Latest & greatest articles for falls

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Top results for falls

21. Effects of a falls prevention exercise programme on health-related quality of life in older home care recipients: a randomised controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of a falls prevention exercise programme on health-related quality of life in older home care recipients: a randomised controlled trial falls have serious consequences for quality of life (QOL) and contribute substantially to the global burden of disease. Home care is an important arena to address falls prevention and QOL, but this vulnerable group of older adults is underrepresented in health research. This study explores the effects of a falls prevention exercise programme on health (...) -related quality of life (HRQOL), physical function and falls self-efficacy in older fallers receiving home care.the study design is a parallel-group randomised controlled trial. The intervention group performed a falls prevention programme based on the Otago Exercise Programme (OEP). The control group received usual care. 155 participants were recruited from primary health care in six Norwegian municipalities. Local physiotherapists supervised the programme. The primary outcome, HRQOL, was measured

2019 EvidenceUpdates

22. Dual-Task Exercise Reduces Cognitive-Motor Interference in Walking and Falls After Stroke Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dual-Task Exercise Reduces Cognitive-Motor Interference in Walking and Falls After Stroke Background and Purpose- Functional community ambulation requires the ability to perform mobility and cognitive task simultaneously (dual-tasking). This single-blinded randomized controlled study aimed to examine the effects of dual-task exercise in chronic stroke patients. Methods- Eighty-four chronic stroke patients (24 women; age, 61.2±6.4 years; time since stroke onset, 75.3±64.9 months) with mild (...) during serial-3-subtractions and verbal fluency task. Secondary outcomes included the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale, Frenchay Activities Index, and Stroke-specific Quality of Life Scale. The above outcomes were measured at baseline, immediately after, and 8 weeks after training. Fall incidence was recorded for a 6-month period posttraining. Results- Only the dual-task group exhibited reduced dual-task interference in walking time posttraining (forward walking combined with verbal

2019 EvidenceUpdates

23. Association of Long-term Exercise Training With Risk of Falls, Fractures, Hospitalizations, and Mortality in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Long-term Exercise Training With Risk of Falls, Fractures, Hospitalizations, and Mortality in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Long-term exercise benefits on prevalent adverse events in older populations, such as falls, fractures, or hospitalizations, are not yet established or known.To systematically review and investigate the association of long-term exercise interventions (≥1 year) with the risk of falls, injurious falls, multiple falls, fractures (...) method).Six binary outcomes for the risk of falls, injurious falls, multiple falls (≥2 falls), fractures, hospitalization, and mortality.Forty-six studies (22 709 participants) were included in the review and 40 (21 868 participants) in the meta-analyses (mean [SD] age, 73.1 [7.1] years; 15 054 [66.3%] of participants were women). The most used exercise was a multicomponent training (eg, aerobic plus strength plus balance); mean frequency was 3 times per week, about 50 minutes per session

2019 EvidenceUpdates

24. A combined physical activity and fall prevention intervention improved mobility-related goal attainment but not physical activity in older adults: a randomised trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

A combined physical activity and fall prevention intervention improved mobility-related goal attainment but not physical activity in older adults: a randomised trial In people aged ≥ 60 years, does a combined physical activity and fall prevention intervention affect physical activity and mobility-related goal attainment? Does the combined intervention also improve fall rates, daily steps, the proportion of people meeting the physical activity guidelines, quality of life, mood, fear of falling (...) , and mobility limitation?Randomised trial with concealed allocation, intention-to-treat analysis and assessor blinding.One hundred and thirty-one people living in the community and aged ≥ 60 years.The experimental group received one physiotherapist visit, fortnightly telephone-based health coaching, a pedometer, tailored fall prevention advice, and a fall prevention brochure. The control group received the same fall prevention brochure.Primary outcomes were mobility goal attainment (Goal Attainment Scale

2019 EvidenceUpdates

25. Exercise for preventing falls in older people living in the community. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exercise for preventing falls in older people living in the community. At least one-third of community-dwelling people over 65 years of age fall each year. Exercises that target balance, gait and muscle strength have been found to prevent falls in these people. An up-to-date synthesis of the evidence is important given the major long-term consequences associated with falls and fall-related injuries OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of exercise interventions for preventing (...) falls in older people living in the community.We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, three other databases and two trial registers up to 2 May 2018, together with reference checking and contact with study authors to identify additional studies.We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of any form of exercise as a single intervention on falls in people aged 60+ years living in the community. We excluded trials focused on particular conditions, such as stroke.We used

2019 Cochrane

26. Assessment of falls in the elderly

Assessment of falls in the elderly Assessment of falls in the elderly - Differential diagnosis of symptoms | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Assessment of falls in the elderly Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: January 2019 Summary Falls are often multifactorial in origin. Deandrea S. Risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Epidemiology. 2010 Sep;21(5):658-68. http (...) ://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20585256?tool=bestpractice.com The presence of the following factors is associated with greater probability of future falls, Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR. Falls and their prevention in elderly people: what does the evidence show? Med Clin North Am. 2006 Sep;90(5):807-24. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16962843?tool=bestpractice.com McInnes L, Gibbons E, Chandler-Oatts J. Clinical practice guideline for the assessment and prevention of falls in older people. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs

2019 BMJ Best Practice

27. Biomechanical fall risk assessment - a systematic review

Biomechanical fall risk assessment - a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing

2019 PROSPERO

28. The effect of Tai Chi and Qigong to improve falls, balance and gait in Parkinson's disease patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The effect of Tai Chi and Qigong to improve falls, balance and gait in Parkinson's disease patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2019 PROSPERO

29. Rehabilitation interventions to reduce the risk of falls in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review of the literature

Rehabilitation interventions to reduce the risk of falls in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review of the literature Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2019 PROSPERO

30. Effect on falls among elderly persons after training elderly care staff

Effect on falls among elderly persons after training elderly care staff Effect on falls among elderly persons after training elderly care staff We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Effect on falls among elderly persons after training elderly care staff Share: Reading time approx. 4 minutes In general, every person aged 65 years or older (...) , experience at least one fall per year. Falls are common reasons for injuries, and even death. Fall prevention among elderly persons is important due to reasons such as reduced functioning, individual suffering and societal costs. Staff training is one, frequently used, intervention. Question Does staff training in fall prevention, medication or nutrition effect falls among elderly persons? Tables with identified studies Table 1. Systematic reviews Included studies Population Outcome Balzer et al 2012 [1

2019 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

31. Tai chi as a prevention to the fall of frail elderly and relevant symptoms: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Tai chi as a prevention to the fall of frail elderly and relevant symptoms: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

32. Falls - risk assessment

Falls - risk assessment Falls - risk assessment - NICE CKS Share Falls - risk assessment: Summary A fall is defined as an event which causes a person to, unintentionally, rest on the ground or other lower level. For the purpose of this CKS topic, a simple fall is defined as one occurring as a result of a chronic impairment of cognition, vision, balance, or mobility. It is distinguished from a collapse caused by an acute medical problem, such as an acute arrhythmia, transient ischaemic attack (...) , or vertigo. Falls are common in older people, especially those aged 65 years and over, and the prevalence increases with age. The risk of falling is multifactorial, and prevention is usually based on assessing multiple risk factors. A history of falls is one of the strongest risk factors for a fall, and all older people in regular contact with healthcare professionals should be asked routinely whether they have fallen in the past year. Other risk factors for falls in older people include: Conditions

2019 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

33. Is combined physical and cognitive training more effective than either alone for improving gait, falls, and self-reported disability in older adults? A systematic review

Is combined physical and cognitive training more effective than either alone for improving gait, falls, and self-reported disability in older adults? A systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

34. Impact of the backward chaining method on physical and psychological outcome measures in older adults at risk of falling: a systematic review

Impact of the backward chaining method on physical and psychological outcome measures in older adults at risk of falling: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

35. Educational interventions to prevent falls in the elderly living in the community in the home environment - a systematic review

Educational interventions to prevent falls in the elderly living in the community in the home environment - a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

36. Relationship between postural balance training and fall risks for elderly: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Relationship between postural balance training and fall risks for elderly: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

37. Assessing the quality of the literature and the efficacy of falls hazards programs: a meta-analysis and systematic review

Assessing the quality of the literature and the efficacy of falls hazards programs: a meta-analysis and systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

38. Efficacy of interventions for preventing falls and fall-related fractures in community-dwelling elderly: a protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Efficacy of interventions for preventing falls and fall-related fractures in community-dwelling elderly: a protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

39. Identify risk factors of falls in adults with diabetes mellitus: a systematic review

Identify risk factors of falls in adults with diabetes mellitus: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites

2019 PROSPERO

40. Environmental interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community [Cochrane protocol]

Environmental interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO