Latest & greatest articles for falls

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Top results for falls

261. The influence of drug use on fall incidents among nursing home residents: a systematic review

The influence of drug use on fall incidents among nursing home residents: a systematic review The influence of drug use on fall incidents among nursing home residents: a systematic review The influence of drug use on fall incidents among nursing home residents: a systematic review Sterke CS, Verhagen AP, van Beeck EF, van der Cammen TJ CRD summary The review found that multiple psychotropic drugs, antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs increased fall risk in nursing home populations with (...) residents with dementia. Deficiencies in the strategy for identification of studies, heterogeneity in the categorisation of psychoactive drugs and potential misclassification of both falls and drug use mean the authors' conclusions should be treated with caution. Authors' objectives To assess the influence of psychoactive drugs on gait and risk of falling in nursing home residents with dementia. Searching MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycLIT and The Cochrane Library were searched from 1980 to October 2007

DARE.2008

262. A systematic review to determine the effectiveness of Tai Chi in reducing falls and fear of falling in older adults

A systematic review to determine the effectiveness of Tai Chi in reducing falls and fear of falling in older adults A systematic review to determine the effectiveness of Tai Chi in reducing falls and fear of falling in older adults A systematic review to determine the effectiveness of Tai Chi in reducing falls and fear of falling in older adults Harling A, Simpson JP CRD summary This review concluded that Tai Chi was an effective method of reducing fear of falling and incidence of falls (...) in older adults. Given the considerable variation between included trials in terms of their participants, interventions and outcome measures, and that not all trials presented statistically significant findings, the authors' conclusion should be treated with caution. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of Tai Chi for the reduction of falls and fear of falling in older adults. Searching PubMed, AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PEDro and Scirus were

DARE.2008

263. Effectiveness of multifaceted fall-prevention programs for the elderly in residential care

Effectiveness of multifaceted fall-prevention programs for the elderly in residential care Effectiveness of multifaceted fall-prevention programs for the elderly in residential care Effectiveness of multifaceted fall-prevention programs for the elderly in residential care Cusimano MD, Kwok J, Spadafora K CRD summary This review found limited evidence that multifaceted intervention programmes can prevent falls in elderly residents in residential care. The authors' conclusions were appropriate (...) , but flaws in the review process meant that the reliability of the conclusions is unclear. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of multifaceted intervention programmes in fall reduction among older people who live in residential care facilities. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL were searched without language restriction from inception to July 2007; search terms were reported. A number of internet search engines and reference lists of retrieved articles were searched. Only peer-reviewed

DARE.2008

264. The effect of bedrails on falls and injury: a systematic review of clinical studies

The effect of bedrails on falls and injury: a systematic review of clinical studies The effect of bedrails on falls and injury: a systematic review of clinical studies The effect of bedrails on falls and injury: a systematic review of clinical studies Healey F, Oliver D, Milne A, Connelly J B CRD summary The authors concluded that serious direct injury from bed rails was usually related to the use of outmoded designs and incorrect assembly. Bed rails did not appear to increase the risk of falls (...) or injury from falls. Given the paucity of high-quality evidence and the potential for reviewer error and bias, the authors' conclusions should be treated with caution. Authors' objectives To determine the effect of bed rail use or bed rail reduction on physical injury, falls or other effects. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched between January 1980 and June 2007. Search terms were reported. The websites of Health and Safety Executive

DARE.2008

265. Differential effects of D-hormone analogs and native vitamin D on the risk of falls: a comparative meta-analysis

Differential effects of D-hormone analogs and native vitamin D on the risk of falls: a comparative meta-analysis Differential effects of D-hormone analogs and native vitamin D on the risk of falls: a comparative meta-analysis Differential effects of D-hormone analogs and native vitamin D on the risk of falls: a comparative meta-analysis Richy F, Dukas L, Schacht E CRD summary The authors concluded that vitamin D analogues appeared to prevent falls to a greater extent than native vitamin D (...) , but further studies were required to confirm the findings. The authors’ cautious conclusions appeared to reflect limited evidence from indirect comparisons, but incomplete reporting of review methods and study quality made it difficult to judge the reliability of the results. Authors' objectives To compare the efficacy of native vitamin D with its hydroxylated analogues (alfacalcidol and calcitriol) in preventing falls. Searching Sources searched from 1995 to May 2007 included MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane

DARE.2008

267. A multifactorial intervention did not prevent falls or fractures in elderly patients during short hospital stays

A multifactorial intervention did not prevent falls or fractures in elderly patients during short hospital stays A multifactorial intervention did not prevent falls or fractures in elderly patients during short hospital stays | Evidence-Based Nursing This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your (...) user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here A multifactorial intervention did not prevent falls or fractures in elderly patients during short hospital stays Article Text Treatment A multifactorial intervention did not prevent falls or fractures in elderly patients during short

Evidence-Based Nursing (Requires free registration)2008

268. A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults

A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults | Evidence-Based Nursing This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log (...) in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults Article Text Treatment A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available for this article. Request permissions If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link

Evidence-Based Nursing (Requires free registration)2008

269. Short-term vitamin D plus calcium did not prevent falls more than calcium alone in elderly inpatients

Short-term vitamin D plus calcium did not prevent falls more than calcium alone in elderly inpatients Short-term vitamin D plus calcium did not prevent falls more than calcium alone in elderly inpatients | Evidence-Based Nursing This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password (...) ? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Short-term vitamin D plus calcium did not prevent falls more than calcium alone in elderly inpatients Article Text Treatment Short-term vitamin D plus calcium did not prevent falls more than calcium alone in elderly inpatients Statistics from Altmetric.com

Evidence-Based Nursing (Requires free registration)2008

270. A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults

A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username (...) and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults Article Text Therapeutics A 16-week tai chi programme prevented falls in healthy older adults Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available for this article. Request permissions If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2008

271. Use of the berg balance scale for predicting multiple falls in community-dwelling elderly people: a prospective study

Use of the berg balance scale for predicting multiple falls in community-dwelling elderly people: a prospective study 18218822 2008 04 02 2008 05 15 2009 11 11 1538-6724 88 4 2008 Apr Physical therapy Phys Ther Use of the Berg Balance Scale for predicting multiple falls in community-dwelling elderly people: a prospective study. 449-59 10.2522/ptj.20070251 Falls are a significant public health concern for older adults; early identification of people at high risk for falling facilitates (...) the provision of rehabilitation treatment to reduce future fall risk. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to examine the predictive validity of the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) for 3 types of outcomes-any fall (> or =1 fall), multiple falls (> or =2 falls), and injurious falls-by use of sensitivity, specificity, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, area under the curve, and likelihood ratios. A sample of 210 community-dwelling older adults received a comprehensive geriatric assessment

EvidenceUpdates2008

272. Does a functional activity programme improve function, quality of life, and falls for residents in long term care? Cluster randomised controlled trial.

Does a functional activity programme improve function, quality of life, and falls for residents in long term care? Cluster randomised controlled trial. 18845605 2008 10 10 2008 10 22 2017 02 20 1756-1833 337 2008 Oct 09 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Does a functional activity programme improve function, quality of life, and falls for residents in long term care? Cluster randomised controlled trial. a1445 10.1136/bmj.a1445 337/oct09_3/a1445 To assess the effectiveness of an activity programme (...) in improving function, quality of life, and falls in older people in residential care. Cluster randomised controlled trial with one year follow-up. 41 low level dependency residential care homes in New Zealand. 682 people aged 65 years or over. 330 residents were offered a goal setting and individualised activities of daily living activity programme by a gerontology nurse, reinforced by usual healthcare assistants; 352 residents received social visits. Function (late life function and disability

BMJ2008 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

273. Cluster randomised trial of a targeted multifactorial intervention to prevent falls among older people in hospital.

Cluster randomised trial of a targeted multifactorial intervention to prevent falls among older people in hospital. 18332052 2008 04 08 2008 04 21 2014 09 04 1756-1833 336 7647 2008 Apr 05 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Cluster randomised trial of a targeted multifactorial intervention to prevent falls among older people in hospital. 758-60 10.1136/bmj.39499.546030.BE To determine the efficacy of a targeted multifactorial falls prevention programme in elderly care wards with relatively short (...) lengths of stay. Cluster randomised trial. 24 elderly care wards in 12 hospitals in Sydney, Australia. 3999 patients, mean age 79 years, with a median hospital stay of seven days. A nurse and physiotherapist each worked for 25 hours a week for three months in all intervention wards. They provided a targeted multifactorial intervention that included a risk assessment of falls, staff and patient education, drug review, modification of bedside and ward environments, an exercise programme, and alarms

BMJ2008 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

274. Evaluation of three fall-risk assessment tools in an acute care setting.

Evaluation of three fall-risk assessment tools in an acute care setting. AIM: This paper is a report of a study to evaluate the validity of three fall-risk assessment tools to identify patients at high risk for falls. BACKGROUND: Patient falls make up 38% of all adverse events occurring in hospital settings, and may result in physical injury and undesirable emotional and financial outcomes. No single fall-risk assessment tool has been conclusively validated. METHOD: The Morse Fall Scale, St (...) Thomas Risk Assessment Tool in Falling Elderly Inpatients, and Hendrich II Fall Risk Model were validated in inter-rater reliability and validity studies in 2003. This included assessment of the probability of disagreement, kappa-values, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values and negative predictive values of the assessment tools with the associated 95% CI. FINDINGS: One hundred and forty-four patients were recruited for the inter-rater reliability study. The probabilities

EvidenceUpdates2007

276. The STRATIFY falls risk assessment tool was not useful in predicting falls in patients with acute stroke

The STRATIFY falls risk assessment tool was not useful in predicting falls in patients with acute stroke The STRATIFY falls risk assessment tool was not useful in predicting falls in patients with acute stroke | Evidence-Based Nursing This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name (...) or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here The STRATIFY falls risk assessment tool was not useful in predicting falls in patients with acute stroke Article Text Clinical prediction guide The STRATIFY falls risk assessment tool was not useful in predicting falls in patients with acute stroke

Evidence-Based Nursing (Requires free registration)2007

277. A discharge planning intervention improved outcomes in older people admitted to hospital for hip fracture after a fall

A discharge planning intervention improved outcomes in older people admitted to hospital for hip fracture after a fall A discharge planning intervention improved outcomes in older people admitted to hospital for hip fracture after a fall | Evidence-Based Nursing This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username (...) * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here A discharge planning intervention improved outcomes in older people admitted to hospital for hip fracture after a fall Article Text Treatment A discharge planning intervention improved outcomes in older people admitted

Evidence-Based Nursing (Requires free registration)2007

278. Multifactorial and functional mobility assessment tools for fall risk among older adults in community, home-support, long-term and acute care settings.

Multifactorial and functional mobility assessment tools for fall risk among older adults in community, home-support, long-term and acute care settings. OBJECTIVE: to conduct a systematic review of published studies that test the validity and reliability of fall-risk assessment tools for use among older adults in community, home-support, long-term and acute care settings. METHODS: searches were conducted in EbscoHost and MEDLINE for published studies in the English language between January 1980 (...) and July 2004, where the primary or secondary purpose was to test the predictive value of one or more fall assessment tools on a population primarily 65 years and older. The tool must have had as its primary outcome falls, fall-related injury or gait/balance. Only studies that used prospective validation were considered. FINDINGS: thirty-four articles testing 38 different tools met the inclusion criteria. The community setting represents the largest number of studies (14) and tools (23) tested

EvidenceUpdates2007

279. Will my patient fall?

Will my patient fall? CONTEXT: Effective multifactorial interventions reduce the frequent falling rate of older patients by 30% to 40%. However, clinical consensus suggests reserving these interventions for high-risk patients. Limiting fall prevention programs to high-risk patients implies that clinicians must recognize features that predict future falls. OBJECTIVE: To identify the prognostic value of risk factors for future falls among older patients. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: Search (...) of MEDLINE (1966-September 2004), CINAHL (1982-September 2004), and authors' own files to identify prospective cohort studies of risk factors for falls that performed a multivariate analysis of such factors. DATA EXTRACTION: Two reviewers independently determined inclusion of articles and assessed study quality. Disagreements were resolved by consensus. Included studies were those identifying the prognostic value of risk factors for future falls among community-dwelling persons 65 years and older

JAMA2007

280. Medication as a risk factor for falls: critical systematic review

Medication as a risk factor for falls: critical systematic review Medication as a risk factor for falls: critical systematic review Medication as a risk factor for falls: critical systematic review Hartikainen S, Lonnroos E, Louhivuori K CRD summary The authors concluded that central nervous system drugs (particularly psychotropic agents) may be associated with an increased risk of falls, but further good-quality research was required. The authors’ cautious conclusions appear to reflect (...) evidence from predominantly observational studies, but poor reporting of review methods and a limited validity assessment mean that the reliability of the conclusions is unclear. Authors' objectives To examine the association between medications and falls in older people. Searching MEDLINE (1996 to December 2004) and the Cochrane Library were searched for studies published in English; the search terms were reported. In addition, the reference lists of retrieved studies were screened. Study selection

DARE.2007