Latest & greatest articles for dementia

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Top results for dementia

41. Socioeconomic status, gender and dementia: The influence of work environment exposures and their interactions with APOE ɛ4

Socioeconomic status, gender and dementia: The influence of work environment exposures and their interactions with APOE É›4 30014031 2018 11 14 2352-8273 5 2018 Aug SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Socioeconomic status, gender and dementia: The influence of work environment exposures and their interactions with APOE ɛ4. 171-179 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.06.009 It is a well-established fact that unfavourable social and economic conditions have a negative impact on health and longevity. Recent (...) findings suggest that this is also true of age-related dementias. Yet most common indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) say very little about the actual mechanisms at play in disease development. The present paper explores five work exposure characteristics, all of which have a clear social gradient, that could potentially shed further light on the relationship between SES and dementia. Specifically, it investigates whether these exposures could moderate the impact of a well-known genetic risk

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

42. Donepezil for dementia due to Alzheimer's disease.

Donepezil for dementia due to Alzheimer's disease. BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia in older people. One approach to symptomatic treatment of Alzheimer's disease is to enhance cholinergic neurotransmission in the brain by blocking the action of the enzyme responsible for the breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. This can be done by a group of drugs known as cholinesterase inhibitors. Donepezil is a cholinesterase inhibitor.This review is an updated (...) version of a review first published in 1998. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical efficacy and safety of donepezil in people with mild, moderate or severe dementia due to Alzheimer's disease; to compare the efficacy and safety of different doses of donepezil; and to assess the effect of donepezil on healthcare resource use and costs. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement's Specialized Register, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and a number of other sources on 20 May 2017

Cochrane2018

43. Aerobic and strength training exercise programme for cognitive impairment in people with mild to moderate dementia: the DAPA RCT

Aerobic and strength training exercise programme for cognitive impairment in people with mild to moderate dementia: the DAPA RCT Aerobic and strength training exercise programme for cognitive impairment in people with mild to moderate dementia: the DAPA RCT Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website (...) search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} A structured exercise programme, while well tolerated and enjoyed, did not produce any clinically meaningful benefit in cognitive function for people with dementia, and a slight worsening was observed. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , & . Sarah E Lamb 1, 2, 3, * , Dipesh Mistry 2 , Sharisse Alleyne 2 , Nicky Atherton 2 , Deborah Brown 3

NIHR HTA programme2018

44. Agitation and Aggression in Long-Term Care Residents with Dementia

Agitation and Aggression in Long-Term Care Residents with Dementia 2018 EVIDENCE UPDATE Managing Agitation and Aggression in Long-Term Care Residents with Dementia 1 2018 Evidence Update: Managing Agitation and Aggression in Long-Term Care Residents with Dementia Pablo Navarro, Stephen Bornstein 2018 EVIDENCE UPDATE Managing Agitation and Aggression in Long-Term Care Residents with Dementia 2 Table of Contents Background 3 Research Question for this Synthesis 4 Results 4 Overview 5 Findings (...) : Interventions Studied in Original Report 5 Music Therapy 6 Staff Training 7 Person Centered Care 7 Person-Centered Bathing 7 Dementia-Care Mapping 8 Emotion-Oriented Care 8 Reducing the Use of Anti-Psychotic Medications 8 Animal-Assisted Therapy 9 Aromatherapy 9 Dance Therapy 9 Pain Treatment 9 Personalized Activities 9 Simulated Family Presence 10 Special Care Units 10 Staff Case Conferences 10 Findings: Interventions Not Reviewed in the Original Report 10 Electro Stimulation 10 Enhancing Family Visits 10

Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Health Information2018

45. Taking the responsibility in dementia care: A concept analysis about facticity

Taking the responsibility in dementia care: A concept analysis about facticity 30062024 2018 11 14 2054-1058 5 3 2018 Jul Nursing open Nurs Open Taking the responsibility in dementia care: A concept analysis about facticity. 310-316 10.1002/nop2.162 The aim of this study is to develop a comprehensive definition of facticity, applicable to dementia nursing. Walker and Avant's Concept Analysis was used to analyse facticity. Published literature found in PubMed, CINAHL, PsycInfo, and Scopus using (...) the search term facticity and nursing, as well as books and dictionaries and empirical data was used to clarify the concept. Facticity in nursing dementia care is being in reality taking on responsibility to truth. Antecedents of facticity include persons occupied with caring a demented older person including full-time duties, often accompanied by resistive behaviours. They are overloaded both physically and psychologically. Being present and feeling compassion and nurturing the relationship

Nursing open2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

46. Dementia And Physical Activity (DAPA) trial of moderate to high intensity exercise training for people with dementia: randomised controlled trial.

Dementia And Physical Activity (DAPA) trial of moderate to high intensity exercise training for people with dementia: randomised controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of a moderate to high intensity aerobic and strength exercise training programme on cognitive impairment and other outcomes in people with mild to moderate dementia. DESIGN: Multicentre, pragmatic, investigator masked, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: National Health Service primary care, community and memory (...) services, dementia research registers, and voluntary sector providers in 15 English regions. PARTICIPANTS: 494 people with dementia: 329 were assigned to an aerobic and strength exercise programme and 165 were assigned to usual care. Random allocation was 2:1 in favour of the exercise arm. INTERVENTIONS: Usual care plus four months of supervised exercise and support for ongoing physical activity, or usual care only. Interventions were delivered in community gym facilities and NHS premises. MAIN OUTCOME

BMJ2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

47. An Assistive Technology System that Provides Personalized Dressing Support for People Living with Dementia: Capability Study

An Assistive Technology System that Provides Personalized Dressing Support for People Living with Dementia: Capability Study 29716885 2018 11 14 2291-9694 6 2 2018 May 01 JMIR medical informatics JMIR Med Inform An Assistive Technology System that Provides Personalized Dressing Support for People Living with Dementia: Capability Study. e21 10.2196/medinform.5587 Individuals living with advancing stages of dementia (persons with dementia, PWDs) or other cognitive disorders do not have the luxury (...) Institute of Health Professions, Charlestown, MA, United States. eng R21 NR013471 NR NINR NIH HHS United States Journal Article 2018 05 01 Canada JMIR Med Inform 101645109 Alzheimer disease disorders, neurocognitive image processing, computer-assisted 2016 02 01 2017 04 28 2016 11 15 2018 5 3 6 0 2018 5 3 6 0 2018 5 3 6 1 epublish 29716885 v6i2e21 10.2196/medinform.5587 PMC5954231 Dementia (London). 2015 Jul;14(4):494-512 24339112 Res Gerontol Nurs. 2010 Jan;3(1):61-72 20128544 Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med

JMIR medical informatics2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

48. Identifying Performance Measures, Indicators and Targets to Monitor and Evaluate Dementia Strategies

Identifying Performance Measures, Indicators and Targets to Monitor and Evaluate Dementia Strategies The image part with relationship ID rId9 was not found in the file. Rapid Synthesis Identifying Performance Measures, Indicators and Targets to Monitor and Evaluate Dementia Strategies 6 April 2018 McMaster Health Forum 1 Evidence >> Insight >> Action Rapid Synthesis: Identifying Performance Measures, Indicators and Targets to Monitor and Evaluate Dementia Strategies Three-day response 6 April (...) 2018 Identifying Performance Measures, Indicators and Targets to Monitor and Evaluate Dementia Strategies 2 Evidence >> Insight >> Action McMaster Health Forum The McMaster Health Forum’s goal is to generate action on the pressing health-system issues of our time, based on the best available research evidence and systematically elicited citizen values and stakeholder insights. We aim to strengthen health systems – locally, nationally, and internationally – and get the right programs, services

McMaster Health Forum2018

49. Anticholinergic drugs and risk of dementia: case-control study.

Anticholinergic drugs and risk of dementia: case-control study. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the association between the duration and level of exposure to different classes of anticholinergic drugs and subsequent incident dementia. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: General practices in the UK contributing to the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. PARTICIPANTS: 40 770 patients aged 65-99 with a diagnosis of dementia between April 2006 and July 2015, and 283 933 controls without dementia (...) . INTERVENTIONS: Daily defined doses of anticholinergic drugs coded using the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden (ACB) scale, in total and grouped by subclass, prescribed 4-20 years before a diagnosis of dementia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Odds ratios for incident dementia, adjusted for a range of demographic and health related covariates. RESULTS: 14 453 (35%) cases and 86 403 (30%) controls were prescribed at least one anticholinergic drug with an ACB score of 3 (definite anticholinergic activity) during

BMJ2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

50. A third of people with dementia have treatable vision problems

A third of people with dementia have treatable vision problems NIHR DC | Signal - A third of people with dementia have treatable vision problems Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover NIHR Signal A third of people with dementia have treatable vision problems Published on 27 September 2016 New data shows that around a third of people with dementia have serious vision problems, such as cataracts or short sightedness, more than the general population of that age. Levels are higher (...) still for people with dementia in care homes – about half have vision problems. Yet this study showed that many of the people with dementia and vision impairment had not received the right treatment. This often involves simple measures. For many, spectacles could have improved poor sight. A quarter had cataracts, which surgery could have corrected. Quality of life is known to improve if visual impairment is corrected. Failure to receive treatment may be due to lack of awareness amongst people

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

51. A coping programme moderately reduces depression and anxiety in carers of people with dementia

A coping programme moderately reduces depression and anxiety in carers of people with dementia NIHR DC | Signal - A coping programme moderately reduces depression and anxiety in carers of people with dementia Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover NIHR Signal A coping programme moderately reduces depression and anxiety in carers of people with dementia Published on 28 October 2015 This NIHR-funded trial found that a programme to support carers of people with dementia (...) was moderately effective in reducing carers’ depression and anxiety scores for up to two years. It was also cost-effective. The programme consisted of eight sessions delivered by psychology graduates, covering topics such as managing difficult behaviour, accessing support and planning for the future. One in three people over 65 develop dementia and family are often the primary caregivers. The findings of this trial support NICE recommendations that the psychological burden upon carers is assessed

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

52. Coordinating care for people with long term conditions and dementia: room for improvement

Coordinating care for people with long term conditions and dementia: room for improvement NIHR DC | Signal - Coordinating care for people with long term conditions and dementia: room for improvement Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover NIHR Signal Coordinating care for people with long term conditions and dementia: room for improvement Published on 26 May 2016 New evidence shows that almost one fifth of people with dementia also have other serious conditions such as stroke (...) , diabetes and visual impairment. Services are not currently designed to provide adequate integrated care for people with dementia plus other conditions. For instance, people with dementia are less likely to get diabetes checks or cataract surgery than those without dementia. Carers are not routinely contacted, and there is a lack of guidance for health professionals covering more than one condition. Implications for practice include incorporating the impact of a diagnosis of dementia on pre-existing

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

53. Person-centred care improves quality of life for care home residents with dementia

Person-centred care improves quality of life for care home residents with dementia NIHR DC | Signal - Person-centred care improves quality of life for care home residents with dementia Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Person-centred care improves quality of life for care home residents with dementia Published on 20 March 2018 A person-centred care intervention for people with dementia living in care homes improved their quality of life, reduced agitation and improved (...) antipsychotic use, as this was low to start with, which is in line with policy to limit use. It supports the feasibility of the intervention, but there is a need to understand which components are most effective and could be implemented on a wide scale with sustainable effects. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? Over 400,000 older people currently live in care homes in the UK. This includes over a third of the UK population with dementia. Many people with dementia have complex care

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

54. A randomised controlled trial to evaluate the impact of a human rights based approach to dementia care in inpatient ward and care home settings.

A randomised controlled trial to evaluate the impact of a human rights based approach to dementia care in inpatient ward and care home settings. A randomised controlled trial to evaluate the impact of a human rights based approach to dementia care in inpatient ward and care home settings. Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from (...) the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} The findings of this study did not support the hypothesis that increasing staff knowledge and attitudes towards human rights improves the quality of life of people with dementia. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , & . Peter Kinderman 1 , Sarah Butchard 2, * , Ashley J Bruen 1 , Abbie Wall 1 , Nia Goulden 3 , Zoe Hoare 3 , Carys Jones 4

NIHR HTA programme2018

55. Diagnostic accuracy of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living for dementia in community-dwelling older adults

Diagnostic accuracy of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living for dementia in community-dwelling older adults 29528375 2018 03 12 1468-2834 2018 Mar 08 Age and ageing Age Ageing Diagnostic accuracy of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living for dementia in community-dwelling older adults. 10.1093/ageing/afy021 many people living with dementia remain underdiagnosed and unrecognised. Screening strategies are important for early detection. to examine whether the Lawton's Instrumental Activities (...) of Daily Living (IADL) scale, compared with other cognitive screening tools-the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Ascertain Dementia 8-item Informant Questionnaire (AD8)-can identify older (≥ 65 years) adults with dementia. population-based cross-sectional observational study. all 19 counties in Taiwan. community-dwelling older adults (n = 10,340; mean age 74.87 ± 6.03). all participants underwent a structured in-person interview. Dementia was identified using National Institute on Aging

EvidenceUpdates2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

56. Withdrawal versus continuation of long-term antipsychotic drug use for behavioural and psychological symptoms in older people with dementia.

Withdrawal versus continuation of long-term antipsychotic drug use for behavioural and psychological symptoms in older people with dementia. BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic agents are often used to treat neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in people with dementia although there is uncertainty about the effectiveness of their long-term use for this indication and concern that they may cause harm, including higher mortality. When behavioural strategies have failed and treatment with antipsychotic drugs (...) is instituted, regular attempts to withdraw them have been recommended in guidelines. Physicians, nurses and families of older people with dementia may be reluctant to stop antipsychotics, fearing deterioration of NPS.This is an update of a Cochrane Review published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether withdrawal of antipsychotic agents is successful in older people with dementia and NPS in primary care or nursing home settings, to list the different strategies for withdrawal of antipsychotic agents

Cochrane2018

57. Living condition, weight loss and cognitive decline among people with dementia

Living condition, weight loss and cognitive decline among people with dementia Living condition, weight loss and cognitive decline among people with dementia - Harsányiová - 2018 - Nursing Open - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search term Search Search term Search The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Living condition, weight loss (...) and cognitive decline among people with dementia Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Trnava University, , Trnava, Slovakia Corresponding Author E-mail address: Faculty of Education, Department of Biology, Trnava University, , Trnava, Slovakia Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, , Bratislava, Slovakia Correspondence Pavol Prokop, Faculty of Education, Department of Biology, Trnava University, Trnava, Slovakia. Email: Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Trnava University, , Trnava

Nursing open2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

58. Astrocyte dysfunction following molybdenum-associated purine loading could initiate Parkinson’s disease with dementia

Astrocyte dysfunction following molybdenum-associated purine loading could initiate Parkinson’s disease with dementia PERSPECTIVE OPEN Astrocyte dysfunction following molybdenum-associated purineloadingcouldinitiateParkinson’sdiseasewithdementia Christopher A. Bourke 1 Sporadic or idiopathic Parkinson’s disease is a movement disorder with a worldwide distribution, a long pre-clinical latent period and a frequent association with dementia. The combination of molybdenum de?ciency and purine (...) ingestion could explain the movement disorder, the distribution, the latent period and the dementia association. Recent studies in sheep have shown that molybdenum de?ciency enables some dietary purines to accumulate in the central nervous system. This causes astrocyte dysfunction, altered neuromodulation and eventually irreversible central nervous system disease. Humans and sheep share the ability to salvage purines and this ability places humans at risk when they ingest xanthosine, inosine, adenosine

NPJ Parkinson's disease2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

59. Reminiscence therapy for dementia.

Reminiscence therapy for dementia. BACKGROUND: This updated Cochrane Review of reminiscence therapy (RT) for dementia was first published in 1998, and last updated in 2005. RT involves the discussion of memories and past experiences with other people using tangible prompts such as photographs or music to evoke memories and stimulate conversation. RT is implemented widely in a range of settings using a variety of formats. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of RT on people living with dementia (...) and their carers, taking into account differences in its implementation, including setting (care home, community) and modality (group, individual). SEARCH METHODS: We searched ALOIS (the Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group's Specialized Register) on 6 April 2017 using the search term 'reminiscence.' SELECTION CRITERIA: We included all randomised controlled trials of RT for dementia in which the duration of the intervention was at least four weeks (or six sessions) and that had a 'no treatment

Cochrane2018

60. Mini-Cog for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease dementia and other dementias within a primary care setting.

Mini-Cog for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease dementia and other dementias within a primary care setting. BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia are becoming increasingly common with the aging of most populations. The majority of individuals with dementia will first present for care and assessment in primary care settings. There is a need for brief dementia screening instruments that can accurately diagnose dementia in primary care settings. The Mini-Cog is a brief (...) , cognitive screening test that is frequently used to evaluate cognition in older adults in various settings. OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of the Mini-Cog for diagnosing Alzheimer's disease dementia and related dementias in a primary care setting. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Register of Diagnostic Test Accuracy Studies, MEDLINE, Embase and four other databases, initially to September 2012. Since then, four updates to the search were

Cochrane2018