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Latest & greatest articles for chronic pain
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on chronic pain or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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The effectiveness of 12 weeks of Pilates intervention on disability, pain and kinesiophobia in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial To assess the effectiveness of 12 weeks of Pilates practice on disability, pain and kinesiophobia in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain.This is a randomized controlled trial.This study was conducted in the university laboratory.A total of 64 participants with chronic non-specific low back pain were included.Participants (...) with Visual Analogue Scale scores of 2.40 (0.26) ( P < 0.001).Pilates intervention in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain is effective in the management of disability, pain and kinesiophobia.
Prospective Randomized Trial of Electrolysis for Chronic Plantar Heel PainChronic plantar heel pain (CPHP) is a common condition with high prevalence rates and a projected cost of treatment of US$192 to US$376 million. There are several therapeutic approaches and there is increased interest in treatments aimed at the regeneration of tissues with poor healing potential. Our purpose was to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle electrolysis in chronic plantar heel (...) measures of the plantar heel ( P < .002). Patients in the experimental group had better results posttreatment at 12 and 24 weeks compared with the control group.With chronic plantar heel pain, ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle electrolysis improved pain and function. This treatment may also decrease fascia thickness.Level I, randomized controlled trial.
Consensus Guidelines on the Use of Intravenous Ketamine Infusions for ChronicPain Consensus Guidelines on the Use of Intravenous Ketamine Infu... : Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Login No user account? Lippincott Journals Subscribers , use your username or email along with your password to log in. Remember me on this computer Register for a free account Registered (...) Reference Manager Save my selection doi: 10.1097/AAP.0000000000000808 CHRONIC AND INTERVENTIONAL PAIN: SPECIAL ARTICLE Open Background Over the past 2 decades, the use of intravenous ketamine infusions as a treatment for chronicpain has increased dramatically, with wide variation in patient selection, dosing, and monitoring. This has led to a chorus of calls from various sources for the development of consensus guidelines. In November 2016, the charge for developing consensus guidelines was approved
Chronicpain Evidence Maps - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading
Effects of a Home-Based Telephone-Supported Physical Activity Program for Older Adult Veterans With Chronic Low Back PainChronic low back pain (CLBP) is highly prevalent in older adults, leading to functional decline.The objective of this study was to evaluate physical activity (PA) only and PA plus cognitive-behavioral therapy for pain (CBT-P) among older adult veterans with CLBP.This study was a pilot randomized trial comparing a 12-week telephone-supported PA-only intervention group (PA
Blended-Learning Pain Neuroscience Education for People With Chronic Spinal Pain: Randomized Controlled Multicenter Trial Available evidence favors the use of pain neuroscience education (PNE) in patients with chronicpain. However, PNE trials are often limited to small sample sizes and, despite the current digital era, the effects of blended-learning PNE (ie, the combination of online digital media with traditional educational methods) have not yet been investigated.The study objective (...) was to examine whether blended-learning PNE is able to improve disability, catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, and illness perceptions.This study was a 2-center, triple-blind randomized controlled trial (participants, statistician, and outcome assessor were masked).The study took place at university hospitals in Ghent and Brussels, Belgium.Participants were 120 people with nonspecific chronic spinal pain (ie, chronic neck pain and low back pain).The intervention was 3 sessions of PNE or biomedically focused back
Noninvasive Nonpharmacological Treatment for ChronicPain: A Systematic Review Comparative Effectiveness Review Number 209 Noninvasive Nonpharmacological Treatment for ChronicPain: A Systematic Review eComparative Effectiveness Review Number 209 Noninvasive Nonpharmacological Treatment for ChronicPain: A Systematic Review Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 5600 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20857 www.ahrq.gov Contract No. 290 (...) nonpharmacological treatments for common chronicpain conditions improve function and pain for at least 1 month after treatment. Key Messages • Interventions that improved function and/or pain for at least 1 month when used for— o Chronic low back pain: Exercise, psychological therapies (primarily cognitive behavioral therapy [CBT]), spinal manipulation, low-level laser therapy, massage, mindfulness-based stress reduction, yoga, acupuncture, multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR). o Chronic neck pain: Exercise
Living with chronicpain: Patients' experiences with healthcare services in Norway To explore the experiences with healthcare received by people living with chronic nonmalignant pain in Norway.A descriptive and explorative qualitative design.A total of 18 individual semistructured interviews was conducted in 2015. Qualitative content analysis was applied.The findings revealed challenges related to a multifaceted pain condition. Participants described interactions with a supportive health care
An evaluation of osteopathic treatment on psychological outcomes with patients suffering from chronicpain: A prospective observational cohort study collected through a health and well-being academy Co-morbid mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression and fear avoidance are often associated with chronicpain. This novel study aimed to explore the impact of osteopathic treatment on several psychological outcome measures relating to anxiety, depression, mental health and fear avoidance (...) for a chronicpain population receiving osteopathic treatment over a 2-week period. The findings show that there were significant reductions in anxiety, pain, mental health dysfunction and improvements in self-care. These results are promising, and it is suggested that now a full-scale randomised controlled trial should be conducted.
Effects of spinal manipulation and pain education on pain in patients with chronic low back pain: a protocol of randomized sham-controlled trial Low back pain (LBP) has more than doubled in the last 20 years, probably influenced by biopsychosocial factors. Noninvasive treatments have been applied in individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP as spinal manipulation and pain education. However, the neurophysiological effects of these treatments are not clear. The aim of this research is to verify (...) the pain control, functional and neurophysiological effects of spinal manipulation, and pain education in individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP.This research is an assessor and subject blinded, 2-arm, randomized sham-controlled trial and will be conducted at Governador Celso Ramos Hospital, Florianópolis, Brazil. One hundred and twenty-eight individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP will be recruited for this study. Individuals will be randomly allocated into one of the two groups: (1) spinal
Effectiveness of Models Used to Deliver Multimodal Care for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: a Rapid Evidence Review Primary care providers (PCPs) face many system- and patient-level challenges in providing multimodal care for patients with complex chronicpain as recommended in some pain management guidelines. Several models have been developed to improve the delivery of multimodal chronicpain care. These models vary in their key components, and work is needed to identify which have (...) the strongest evidence of clinically-important improvements in pain and function. Our objective was to determine which primary care-based multimodal chronicpain care models provide clinically relevant benefits, define key elements of these models, and identify patients who are most likely to benefit.To identify studies, we searched MEDLINE® (1996 to October 2016), CINAHL, reference lists, and numerous other sources and consulted with experts. We used predefined criteria for study selection, data
Fluoroscopic Guided Radiofrequency of Genicular Nerves for Pain Alleviation in Chronic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial Nowadays, pain and disability due to chronic knee arthritis is a very common problem in middle aged people. A lot of modalities for management are available, including conservative analgesics and up to surgical interventions. Radiofrequency ablation of genicular nerves is assumed to be an effective less invasive and safe pain alleviation (...) modality.To evaluate the efficacy of fluoroscopic guided radiofrequency neurotomy of the genicular nerves for alleviation of chronicpain and improvement of function in patients with knee osteoarthritis.A single-blind randomized controlled trial.Pain management unit, and Rheumatology and Rehabilitation clinics of Assiut University hospitals, Assiut, Egypt.This study involved 60 patients with chronic knee osteoarthritis. Radiofrequency neurotomy of the genicular nerves was done for 30 patients (Group
The views and experiences of Malaysian primary care doctors in managing patients with chronic low back pain: a qualitative study Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a common and often difficult to treat condition in the primary care setting. Research involving in-depth exploration on the views and experiences faced by primary care doctors in managing patients with CLBP in Malaysia is limited.To explore the primary care practitioners' views and experiences in managing patients with CLBP.A
Randomized Controlled Trial of Telephone-delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Versus Supportive Care for Chronic Back Pain The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a telephone-delivered, home-based cognitive-behavioral intervention for chronic low back pain in comparison to a matched supportive care (SC) treatment.Participants (N=66) were patients with chronic back pain that were randomized to either an 8-week Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) or a SC condition matched (...) for contact frequency, format, and time. Participants completed validated measures of improvement in back pain disability, pain severity, and overall improvement.Intent-to-treat analyses at posttreatment showed that the treatment groups not show significantly different improvements in back pain disability (mean changes, -2.4 and -2.6 for CBT and SC, respectively; Cohen d, 0.49 and 0.55, respectively) or reductions in pain severity (mean changes, -0.9 and -1.4 for CBT and SC respectively; Cohen d, 0.50
Effects and underlying mechanisms of unstable shoes on chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial To investigate the effects that wearing unstable shoes has on disability, trunk muscle activity, and lumbar spine range of motion (ROM) in patients with chronic lower back pain (CLBP).Randomized controlled trial.Orthopedic Surgery Service.We randomized 40 adults with nonspecific CLBP either to an unstable shoes group ( n = 20) or to the control group ( n = 20).The participants
Effect of Opioid vs Nonopioid Medications on Pain-Related Function in Patients With Chronic Back Pain or Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis Pain: The SPACE Randomized Clinical Trial. Limited evidence is available regarding long-term outcomes of opioids compared with nonopioid medications for chronic pain.To compare opioid vs nonopioid medications over 12 months on pain-related function, pain intensity, and adverse effects.Pragmatic, 12-month, randomized trial with masked outcome assessment. Patients (...) were recruited from Veterans Affairs primary care clinics from June 2013 through December 2015; follow-up was completed December 2016. Eligible patients had moderate to severe chronic back pain or hip or knee osteoarthritis pain despite analgesic use. Of 265 patients enrolled, 25 withdrew prior to randomization and 240 were randomized.Both interventions (opioid and nonopioid medication therapy) followed a treat-to-target strategy aiming for improved pain and function. Each intervention had its own
Web-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy for ChronicPain Patients with Aberrant Drug-Related Behavior: Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Trial There is high unmet need for effective behavioral treatments for chronicpain patients at risk for or with demonstrated histories of opioid misuse. Despite growing evidence supporting technology-based delivery of self-management interventions for chronicpain, very few such programs target co-occurring chronicpain and aberrant drug-related behavior (...) . This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of a novel, web-based self-management intervention, grounded in cognitive behavior therapy, for chronicpain patients with aberrant drug-related behavior.Opioid-treated chronicpain patients at a specialty pain practice who screened positive for aberrant drug-related behavior (N = 110) were randomized to receive treatment as usual plus the web-based program or treatment as usual alone. The primary outcomes of pain severity, pain interference
Pain Neurophysiology Education and Therapeutic Exercise for Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial To assess the effect of a pain neurophysiology education (PNE) program plus therapeutic exercise (TE) for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP).Single-blind randomized controlled trial.Private clinic and university.Patients with CLBP for ≥6 months (N=56).Participants were randomized to receive either a TE program consisting of motor control, stretching (...) , and aerobic exercises (n=28) or the same TE program in addition to a PNE program (n=28), conducted in two 30- to 50-minute sessions in groups of 4 to 6 participants.The primary outcome was pain intensity rated on the numerical pain rating scale which was completed immediately after treatment and at 1- and 3-month follow-up. Secondary outcome measures were pressure pain threshold, finger-to-floor distance, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia
Conventional Radiofrequency Thermocoagulation vs Pulsed Radiofrequency Neuromodulation of Ganglion Impar in Chronic Perineal Pain of Nononcological Origin Chronic nononcological perineal pain has been effectively managed by ganglion Impar block. Chemical neurolysis, cryoablation, and radiofrequency ablation have been the accepted methods of blockade. Recently, pulsed radiofrequency, a novel variant of conventional radiofrequency, has been used for this purpose.This was a prospective, randomized (...) provided a significantly better quality of pain relief with no major side effects in patients with chronic nononcological perineal pain as compared with pulsed radiofrequency.The short-term follow-up period of only six weeks was a major drawback associated with this study.
Literacy-Adapted Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Versus Education for ChronicPain at Low-Income Clinics: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Chronicpain is common and challenging to treat. Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is efficacious, its benefit in disadvantaged populations is largely unknown.To evaluate the efficacy of literacy-adapted and simplified group CBT versus group pain education (EDU) versus usual care.Randomized controlled trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01967342).Community (...) health centers serving low-income patients in Alabama.Adults (aged 19 to 71 years) with mixed chronic pain.CBT and EDU delivered in 10 weekly 90-minute group sessions.Self-reported, postintervention pain intensity (primary outcome) and physical function and depression (secondary outcomes).290 participants were enrolled (70.7% of whom were women, 66.9% minority group members, 72.4% at or below the poverty level, and 35.8% reading below the fifth grade level); 241 (83.1%) participated in posttreatment