Latest & greatest articles for depression

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Top results for depression

141. Evaluation of reliable improvement rates in depression and anxiety at the end of treatment in adolescents Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of reliable improvement rates in depression and anxiety at the end of treatment in adolescents Literature has focused on effect sizes rather than individual-level improvement rates to determine how effectively services address burgeoning numbers of adolescents with anxiety and depression.AimsTo consider how many adolescents report reliable improvement in anxiety, depression and comorbid depression and anxiety by end of treatment.The primary outcome was reliable improvement (i.e (...) . change greater than likely the result of measurement error) in self-reported anxiety and depression for N = 4464 adolescents (mean age 14.5 years, s.d. = 1.9; 75% female; 61% White) seen in specialist mental health services in England.In total, 53% of those with anxiety, 44% with depression, and 35% with comorbid depression and anxiety showed reliable improvement.Improvement rates were higher than previously reported, but lower than generally used in advice to the public. There may be a need to set

2018 BJPsych open

142. Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care (GLAD-PC): Part II. Treatment and Ongoing Management

Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care (GLAD-PC): Part II. Treatment and Ongoing Management Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care (GLAD-PC): Part II. Treatment and Ongoing Management | From the American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics '); document.write(''); } function OAS_AD(pos) { if (OAS_version >= 11 && typeof(OAS_RICH)!='undefined') { OAS_RICH(pos); } else { OAS_NORMAL(pos); } } //--> Search for this keyword Source User menu Sections Sign up for highlighting (...) editor-chosen studies with the greatest impact on clinical care. This policy is a revision of the policy in Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care (GLAD-PC): Part II. Treatment and Ongoing Management Amy H. Cheung , Rachel A. Zuckerbrot , Peter S. Jensen , Danielle Laraque , Ruth E.K. Stein , GLAD-PC STEERING GROUP Abstract OBJECTIVES: To update clinical practice guidelines to assist primary care (PC) in the screening and assessment of depression. In this second part of the updated

2018 American Academy of Pediatrics

143. Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care (GLAD-PC): Part I. Practice Preparation, Identification, Assessment, and Initial Management

Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care (GLAD-PC): Part I. Practice Preparation, Identification, Assessment, and Initial Management Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care (GLAD-PC): Part I. Practice Preparation, Identification, Assessment, and Initial Management | From the American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics '); document.write(''); } function OAS_AD(pos) { if (OAS_version >= 11 && typeof(OAS_RICH)!='undefined') { OAS_RICH(pos); } else { OAS_NORMAL(pos (...) ); } } //--> Search for this keyword Source User menu Sections Sign up for highlighting editor-chosen studies with the greatest impact on clinical care. This policy is a revision of the policy in Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care (GLAD-PC): Part I. Practice Preparation, Identification, Assessment, and Initial Management Rachel A. Zuckerbrot , Amy Cheung , Peter S. Jensen , Ruth E.K. Stein , Danielle Laraque , GLAD-PC STEERING GROUP Abstract OBJECTIVES: To update clinical practice guidelines

2018 American Academy of Pediatrics

144. Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression Evidence Maps - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4

2018 Trip Evidence Maps

145. Depression

Depression Evidence Maps - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4

2018 Trip Evidence Maps

146. Factors associated with depressive symptoms in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: A prospective cohort study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factors associated with depressive symptoms in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: A prospective cohort study To identify the association between possible factors and depression among post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients with acute coronary syndrome.Prospective cohort study.Sixty-eight post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients with acute coronary syndrome were enrolled between January 2016 - June 2017. The Hospital Anxiety (...) and Depression Scale scores at 1-3 months after discharge were regressed onto uncertainty in illness and other clinical factors based on the Roy Adaptation Model.Thirty-six patients were included in the final analysis. Higher baseline depression scores, higher changes in uncertainty in illness and feeling annoyed by troublesome tasks after discharge were associated with higher depressive scores at 1 month after discharge. Careful observation and support of patients' ineffective responses in self-concept mode

2018 Nursing open

147. Chat- and internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy in treatment of adolescent depression: randomised controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Chat- and internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy in treatment of adolescent depression: randomised controlled trial Depression is a major contributor to the burden of disease in the adolescent population. Internet-based interventions can increase access to treatment.To evaluate the efficacy of internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (iCBT), including therapist chat communication, in treatment of adolescent depression.Seventy adolescents, 15-19 years of age and presenting (...) with depressive symptoms, were randomised to iCBT or attention control. The primary outcome was the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II).Significant reductions in depressive symptoms were found, favouring iCBT over the control condition (F(1,67) = 6.18, P < 0.05). The between-group effect size was Cohen's d = 0.71 (95% CI 0.22-1.19). A significantly higher proportion of iCBT participants (42.4%) than controls (13.5%) showed a 50% decrease in BDI-II score post-treatment (P < 0.01). The improvement

2018 BJPsych open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

148. Depression and Suicidal Ideation Among HIV-Infected Adults Receiving Efavirenz Versus Nevirapine in Uganda: A Prospective Cohort Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Depression and Suicidal Ideation Among HIV-Infected Adults Receiving Efavirenz Versus Nevirapine in Uganda: A Prospective Cohort Study. Evidence regarding potential adverse neuropsychiatric effects of efavirenz is conflicting, and data from sub-Saharan Africa, where 70% of persons living with HIV (PLHIV) reside and efavirenz is used as first-line therapy, are limited.To estimate associations between efavirenz use and depression and suicidal ideation among PLHIV in Uganda.Prospective (...) observational cohort study. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01596322).Mbarara, Uganda.Adult PLHIV enrolled at the start of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and observed every 3 to 4 months from 2005 to 2015.The exposure of interest was time-varying efavirenz use, defined as use during the 7 days and in 60 or more of the 90 days before a study visit, compared with nevirapine use. Self-reported outcomes were depression, defined as a mean score greater than 1.75 on the Hopkins Symptom Checklist depression subscale

2018 Annals of Internal Medicine

149. Anxiety and depression in spasmodic dysphonia patients Full Text available with Trip Pro

Anxiety and depression in spasmodic dysphonia patients Experts used to believe that spasmodic dysphonia (SD) was a psychogenic disorder. Although SD is now established as a neurological disorder, the rates of co-morbid anxiety and depression range from 7.1% to 62%. Our objective was to study the prevalence and risk factors associated with these mood disorders in SD patients.Retrospective.SD patients who presented for botulinum toxin injections were recruited. Demographic data, Hospital Anxiety (...) and Depression Scale (HADS), Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10), General Self-Efficacy scale (GSES), Disease Specific Self-Efficacy in Spasmodic Dysphonia scale (DSSE), and Consensus Auditory Perceptual Evaluation of Voice (CAPE-V) were collected.One hundred and forty two patients (age (59.2 ± 13.6) years, 25.4% male) had VHI-10 of 26.3 ± 6.9 (mean ± standard deviation), GSES 33.2 ± 5.8, CAPE-V 43.9 ± 20.9, HADS anxiety 6.7 ± 3.7, and HADS depression 3.6 ± 2.8. About 19 (13.4%) and 4 (2.8%) had symptoms

2018 World journal of otorhinolaryngology - head and neck surgery

150. Assessment of outcome measures for cost–utility analysis in depression: mapping depression scales onto the EQ-5D-5L Full Text available with Trip Pro

Assessment of outcome measures for cost–utility analysis in depression: mapping depression scales onto the EQ-5D-5L Many clinical studies including mental health interventions do not use a health state utility instrument, which is essential for producing quality-adjusted life years. In the absence of such utility instrument, mapping algorithms can be applied to estimate utilities from a disease-specific instrument.AimsWe aim to develop mapping algorithms from two widely used depression scales (...) ; the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21) and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10), onto the most widely used health state utility instrument, the EQ-5D-5L, using eight country-specific value sets.A total of 917 respondents with self-reported depression were recruited to describe their health on the DASS-21 and the K-10 as well as the new five-level version of the EQ-5D, referred to as the EQ-5D-5L. Six regression models were used: ordinary least squares regression, generalised linear models

2018 BJPsych open

151. Prevalence of Prescription Medications With Depression as a Potential Adverse Effect Among Adults in the United States. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prevalence of Prescription Medications With Depression as a Potential Adverse Effect Among Adults in the United States. Prescription medications are increasingly used among adults in the United States and many have a potential for causing depression.To characterize use of prescription medications with depression as a potential adverse effect and to assess associations between their use and concurrent depression.Five 2-year cycles (2005-2006 through 2013-2014) of the National Health (...) and Nutrition Examination Survey, representative cross-sectional surveys of US adults aged 18 years or older, were analyzed for use of medications with depression as a potential adverse effect. Multivariable logistic regression examined associations between use of these medications and concurrent depression. Analyses were performed among adults overall, excluding antidepressant users, and among adults treated with antidepressants and with hypertension.Prescription medications with depression as a potential

2018 JAMA

152. The association of comorbid depression with mortality and amputation in veterans with peripheral artery disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

The association of comorbid depression with mortality and amputation in veterans with peripheral artery disease Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is an increasing health concern with rising incidence globally. Previous studies have shown an association between PAD incidence and depression. The objective of the study was to determine the association of comorbid depression with PAD outcomes (amputation and all-cause mortality rates) in veterans.An observational retrospective cohort of 155,647 (...) patients with incident PAD (2003-2014) from nationwide U.S. Veterans Health Administration hospitals was conducted using the national Veterans Affairs Corporate Data Warehouse. Depression was measured using concurrent International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision diagnosis codes 6 months before or after PAD diagnosis. The main outcomes were incident major amputation and all-cause mortality. Crude associations were assessed with Kaplan-Meier plots. The effects of depression adjusted

2018 EvidenceUpdates

153. Sensitivity and specificity of the Akena Visual Depression Inventory (AViDI-18) in Kampala (Uganda) and Cape Town (South Africa) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sensitivity and specificity of the Akena Visual Depression Inventory (AViDI-18) in Kampala (Uganda) and Cape Town (South Africa) Visual scales may be particularly useful in screening for depression in patients with low literacy. However, few have been validated and none are in common use.AimModification and validation of a visual scale to screen for depression in low literacy settings.We assessed the validity, reliability and factor loading of a 28-item visual depression inventory using (...) pictorial items depicting depression signs and symptoms. We validated a revised scale comprised of 18 items known as the Akena Visual Depression Inventory (AViDI-18) against a structured diagnostic interview (Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Inventory) in 343 patients in Kampala (Uganda) and Cape Town (South Africa).The 18 pictorial items had acceptable validity and reliability. The area under the curve (AUC) score of the AViDI-18 was 0.9. AUC scores were not significantly associated

2018 EvidenceUpdates

154. Pediatric self-inflicted eye trauma due to a major depressive disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pediatric self-inflicted eye trauma due to a major depressive disorder Self-inflicted eye trauma is a serious form of self-harm as it may lead to irreversible visual disability. Diagnosing self-inflicted ocular injuries, in all its forms, can be quite challenging. In this report, we are presenting a 5-year-old girl presented to Sohag University Outpatient Clinic with a history of repeated attacks of bilateral eye redness with blood-tinged strands removed from her eyes. After ocular examination (...) , inferior bulbar conjunctival injection with blood-tinged strands were found. After careful examination of the strands, it was discovered that they were actual threads of cloth due to self-inflicted eye injury. Following psychiatric consultation, the patient was diagnosed as having a major depressive disorder. The case was subject to pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatment, and showed significant improvement within two months of starting treatment as regard to depressive symptoms and self-injury

2018 Electronic physician

155. FSRH CEU Statement to published systematic review: The relationship between progestin hormonal contraception and depression: a systematic review

FSRH CEU Statement to published systematic review: The relationship between progestin hormonal contraception and depression: a systematic review FSRH CEU Statement to published systematic review: The relationship between progestin hormonal contraception and depression: a systematic review - Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare FSRH CEU Statement to published systematic review: The relationship between progestin hormonal contraception and depression: a systematic review FSRH CEU (...) Statement to published systematic review: The relationship between progestin hormonal contraception and depression: a systematic review Share this article Published on: 9 March 2018 File size: 127kb PDF File type: Clinical Statements Much recent media attention has been given to the subject of a potential association between hormonal contraception and depression. The FSRH CEU monitors and reports relevant emerging evidence. A new systematic review published in Contraception examines the existing

2018 Faculty of Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare

156. Uncertain association between depression and stroke risk in a Chinese mega-study

Uncertain association between depression and stroke risk in a Chinese mega-study Uncertain association between depression and stroke risk in a Chinese mega-study | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional (...) accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Uncertain association between depression and stroke risk in a Chinese mega-study Article Text Causes and risk factors Uncertain association between depression and stroke risk in a Chinese mega-study Eric J Brunner 1 , Irene R

2018 Evidence-Based Mental Health

157. Changing response rates in clinical trials of depression: how did the introduction of DSM-III and DSM-III-R influence the outcome?

Changing response rates in clinical trials of depression: how did the introduction of DSM-III and DSM-III-R influence the outcome? Changing response rates in clinical trials of depression: how did the introduction of DSM-III and DSM-III-R influence the outcome? | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see (...) our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Changing response rates in clinical trials of depression: how did the introduction of DSM-III and DSM-III-R influence

2018 Evidence-Based Mental Health

158. Targeted psychological interventions may prevent depression in children and adolescents Full Text available with Trip Pro

Targeted psychological interventions may prevent depression in children and adolescents Targeted psychological interventions may prevent depression in children and adolescents | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers (...) of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Targeted psychological interventions may prevent depression in children and adolescents Article Text Psychological interventions Targeted psychological interventions may prevent depression in children and adolescents

2018 Evidence-Based Mental Health

159. Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care (GLAD-PC): Part II. Treatment and Ongoing Management Full Text available with Trip Pro

Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care (GLAD-PC): Part II. Treatment and Ongoing Management To update clinical practice guidelines to assist primary care (PC) in the screening and assessment of depression. In this second part of the updated guidelines, we address treatment and ongoing management of adolescent depression in the PC setting.By using a combination of evidence- and consensus-based methodologies, the guidelines were updated in 2 phases as informed by (1) current (...) scientific evidence (published and unpublished) and (2) revision and iteration among the steering committee, including youth and families with lived experience.These updated guidelines are targeted for youth aged 10 to 21 years and offer recommendations for the management of adolescent depression in PC, including (1) active monitoring of mildly depressed youth, (2) treatment with evidence-based medication and psychotherapeutic approaches in cases of moderate and/or severe depression, (3) close monitoring

2018 EvidenceUpdates

160. Effect of singing interventions on symptoms of postnatal depression: three-arm randomised controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of singing interventions on symptoms of postnatal depression: three-arm randomised controlled trial This study assessed whether a novel psychosocial intervention could reduce symptoms of postnatal depression (PND) in the first 40 weeks post-birth. Analyses were carried out of 134 mothers with symptoms of PND randomised into 10 weeks of group singing workshops or group play workshops for them and their babies, or usual care (trial registration: NCT02526407). Overall, among all mothers

2018 EvidenceUpdates