Latest & greatest articles for elderly

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Top results for elderly

741. Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly

Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly Petticrew M, Watt I, Sheldon T Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Petticrew M, Watt I, Sheldon T. Systematic review (...) of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly. Health Technology Assessment 1997; 1(13): 1-53 Authors' objectives To determine the effectiveness and cost of laxatives in the prevention and treatment of constipation in the elderly. Authors' conclusions There have been few comparative studies, and the trials have been so small, that it is difficult to determine what constitutes effective treatment of constipation in the elderly. The majority of trials have been carried out in hospitals and nursing homes so

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.1997

742. Successful control of Clostridium difficile infection in an elderly care unit through use of a restrictive antibiotic policy

Successful control of Clostridium difficile infection in an elderly care unit through use of a restrictive antibiotic policy Successful control of Clostridium difficile infection in an elderly care unit through use of a restrictive antibiotic policy Successful control of Clostridium difficile infection in an elderly care unit through use of a restrictive antibiotic policy McNulty C, Logan M, Donald I P, Ennis D, Taylor D, Baldwin R N, Bannerjee M, Cartwright K A Record Status This is a critical (...) abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of a restrictive antibiotic policy for treatment of infections in an elderly care unit. Patients with suspected infections were prescribed intravenous benzyl penicillin for streptococcal infections

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1997

743. Cost-effectiveness of vaccination against pneumococcal bacteremia among elderly people

Cost-effectiveness of vaccination against pneumococcal bacteremia among elderly people Cost-effectiveness of vaccination against pneumococcal bacteremia among elderly people Cost-effectiveness of vaccination against pneumococcal bacteremia among elderly people Sisk J E, Moskowitz A J, Whang W, Lin J D, Fedson D S, McBean A M, Plouffe J F, Cetron M S, Butler J C Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract (...) contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Administration of pneumococcal vaccination in the prevention of pneumococcal bacteremia in elderly individuals. Type of intervention Primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-utility analysis. Study population Hypothetical cohorts of elderly individuals aged 65 years and older. Setting Community and hospital

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1997

744. Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly

Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly Systematic review of the effectiveness of laxatives in the elderly Journals Library An error has occurred in processing the XML document An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue

NIHR HTA programme1997

745. Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women.

Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women. 9366737 1997 12 05 1997 12 05 2008 11 21 0959-8138 315 7115 1997 Oct 25 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women. 1065-9 To assess the effectiveness of a home exercise programme of strength and balance retraining exercises in reducing falls and injuries in elderly women (...) . Randomised controlled trial of an individually tailored programme of physical therapy in the home (exercise group, n = 116) compared with the usual care and an equal number of social visits (control group, n = 117). 17 general practices in Dunedin, New Zealand. Women aged 80 years and older living in the community and registered with a general practice in Dunedin. Number of falls and injuries related to falls and time between falls during one year of follow up; changes in muscle strength and balance

BMJ1997 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

746. Randomised trial of losartan versus captopril in patients over 65 with heart failure (Evaluation of Losartan in the Elderly Study, ELITE)

Randomised trial of losartan versus captopril in patients over 65 with heart failure (Evaluation of Losartan in the Elderly Study, ELITE) 9074572 1997 04 10 1997 04 10 2015 06 16 0140-6736 349 9054 1997 Mar 15 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Randomised trial of losartan versus captopril in patients over 65 with heart failure (Evaluation of Losartan in the Elderly Study, ELITE) 747-52 To determine whether specific angiotensin II receptor blockade with losartan offers safety and efficacy (...) advantages in the treatment of heart failure over angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibition with captopril, the ELITE study compared losartan with captopril in older heart-failure patients. We randomly assigned 722 ACE inhibitor naive patients (aged 65 years or more) with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-IV heart failure and ejection fractions of 40% or less to double-blind losartan (n = 352) titrated to 50 mg once daily or captopril (n = 370) titrated to 50 mg three times daily, for 48

Lancet1997

747. Vitamin E supplementation and in vivo immune response in healthy elderly subjects. A randomized controlled trial.

Vitamin E supplementation and in vivo immune response in healthy elderly subjects. A randomized controlled trial. 9134944 1997 05 13 1997 05 13 2016 10 17 0098-7484 277 17 1997 May 07 JAMA JAMA Vitamin E supplementation and in vivo immune response in healthy elderly subjects. A randomized controlled trial. 1380-6 To determine whether long-term supplementation with vitamin E enhances in vivo, clinically relevant measures of cell-mediated immunity in healthy elderly subjects. Randomized, double (...) months improved certain clinically relevant indexes of cell-mediated immunity in healthy elderly. Subjects consuming 200 mg/d of vitamin E had a 65% increase in DTH and a 6-fold increase in antibody titer to hepatitis B compared with placebo (17% and 3-fold, respectively), 60-mg/d (41% and 3-fold, respectively), and 800-mg/d (49% and 2.5-fold, respectively) groups. The 200-mg/d group also had a significant increase in antibody titer to tetanus vaccine. Subjects in the upper tertile of serum alpha

JAMA1997

748. Withdrawal of long-term diuretic medication in elderly patients: a double blind randomised trial.

Withdrawal of long-term diuretic medication in elderly patients: a double blind randomised trial. 9284668 1997 09 22 1997 09 22 2008 11 20 0959-8138 315 7106 1997 Aug 23 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Withdrawal of long-term diuretic medication in elderly patients: a double blind randomised trial. 464-8 About 20% of elderly people use long-term diuretic medication, but there is doubt whether prolonged diuretic medication on such a large scale is necessary. We performed a study to assess what (...) patients in the withdrawal group and 13 in the control group (risk difference 36%; 95% confidence interval 22% to 50%). Heart failure was the most frequent cause of prescribing diuretic therapy (n = 25). Cessation of diuretic therapy caused a mean increase in systolic blood pressure of 13.5 (9.2 to 17.8) mm Hg and in diastolic pressure of 4.6 (1.9 to 7.3) mm Hg. Withdrawal of long-term diuretic treatment in elderly patients leads to symptoms of heart failure or increase in blood

BMJ1997 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

749. Weight training improves walking endurance in healthy elderly persons.

Weight training improves walking endurance in healthy elderly persons. Weight training improves walking ... preview & related info | Mendeley E-mail address Password ( ) Remember me …or sign in with Search Main Navigation › Short URL Annals of Internal Medicine ( 1996 ) Volume: 124 , Issue: 6 , Pages: 568-572 PubMed: Available from or Find this paper at: Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a resistance-training program on walking endurance in a healthy, community-dwelling elderly (...) . CONCLUSIONS: Resistance training for 3 months improves both leg strength and walking endurance in healthy, community-dwelling elderly persons. This finding is relevant to older persons at risk for disability, because walking endurance and leg strength are important components of physical functioning. Author-supplied keywords Related papers M-E Bédard , C Brouillard , V Pepin , S Provencher , J Milot , Y Lacasse , et al. in The European respiratory journal official journal of the European Society

Annals of Internal Medicine1996

750. Hypertension in the elderly: pressure to treat?

Hypertension in the elderly: pressure to treat? Hypertension in the elderly: pressure to treat? Hypertension in the elderly: pressure to treat? Sanderson S Authors' objectives To assess the benefit of treating hypertension in elderly patients, in terms of reducing mortality and morbidity from stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD). Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to February 1994, and Excerpta Medica from 1974 to February 1994.Additional published and unpublished studies were located (...) (range: 2.1 - 5.8 years). Specific interventions included in the review The drugs used included thiazide diuretics, reserpine, hydralazine, deserdipine, methylclothiazide, beta-blockers, methyldopa. Participants included in the review Initially, hypertensive patients aged 60 and over who must have had at least one year's treatment. Average age of participants in the included studies ranged from 60 to 81 years (mean: 70), and the proportion of female patients ranged from 0 to 75% (mean: 52). Outcomes

DARE.1996

751. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the treatment of elderly depressed patients: a qualitative analysis of the literature on their efficacy and side-effects

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the treatment of elderly depressed patients: a qualitative analysis of the literature on their efficacy and side-effects Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the treatment of elderly depressed patients: a qualitative analysis of the literature on their efficacy and side-effects Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the treatment of elderly depressed patients: a qualitative analysis of the literature on their efficacy (...) and side-effects Menting J E, Honig A, Verhey F R, Hartmans M, Rozendaal N, de Vet H C, van Praag H M Authors' objectives To assess the efficacy and side-effects of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for the treatment of elderly people with depression. Searching MEDLINE was searched from January 1980 until December 1994 using the keywords 'fluvoxamine', 'paroxetine', 'fluoxetine' and 'sertraline' combined with 'aged', 'elderly' or 'geriatric'. The citations in all of the identified papers

DARE.1996

752. Bowel preparation at home: prospective study of adverse effects in elderly people

Bowel preparation at home: prospective study of adverse effects in elderly people Bowel preparation at home: prospective study of adverse effects in elderly people Bowel preparation at home: prospective study of adverse effects in elderly people Heymann T D, Chopra K, Nunn E, Coullter L, Westaby D, Murray-Lyon I M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods (...) . A randomized study design might be desirable for that purpose. Source of funding None stated. Bibliographic details Heymann T D, Chopra K, Nunn E, Coullter L, Westaby D, Murray-Lyon I M. Bowel preparation at home: prospective study of adverse effects in elderly people. BMJ 1996; 313: 727-728 PubMedID Original Paper URL Other publications of related interest Comment in: BMJ 1997;314(7073):74. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Cathartics

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1996

753. The cost-effectiveness of a multifactorial targeted prevention program for falls among community elderly persons

The cost-effectiveness of a multifactorial targeted prevention program for falls among community elderly persons The cost-effectiveness of a multifactorial targeted prevention program for falls among community elderly persons The cost-effectiveness of a multifactorial targeted prevention program for falls among community elderly persons Rizzo J A, Baker D I, McAvay G, Tinetti M E Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED (...) . Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Prevention programmes:a targeted intervention (TI) versususual care (UC) for the prevention of falls among elderly people in the community. Type of intervention Primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients older than 69 years who were independently

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1996

754. Treatment of moderate-to-severe pneumonia in elderly, long-term care facility residents

Treatment of moderate-to-severe pneumonia in elderly, long-term care facility residents Treatment of moderate-to-severe pneumonia in elderly, long-term care facility residents Treatment of moderate-to-severe pneumonia in elderly, long-term care facility residents Nicolle L E, Kirshen A, Boustcha E, Montgomery P Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results (...) and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Broad-spectrum antimicrobials (Ceftriaxone) in the treatment of moderate-to-severe pneumonia in elderly residents of long-term care facilities. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Elderly long-term care facility patients with radiologically documented, moderate to severe pneumonia and requiring parenteral therapy

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1996

755. Comparison of different insulin regimens in elderly patients with NIDDM

Comparison of different insulin regimens in elderly patients with NIDDM Comparison of different insulin regimens in elderly patients with NIDDM Comparison of different insulin regimens in elderly patients with NIDDM Wolffenbuttel B H, Sels J P, Rondas-Colbers G J, Menheere P P, Kruseman A C Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions (...) followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of twice daily subcutaneous injections of a mixture of fast-acting and NPH insulin 30 minutes before breakfast and dinner, in elderly patients with poorly controlled non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Elderly NIDDM patients, whose disease state was poorly controlled

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1996

756. Randomised controlled trial of effect of intervention by psychogeriatric team on depression in frail elderly people at home.

Randomised controlled trial of effect of intervention by psychogeriatric team on depression in frail elderly people at home. 8898601 1996 12 04 1996 12 04 2013 09 18 0959-8138 313 7064 1996 Oct 26 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Randomised controlled trial of effect of intervention by psychogeriatric team on depression in frail elderly people at home. 1058-61 To investigate the efficacy of intervention by a psychogeriatric team in the treatment of depression in elderly disabled people receiving (...) home care from their local authority. Randomised controlled trial with blind follow up six months after recruitment. Community of south east London. 69 people aged 65 or over who received home care and were depressed according to criteria of the standardised automatic geriatric examination for computer assisted taxonomy (AGECAT). 33 were randomly allocated to an intervention group and 36 to a control group. Members of the intervention group received an individual package of care that was formulated

BMJ1996 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

757. Effect of diuretic-based antihypertensive treatment on cardiovascular disease risk in older diabetic patients with isolated systolic hypertension. Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program Cooperative Research Group.

Effect of diuretic-based antihypertensive treatment on cardiovascular disease risk in older diabetic patients with isolated systolic hypertension. Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program Cooperative Research Group. 8968014 1997 01 02 1997 01 02 2016 10 17 0098-7484 276 23 1996 Dec 18 JAMA JAMA Effect of diuretic-based antihypertensive treatment on cardiovascular disease risk in older diabetic patients with isolated systolic hypertension. Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (...) Cooperative Research Group. 1886-92 To assess the effect of low-dose, diuretic-based antihypertensive treatment on major cardiovascular disease (CVD) event rates in older, non-insulin-treated diabetic patients with isolated systolic hypertension (ISH), compared with nondiabetic patients. Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial: the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP). Multiple clinical and support centers in the United States. A total of 4736 men and women aged 60 years

JAMA1996

758. Costs and effectiveness of prostate cancer screening in elderly men

Costs and effectiveness of prostate cancer screening in elderly men Costs and effectiveness of prostate cancer screening in elderly men Costs and effectiveness of prostate cancer screening in elderly men Office of Technology Assessment Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. The agency responsible for the publication, formerly a member of INAHTA, has subsequently been disbanded. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made (...) for the HTA database. Citation Office of Technology Assessment. Costs and effectiveness of prostate cancer screening in elderly men. Washington DC: U. S. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) 1995: 130 Authors' objectives To examine the effectiveness, safety, and costs of screening for prostate cancer among asymptomatic men over 65 years in order to analyze the implications of a potential screening benefit under the U. S. Medicare program. Authors' conclusions Given the state of current

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.1995

759. The effects of endurance training on functional capacity in the elderly: a meta-analysis

The effects of endurance training on functional capacity in the elderly: a meta-analysis The effects of endurance training on functional capacity in the elderly: a meta-analysis The effects of endurance training on functional capacity in the elderly: a meta-analysis Green J S, Crouse S F Authors' objectives To examine the effects of endurance training on functional capacity (maximum oxygen consumption, MOC) in the elderly. Searching MEDLINE and the TEXSEARCH system (Texas A&M University) were (...) searched; search terms are reported but search dates are unclear. Bibliographies of retrieved articles were examined, and selected journals relating to the elderly were handsearched. Only studies published in the English language appear to have been included. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Studies comparing an experimental and a control group were included. It is unclear whether any of the studies are randomised, and the sources of the controls for these studies

DARE.1995

760. Preventive services for the elderly: would coverage affect utilisation and costs under Medicare?

Preventive services for the elderly: would coverage affect utilisation and costs under Medicare? Preventive services for the elderly: would coverage affect utilisation and costs under Medicare? Preventive services for the elderly: would coverage affect utilisation and costs under Medicare? Burton L C, Steinwachs D M, German P S, Shapiro S, Brant L J, Richards T M, Clark R D Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each (...) abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Annual preventive and health risk screening service. Type of intervention Primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Study participants were elderly (aged 65 or older), 62.7%in the intervention and 63.6% in the control group were female. 15.1% in the intervention

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995