Latest & greatest articles for chlorhexidine

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Top results for chlorhexidine

101. Preoperative whole-body bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate for prevention of surgical site infection

Preoperative whole-body bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate for prevention of surgical site infection Preoperative whole-body bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate for prevention of surgical site infection Preoperative whole-body bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate for prevention of surgical site infection Citation Preoperative whole-body bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate for prevention of surgical site infection. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc.. 2009 Authors' objectives

Surgical site infections (...) (SSIs) occur in approximately 2.0% to 3.5% of surgeries and have potentially serious consequences including death. These infections prolong hospitalization and increase costs. Whole-body bathing with an antiseptic such as chlorhexidine gluconate is widely employed before surgery to decrease the number of bacteria on the skin, in an attempt to decrease the incidence of SSIs. Despite their widespread use, it has not been conclusively shown that bathing or showering with these antiseptics actually

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2009

102. Chlorhexidine and Caries Incidence In School-Based Programs

Chlorhexidine and Caries Incidence In School-Based Programs UTCAT452, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Chlorhexidine Does not Reduce Caries Incidence In School-Based Programs Compared with Regular Fluoride Use and Oral Hygiene Clinical Question In school-based programs with children and adolescents, is it more beneficial to use Chlorhexidine to prevent dental caries compared to fluoride treatment (...) ? Clinical Bottom Line In school-based programs, repeated application of chlorhexidine does not lower the caries incidence in young individuals any more than regular fluoride use and oral hygiene practices. (See Comments on the CAT below) Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Ersin/2008 149 eleven to thirteen year olds with high caries risk and low caries incidence Randomized Clinical Trial Key

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2009

103. Chlorhexidine-impregnated sponges and less frequent dressing changes for prevention of catheter-related infections in critically ill adults: a randomized controlled trial.

Chlorhexidine-impregnated sponges and less frequent dressing changes for prevention of catheter-related infections in critically ill adults: a randomized controlled trial. 19318651 2009 03 25 2009 04 01 2016 10 17 1538-3598 301 12 2009 Mar 25 JAMA JAMA Chlorhexidine-impregnated sponges and less frequent dressing changes for prevention of catheter-related infections in critically ill adults: a randomized controlled trial. 1231-41 10.1001/jama.2009.376 Use of a chlorhexidine gluconate-impregnated (...) , Local MOR84MUD8E chlorhexidine gluconate R4KO0DY52L Chlorhexidine AIM IM JAMA. 2009 Mar 25;301(12):1285-7 19318658 Evid Based Nurs. 2009 Oct;12(4):115 19779082 JAMA. 2009 Jul 22;302(4):379; author reply 380 19622811 JAMA. 2009 Jul 22;302(4):379; author reply 380 19622810 Adult Aged Anti-Infective Agents, Local therapeutic use Catheter-Related Infections prevention & control Catheters, Indwelling microbiology Chlorhexidine analogs & derivatives therapeutic use Critical Illness Female Humans Male

JAMA2009

104. Chlorhexidine maternal-vaginal and neonate body wipes in sepsis and vertical transmission of pathogenic bacteria in South Africa: a randomised, controlled trial.

Chlorhexidine maternal-vaginal and neonate body wipes in sepsis and vertical transmission of pathogenic bacteria in South Africa: a randomised, controlled trial. 19846212 2009 12 07 2009 12 22 2015 06 16 1474-547X 374 9705 2009 Dec 05 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Chlorhexidine maternal-vaginal and neonate body wipes in sepsis and vertical transmission of pathogenic bacteria in South Africa: a randomised, controlled trial. 1909-16 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61339-8 About 500,000 sepsis-related (...) deaths per year arise in the first 3 days of life. On the basis of results from non-randomised studies, use of vaginal chlorhexidine wipes during labour has been proposed as an intervention for the prevention of early-onset neonatal sepsis in developing countries. We therefore assessed the efficacy of chlorhexidine in early-onset neonatal sepsis and vertical transmission of group B streptococcus. In a trial in Soweto, South Africa, 8011 women (aged 12-51 years) were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio

Lancet2009

105. Decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine reduced nosocomial infections in cardiac surgery

Decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine reduced nosocomial infections in cardiac surgery Decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine reduced nosocomial infections in cardiac surgery | Evidence-Based Nursing This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username (...) * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine reduced nosocomial infections in cardiac surgery Article Text Treatment Decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine reduced

Evidence-Based Nursing (Requires free registration)2008

106. Efficacy of sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine against Enterococcus faecalis: a systematic review

Efficacy of sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine against Enterococcus faecalis: a systematic review Efficacy of sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine against Enterococcus faecalis: a systematic review Efficacy of sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine against Enterococcus faecalis: a systematic review Estrela C, Silva JA, de Alencar AH, Leles CR, Decurcio DA CRD summary This review concluded that sodium hypochlorite had low ability to eliminate Enterococcus faecalis when evaluated by polymerase (...) chain reaction or by culture. It included small studies with uncertain validity and the authors' conclusions should be treated with caution. Authors' objectives To review the findings on the antibacterial efficacy of sodium hypochlorite or chlorhexidine against Enterococcus faecalis in endodontic infection. Searching English-language studies were identified through a search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials

DARE.2008

107. Use of chlorhexidine varnishes in preventing and treating periodontal disease: a review of the literature

Use of chlorhexidine varnishes in preventing and treating periodontal disease: a review of the literature Use of chlorhexidine varnishes in preventing and treating periodontal disease: a review of the literature Use of chlorhexidine varnishes in preventing and treating periodontal disease: a review of the literature Puig Silla M, Montiel Company J M, Almerich Silla, J M CRD summary The authors concluded that chlorhexidine varnish may be of benefit for chronic gingivitis and that high (...) -concentration varnish may help reduce pocket depth following scaling and root planing for chronic periodontitis. Poor reporting of review methods and failure to assess study validity or quantify effect sizes meant that the conclusions may need to be regarded with caution. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of chlorhexidine varnishes for preventing and treating periodontal disease. Searching PubMed, EMBASE and The Cochrane Library were searched in June 2007. Search terms were reported. Study

DARE.2008

108. Oral decontamination with chlorhexidine reduced ventilator associated pneumonia in patients needing mechanical ventilation for 48 hours

Oral decontamination with chlorhexidine reduced ventilator associated pneumonia in patients needing mechanical ventilation for 48 hours Oral decontamination with chlorhexidine reduced ventilator associated pneumonia in patients needing mechanical ventilation for ⩾48 hours | Evidence-Based Nursing This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers (...) of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Oral decontamination with chlorhexidine reduced ventilator associated pneumonia in patients needing mechanical ventilation for ⩾48 hours Article Text Treatment Oral decontamination

Evidence-Based Nursing (Requires free registration)2008

109. Oral Decontamination with Chlorhexidine Reduces the Incidence of Ventilator-associated Pneumonia.

Oral Decontamination with Chlorhexidine Reduces the Incidence of Ventilator-associated Pneumonia. PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2007

110. Topical chlorhexidine for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a meta-analysis

Topical chlorhexidine for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a meta-analysis Topical chlorhexidine for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a meta-analysis Topical chlorhexidine for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a meta-analysis Chlebicki M P, Safdar N CRD summary This review reported that topical application of chlorhexidine is useful for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients. This was a well-conducted review (...) , but the conclusions should have been slightly more cautious given the clinical and statistical differences between the studies and the unknown quality of some of the included trials. Authors' objectives To assess the efficacy of topical chlorhexidine for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Searching PubMed (including MEDLINE), Current Contents, CINAHL, DARE and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to April 2006; keywords were provided. The authors also searched Conference Papers

DARE.2007

111. The effect of different formulations of chlorhexidine in reducing levels of mutans streptococci in the oral cavity: a systematic review of the literature

The effect of different formulations of chlorhexidine in reducing levels of mutans streptococci in the oral cavity: a systematic review of the literature The effect of different formulations of chlorhexidine in reducing levels of mutans streptococci in the oral cavity: a systematic review of the literature The effect of different formulations of chlorhexidine in reducing levels of mutans streptococci in the oral cavity: a systematic review of the literature Ribeiro L G, Hashizume L N, Maltz M (...) CRD summary The authors concluded that chlorhexidine mouthwash had no lasting effect on mutans streptococci levels, but 1% gel worked for up to 26 weeks after intensive treatment or 10 to 14 daily applications. Results for varnish were inconsistent. The limited search, failure to conduct validity assessment and lack of conclusive randomised evidence mean that the findings may not be reliable. Authors' objectives To evaluate the duration of effect of chlorhexidine (CHX) solutions, gels

DARE.2007

112. Chlorhexidine varnish for preventing dental caries in children, adolescents and young adults: a systematic review

Chlorhexidine varnish for preventing dental caries in children, adolescents and young adults: a systematic review Chlorhexidine varnish for preventing dental caries in children, adolescents and young adults: a systematic review Chlorhexidine varnish for preventing dental caries in children, adolescents and young adults: a systematic review Zhang Q, van Palenstein-Helderman W H, van't Hof M A, Truin G J CRD summary This review tentatively concluded that chlorhexidine varnish has a moderate (...) caries-inhibiting effect in children and young adults when applied every 3 to 4 months, but this appears to diminish approximately 2 years after the last application. Given the small number of variable studies, the authors are justified in advising caution when interpreting the results. Authors' objectives To determine the caries-inhibiting effects of chlorhexidine (CHX) varnishes, and the effects of application frequency and time between application and evaluation, on the permanent dentition

DARE.2006

113. Cost-effectiveness analysis of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone-iodine solution for catheter-site care in Siriraj Hospital, Thailand

Cost-effectiveness analysis of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone-iodine solution for catheter-site care in Siriraj Hospital, Thailand Cost-effectiveness analysis of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone-iodine solution for catheter-site care in Siriraj Hospital, Thailand Cost-effectiveness analysis of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone-iodine solution for catheter-site care in Siriraj Hospital, Thailand Maenthaisong R, Chaiyakunapruk N, Thamlikitkul V Record (...) Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary The study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of antiseptics such as chlorhexidine gluconate (CG) and povidone-iodine solution (PI) for the prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2006

114. Topical applications of chlorhexidine to the umbilical cord for prevention of omphalitis and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomised trial.

Topical applications of chlorhexidine to the umbilical cord for prevention of omphalitis and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomised trial. 16546539 2006 03 20 2006 03 31 2016 12 15 1474-547X 367 9514 2006 Mar 18 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Topical applications of chlorhexidine to the umbilical cord for prevention of omphalitis and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomised trial. 910-8 Omphalitis contributes to neonatal (...) morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Umbilical cord cleansing with antiseptics might reduce infection and mortality risk, but has not been rigorously investigated. In our community-based, cluster-randomised trial, 413 communities in Sarlahi, Nepal, were randomly assigned to one of three cord-care regimens. 4934 infants were assigned to 4.0% chlorhexidine, 5107 to cleansing with soap and water, and 5082 to dry cord care. In intervention clusters, the newborn cord was cleansed in the home

Lancet2006 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

115. Prevention of nosocomial infection in cardiac surgery by decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine gluconate: a randomized controlled trial.

Prevention of nosocomial infection in cardiac surgery by decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine gluconate: a randomized controlled trial. 17119142 2006 11 22 2006 11 27 2016 10 17 1538-3598 296 20 2006 Nov 22 JAMA JAMA Prevention of nosocomial infection in cardiac surgery by decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine gluconate: a randomized controlled trial. 2460-6 Nosocomial infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality (...) after cardiac surgery. Decolonization of endogenous potential pathogenic microorganisms is important in the prevention of nosocomial infections. To determine the efficacy of perioperative decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate for reduction of nosocomial infection after cardiac surgery. A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial conducted at the Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, between August 1, 2003

JAMA2006

116. Prevention of alveolar osteitis with chlorhexidine: a meta-analytic review

Prevention of alveolar osteitis with chlorhexidine: a meta-analytic review Prevention of alveolar osteitis with chlorhexidine: a meta-analytic review Prevention of alveolar osteitis with chlorhexidine: a meta-analytic review Caso A, Hung L K, Beirne O R CRD summary This review assessed whether rinsing with chlorhexidine reduced the occurrence of alveolar osteitis (AO) following mandibular third molar removal. The authors concluded that multiple rinsing may reduce the incidence of AO (...) . It was difficult to establish the robustness of the findings due to poor reporting of the review methods and a lack of information on the individual studies. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effect of using a chlorhexidine (CHX) rinse, following third molar removal, on the rate of alveolar osteitis (AO). Searching MEDLINE was searched without any language restrictions; the search terms were reported, but not the dates searched. Science citations and the bibliographies of identified studies were also

DARE.2005

117. Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour to prevent early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal infection.

Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour to prevent early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal infection. BACKGROUND: Early-onset group B beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GBS) infection accounts for approximately 30% of neonatal infections, has a high mortality rate and is acquired through vertical transmission from colonized mothers. Several trials have demonstrated the efficacy of intrapartum chemoprophylaxis (IPC) for preventing early-onset disease (EOD). Vaginal disinfection with chlorhexidine (...) during labour has been proposed as another strategy for preventing GBS EOD in the preterm and term neonate. Chlorhexidine has been found to have no impact on antibiotic resistance, is inexpensive, and applicable to poorly equipped delivery sites. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of vaginal disinfection with chlorhexidine during labour for preventing early-onset GBS infection in preterm and term neonates. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth trials register

Cochrane2004

118. Vascular catheter site care: the clinical and economic benefits of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone iodine

Vascular catheter site care: the clinical and economic benefits of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone iodine Vascular catheter site care: the clinical and economic benefits of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone iodine Vascular catheter site care: the clinical and economic benefits of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone iodine Chaiyakunapruk N, Veenstra D L, Lipsky B A, Sullivan S D, Saint S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of chlorhexidine gluconate and povidone iodine for vascular catheter insertion site care was investigated. Type of intervention Primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2003

119. Chlorhexidine compared with povidone-iodine solution for vascular catheter-site care: a meta-analysis

Chlorhexidine compared with povidone-iodine solution for vascular catheter-site care: a meta-analysis Chlorhexidine compared with povidone-iodine solution for vascular catheter-site care: a meta-analysis Chlorhexidine compared with povidone-iodine solution for vascular catheter-site care: a meta-analysis Chaiyakunapruk N, Veenstra D L, Lipsky B A, Saint S Authors' objectives To evaluate the efficacy of skin disinfection with chlorhexidine gluconate, compared with povidone-iodine solution (...) , in preventing vascular catheter-related bloodstream infection. Searching MEDLINE (1966 to 2001), CINAHL (1982 to 2001), Doctoral Dissertation Abstracts (1861 to 2001), International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1970 to 2001), EMBASE, LexisNexis, ISI Web of Sciences and the Cochrane Library (dates not specified) were searched. The MeSH terms 'chlorhexidine' and 'catheterization' and the exploded keywords 'chlorhexidine' and 'catheter' were used for the searches. No language restrictions were applied. Index

DARE.2002

120. A meta-analysis of clinical studies on the caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment

A meta-analysis of clinical studies on the caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment A meta-analysis of clinical studies on the caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment A meta-analysis of clinical studies on the caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment van Rijkom H M, Truin G J, van't Hof M A Authors' objectives To perform a meta-analysis on the caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment, and to explore potential modifying factors. Searching MEDLINE (...) was searched from 1975 to 1994 using the keywords 'chlorhexidine' and '(dental) caries'. The search was restricted to studies published in English, French or German. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which treatment duration was of at least 1 year and incidence of surface caries was evaluated at the end of this time. Specific interventions included in the review Chlorhexidine applied as either a gel, paste or rinse. Participants

DARE.1996