older long-term care residents, but may increase risk of falls | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more (...) long-term care residents, but may increase risk of falls Article Text Care of the older person Cohort study High-dose monthly vitamin D 3 can help to prevent acute respiratory infections in older long-term care residents, but may increase risk of falls Karin Amrein , Elisabeth Altendorfer Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on: Ginde AA, Blatchford P, Breese K, et al . High-dose monthly vitamin D for prevention of acute respiratory infection in older long-term care residents: a randomized

2017 Evidence-Based Nursing

102. Preventing falls and reducing injury from falls, fourth edition.

Preventing falls and reducing injury from falls, fourth edition. Preventing falls and reducing injury from falls, fourth edition. | National Guideline Clearinghouse success fail May JUN 10 2017 2018 2019 08 Jun 2018 - 12 Jul 2018 COLLECTED BY Organization: Formed in 2009, the Archive Team (not to be confused with the archive.org Archive-It Team) is a rogue archivist collective dedicated to saving copies of rapidly dying or deleted websites for the sake of history and digital heritage. The group (...) is 100% composed of volunteers and interested parties, and has expanded into a large amount of related projects for saving online and digital history. History is littered with hundreds of conflicts over the future of a community, group, location or business that were "resolved" when one of the parties stepped ahead and destroyed what was there. With the original point of contention destroyed, the debates would fall to the wayside. Archive Team believes that by duplicated condemned data

2017 National Guideline Clearinghouse (partial archive)

103. Cohort study: Newer drugs to treat prostate symptoms are associated with increased risk of falls

Cohort study: Newer drugs to treat prostate symptoms are associated with increased risk of falls Newer drugs to treat prostate symptoms are associated with increased risk of falls | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers (...) of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Newer drugs to treat prostate symptoms are associated with increased risk of falls Article Text Adult nursing Cohort study Newer drugs to treat prostate symptoms are associated with increased risk of falls Maw Pin Tan

2017 Evidence-Based Nursing

105. Case-control study: Height of head centre of gravity predicts paediatric head injury severity in short-distance falls

Case-control study: Height of head centre of gravity predicts paediatric head injury severity in short-distance falls Height of head centre of gravity predicts paediatric head injury severity in short-distance falls | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password (...) For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Height of head centre of gravity predicts paediatric head injury severity in short-distance falls Article Text Prognosis Case-control study Height of head centre of gravity

2017 Evidence-Based Medicine

106. Complex and Simple Clinical Reaction Times Are Associated with Gait, Balance, and Major Fall Injury in Older Subjects with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Complex and Simple Clinical Reaction Times Are Associated with Gait, Balance, and Major Fall Injury in Older Subjects with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy The aim of this work was to identify relationships between complex and simple clinical measures of reaction time (RTclin) and indicators of balance in older subjects with and without diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).Prospective cohort design. Complex RTclin accuracy, simple RTclin latency, and their ratio were determined using a novel (...) device in 42 subjects (mean ± SD age, 69.1 ± 8.3 yrs), 26 with DPN and 16 without. Dependent variables included unipedal stance time (UST), step width variability and range on an uneven surface, and major fall-related injury over 12 months.In the DPN subjects, the ratio of complex RTclin accuracy to simple RTclin latency was strongly associated with longer UST (R/P = 0.653/0.004), and decreased step width variability and range (R/P = -0.696/0.001 and -0.782/<0.001, respectively) on an uneven surface

2017 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation

107. Imbalanced: The confusing, circular nature of falls research…and a possible antidote Full Text available with Trip Pro

Imbalanced: The confusing, circular nature of falls research…and a possible antidote 27984251 2018 10 10 2018 11 13 1537-7385 96 1 2017 01 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation Am J Phys Med Rehabil Imbalanced: The Confusing Circular Nature of Falls Research…and a Possible Antidote. 55-59 Richardson James K JK From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan Health Systems, Ann Arbor, Michigan. eng R01 AG026569 AG NIA NIH HHS United States (...) Journal Article United States Am J Phys Med Rehabil 8803677 0894-9115 AIM IM Accidental Falls prevention & control statistics & numerical data Accidents, Home prevention & control Aged Aged, 80 and over Geriatric Assessment methods Health Behavior Health Education methods Health Status Humans Independent Living Peripheral Nervous System Diseases prevention & control Postural Balance Risk Factors 2016 12 17 6 0 2016 12 17 6 0 2018 10 12 6 0 ppublish 27984251 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000591 00002060

2017 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation

108. Preventing Falls and Reducing Injury from Falls, Fourth Edition

Preventing Falls and Reducing Injury from Falls, Fourth Edition Clinical Best Practice Guidelines Preventing Falls and Reducing Injury from Falls Fourth Edition SEPTEMBER 2017Disclaimer These guidelines are not binding on nurses, other health-care providers, or the organizations that employ them. The use of these guidelines should be flexible, and based on individual needs and local circumstances. They constitute neither a liability nor discharge from liability. While every effort has been made (...) , the balance of this document may be produced, reproduced, and published in its entirety, without modification, in any form, including in electronic form, for educational or non-commercial purposes. Should any adaptation of the material be required for any reason, written permission must be obtained from RNAO. Appropriate credit or citation must appear on all copied materials as follows: Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario. (2017). Preventing Falls and Reducing Injury from Falls (4 th ed.). Toronto

2017 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

109. Effects of foot and ankle devices on balance, gait and falls in adults with sensory perception loss: a systematic review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of foot and ankle devices on balance, gait and falls in adults with sensory perception loss: a systematic review. Foot and ankle devices are being developed as a method of preventing people with sensory perception loss sustaining a fall. Such devices are believed to work by reducing the likelihood of a fall by improving the balance and gait of the user.The objective of the review was to evaluate the effectiveness of foot and ankle devices for the prevention of falls and the improvement (...) , individual case reports and descriptive cross-sectional studies.The primary outcome was number of falls. Secondary outcome measures were clinical or laboratory measures of balance or gait.A search for published and unpublished literature from inception to March 2015 written in the English language was conducted across a number of major electronic databases. A three-step search strategy was developed using MeSH terminology and keywords to ensure all that relevant materials are captured.Methodological

2016 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

110. The correlation between white matter hyperintensity and balance disorder and fall risk: An observational, prospective cohort study Full Text available with Trip Pro

The correlation between white matter hyperintensity and balance disorder and fall risk: An observational, prospective cohort study The presence of an association between white matter hyperintensity (WMH) and the risk of falls in older people is uncertain, with little supporting prospective evidence available at present. We aimed to determine whether WMH was associated with dysfunctions of balance and gait, and other sensorimotor factors leading to falls, and the independent factors related (...) to falls in older Chinese people. The protective effect of exercise against falls was also addressed.In a representative sample of hospital-based individuals aged 50 years and older in China, the patients' history of falls, magnetic resonance imaging data, scores on the 9-item Berg Balance Scale (BBS-9) test and timed up-and-go test (TUGT), and sensorimotor measures of computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) were analyzed. Incident falls were recorded prospectively over a 12-month period. Using

2016 Chronic diseases and translational medicine

111. Virtual reality exercise to improve balance control in older adults at risk of falling. (Abstract)

Virtual reality exercise to improve balance control in older adults at risk of falling. 26908338 2016 12 13 2016 12 30 1024-2708 22 Suppl 2 2016 Feb Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi Hong Kong Med J Virtual reality exercise to improve balance control in older adults at risk of falling. S19-22 Tsang W W N WW Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Fu A S N AS eng Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't (...) China Hong Kong Med J 9512509 1024-2708 IM Accidental Falls prevention & control Aged Aged, 80 and over Exercise Therapy methods Female Hong Kong Humans Male Postural Balance Treatment Outcome Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy methods 2016 2 25 6 0 2016 2 26 6 0 2016 12 15 6 0 ppublish 26908338

2016 Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi Controlled trial quality: uncertain

112. Accidental falls related to clearing heavy snow on rooftops in a rural heavy snow area in Japan Full Text available with Trip Pro

Accidental falls related to clearing heavy snow on rooftops in a rural heavy snow area in Japan The purpose of this study is to describe our experience with patients who fell from rooftops while clearing snow. The falls occurred in rural areas that receive heavy snowfall and are undergoing depopulation and an increasing proportion of elderly residents.A retrospective observational chart review was carried out at the sole hospital providing emergency services in a rural heavy snow area (...) in Japan.A total of 70 patients were enrolled during four winter seasons between December 2009 and March 2013. Their mean age was 61 years, and 90% were male. The mean vertical height of falls was 4.1 m. A total of 174 injuries was observed, averaging 2.5 injuries per patient. Fractures accounted for 78% of all injuries, and main fractures included vertebra with lower extremities or rib fractures; 86% of patients sustained a maximum abbreviated injury scale score of 2-3.In a rural heavy snow area

2016 Acute medicine & surgery

113. Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis Previous meta-analyses have found that exercise prevents falls in older people. This study aimed to test whether this effect is still present when new trials are added, and it explores whether characteristics of the trial design, sample or intervention are associated with greater fall prevention effects.Update of a systematic review with random effects meta-analysis and meta-regression.Cochrane Library (...) , CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, PEDro and SafetyLit were searched from January 2010 to January 2016.We included randomised controlled trials that compared fall rates in older people randomised to receive exercise as a single intervention with fall rates in those randomised to a control group.99 comparisons from 88 trials with 19 478 participants were available for meta-analysis. Overall, exercise reduced the rate of falls in community-dwelling older people by 21% (pooled rate ratio 0.79, 95% CI 0.73

2016 EvidenceUpdates

114. Fall Risk Assessment Predicts Fall-Related Injury, Hip Fracture, and Head Injury in Older Adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fall Risk Assessment Predicts Fall-Related Injury, Hip Fracture, and Head Injury in Older Adults To investigate the role of a fall risk assessment, using the Downton Fall Risk Index (DFRI), in predicting fall-related injury, fall-related head injury and hip fracture, and death, in a large cohort of older women and men residing in Sweden.Cross sectional observational study.Sweden.Older adults (mean age 82.4 ± 7.8) who had a fall risk assessment using the DFRI at baseline (N = 128,596 (...) ).Information on all fall-related injuries, all fall-related head injuries and hip fractures, and all-cause mortality was collected from the Swedish Patient Register and Cause of Death Register. The predictive role of DFRI was calculated using Poisson regression models with age, sex, height, weight, and comorbidities as covariates, taking time to outcome or end of study into account.During a median follow-up of 253 days (interquartile range 90-402 days) (>80,000 patient-years), 15,299 participants had

2016 EvidenceUpdates

115. Falls in the elderly: proven benefits of exercise

Falls in the elderly: proven benefits of exercise Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Falls in the elderly: proven benefits of exercise'', 1 October 2016 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Falls in the elderly: proven benefits of exercise Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Falls in the elderly: proven benefits of exercise Following on from others (...) , a new trial has shown the benefits of exercise in preventing falls with trauma in elderly women. Preventing falls in the elderly relies chiefly on non-drug measures. The combination of vitamin D + calcium possibly reduces the risk of fractures. A comparative clinical trial carried out in Finland sought to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise and vitamin D supplements in preventing falls with trauma. For around two years this trial monitored more than 400 women aged between 70 and 80, living

2016 Prescrire

116. Effects of WiiActive exercises on fear of falling and functional outcomes in community-dwelling older adults: a randomised control trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of WiiActive exercises on fear of falling and functional outcomes in community-dwelling older adults: a randomised control trial the study compares the effects of a Nintendo Wii exercise programme and a standard Gym-based exercise intervention on fear of falling, knee strength, physical function and falls rate in older adults.eighty community-dwelling adults aged 60 years and above with short physical performance battery score of 5-9 points and modified falls efficacy scale (MFES) score (...) of ≤9 points participated in the parallel-group randomised trial. Each intervention arm involved an hour of intervention per week, totalling 12 sessions over 12 weeks. Besides 1-year fall incidence, the participants were evaluated on MFES, knee extensor strength (KES), timed-up-and-go test, gait speed, 6-minute walk test and narrow corridor walk test at weeks 13 and 24.at week 13, between interventions, the effect of MFES changes did not reach statistical significance (difference = -0.07 point, 95

2016 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

117. The association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and recurrent falls in the elderly population: a cohort study Full Text available with Trip Pro

The association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and recurrent falls in the elderly population: a cohort study Serum vitamin D concentration is a major contributing factor for increasing the risk of fall and fall-related injuries in older adults. However, when prescribed and supplemented for these populations, the outcomes are controversial, and in several cases no improvement has been reported in reducing the risk of recurrent falls. This study aimed to examine the association between (...) serum vitamin D concentration and recurrent falls in Iranian older adults.This cohort study was conducted in the emergency departments of two university hospitals. A cohort of 82 elderly participants aged over 60 and suffered from an unintentional episode of falling was evaluated six months after their first ED visit. A structured, self-administered checklist was developed to obtain the participants' demographic and clinical information. Participants also were asked about any recurrent fall

2016 Electronic physician

118. Interventions incorporating physical and cognitive elements to reduce falls risk in cognitively impaired older adults: a systematic review. (Abstract)

Interventions incorporating physical and cognitive elements to reduce falls risk in cognitively impaired older adults: a systematic review. Cognitive impairment is a risk factor for falls. Older adults with cognitive impairment (such as dementia) have an increased risk of falling compared with age-matched individuals without a cognitive impairment. To reduce falls in this population, interventions could theoretically target and train both physical and cognitive abilities. Combining (...) and addressing cognitive components in falls rehabilitation is a novel and emerging area of healthcare.The objective of this review was to identify the effectiveness of combined cognitive and physical interventions on the risk of falls in cognitively impaired older adults.Older persons who were 65 years or older and identified as having a cognitive impairment either through diagnosis or assessment of global cognition.Multifactorial or multiple interventions where physical and cognitive elements were combined

2016 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

119. Addition of a non-immersive virtual reality component to treadmill training to reduce fall risk in older adults (V-TIME): a randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Addition of a non-immersive virtual reality component to treadmill training to reduce fall risk in older adults (V-TIME): a randomised controlled trial. Age-associated motor and cognitive deficits increase the risk of falls, a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Because of the significant ramifications of falls, many interventions have been proposed, but few have aimed to prevent falls via an integrated approach targeting both motor and cognitive function. We aimed to test the hypothesis (...) that an intervention combining treadmill training with non-immersive virtual reality (VR) to target both cognitive aspects of safe ambulation and mobility would lead to fewer falls than would treadmill training alone.We carried out this randomised controlled trial at five clinical centres across five countries (Belgium, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, and the UK). Adults aged 60-90 years with a high risk of falls based on a history of two or more falls in the 6 months before the study and with varied motor

2016 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

120. Relationship Between Falls and Physical Activity in Healthy Seniors: A Focused Practice Question

Relationship Between Falls and Physical Activity in Healthy Seniors: A Focused Practice Question Relationship Between Falls And Physical Activity In Healthy Seniors A Focused Practice Question Aarti Soni, Research and Policy Analyst Sharon Williams, Supervisor Research, Policy and Planning Team Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention Region of Peel Public Health September 2015 2 Table of Contents 1. ISSUE 3 2. CONTEXT 3 3. LITERATURE REVIEW QUESTION 6 4. LITERATURE SEARCH 6 5. RELEVANCE (...) ASSESSMENT 7 6. RESULTS OF THE SEARCH 7 7. CRITICAL APPRAISAL 8 8. DESCRIPTION OF INCLUDED STUDIES 8 9. SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 9 10. RELEVANCE TO PRACTICE 11 REFERENCES 13 APPENDICES 14 APPENDIX A: Comparison of Falls-Related Data (Peel and Ontario) APPENDIX B: Search Strategy APPENDIX C: Relevance Table APPENDIX D: Data Extraction Tables 3 1. ISSUE This research review seeks to understand the relationship between physical activity and falls in healthy community-dwelling seniors, in order to contribute

2016 Peel Health Library