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Latest & greatest articles for esomeprazole
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Continuous esomeprazole infusion versus bolus administration and second look endoscopy for the prevention of rebleeding in children with a peptic ulcer. the majority of studies of acute gastrointestinal bleeding in children are retrospective, focusing on therapeutic endoscopy. Previous studies performed in adult patients have demonstrated that both scheduled second look endoscopy and high dose continuous omeprazole infusion are effective in the prevention of peptic ulcer rebleeding. The aim (...) of this study was to compare the efficacy of these two strategies using esomeprazole for the prevention of rebleeding following primary endoscopic hemostasis in children with peptic ulcers. The main outcome was to assess the rebleeding rate within 30 days after the initial hemostasis.consecutive pediatric cases who underwent endoscopic treatment for bleeding peptic ulcers were randomized into two treatment groups following hemostasis. The first group received esomeprazole as an intravenous bolus every 12
Esomeprazole to treat women with preterm preeclampsia: a randomized placebo controlled trial Preterm preeclampsia has a high rate of fetal death or disability. There is no treatment to slow the disease, except delivery. Preclinical studies have identified proton pump inhibitors as a possible treatment.The purpose of this study was to examine whether esomeprazole could prolong pregnancy in women who have received a diagnosis of preterm preeclampsia.We performed a double-blind, randomized (...) controlled trial at Tygerberg Hospital in South Africa. Women with preterm preeclampsia (gestational age 26 weeks+0 days to 31 weeks+6 days) were assigned randomly to 40-mg daily esomeprazole or placebo. The primary outcome was a prolongation of gestation of 5 days. Secondary outcomes were maternal and neonatal outcomes. We compared circulating markers of endothelial dysfunction that was associated with preeclampsia and performed pharmacokinetic studies.Between January 2016 and April 2017, we recruited
-smokers with chronic cough and normal spirometry were randomized. Patients completed cough-related quality-of-life and symptom questionnaires and subjective scores of cough frequency and severity 2011 15. Esomeprazole (Nexium® IV) Esomeprazole (Nexium® IV) Esomeprazole (Nexium® IV) All Wales Medicines Strategy Group (AWMSG) Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database (...) . Citation All Wales Medicines Strategy Group (AWMSG). Esomeprazole (Nexium® IV) Penarth: All Wales Therapeutics and Toxicology Centre (AWTTC), secretariat of the All Wales Medicines Strategy Group (AWMSG (...) ). AWMSG Secretariat Assessment Report Advice No. 0712. 2012 Authors' conclusions Esomeprazole (Nexium® IV) is recommended as an option for use within NHS Wales for gastric antisecretory treatment when the oral route is not possible, such as gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) in patients
Esomeprazole and aspirin in Barrett's oesophagus (AspECT): a randomised factorial trial. Oesophageal adenocarcinoma is the sixth most common cause of cancer death worldwide and Barrett's oesophagus is the biggest risk factor. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of high-dose esomeprazole proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) and aspirin for improving outcomes in patients with Barrett's oesophagus.The Aspirin and Esomeprazole Chemoprevention in Barrett's metaplasia Trial had a 2 × 2 factorial design
2018LancetControlled trial quality: predicted high
Efficacy and tolerability of naproxen/esomeprazole magnesium tablets compared with non-specific NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors: a systematic review and network analyses. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as non-selective NSAIDs (nsNSAIDs) or selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, are commonly prescribed for arthritic pain relief in patients with osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), or ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Treatment guidelines for chronic NSAID therapy (...) include the consideration for gastroprotection for those at risk of gastric ulcers (GUs) associated with the chronic NSAID therapy. The United States Food and Drug Administration has approved naproxen/esomeprazole magnesium tablets for the relief of signs and symptoms of OA, RA, and AS, and to decrease the risk of developing GUs in patients at risk of developing NSAID-associated GUs. The European Medical Association has approved this therapy for the symptomatic treatment of OA, RA, and AS in patients
Efficacy and Safety of Once-Daily Esomeprazole for the Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Neonatal Patients To evaluate the efficacy and safety of proton pump inhibitors in infants aged <1 year with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter study, neonates (premature to 1 month corrected age; n = 52) with signs and symptoms of GERD received esomeprazole 0.5 mg/kg or placebo once daily for up to 14 days. Change from (...) baseline in the total number of GERD symptoms (from video monitoring) and GERD-related signs (from cardiorespiratory monitoring) was assessed with simultaneous esophageal pH, impedance, cardiorespiratory, and 8-hour video monitoring.There were no significant differences between the esomeprazole and placebo groups in the percentage change from baseline in the total number of GERD-related signs and symptoms (-14.7% vs -14.1%, respectively). Mean change from baseline in total number of reflux episodes
Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Aerosolized Swallowed Fluticasone to Esomeprazole for Esophageal Eosinophilia Patients with clinical symptoms of esophageal dysfunction and dense eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa are suspected to have eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Topical steroids are often used as first-line therapy for EoE, although some patients respond clinically to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). The purpose of this study was to compare the histological and clinical (...) of GERD and randomized to receive fluticasone 440 mcg twice daily or esomeprazole 40 mg once daily for 8 weeks followed by repeat endoscopy with biopsies. The primary outcome was histological response of esophageal eosinophilia, defined as <7 eosinophils/hpf. Secondary outcomes included clinical change in symptoms using the validated Mayo dysphagia questionnaire (MDQ) and interval change in endoscopic findings following treatment.Forty-two patients (90% male, 81% white, mean age 38 ± 10 years) were
Esomeprazole Strontium Delayed-Release Capsules Drug Approval Package: Brand Name (Generic Name) NDA # Drug Approval Package U.S. Food & Drug Administration Search FDA Drug Approval Package - Esomeprazole Strontium Delayed-Release Capsules Company: Hanmi USA Inc. Application No.: 202342 Approval Date: 08/06/2013 Persons with disabilities having problems accessing the PDF files below may call (301) 796-3634 for assistance. (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF
Esomeprazole (Nexium® IV) Esomeprazole (Nexium® IV) Esomeprazole (Nexium® IV) All Wales Medicines Strategy Group (AWMSG) Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation All Wales Medicines Strategy Group (AWMSG). Esomeprazole (Nexium® IV) Penarth: All Wales Therapeutics and Toxicology Centre (AWTTC), secretariat of the All Wales Medicines Strategy Group (AWMSG (...) ). AWMSG Secretariat Assessment Report Advice No. 0712. 2012 Authors' conclusions Esomeprazole (Nexium® IV) is recommended as an option for use within NHS Wales for gastric antisecretory treatment when the oral route is not possible, such as gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) in patients with erosive reflux oesophagitis and/or severe symptoms of reflux for children and adolescents aged 1–18 years of age. AWMSG is of the opinion that esomeprazole (Nexium® IV) is suitable for specialist only
Esomeprazole Alone Compared with Esomeprazole Plus Aspirin for the Treatment of Aspirin-Related Peptic Ulcers Aspirin-related peptic ulcers are a common disorder. However, whether or not aspirin should be continued during treatment for aspirin-related ulcers remains unclear.To compare esomeprazole alone with esomeprazole plus aspirin in the treatment of aspirin-related peptic ulcers and to investigate the independent factors associated with the failure of ulcer healing.From January 2008 to July (...) 2011, patients with aspirin-related peptic ulcers were randomized to receive esomeprazole (40 mg per day) alone or esomeprazole (40 mg per day) plus aspirin (100 mg per day) for 8 weeks. The subjects with Helicobacter pylori infection were treated with standard triple therapy. Follow-up endoscopy was carried out at the end of the 8th week. The primary end point was the healing of peptic ulcers.In all, 178 patients (89 receiving esomeprazole alone and 89 receiving esomeprazole plus aspirin) were
Prevention of peptic ulcers with esomeprazole in patients at risk of ulcer development treated with low-dose acetylsalicylic acid: a randomised, controlled trial (OBERON). To determine whether once-daily esomeprazole 40 mg or 20 mg compared with placebo reduces the incidence of peptic ulcers over 26 weeks of treatment in patients taking low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and who are at risk for ulcer development.Multinational, randomised, blinded, parallel-group, placebo-controlled (...) entry.Once-daily, blinded treatment with esomeprazole 40 mg, 20 mg or placebo for 26 weeks.The primary end point was the occurrence of endoscopy-confirmed peptic ulcer over 26 weeks.A total of 2426 patients (52% men; mean age 68 years) were randomised. After 26 weeks, esomeprazole 40 mg and 20 mg significantly reduced the cumulative proportion of patients developing peptic ulcers; 1.5% of esomeprazole 40 mg and 1.1% of esomeprazole 20 mg recipients, compared with 7.4% of placebo recipients, developed
Esomeprazole with clopidogrel reduces peptic ulcer recurrence, compared with clopidogrel alone, in patients with atherosclerosis We performed a prospective, randomized, controlled study to compare the combination of esomeprazole and clopidogrel vs clopidogrel alone in preventing recurrent peptic ulcers in patients with atherosclerosis and a history of peptic ulcers. We also investigated the effects of esomeprazole on the antiplatelet action of clopidogrel.From January 2008 to January 2010, long (...) -term clopidogrel users with histories of peptic ulcers who did not have peptic ulcers at an initial endoscopy examination were assigned randomly to receive the combination of esomeprazole (20 mg/day, before breakfast) and clopidogrel (75 mg/day, at bedtime), or clopidogrel alone for 6 months. A follow-up endoscopy examination was performed at the end of the sixth month and whenever severe symptoms occurred. Platelet aggregation tests were performed on days 1 and 28 for 42 consecutive patients who
Laparoscopic antireflux surgery vs esomeprazole treatment for chronic GERD: the LOTUS randomized clinical trial. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic, relapsing disease with symptoms that have negative effects on daily life. Two treatment options are long-term medication or surgery.To evaluate optimized esomeprazole therapy vs standardized laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) in patients with GERD.The LOTUS trial, a 5-year exploratory randomized, open, parallel-group trial (...) conducted in academic hospitals in 11 European countries between October 2001 and April 2009 among 554 patients with well-established chronic GERD who initially responded to acid suppression. A total of 372 patients (esomeprazole, n = 192; LARS, n = 180) completed 5-year follow-up. Interventions Two hundred sixty-six patients were randomly assigned to receive esomeprazole, 20 to 40 mg/d, allowing for dose adjustments; 288 were randomly assigned to undergo LARS, of whom 248 actually underwent
The gain in quality-adjusted life months by switching to esomeprazole in those with continued reflux symptoms in primary care: EncomPASS--a cluster-randomized trial Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are effective in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), but their cost effectiveness is unknown. This is usually determined by cost/quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained, but whether PPI therapy improves QALYs has not been assessed in a randomized trial. The PPI acid suppression symptom (PASS) test (...) is a five-item questionnaire that identifies patients with persistent acid-related symptoms. We evaluated whether a PASS test-based management strategy of changing GERD therapy to esomeprazole in those with continued symptoms on another PPI or H(2) receptor antagonist therapy would be cost effective. We expressed the data in terms of cost per quality-adjusted life months (QALM), as this was a 4-week trial.This is a multicenter, cluster-randomized, open-label study in primary care physician centers
Cost effectiveness of high-dose intravenous esomeprazole for peptic ulcer bleeding Cost effectiveness of high-dose intravenous esomeprazole for peptic ulcer bleeding Cost effectiveness of high-dose intravenous esomeprazole for peptic ulcer bleeding Barkun AN, Adam V, Sung JJ, Kuipers EJ, Mossner J, Jensen D, Stuart R, Lau JY, Naucler E, Kilhamn J, Granstedt H, Liljas B, Lind T Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED (...) . Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of high-dose intravenous esomeprazole, versus no intravenous proton-pump inhibitor, to prevent re-bleeding, after successful endoscopic haemostasis, in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding. The authors concluded that high-dose intravenous esomeprazole improved
H. pylori eradication prevents the progression of gastric intestinal metaplasia in reflux esophagitis patients using long-term esomeprazole This study aimed to determine whether Helicobacter pylori eradication limits the progression of precancerous changes, manifested as intestinal metaplasia (IM), in patients with reflux esophagitis using long-term esomeprazole.Three hundred twenty-five reflux esophagitis patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to (i) the H. pylori-positive eradication (...) group receiving 1-week triple therapy (n=105); (ii) H. pylori-positive non-eradication controls (n=105); and (iii) H. pylori-negative controls (n=115). All the patients received continuous esomeprazole until sustained symptomatic response, and when possible, shifted to on-demand therapy (ODT) thereafter. Serial gastroscopy was scheduled on enrollment and at the end of the first and second years to assess the prevalence and progression or regression of gastric atrophy (AT) and IM.There were 93
Efficacy of esomeprazole for treatment of poorly controlled asthma. Gastroesophageal reflux is common among patients with asthma but often causes mild or no symptoms. It is not known whether treatment of gastroesophageal reflux with proton-pump inhibitors in patients who have poorly controlled asthma without symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux can substantially improve asthma control.In a parallel-group, double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 412 participants with inadequately controlled (...) asthma, despite treatment with inhaled corticosteroids, and with minimal or no symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux to receive either 40 mg of esomeprazole twice a day or matching placebo. Participants were followed for 24 weeks with the use of daily asthma diaries, spirometry performed once every 4 weeks, and questionnaires that asked about asthma symptoms. We used ambulatory pH monitoring to ascertain the presence or absence of gastroesophageal reflux in the participants. The primary outcome