Latest & greatest articles for depression

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Top results for depression

241. The role of anxiety and depression on acceptance and action, considering emotional schemas in diabetics of Birjand (Iran) Full Text available with Trip Pro

The role of anxiety and depression on acceptance and action, considering emotional schemas in diabetics of Birjand (Iran) Diabetes is one of the most common noncommunicable diseases around the world that accompanies assorted psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression due to being chronic.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of anxiety and depression on acceptance and action, considering emotional schemas of diabetics referring to diabetes clinics of health centers (...) in Birjand, Iran.This study was conducted in 2016 and was a correlational study with a structural equation modeling approach. The statistical population of this study were all men and women with type 2 diabetes in Birjand, with an active health record in health centers of this county. To collect data, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21), Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) and Leahy Emotional Schema Scale (LESS) were employed. Using SPSS19 and LISREL, data were analyzed via

2017 Electronic physician

242. Acceptability of the Fitbit in behavioural activation therapy for depression: a qualitative study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acceptability of the Fitbit in behavioural activation therapy for depression: a qualitative study Major depressive disorder is characterised by low mood and poor motivation. Literature suggests that increased physical activity has positive effects on alleviating depression. Fitness-tracking devices may complement behavioural activation (BA) therapy to improve physical activity and mental health in patients with depression.To understand patients' perceived benefit from the Fitbit and explore (...) themes associated with patient experiences. To compare perceived benefit, patient factors, Fitbit usage and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI) scores.Semistructured interviews were conducted with patients (n=36) who completed a 28-week BA group programme in a mood disorders outpatient clinic. All patients were asked to carry a Fitbit One device. We conducted thematic analyses on the interviews and exploratory quantitative analyses on patient characteristics, Fitbit usage, steps recorded, perceived

2017 Evidence-Based Mental Health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

243. Prevalence of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in the Kashmir Valley Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prevalence of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in the Kashmir Valley Following the partition of India in 1947, the Kashmir Valley has been subject to continual political insecurity and ongoing conflict, the region remains highly militarised. We conducted a representative cross-sectional population-based survey of adults to estimate the prevalence and predictors of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 10 districts of the Kashmir (...) regression analysis was conducted to identify risk factors for developing symptoms of psychological distress.The estimated prevalence of mental distress in adults in the Kashmir Valley was 45% (95% CI 42.6 to 47.0). We identified 41% (95% CI 39.2 to 43.4) of adults with probable depression, 26% (95% CI 23.8 to 27.5) with probable anxiety and 19% (95% CI 17.5 to 21.2) with probable PTSD. The three disorders were associated with the following characteristics: being female, over 55 years of age, having had

2017 BMJ global health

244. Depression, quality of life, and medical resource utilization in sickle cell disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Depression, quality of life, and medical resource utilization in sickle cell disease Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic, debilitating disorder. Chronically ill patients are at risk for depression, which can affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL), health care utilization, and cost. We performed an analytic epidemiologic prospective study to determine the prevalence of depression in adult patients with SCD and its association with HRQoL and medical resource utilization. Depression (...) was measured by the Beck Depression Inventory and clinical history in adult SCD outpatients at a comprehensive SCD center. HRQoL was assessed using the SF36 form, and data were collected on medical resource utilization and corresponding cost. Neurocognitive functions were assessed using the CNS Vital Signs tool. Pain diaries were used to record daily pain. Out of 142 enrolled patients, 42 (35.2%) had depression. Depression was associated with worse physical and mental HRQoL scores (P < .0001 and P < .0001

2017 Blood advances

245. Subgenual Anterior Cingulate-Medial Orbitofrontal Functional Connectivity in Medication-Resistant Major Depression: A Neurobiological Marker for Accelerated Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation Treatment? (Abstract)

Subgenual Anterior Cingulate-Medial Orbitofrontal Functional Connectivity in Medication-Resistant Major Depression: A Neurobiological Marker for Accelerated Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation Treatment? Accelerated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation paradigms have been shown to result in fast decreases in depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation. Although the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) region has been put forward as a possible biological marker, so far, no studies (...) evaluated the clinical effects of accelerated intermittent theta burst stimulation (aiTBS) on sgACC functional connectivity (FC).Fifty patients with treatment-resistant depression were enrolled in this registered randomized double-blind sham-controlled crossover aiTBS treatment study. All received 20 iTBS sessions applied to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (5 daily sessions spread over 4 days). Forty-four complete resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans were collected. Baseline

2017 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging Controlled trial quality: uncertain

246. Stability of Cortical Thinning in Persons at Increased Familial Risk for Major Depressive Disorder Across 8 Years Full Text available with Trip Pro

Stability of Cortical Thinning in Persons at Increased Familial Risk for Major Depressive Disorder Across 8 Years A biological marker of vulnerability should precede onset of illness and be independent of disease course. We previously reported that cortical thinning may serve as a potential biomarker for risk for familial depression. We now test stability of the cortical thinning across 8 years, and whether thinning mediates associations between familial risk and depressive traits.Participants (...) were from a 3-generation family study of depression, where 2nd and 3rd generation offspring were characterized as being at high- or low-risk for depression based on the presence/absence of major depression in the 1st generation. The analysis includes 82 offspring with anatomical MRI scans across two assessment waves, 7.8 (S.D.1.3, range: 5.2-10.9) years apart.High-risk offspring had thinner bilateral superior and middle frontal gyri, and left inferior parietal lobule, at both time-points. High

2017 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging

247. Prefrontal Connectivity and Glutamate Transmission: Relevance to Depression Pathophysiology and Ketamine Treatment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prefrontal Connectivity and Glutamate Transmission: Relevance to Depression Pathophysiology and Ketamine Treatment Prefrontal global brain connectivity with global signal regression (GBCr) was proposed as a robust biomarker of depression, and was associated with ketamine's mechanism of action. Here, we investigated prefrontal GBCr in treatment-resistant depression (TRD) at baseline and following treatment. Then, we conducted a set of pharmacological challenges in healthy subjects to investigate (...) in TRD and significant reduction of ventral prefrontal GBCr during ketamine infusion in healthy subjects.This study provides first replication of the ability of ketamine to normalize depression-related prefrontal dysconnectivity. It also provides indirect evidence that these effects may be triggered by the capacity of ketamine to enhance glutamate neurotransmission.

2017 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging

248. Depression Full Text available with Trip Pro

Depression Depression | ONS Hello [ Name ] ! Renew Membership: Hello [ Name ] ! Renew Membership: Menu Search Depression Symptoms such as depressed mood, diminished interest or pleasure in activities that were previously enjoyed, loss of energy, feeling of worthlessness or guilt, diminished ability to think or concentrate, and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide are indicative of depression. Depressive symptoms in people with cancer may be attributed to the diagnosis of cancer or side

2017 Oncology Nursing Society Putting Evidence into Practice (PEP)

249. Trajectories of change and long-term outcomes in a randomised controlled trial of internet-based insomnia treatment to prevent depression Full Text available with Trip Pro

Trajectories of change and long-term outcomes in a randomised controlled trial of internet-based insomnia treatment to prevent depression Insomnia treatment using an internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) program reduces depression symptoms, anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation. However, the speed, longevity and consistency of these effects are unknown.To test the following: whether the efficacy of online CBT-I was sustained over 18 months; how rapidly the effects (...) of CBT-I emerged; evidence for distinct trajectories of change in depressive symptoms; and predictors of these trajectories.A randomised controlled trial compared the 6-week Sleep Healthy Using the Internet (SHUTi) CBT-I program to an attention control program. Adults (N=1149) with clinical insomnia and subclinical depression symptoms were recruited online from the Australian community.Depression, anxiety and insomnia decreased significantly by week 4 of the intervention period and remained

2017 BJPsych open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

250. Essential Tremor and Depression Full Text available with Trip Pro

Essential Tremor and Depression Depression and neuropsychiatric disorders in individuals with essential tremor (ET) are not well characterized in the literature.We compared 104 ET subjects with 481 non-ET controls involved in the Arizona Study of Aging and Neurodegenerative Disorders. An analysis of baseline depression scales and neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI) was done between the two groups. Comparisons were made additionally within the ET group based on tremor severity, duration of tremor (...) and age of onset.There were no significant differences among each of the scales between the ET and non-ET groups. There were no significant differences in the ET group above and below the median tremor duration. Additionally, no differences were found in the ET group based on objective measures of tremor severity, age of onset, or those with subjectively distressing tremor compared with those without.There were no significant differences in depressive symptoms between ET and non-ET groups. Furthermore

2017 Movement disorders clinical practice

251. Predictors, help-seeking behaviour and treatment coverage for depression in adults in Sehore district, India Full Text available with Trip Pro

Predictors, help-seeking behaviour and treatment coverage for depression in adults in Sehore district, India National Mental Health Survey found that in India, the point prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) was 2.7% and the treatment gap was 85.2%, whereas in Madhya Pradesh the point prevalence of MDD was 1.4% and the treatment gap was 80%.To describe the baseline prevalence of depression among adults, association of various demographic and socioeconomic variables with depression (...) and estimation of contact coverage for the same.Population-based cross-sectional survey of 3220 adults in Sehore district of Madhya Pradesh, India. The outcome of interest was a probable diagnosis of depression that was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the proportion of individuals with depression (PHQ-9>9) who sought care for the same. The data were analysed using simple and multiple log-linear regression.Low educational attainment, unemployment and indebtedness were associated

2017 BJPsych open

252. The Relationship between Parental Rearing Behavior, Resilience, and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents with Congenital Heart Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Relationship between Parental Rearing Behavior, Resilience, and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents with Congenital Heart Disease Parental rearing behavior is one factor that influences the strength of resilience. In turn, resilience influences depression. However, it is unclear whether resilience has a mediating effect on the relationship between parental rearing and depression in adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD). Therefore, the associations between parental rearing behavior (...) and resilience and between rearing behavior and symptoms of depression were investigated with respect to age, gender and disease severity.Patients completed a parental rearing behavior questionnaire, a resilience scale and the Children's Depression Inventory during a routine clinic visit. Structural equation modeling with maximum likelihood estimation was used to analyze the data.The median age of the 180 patients included in the study was 17.8 years, and 64% were male. Lower resilience was found

2017 Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine

253. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment-resistant major depression

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment-resistant major depression Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment-resistant major depression Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment-resistant major depression Erdös J, Ibargoyen Roteta N, Gutiérrez Ibarluzea I Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA (...) database. Citation Erdös J, Ibargoyen Roteta N, Gutiérrez Ibarluzea I. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment-resistant major depression. Vienna: Ludwig Boltzmann Institut fuer Health Technology Assessment (LBIHTA). Decision Support Document. 2017 Authors' objectives Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive neurostimulation technique indicated for patients with treatment-resistant unipolar major depression (TRD). The stimulation is carried out by a coil

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

254. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, and Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, and Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, and Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, and Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (...) , Anxiety, and Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Published on: August 28, 2017 Project Number: RC0912-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy for adult patients with trauma-related post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, or depression? Key Message Two systematic reviews, two randomized controlled trials and four non-randomized

2017 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

255. Rostral anterior cingulate cortex morphology predicts treatment response to internet-based CBT for depression Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rostral anterior cingulate cortex morphology predicts treatment response to internet-based CBT for depression Rostral and subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (rACC and sgACC) activity and, to a lesser extent, volume have been shown to predict depressive symptom improvement across different antidepressant treatments. This study extends prior work by examining whether rACC and/or sgACC morphology predicts treatment response to Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for major (...) depressive disorder. This is the first study to examine neural predictors of response to iCBT.Hierarchical linear modeling tested whether pretreatment rACC and sgACC volumes predicted depressive symptom improvement during a six-session (10-week) randomized clinical trial of iCBT (n = 35) versus a monitored attention control condition (n = 38). Analyses also tested whether pretreatment rACC and sgACC volumes differed between patients who achieved depression remission versus patients who did

2017 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging Controlled trial quality: uncertain

256. Depression, anxiety and quality of life in stroke survivors and their family caregivers: A pilot study using an actor/partner interdependence model Full Text available with Trip Pro

Depression, anxiety and quality of life in stroke survivors and their family caregivers: A pilot study using an actor/partner interdependence model Depression and anxiety are common in stroke survivors as well as their family caregivers. However, it is not known whether each person's emotional distress contributes to their partner's quality of life (QOL).This study aimed to examine the effect of depression and anxiety on QOL in stroke survivor-caregiver dyads using dyadic analysis technique (...) - the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM).This was a cross-sectional pilot study with a total of 30 participating dyads (30 stroke survivors and 30 family caregivers) from Hospital Rehabilitasi Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This pilot study was conducted over a period of 3 months, between December 2014 and February 2015. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). QOL was assessed using the Short Form-12 Health Survey (SF-12). All analyses were

2017 Electronic physician

257. Identification and Treatment Optimization of Comorbid Depression in Rheumatoid Arthritis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Identification and Treatment Optimization of Comorbid Depression in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) suffer from high rates of depression but depression often remains undiagnosed and untreated among RA patients. Because of its high prevalence and its profound impact on functional disability and health-related quality of life, prompt recognition and management of comorbid depression is urgently needed in patients with RA. Rheumatologists face the challenge (...) of addressing depression in their clinical interactions with patients. The purpose of this paper is to present the prevalence of comorbid depression in RA, to delineate the consequences of depression among RA patients, to discuss the barriers to the identification of depression among RA patients, and to outline a set of recommendations to identify and treat comorbid depression that could be implemented within the rheumatology clinic setting. A comprehensive approach to the management of both physical

2017 Rheumatology and therapy

258. A psychological intervention programme for patients with breast cancer under chemotherapy and at a high risk of depression: A randomised clinical trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

A psychological intervention programme for patients with breast cancer under chemotherapy and at a high risk of depression: A randomised clinical trial To develop a nurse-led psychological intervention programme and to evaluate its effects on psychological distress and quality of life in patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy and at a high risk of depression.Depression is common among patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Psychological intervention programmes (...) that improve psychological distress and quality of life have previously been lacking in South Korea.This was a pre- and post-test randomised controlled trial.The nurse-led psychological intervention programme comprised seven weekly counselling sessions delivered face to face and telephonically. These aimed to provide emotional support to patients and to enable them to express their feelings. Patients at a high risk of depression were recruited from an oncology outpatient clinic in a university hospital

2017 EvidenceUpdates

259. Efficacy of a Maternal Depression Prevention Strategy in Head Start: A Randomized Clinical Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy of a Maternal Depression Prevention Strategy in Head Start: A Randomized Clinical Trial Low-income and minority mothers experience a disproportionate incidence of depression and lack access to treatment services. Development of prevention strategies in accessible community-based venues is a potentially important public health strategy.To determine the efficacy of a depression prevention strategy embedded in Head Start.This randomized clinical trial was performed from February 15, 2011 (...) , through May 9, 2016, at 6 Head Start agencies serving families at or below the federal poverty level. Participants included mothers with depressed mood, anhedonia, or depression history but who were not in a current major depressive episode. Participants were followed up for 12 months with masked outcome assessments. Final follow-up was completed on May 9, 2016.Participants were randomized to a problem-solving education (PSE) intervention (n = 111) or usual Head Start services (n = 119).Primary

2017 EvidenceUpdates

260. Anxiety and depression in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Anxiety and depression in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disorder Evidence shows an influence relationship between described symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD) and emotional state.To determine the relationship between anxiety and depression with GERD in patients referred to the endoscopy unit of Bouali-Sina Hospital in Qazvin.This case-control study was conducted in the endoscopy unit of Bouali-Sina Hospital in Qazvin, Iran, from April 2014 through May 2015. Two hundred (...) individuals (100 patients with GERD and 100 healthy individuals as a control group) were enrolled into the current study. All subjects completed the hospital anxiety and depression questionnaire. GERD was diagnosed based on the Los Angeles classification system. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics in addition to clinical history of subjects were collected and analyzed using proper statistical methods (independent-samples t-test and AVOVA) and using SPSS version 22.Among the recruited patients

2017 Electronic physician