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Latest & greatest articles for chronic pain
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on chronic pain or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Chronic Knee Pain Revised 2018 ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® 1 Chronic Knee Pain American College of Radiology ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® Chronic Knee Pain Variant 1: Adult or child greater than or equal to 5 years of age. Chronic knee pain. Initial imaging. Procedure Appropriateness Category Relative Radiation Level Radiography knee Usually Appropriate ? Aspiration knee Usually Not Appropriate Varies CT arthrography knee Usually Not Appropriate ? CT knee with IV contrast Usually (...) . Chronic knee pain. Initial knee radiograph negative or demonstrates joint effusion. Next imaging procedure. Procedure Appropriateness Category Relative Radiation Level MRI knee without IV contrast Usually Appropriate O Aspiration knee May Be Appropriate Varies CT arthrography knee May Be Appropriate ? CT knee without IV contrast May Be Appropriate ? US knee May Be Appropriate (Disagreement) O Radiography hip ipsilateral May Be Appropriate ??? Radiography lumbar spine May Be Appropriate ??? MR
Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment Including Specific Diaphragm Techniques Improves Pain and Disability in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Randomized Trial To investigate the effects of an osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT), which includes a diaphragm intervention compared to the same OMT with a sham diaphragm intervention in chronic nonspecific low back pain (NS-CLBP).Parallel group randomized controlled trial.Private and institutional health centers.Participants (N=66) (18-60y (...) ) with a diagnosis of NS-CLBP lasting at least 3 months.Participants were randomized to receive either an OMT protocol including specific diaphragm techniques (n=33) or the same OMT protocol with a sham diaphragm intervention (n=33), conducted in 5 sessions provided during 4 weeks.The primary outcomes were pain (evaluated with the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire [SF-MPQ] and the visual analog scale [VAS]) and disability (assessed with the Roland-Morris Questionnaire [RMQ] and the Oswestry Disability Index
Effect of Mobile Device-Supported Single-Patient Multi-crossover Trials on Treatment of Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial Individually designed single-patient multi-crossover (n-of-1) trials can facilitate tailoring of treatments directed at various conditions, including chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMSP) but are potentially burdensome, which may limit uptake in research and practice.To determine whether patients randomized to participate in an n-of-1 trial supported (...) by a mobile health (mHealth) app would experience less pain and improved global health, adherence, satisfaction, and shared decision making compared with patients assigned to usual care.This randomized clinical trial compared participation in an individualized, mHealth-supported n-of-1 trial vs usual care. The participating 215 patients had CMSP for at least 6 weeks, had a smartphone or tablet with a data plan, were enrolled in northern California from July 2014 through July 2016, and were followed for up
The Effects of a Life Stress Emotional Awareness and Expression Interview for Women with Chronic Urogenital Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial Women with chronic urogenital pain (CUP) conditions have elevated rates of lifetime trauma, relational stress, and emotional conflicts, but directly assessing and treating psychological stress is rarely done in women's health care settings. We developed and tested the effects on patients' somatic and psychological symptoms of a life stress interview (...) that encourages disclosure about stressors and uses experiential techniques to increase awareness of links between stress, emotions, and symptoms.In this randomized trial, women with CUP recruited at a multidisciplinary women's urology center received either a single 90-minute life stress interview (N = 37) or no interview (treatment-as-usual control; N = 25). Self-report measures of pain severity (primary outcome), pain interference, pelvic floor symptoms, and psychological symptoms (anxiety and depression
ChronicPain Among Suicide Decedents, 2003 to 2014: Findings From the National Violent Death Reporting System. More than 25 million adults in the United States have chronicpain. Chronicpain has been associated with suicidality, but previous studies primarily examined nonfatal suicidal behaviors rather than suicide deaths associated with chronicpain or the characteristics of such deaths.To estimate the prevalence of chronicpain among suicide decedents in a large multistate sample (...) states participating in the NVDRS.Suicide decedents with and without chronicpain who died during 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2014.Demographic characteristics, mechanism of death, toxicology results, precipitating circumstances (mental health, substance use, interpersonal problems, life stressors), and suicide planning and intent.Of 123 181 suicide decedents included in the study, 10 789 (8.8%) had evidence of chronicpain, and the percentage increased from 7.4% in 2003 to 10.2% in 2014. More than
Chronic Pelvic PainChronic Pelvic Pain | Uroweb › Chronic Pelvic PainChronic Pelvic Pain To access the pdfs & translations of individual guidelines, please as EAU member. Non-EAU members can view the web versions. To become an EAU member, click . D. Engeler (Chair), A.P. Baranowski, B. Berghmans, J. Borovicka, A.M. Cottrell, P.S. Elneil, J. Hughes, E. Messelink (Vice-chair), A.C. de C Williams Guidelines Associates: L. Pacheco-Figueiredo, B. Parsons, S. Goonewardene TABLE OF CONTENTS (...) REFERENCES 1. Fall, M., et al., EAU Guidelines on Chronic Pelvic Pain., In: EAU Guidelines on Chronic Pelvic Pain. Presented at the 18th EAU Annual Congress Madrid 2003. 2003, European Association of Urology: Arnhem. 2. Fall, M., et al. EAU guidelines on chronic pelvic pain. Eur Urol, 2004. 46: 681. 3. Fall, M., et al., EAU Guidelines on Chronic Pelvic Pain, In: EAU Guidelines on Chronic Pelvic Pain. Presented at the 18th EAU Annual Congress Barcelona 2010. 2010, EAU: Arnhem. 4. Fall, M., et al. EAU
Traditional and augmented reality mirror therapy for patients with chronic phantom limb pain (PACT study): results of a three-group, multicentre single-blind randomized controlled trial To compare the effects of traditional mirror therapy (MT), a patient-centred teletreatment (PACT) and sensomotor exercises without a mirror on phantom limb pain (PLP).Three-arm multicentre randomized controlled trial.Rehabilitation centres, hospital and private practices.Adult patients with unilateral lower limb (...) total, 75 patients received traditional MT ( n = 25), teletreatment ( n = 26) or sensomotor exercises ( n = 24). Mean (SD) age was 61.1 (14.2) years and mean (SD) pain intensity was 5.7 (2.1) on the NRS. Effects of MT at four weeks on PLP were not significant. MT significantly reduced the duration of PLP at six months compared to the teletreatment ( P = 0.050) and control group ( P = 0.019). Subgroup analyses suggested significant effects on PLP in women, patients with telescoping and patients
Efficacy of adding interoceptive exposure to intensive interdisciplinary treatment for adolescents with chronicpain: a randomized controlled trial Fear of pain plays an important role in the maintenance of chronicpain. It may be reduced through exposure therapy. This 2-arm parallel samples randomized controlled trial aimed to investigate whether interoceptive exposure (IE) therapy enhances reductions in fear of pain (primary outcome), pain (pain intensity, pain-related disability, and school (...) absence), and emotional characteristics (anxiety and catastrophizing) when implemented as an adjunctive treatment in the context of intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment for pediatric chronicpain patients. N = 126 adolescents, aged 11 to 17 years, who were receiving standard intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment were randomly assigned to either receive additional IE (n = 64) or additional relaxation therapy (RT) (n = 62). All patients were assessed at admission, discharge, and 3 months
Proximal Medial Gastrocnemius Recession and Stretching Versus Stretching as Treatment of Chronic Plantar Heel Pain Plantar heel pain is a common disorder that can lead to substantial pain and disability. Gastrocnemius recession has been described as an operative treatment option, but there is a lack of prospective clinical and biomechanical outcome data. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and biomechanical outcomes of gastrocnemius recession and stretching compared (...) with a stretching exercise protocol for patients with plantar heel pain lasting more than 12 months.Forty patients with plantar heel pain lasting more than 1 year were randomized to a home stretching exercise program only or to surgery consisting of a proximal medial gastrocnemius recession in addition to stretching exercises. The main outcome was the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score at 12 months. Secondary clinical outcomes were the Short Form-36 (SF-36) and visual
Chronicpain after total knee arthroplasty Despite a good outcome for many patients, approximately 20% of patients experience chronicpain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).Chronicpain after TKA can affect all dimensions of health-related quality of life, and is associated with functional limitations, pain-related distress, depression, poorer general health and social isolation.In both clinical and research settings, the approach to assessing chronicpain after TKA needs to be in-depth (...) and multidimensional to understand the characteristics and impact of this pain. Assessment of this pain has been inadequate in the past, but there are encouraging trends for increased use of validated patient-reported outcome measures.Risk factors for chronicpain after TKA can be considered as those present before surgery, intraoperatively or in the acute postoperative period. Knowledge of risk factors is important to guide the development of interventions and to help to target care. Evaluations of preoperative
Chronicpain Top results for chronicpain - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2 (...) ) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for chronicpain The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms
The effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with group exercise treatment in subjects with chronic low back pain: a pilot randomized control trial To test the efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in addition to group exercise on non-specific chronic low back pain.Double-blinded randomized control trial.Patients with non-specific chronic low back pain.A total of 35 subjects were recruited and allocated to real- or sham-tDCS followed by a group (...) exercise protocol. Each patient underwent five sessions of brain stimulation followed by 10 sessions of group exercise. Subjects were evaluated before and after tDCS, after group exercise and one month after the combined treatment. Outcome measures were Visual Analog Scale for pain intensity, Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire, EuroQuol-5 Dimension and Patient Health Questionnaire-9.Significant between-group difference in pain intensity (-27.7 ± 30.4 mm in real-tDCS group compared to -2.2 ± 30.1 mm
Should thoracic paravertebral blocks be used to prevent chronic postsurgical pain after breast cancer surgery? A systematic analysis of evidence in light of IMMPACT recommendations The role of thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) in preventing chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) after breast cancer surgery (BCS) has gained interest, but existing evidence is conflicting, and its methodological quality is unclear. This meta-analysis evaluates efficacy of PVB, compared with Control group, in preventing (...) CPSP after BCS, in light of the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT) recommendations. Electronic databases were searched for randomized trials comparing PVB with Control group for CPSP prevention after BCS. Eligible trials were assessed for adherence to IMMPACT recommendations. The primary outcomes were CPSP at 3 and 6 months, whereas secondary outcomes were PVB-related complications. Data were pooled and analyzed using random-effects modelling. Trial
Transaxial interbody lumbosacral fusion for severe chronic low back pain T T r ransaxial interbody lumbosacr ansaxial interbody lumbosacral fusion for al fusion for se sev vere chronic low back pain ere chronic low back pain Interventional procedures guidance Published: 25 July 2018 nice.org.uk/guidance/ipg620 Y Y our responsibility our responsibility This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement (...) (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 1 of 41 1 Recommendations Recommendations 1.1 Evidence on the safety of transaxial interbody lumbosacral fusion for severe chronic low back pain shows that there are serious but well-recognised complications. Evidence on efficacy is adequate in quality and quantity. Therefore, this procedure may be used provided that standard arrangements are in place for clinical governance, consent and audit. 1.2 This procedure should only
Kinesio taping reduces elbow pain during resisted wrist extension in patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis: a randomized, double-blinded, cross-over study Lateral epicondylitis is frequently seen in racquet sport players and the treatments are usually symptomatic rather than curative. Taping therapy is cheap and easy to apply in the sport field. In this study we valued the effectiveness of Kinesio taping (KT) on immediate pain control for patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis.We (...) conducted a randomized, double-blinded, cross-over study with 15 patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis. All participants received two taping sessions in a random order with a 3-day interval in between: one with KT and the other with sham taping (ST). Pain perceived during resisted wrist extension and at rest using numeric rating scale (NRS), the pain-free grip strength, and the pressure pain threshold, were measured before and 15 min after the tape was applied.A significant reduction of 2.1 ± 1.6
Effects of Electroacupuncture on Opioid Consumption in Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial To evaluate the efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture in reducing opioid consumption in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain.A randomized, participant-assessor-blinded, three-arm trial.Participants from three pain clinics and from the public.One hundred and eight adults with chronicpain who were taking opioids.All participants received pain (...) at the end of the treatment phase, but without any group difference. Intensity of pain of all three groups did not change over time. No group differences were found in dosage of nonopioid analgesics, pain intensity, function, and opioid-related adverse events. During follow-up, the education group had a 47% reduction of opioids after a course of electroacupuncture. Adverse events to electroacupuncture were minor.It is safe to reduce opioid medication use in patients with chronicpain. Due to the small