Latest & greatest articles for elderly

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Top results for elderly

1381. Age, PaO2/FIO2, and Plateau Pressure Score: A Proposal for a Simple Outcome Score in Patients With the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (Abstract)

Age, PaO2/FIO2, and Plateau Pressure Score: A Proposal for a Simple Outcome Score in Patients With the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Although there is general agreement on the characteristic features of the acute respiratory distress syndrome, we lack a scoring system that predicts acute respiratory distress syndrome outcome with high probability. Our objective was to develop an outcome score that clinicians could easily calculate at the bedside to predict the risk of death of acute (...) prediction score in 300 acute respiratory distress syndrome patients based on stratification of variable values into tertiles, and validated in an independent cohort of 300 acute respiratory distress syndrome patients. Primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. We found that a 9-point score based on patient's age, PaO2/FIO2 ratio, and plateau pressure at 24 hours after acute respiratory distress syndrome diagnosis was associated with death. Patients with a score greater than 7 had a mortality of 83.3

2016 EvidenceUpdates

1382. Effect of Structured Physical Activity on Respiratory Outcomes in Sedentary Elderly Adults with Mobility Limitations Full Text available with Trip Pro

) and strength, flexibility, and balance training. Health education included workshops on topics relevant to older adults and upper extremity stretching exercises.Lifestyle Interventions and Independence in Elders (LIFE) Study.Community-dwelling persons aged 70-89 with Short Physical Performance Battery scores less than 10 (N = 1,635).Dyspnea severity (defined as moderate to severe according to a Borg index >2 immediately after a 400-m walk), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) (Elderly Adults with Mobility Limitations To evaluate the effect of structured physical activity on respiratory outcomes in community-dwelling elderly adults with mobility limitations.Multicenter, randomized trial of physical activity vs health education, with respiratory variables prespecified as tertiary outcomes over an intervention period of 24-42 months. Physical activity included walking (goal of 150 min/week

2016 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1383. Vitamin D Intake Less Than 50 nmol/L May Result in Increased Susceptibility to Dental Caries in School-Age Children

(level of evidence) #1) Schroth/2015 Canadian children 6-11 years old (144 with severe caries, 122 controls) Cross-sectional study Key results Data from Canadian children ranging in age from 6-11 years were analyzed. Results showed that caries were present in 56.4% of children with daily 25(OH)D intake 75 nmol/L (95% CI: 36.1%-51.5%). Correlation analyses revealed that children with higher 25 (OH)D levels had lower caries scores (P = 0.05). #2) Hujoel/2012 24 studies/2,827 children Systematic review (...) Vitamin D Intake Less Than 50 nmol/L May Result in Increased Susceptibility to Dental Caries in School-Age Children UTCAT3077, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Vitamin D Intake Less Than 50 nmol/L May Result in Increased Susceptibility to Dental Caries in School-Age Children Clinical Question In children, does 25-Hydroxyvitamin D intake between 50-75 nmol/L, compared to intake Clinical Bottom Line

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

1384. Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions Full Text available with Trip Pro

Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation

2016 NIHR HTA programme

1385. Ranibizumab or bevacizumab in age-related macular degeneration?

Ranibizumab or bevacizumab in age-related macular degeneration? Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''In the May issue of Prescrire International: Ranibizumab or bevacizumab in AMD?'', 1 May 2016 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > In the May issue of Prescrire International: Ranibizumab or bevacizumab in AMD? Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight (...) In the May issue of Prescrire International: Ranibizumab or bevacizumab in AMD? FREE DOWNLOAD The Italian independent drug bulletin Informazioni sui Farmaci published a review comparing ranibizumab versus bevacizumab for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Its conclusion differs from that of Prescrire’s review. A letter from Informazioni sui Farmaci's editors and Prescrire's reply explore the various scientific and policy questions surrounding these treatments. Full text available for free download

2016 Prescrire

1386. Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions

Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions Rycroft-Malone J, Burton CR, Williams L, Edwards S, Fisher D, Hall B, McCormack B (...) , Nutley S, Seddon D, Williams R Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Rycroft-Malone J, Burton CR, Williams L, Edwards S, Fisher D, Hall B, McCormack B, Nutley S, Seddon D, Williams R. Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions. Health

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

1387. An elderly with a ‘bony’ smile Full Text available with Trip Pro

An elderly with a ‘bony’ smile 28461848 2018 11 13 1985-207X 11 1 2016 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia Malays Fam Physician An elderly with a 'bony' smile. 31-32 Mohamad I I M.D, M.Med (ORL-HNS) Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia Health Campus, 16150 Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Email: irfankb@usm.my. Nadarajah S S M.D, FRCS (C) Department

2016 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia

1388. Prevalence of falls among community-dwelling elderly and its associated factors: A cross-sectional study in Perak, Malaysia Full Text available with Trip Pro

households were randomly selected. A total of 811 individuals aged 60 years or more were recruited and interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Information about socio-demographic, history of falls in the past 1 year, medical history, drug history and physical activity level were enquired.The prevalence of falls in the past 1 year among community-dwelling elderly was reported to be 4.07%. Indigenous elderly (Adjusted odd ratio, AOR = 6.06, 95% CI = 1.10-33.55, p = 0.039) and living alone (AOR = 2.60 (...) Prevalence of falls among community-dwelling elderly and its associated factors: A cross-sectional study in Perak, Malaysia Fall is a major cause of injuries and can increase the risk of early mortality among elderly. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of falls among community-dwelling elderly in rural Malaysia and its associated factors.Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey in five randomly selected districts in the state of Perak, Malaysia. A total of 250

2016 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia

1389. Fever and rash in an 11-month-old girl Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fever and rash in an 11-month-old girl 28461843 2018 11 13 1985-207X 11 1 2016 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia Malays Fam Physician Fever and rash in an 11-month-old girl. 15-17 Jamani N A NA MD, M. Med (Fam Med) Department of Family Medicine, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, 25200 Kuantan Pahang, Malaysia. Email: minaida@iium.edu.my. Puteri Shanaz J K JK MD, M. Med (Fam

2016 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia

1390. Targeted age, device deployment, and problems associated with pediatric defibrillation in pediatric prehospital emergency medical care settings in Japan Full Text available with Trip Pro

Targeted age, device deployment, and problems associated with pediatric defibrillation in pediatric prehospital emergency medical care settings in Japan The use of automated external defibrillators was expanded to include infants according to the 2010 cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines in Japan. However, deployment has been slower for pediatric patients in Japan, because there are fewer appropriate pediatric patients for automated external defibrillators than adults. This study aimed (...) to investigate the targeted age range for pediatric defibrillation and device deployment of defibrillators for pediatric patients in prehospital emergency medical care settings in Japan, and present the issues associated with automated external defibrillators.We administered a web-based survey to the fire defense headquarters in Japan regarding prehospital emergency medical care for pediatric patients in June 2013. We extracted and analyzed some parts of the data related to pediatric defibrillation.Eighty

2016 Acute medicine & surgery

1391. Challenge of cancer in the elderly Full Text available with Trip Pro

of elderly patients with cancer in cancer trials. Older adults present not only with the physiological decreases of organ functions related to age, but also with an individual burden of comorbidities, other impairments and social factors that might impact on their potential for undergoing cancer care. Close collaboration with gerontologists and other health professionals to assess the personal resources and limitations of each person enables providing adequate therapy to elderly patients with cancer (...) Challenge of cancer in the elderly Despite the sustained trend of decreasing overall cancer incidence, the number of elderly patients with cancer will considerably increase in the coming years, as the incidence of cancer is elevated 11-fold after the age of 65 years compared to adults up to 65 years. This soon-to-erupt tsunami of elderly patients with cancer requires adequate treatment, for which guidelines and evidence-based data are still scarce, given the longlasting under-representation

2016 ESMO open

1392. Erratum to: Haloperidol Use Among Elderly Patients Undergoing Surgery: A Retrospective 1-Year Study in a Hospital Population Full Text available with Trip Pro

Erratum to: Haloperidol Use Among Elderly Patients Undergoing Surgery: A Retrospective 1-Year Study in a Hospital Population 27747622 2017 08 16 2199-1154 3 2 2016 Jun Drugs - real world outcomes Drugs Real World Outcomes Erratum to: Haloperidol Use Among Elderly Patients Undergoing Surgery: A Retrospective 1-Year Study in a Hospital Population. 239 Nijboer Harmke H Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, Brabant, The Netherlands. harmke.nijboer@catharinaziekenhuis.nl. Lefeber Geert G Catharina Hospital

2016 Drugs - real world outcomes

1393. Re: "Kinesio Taping Improves Pain, Range of Motion, and Proprioception in Older Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial". (Abstract)

Re: "Kinesio Taping Improves Pain, Range of Motion, and Proprioception in Older Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial". 26495811 2016 04 11 2018 12 02 1537-7385 95 1 2016 Jan American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation Am J Phys Med Rehabil Re: "Kinesio Taping Improves Pain, Range of Motion, and Proprioception in Older Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial". e7-8 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000394 Cho Hwi-Young HY Department of Physical

2016 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1394. Epidemiology of skateboarding-related injuries sustained by children and adolescents 5-19 years of age and treated in US emergency departments: 1990 through 2008 Full Text available with Trip Pro

younger or older children/adolescents. Lower extremity injuries increased with age, while face and head or neck injuries decreased with age.Skateboarding continues to be an important source of injury for children and adolescents. Further research, using more rigorous study designs, is required develop a broad perspective of the incidence and determinants of injury, and to further identify risk factors and viable injury countermeasures while simultaneously promoting participation in skateboarding. (...) Epidemiology of skateboarding-related injuries sustained by children and adolescents 5-19 years of age and treated in US emergency departments: 1990 through 2008 The goal was to examine the patterns and trends of skateboarding-related injuries sustained by children and adolescents in the United States.A retrospective analysis was conducted using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System for children and adolescents 5-19 years of age treated in emergency departments

2016 Injury epidemiology

1395. APOL1 Risk Alleles Are Associated With More Severe Arteriosclerosis in Renal Resistance Vessels With Aging and Hypertension Full Text available with Trip Pro

FSGS-like lesions that were unrelated to APOL1 risk status. For both races, in multivariable analysis, the dependent variables of arteriosclerosis, glomerulosclerosis, and cortical fibrosis were all significantly related to the independent variables of older age (P < 0.001) and hypertension (P < 0.001). A relationship between APOL1 genotype and arteriosclerosis was apparent only after 35 years of age when, for any level of elevated blood pressure, more severe arteriosclerosis was found (...) APOL1 Risk Alleles Are Associated With More Severe Arteriosclerosis in Renal Resistance Vessels With Aging and Hypertension The increased risk of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) among hypertensive African Americans is partly related to APOL1 allele variants. Hypertension-associated arterionephrosclerosis consists of arteriosclerosis, glomerulosclerosis, and cortical fibrosis. The initial glomerulosclerosis, attributed to preglomerular arteriosclerosis and ischemia, consists of focal global

2016 Kidney international reports

1396. Morphological remodeling of C. elegans neurons during aging is modified by compromised protein homeostasis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Morphological remodeling of C. elegans neurons during aging is modified by compromised protein homeostasis Understanding cellular outcomes, such as neuronal remodeling, that are common to both healthy and diseased aging brains is essential to the development of successful brain aging strategies. Here, we used Caenorhabdits elegans to investigate how the expression of proteotoxic triggers, such as polyglutamine (polyQ)-expanded huntingtin and silencing of proteostasis regulators (...) , such as the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and protein clearance components, may impact the morphological remodeling of individual neurons as animals age. We examined the effects of disrupted proteostasis on the integrity of neuronal cytoarchitecture by imaging a transgenic C. elegans strain in which touch receptor neurons express the first 57 amino acids of the human huntingtin (Htt) gene with expanded polyQs (128Q) and by using neuron-targeted RNA interference in adult wild-type neurons to knockdown genes

2016 NPJ aging and mechanisms of disease

1397. Validation of the Spanish version of the Edinburgh feeding evaluation in dementia scale applied to institutionalized older persons with dementia: a study protocol Full Text available with Trip Pro

Validation of the Spanish version of the Edinburgh feeding evaluation in dementia scale applied to institutionalized older persons with dementia: a study protocol The aim of this study was to obtain a Spanish version of the Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia Scale version, to assess its reliability for use by medical staff and caregivers at residential care homes, to evaluate by confirmatory methods its construct validity. A further aim was to determine the criterion validity with respect

2016 Nursing open

1398. Relationships between serum Omentin-1 levels and bone mineral density in older men with osteoporosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationships between serum Omentin-1 levels and bone mineral density in older men with osteoporosis To investigate the correlation between serum Omentin-1 levels and the presence of osteoporosis in older men.Serum Omentin-1, bone turnover biochemical markers, and bone mineral density (BMD) were determined in 45 older men with osteoporosis or 45 older men without osteoporosis (65-70 years old).Omentin-1 levels were increased in older men with osteoporosis, and the differences remained (...) significant after controlling for fat mass. Omentin-1 was negatively correlated with BMD. In a multiple linear stepwise regression analysis, Omentin-1, lean mass, but not fat mass, were independent predictors of BMD for the combined group. Significant negative correlations between Omentin-1 and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and bone cross-linked N-telopeptides of type Ⅰ collagen (NTX) were found. Omentin-1 was also independently associated with BMD and bone turnover markers in older men

2016 Chronic diseases and translational medicine

1399. Trends in bidi and cigarette smoking in India from 1998 to 2015, by age, gender and education Full Text available with Trip Pro

Trends in bidi and cigarette smoking in India from 1998 to 2015, by age, gender and education Smoking of cigarettes or bidis (small, locally manufactured smoked tobacco) in India has likely changed over the last decade. We sought to document trends in smoking prevalence among Indians aged 15-69 years between 1998 and 2015.Comparison of 3 nationally representative surveys representing 99% of India's population; the Special Fertility and Mortality Survey (1998), the Sample Registration System (...) Baseline Survey (2004) and the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (2010).India.About 14 million residents from 2.5 million homes, representative of India.Age-standardised smoking prevalence and projected absolute numbers of smokers in 2015. Trends were stratified by type of tobacco smoked, age, gender and education level.The age-standardised prevalence of any smoking in men at ages 15-69 years fell from about 27% in 1998 to 24% in 2010, but rose at ages 15-29 years. During this period, cigarette smoking

2016 BMJ global health

1400. Regimens of fetal surveillance of suspected large-for-gestational-age fetuses for improving health outcomes. (Abstract)

Regimens of fetal surveillance of suspected large-for-gestational-age fetuses for improving health outcomes. Policies and protocols vary widely for fetal surveillance in a pregnancy where the fetus is suspected to be large-for-gestational-age (LGA). All ultimately culminate in decisions about the mode and timing of birth. LGA is known to be associated with increased risks to both the mother and baby. Interventions based on surveillance regimen findings may be associated with risks to the mother

2016 Cochrane