Latest & greatest articles for elderly

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Top results for elderly

781. Effects of losartan and captopril on QT dispersion in elderly patients with heart failure. ELITE study group.

Effects of losartan and captopril on QT dispersion in elderly patients with heart failure. ELITE study group. 10437875 1999 08 12 1999 08 12 2015 06 16 0140-6736 354 9176 1999 Jul 31 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Effects of losartan and captopril on QT dispersion in elderly patients with heart failure. ELITE study group. 395-6 Differences in QT dispersion (a predictor for sudden death) were observed in a subgroup of patients in the ELITE heart failure study of losartan compared with captopril (...) , and may explain improved survival with losartan. Brooksby P P Robinson P J PJ Segal R R Klinger G G Pitt B B Cowley A J AJ eng Clinical Trial Comparative Study Letter Randomized Controlled Trial England Lancet 2985213R 0140-6736 0 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors 0 Anti-Arrhythmia Agents 0 Cardiotonic Agents 9G64RSX1XD Captopril JMS50MPO89 Losartan AIM IM Aged Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors adverse effects therapeutic use Anti-Arrhythmia Agents adverse effects therapeutic use

Lancet1999

782. Randomised trial of old and new antihypertensive drugs in elderly patients: cardiovascular mortality and morbidity the Swedish Trial in Old Patients with Hypertension-2 study.

Randomised trial of old and new antihypertensive drugs in elderly patients: cardiovascular mortality and morbidity the Swedish Trial in Old Patients with Hypertension-2 study. 10577635 1999 12 10 1999 12 10 2015 06 16 0140-6736 354 9192 1999 Nov 20 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Randomised trial of old and new antihypertensive drugs in elderly patients: cardiovascular mortality and morbidity the Swedish Trial in Old Patients with Hypertension-2 study. 1751-6 The efficacy of new (...) antihypertensive drugs has been questioned. We compared the effects of conventional and newer antihypertensive drugs on cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in elderly patients. We did a prospective, randomised trial in 6614 patients aged 70-84 years with hypertension (blood pressure > or = 180 mm Hg systolic, > or = 105 mm Hg diastolic, or both). Patients were randomly assigned conventional antihypertensive drugs (atenolol 50 mg, metoprolol 100 mg, pindolol 5 mg, or hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg plus amiloride

Lancet1999

783. Are beta-blockers efficacious as first-line therapy for hypertension in the elderly: a systematic review

Are beta-blockers efficacious as first-line therapy for hypertension in the elderly: a systematic review Are beta-blockers efficacious as first-line therapy for hypertension in the elderly: a systematic review Are beta-blockers efficacious as first-line therapy for hypertension in the elderly: a systematic review Messerli F H, Grossman E, Goldbourt U Authors' objectives To assess the antihypertensive efficacy of beta-blockers and their effect on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and all (...) -cause mortality in elderly patients with hypertension, compared with diuretics. Searching MEDLINE was searched from January 1966 to January 1998 using the following terms: 'hypertension (drug therapy)' and 'elderly', 'aged' or 'geriatric', and 'cerebrovascular' or 'cardiovascular diseases', and 'morbidity' or 'mortality'. In addition, CARDLINE was searched from 1986 to 1997, and the bibliographies of retrieved papers were examined. The search was limited to articles published in the English language

DARE.1998

784. The effects of aftercare on chronic patients and frail elderly patients when discharged from hospital: a systematic review

The effects of aftercare on chronic patients and frail elderly patients when discharged from hospital: a systematic review The effects of aftercare on chronic patients and frail elderly patients when discharged from hospital: a systematic review The effects of aftercare on chronic patients and frail elderly patients when discharged from hospital: a systematic review Bours G J, Ketelaars C A, Frederiks C M, Huyer Abu-Saad H, Wouters E F Authors' objectives To assess the efficacy of aftercare (...) in chronic patients and the frail elderly when discharged from hospital. Searching MEDLINE was searched for the period 1981 to 1994 (keywords are provided). Other sources were personal contacts, the 'snowball method' for tracing unpublished studies and citations screening of all identified articles. For inclusion, articles had to be published in English, French or Dutch or have an abstract in one of these languages. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Controlled trials

DARE.1998

785. Psychological outreach programmes for the depressed elderly: a meta-analysis of effects and dropout

Psychological outreach programmes for the depressed elderly: a meta-analysis of effects and dropout Psychological outreach programmes for the depressed elderly: a meta-analysis of effects and dropout Psychological outreach programmes for the depressed elderly: a meta-analysis of effects and dropout Cuijpers P Authors' objectives To investigate the effectiveness and drop-out rates of outreach programmes for the depressed elderly. Searching PsycLIT and MEDLINE (the search dates were unclear) were (...) searched using the search terms 'depression' and 'elderly'. Studies used in earlier meta-analyses, and the references of some important recent reviews of the literature, were also screened. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review There were no restrictions on study design but at least pre-test and post-test data had to be presented. Most interventions had 10 to 20 sessions (range: 5 to 46). The measurements were taken pre- and post- treatment in all studies and were followed

DARE.1998

786. Effectiveness of interventions to promote healthy eating in elderly people living in the community: a review

Effectiveness of interventions to promote healthy eating in elderly people living in the community: a review Effectiveness of interventions to promote healthy eating in elderly people living in the community: a review Effectiveness of interventions to promote healthy eating in elderly people living in the community: a review Fletcher A, Rake C Authors' objectives To establish which interventions are effective in promoting healthy eating among elderly people living in the community. Searching (...) intervention to promote healthy eating was included, with the exception of interventions designed to prevent hypertension through healthy eating. The interventions included: nutrition education targeted at the individual or the community; individual counselling; and policies to facilitate healthy eating behaviour, but not the provision of a meal. Participants included in the review Free living (i.e. not institutionalised) elderly people above the age of 65 years. Studies with lower age cut-off points were

DARE.1998

787. Evaluation of medication management interventions for the elderly

Evaluation of medication management interventions for the elderly Evaluation of medication management interventions for the elderly Evaluation of medication management interventions for the elderly Wendt D A Authors' objectives To describe and summarise specific nursing interventions that have been devised to aid the community-dwelling elderly with the self-administration of prescribed medications. Searching CINAHL and MEDLINE were searched from 1980 to 1997, and the bibliographies (...) of the identified studies were examined. The search terms of 'self-administration' or 'self-medication' were combined with 'patient education' and 'nursing intervention'. The searches were limited to research studies of patients aged at least 65 years of age, which were published in English in nursing journals. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Case studies, experimental studies and quasi-experimental studies were included. Specific interventions included in the review

DARE.1998

788. The cost-effectiveness of a clinical pharmacist intervention among elderly outpatients

The cost-effectiveness of a clinical pharmacist intervention among elderly outpatients The cost-effectiveness of a clinical pharmacist intervention among elderly outpatients The cost-effectiveness of a clinical pharmacist intervention among elderly outpatients Cowper P A, Weinberger M, Hanlon J T, Landsman P B, Samsa G P, Uttech K M, Schmader K E, Lewis I K, Cohen H J, Feussner J R Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS (...) EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Prescribing practice guidance protocol, in which a clinical pharmacist assesses the appropriateness of medications for elderly patients, and then provides non-mandatory advice to physicians on suitable medications which may be prescribed. Type of intervention Prescribing practice advice

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1998

789. The cost-effectiveness of home assessment and modification to reduce falls in the elderly

The cost-effectiveness of home assessment and modification to reduce falls in the elderly The cost-effectiveness of home assessment and modification to reduce falls in the elderly The cost-effectiveness of home assessment and modification to reduce falls in the elderly Smith R D, Widiatmoko D Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions (...) followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Fall prevention programmes for the elderly. Type of intervention Primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Elderly people aged 75 years or older, living independently in the community. Setting Community setting. The study used Australian data where possible. Dates to which data relate The effectiveness data were retrieved from studies

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1998

790. Cost-effectiveness and quality-of-life assessment of GM-CSF as an adjunct to intensive remission induction chemotherapy in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukaemia

Cost-effectiveness and quality-of-life assessment of GM-CSF as an adjunct to intensive remission induction chemotherapy in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukaemia Cost-effectiveness and quality-of-life assessment of GM-CSF as an adjunct to intensive remission induction chemotherapy in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukaemia Cost-effectiveness and quality-of-life assessment of GM-CSF as an adjunct to intensive remission induction chemotherapy in elderly patients with acute myeloid (...) leukaemia Uyl-de Groot C A, Lowenberg B, Vellenga E, Suciu S, Willemze R, Rutten F F Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology GM-CSF in the treatment of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Type of intervention

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1998

791. Quality of life and clinical outcomes in elderly patients treated with ventricular pacing as compared with dual-chamber pacing. Pacemaker Selection in the Elderly Investigators.

Quality of life and clinical outcomes in elderly patients treated with ventricular pacing as compared with dual-chamber pacing. Pacemaker Selection in the Elderly Investigators. 9545357 1998 04 16 1998 04 16 2006 11 15 0028-4793 338 16 1998 Apr 16 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Quality of life and clinical outcomes in elderly patients treated with ventricular pacing as compared with dual-chamber pacing. Pacemaker Selection in the Elderly Investigators. 1097-104 Standard (...) clinical practice permits the use of either single-chamber ventricular pacemakers or dual-chamber pacemakers for most patients who require cardiac pacing. Ventricular pacemakers are less expensive, but dual-chamber pacemakers are believed to be more physiologic. However, it is not known whether either type of pacemaker results in superior clinical outcomes. The Pacemaker Selection in the Elderly study was a 30-month, single-blind, randomized, controlled comparison of ventricular pacing and dual-chamber

NEJM1998

792. Sodium reduction and weight loss in the treatment of hypertension in older persons: a randomized controlled trial of nonpharmacologic interventions in the elderly (TONE). TONE Collaborative Research Group.

Sodium reduction and weight loss in the treatment of hypertension in older persons: a randomized controlled trial of nonpharmacologic interventions in the elderly (TONE). TONE Collaborative Research Group. 9515998 1998 03 26 1998 03 26 2016 10 17 0098-7484 279 11 1998 Mar 18 JAMA JAMA Sodium reduction and weight loss in the treatment of hypertension in older persons: a randomized controlled trial of nonpharmacologic interventions in the elderly (TONE). TONE Collaborative Research Group. 839-46 (...) Nonpharmacologic interventions are frequently recommended for treatment of hypertension in the elderly, but there is a paucity of evidence from randomized controlled trials in support of this recommendation. To determine whether weight loss or reduced sodium intake is effective in the treatment of older persons with hypertension. Randomized controlled trial. A total of 975 [corrected] men and women aged 60 to 80 years with systolic blood pressure lower than 145 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure lower than 85

JAMA1998

793. Randomised trial of 23-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine in prevention of pneumonia in middle-aged and elderly people. Swedish Pneumococcal Vaccination Study Group.

Randomised trial of 23-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine in prevention of pneumonia in middle-aged and elderly people. Swedish Pneumococcal Vaccination Study Group. 9482293 1998 03 18 1998 03 18 2015 06 16 0140-6736 351 9100 1998 Feb 07 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Randomised trial of 23-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine in prevention of pneumonia in middle-aged and elderly people. Swedish Pneumococcal Vaccination Study Group. 399-403 We assessed (...) the effectiveness of a 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine in the prevention of pneumococcal pneumonia and of pneumonia overall in non-immunocompromised middle-aged and elderly people. The prospective, multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial was carried out across departments of infectious diseases at six tertiary-care or university hospitals in Sweden. 691 non-immunocompromised patients aged 50-85 years who had been treated as inpatients for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) were randomly

Lancet1998

794. Influences of educational interventions and adverse news about calcium-channel blockers on first-line prescribing of antihypertensive drugs to elderly people in British Columbia.

Influences of educational interventions and adverse news about calcium-channel blockers on first-line prescribing of antihypertensive drugs to elderly people in British Columbia. 9752816 1998 10 01 1998 10 01 2015 11 19 0140-6736 352 9132 1998 Sep 19 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Influences of educational interventions and adverse news about calcium-channel blockers on first-line prescribing of antihypertensive drugs to elderly people in British Columbia. 943-8 The way in which dissemination (...) (ACE), or CCB as the first antihypertensive agent for 36,507 residents aged 66 years and over, with no previous or concurrent sign of underlying cardiovascular disease. We used a database covering all prescriptions to elderly people to measure the change in proportion of newly treated patients who received each class of drug as first-line therapy. We used a matched cohort design for assessment of the teleconference and workshops, a randomised community design for the newsletters, and time-series

Lancet1998

795. Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly

Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly Petticrew M, Watt I, Sheldon T Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Petticrew M, Watt I, Sheldon T. Systematic review (...) of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly. Health Technology Assessment 1997; 1(13): 1-53 Authors' objectives To determine the effectiveness and cost of laxatives in the prevention and treatment of constipation in the elderly. Authors' conclusions There have been few comparative studies, and the trials have been so small, that it is difficult to determine what constitutes effective treatment of constipation in the elderly. The majority of trials have been carried out in hospitals and nursing homes so

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.1997

796. Successful control of Clostridium difficile infection in an elderly care unit through use of a restrictive antibiotic policy

Successful control of Clostridium difficile infection in an elderly care unit through use of a restrictive antibiotic policy Successful control of Clostridium difficile infection in an elderly care unit through use of a restrictive antibiotic policy Successful control of Clostridium difficile infection in an elderly care unit through use of a restrictive antibiotic policy McNulty C, Logan M, Donald I P, Ennis D, Taylor D, Baldwin R N, Bannerjee M, Cartwright K A Record Status This is a critical (...) abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of a restrictive antibiotic policy for treatment of infections in an elderly care unit. Patients with suspected infections were prescribed intravenous benzyl penicillin for streptococcal infections

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1997

797. Cost-effectiveness of vaccination against pneumococcal bacteremia among elderly people

Cost-effectiveness of vaccination against pneumococcal bacteremia among elderly people Cost-effectiveness of vaccination against pneumococcal bacteremia among elderly people Cost-effectiveness of vaccination against pneumococcal bacteremia among elderly people Sisk J E, Moskowitz A J, Whang W, Lin J D, Fedson D S, McBean A M, Plouffe J F, Cetron M S, Butler J C Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract (...) contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Administration of pneumococcal vaccination in the prevention of pneumococcal bacteremia in elderly individuals. Type of intervention Primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-utility analysis. Study population Hypothetical cohorts of elderly individuals aged 65 years and older. Setting Community and hospital

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1997

798. Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly

Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly Journals Library An error has occurred in processing the XML document An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue

NIHR HTA programme1997

799. Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women.

Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women. 9366737 1997 12 05 1997 12 05 2008 11 21 0959-8138 315 7115 1997 Oct 25 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women. 1065-9 To assess the effectiveness of a home exercise programme of strength and balance retraining exercises in reducing falls and injuries in elderly women (...) . Randomised controlled trial of an individually tailored programme of physical therapy in the home (exercise group, n = 116) compared with the usual care and an equal number of social visits (control group, n = 117). 17 general practices in Dunedin, New Zealand. Women aged 80 years and older living in the community and registered with a general practice in Dunedin. Number of falls and injuries related to falls and time between falls during one year of follow up; changes in muscle strength and balance

BMJ1997 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

800. Randomised trial of losartan versus captopril in patients over 65 with heart failure (Evaluation of Losartan in the Elderly Study, ELITE)

Randomised trial of losartan versus captopril in patients over 65 with heart failure (Evaluation of Losartan in the Elderly Study, ELITE) 9074572 1997 04 10 1997 04 10 2015 06 16 0140-6736 349 9054 1997 Mar 15 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Randomised trial of losartan versus captopril in patients over 65 with heart failure (Evaluation of Losartan in the Elderly Study, ELITE) 747-52 To determine whether specific angiotensin II receptor blockade with losartan offers safety and efficacy (...) advantages in the treatment of heart failure over angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibition with captopril, the ELITE study compared losartan with captopril in older heart-failure patients. We randomly assigned 722 ACE inhibitor naive patients (aged 65 years or more) with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-IV heart failure and ejection fractions of 40% or less to double-blind losartan (n = 352) titrated to 50 mg once daily or captopril (n = 370) titrated to 50 mg three times daily, for 48

Lancet1997