Latest & greatest articles for chlorhexidine

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Top results for chlorhexidine

41. 2% chlorhexidine-70% isopropyl alcohol versus 10% povidone-iodine for insertion site cleaning before central line insertion in preterm infants: a randomised trial (Full text)

2% chlorhexidine-70% isopropyl alcohol versus 10% povidone-iodine for insertion site cleaning before central line insertion in preterm infants: a randomised trial To determine whether 2% chlorhexidine gluconate-70% isopropyl alcohol (CHX-IA) is superior to 10% aqueous povidone-iodine (PI) in preventing catheter-related blood stream infection (CR-BSI) when used to clean insertion sites before placing central venous catheters (CVCs) in preterm infants.Randomised controlled trial.Two neonatal

2017 EvidenceUpdates PubMed abstract

42. Preoperative bathing with chlorhexidine reduces the incidence of surgical site infections after total knee arthroplasty: A meta-analysis. (Full text)

Preoperative bathing with chlorhexidine reduces the incidence of surgical site infections after total knee arthroplasty: A meta-analysis. Surgical site infection is a devastating postoperative complication, and the occurrence ranges from 1% to 2% after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The efficacy of the preoperative use of chlorhexidine for reducing infection has been debated. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the efficacy of the use of chlorhexidine to prevent surgical site infections after (...) TKA.In February 2017, a systematic literature review was conducted using the following electronic databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the Google database. Data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and retrospective comparative study (RCS) that compared the use of chlorhexidine versus control washes to prep patients for TKA were retrieved. The primary endpoint was to compare the total incidence of infection with and without the use

2017 Medicine PubMed abstract

43. The clinical evaluation of Vi-one chlorhexidine mouthwash on plaque-induced gingivitis: A double-blind randomized clinical trial (Full text)

The clinical evaluation of Vi-one chlorhexidine mouthwash on plaque-induced gingivitis: A double-blind randomized clinical trial Chlorhexidine (CHX) is the most effective antiseptic mouthwash to date. Essential oil such as thymol, have inhibitory and biocidal effects a range of bacteria.To determine the effect of mouthwash containing CHX and thymol on plaque induced gingivitis.This double-blind randomized clinical trial study was performed on 60 patients with plaque induced gingivitis who were

2017 Electronic physician Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

44. Alcoholic versus aqueous chlorhexidine for skin antisepsis: the AVALANCHE trial (Full text)

Alcoholic versus aqueous chlorhexidine for skin antisepsis: the AVALANCHE trial Preoperative skin antisepsis is routine practice. We compared alcoholic chlorhexidine with aqueous chlorhexidine for skin antisepsis to prevent surgical site infection after minor skin excisions in general practice.We conducted this prospective, multicentre, randomized controlled trial in 4 private general practices in North Queensland, Australia, from October 2015 to August 2016. Consecutive adult patients (...) presenting for minor skin excisions were randomly assigned to undergo preoperative skin antisepsis with 0.5% chlorhexidine in 70% ethanol (intervention) or 0.5% chlorhexidine aqueous solution (control). Our primary outcome was surgical site infection within 30 days of excision. We also measured the incidence of adverse reactions.A total of 916 patients were included in the study: 454 underwent antisepsis with alcoholic chlorhexidine and 462 with aqueous chlorhexidine. Of these, 909 completed follow-up

2017 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: predicted high PubMed abstract

45. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Preoperative Antisepsis with Combination Chlorhexidine and Povidone-Iodine. (Full text)

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Preoperative Antisepsis with Combination Chlorhexidine and Povidone-Iodine. Importance  Effective preoperative antisepsis is recognized to prevent surgical site infection (SSI), although the definitive method is unclear. Many have compared chlorhexidine (CHG) with povidone-iodine (PVI), but there is emerging evidence for combination usage. Objective  To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate if combination skin preparation (1) reduces

2017 Surgery journal (New York, N.Y.) PubMed abstract

46. The Effectiveness of Chlorhexidine bath in the prevention of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in the Adult inpatient wards. A systematic review. (Abstract)

The Effectiveness of Chlorhexidine bath in the prevention of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in the Adult inpatient wards. A systematic review. 27820383 2019 11 20 1838-2142 8 34 Suppl 2010 JBI library of systematic reviews JBI Libr Syst Rev The Effectiveness of Chlorhexidine bath in the prevention of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in the Adult inpatient wards. A systematic review. 1-23 eng Journal Article Australia JBI Libr Syst Rev 101688957 1838-2142

2017 JBI library of systematic reviews

47. The Effectiveness of Chlorhexidine bath in the prevention of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in the Adult inpatient wards. A systematic review. (Abstract)

The Effectiveness of Chlorhexidine bath in the prevention of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in the Adult inpatient wards. A systematic review. 27820108 2019 11 20 1838-2142 9 48 Suppl 2011 JBI library of systematic reviews JBI Libr Syst Rev The Effectiveness of Chlorhexidine bath in the prevention of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in the Adult inpatient wards. A systematic review. 1-23 eng Journal Article Australia JBI Libr Syst Rev 101688957 1838-2142

2017 JBI library of systematic reviews

48. The efficacy of daily chlorhexidine bathing for preventing healthcare-associated infections in adult intensive care units. (Full text)

The efficacy of daily chlorhexidine bathing for preventing healthcare-associated infections in adult intensive care units. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in critically ill patients with prolonged length of hospital stay and increased medical costs. The aim of this study is to assess whether daily chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) bathing will significantly reduce the rates of HAIs in adult intensive care units (ICUs).PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials

2017 The Korean journal of internal medicine PubMed abstract

49. [Chlorhexidine Bed-Bath Improves CLABSI: A Meta-Analysis]. (Abstract)

[Chlorhexidine Bed-Bath Improves CLABSI: A Meta-Analysis]. Central catheters are used primarily in ICU settings. Bloodstream infections in the central line of central catheters have been shown to cause longer hospital stays for patients and result in higher medical costs.The present study applies a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the effect of a 2% chlorhexidine (CHG) bed-bath on the risk of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI).The Public Health Resource Unit

2017 Hu li za zhi The journal of nursing

50. Preoperative chlorhexidine versus povidone-iodine antisepsis for preventing surgical site infection: A Meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis of randomized controlled trials. (Full text)

Preoperative chlorhexidine versus povidone-iodine antisepsis for preventing surgical site infection: A Meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis of randomized controlled trials. This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor of the Journal. The retraction has been made because the Editor has been informed that a similar

2017 International journal of surgery (London, England) PubMed abstract

51. Chlorhexidine Treatment After Etching Leads to Decreased Microleakage of Final Restorations in Class V Lesions

Chlorhexidine Treatment After Etching Leads to Decreased Microleakage of Final Restorations in Class V Lesions UTCAT3229, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Chlorhexidine Treatment After Etching Leads to Decreased Microleakage of Final Restorations in Class V Lesions Clinical Question In patients with Class V lesions, does application of chlorhexidine after etching of the preparation, compared (...) to application of chlorhexidine prior to etching, result in less microleakage of the final restoration? Clinical Bottom Line In a patient presenting with a Class V lesion, it has been observed that application of chlorhexidine after etching leads to a decreased amount of microleakage of the final restoration compared to lesions that were pretreated with chlorhexidine prior to the restoration procedure. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

52. Chlorhexidine mouthwash as an anticaries agent: 
A systematic review. (Abstract)

Chlorhexidine mouthwash as an anticaries agent: 
A systematic review. To evaluate the effectiveness of chlorhexidine mouthwashes on the reduction of cariogenic bacteria on patients with moderate to high risk for dental caries.A systematic review of the literature was performed using Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science. The search was limited to articles in English, Spanish, and Portuguese, published until January 2017. The research question was formulated following (...) the PICO strategy. The risk of bias was evaluated using the guidelines of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions.All the authors found statistically significant differences in Streptococcus mutans levels during and after the use of a chlorhexidine mouthwash. Although the results are suggestive, there is a clear need for the development of new studies with higher quality and with longer follow-ups, in order to assess whether the results translate into less development of dental

2017 Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985)

53. The efficacy of chlorhexidine gel in the prevention of alveolar osteitis after mandibular third molar extraction: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

The efficacy of chlorhexidine gel in the prevention of alveolar osteitis after mandibular third molar extraction: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Alveolar osteitis is a very painful and distressing condition for a patient who has recently undergone a tooth extraction and has led dental professionals to search for preventive measures. The aim of this meta-analysis to determine the effect of chlorhexidine (CHX) gel on the incidence of alveolar osteitis after mandibular third molar (...) extraction.Studies were searched for on electronic search engines using Medline (PubMed), Cochrane central, Scopus and advanced Google Scholar from May 2015 to December 2015. Randomized controlled trial studies with a history of mandibular third molar extraction, along with the administration of topical chlorhexidine gel were included. The risk of bias of the selected articles was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool. RevMan 5.3 Software was used to analyze the pooled effect. I2

2017 BMC oral health PubMed abstract

54. Turmeric in a Mouth Rinse or in Gel Form Can Be Used to Reduce Plaque Accumulation and to Prevent and Treat Gingivitis as Effectively as a Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse

Turmeric in a Mouth Rinse or in Gel Form Can Be Used to Reduce Plaque Accumulation and to Prevent and Treat Gingivitis as Effectively as a Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse UTCAT3155, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Turmeric in a Mouth Rinse or in Gel Form Can Be Used to Reduce Plaque Accumulation and to Prevent and Treat Gingivitis as Effectively as a Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse Clinical Question Compared (...) to mouth rinses or gels containing chlorhexidine, what is the impact of turmeric mouth rinses or gels on plaque level and gingival inflammation? Clinical Bottom Line A mouth rinse or gel containing turmeric can be used to reduce plaque accumulation and to prevent and treat gingivitis. Turmeric mouth rinse and gels may be just as effective as chlorhexidine without the side effects of chlorhexidine. Four out of the five studies in a systematic review show that turmeric had plaque- and gingivitis-reducing

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

55. Strategies Utilizing Oil Pulling Are as Effective as Chlorhexidine Therapies for Maintaining Oral Hygiene

Strategies Utilizing Oil Pulling Are as Effective as Chlorhexidine Therapies for Maintaining Oral Hygiene UTCAT3226, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Strategies Utilizing Oil Pulling Are as Effective as Chlorhexidine Therapies for Maintaining Oral Hygiene Clinical Question For maintaining oral hygiene, are strategies utilizing oil pulling more effective than therapies utilizing chlorhexidine mouthrinse (...) ? Clinical Bottom Line Oil pulling and chlorhexidine (mouthwash or gel) therapies are equally effective in maintaining oral hygiene as demonstrated by their equal efficacy in reducing the bacteria counts, plaque and gingival indices scores. Thus oil pulling has the potential as a reliable method for routine oral hygiene measures. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Asokan/2009 20 age-matched

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

56. Application of Chlorhexidine Varnish Decreases Incidence of Caries During Orthodontic Treatment

Application of Chlorhexidine Varnish Decreases Incidence of Caries During Orthodontic Treatment UTCAT3172, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Application of Chlorhexidine Varnish Decreases Incidence of Caries During Orthodontic Treatment Clinical Question In patients with fixed orthodontic appliances, does the professional application of chlorhexidine varnish decrease the incidence of caries during (...) orthodontic treatment? Clinical Bottom Line In patients with fixed orthodontic appliances, the professional application of chlorhexidine (CHX) varnish decreases the incidence of caries during orthodontic treatment. This is supported by a systematic review and meta-analysis of six studies, three split-mouth studies and three case control studies, which determined that caries was significantly lower with chlorhexidine application every 6-13 weeks during orthodontic treatment. Application of chlorhexidine

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

57. Chlorhexidine mouthrinse as an adjunctive treatment for gingival health. (Full text)

Chlorhexidine mouthrinse as an adjunctive treatment for gingival health. Dental plaque associated gingivitis is a reversible inflammatory condition caused by accumulation and persistence of microbial biofilms (dental plaque) on the teeth. It is characterised by redness and swelling of the gingivae (gums) and a tendency for the gingivae to bleed easily. In susceptible individuals, gingivitis may lead to periodontitis and loss of the soft tissue and bony support for the tooth. It is thought (...) that chlorhexidine mouthrinse may reduce the build-up of plaque thereby reducing gingivitis.To assess the effectiveness of chlorhexidine mouthrinse used as an adjunct to mechanical oral hygiene procedures for the control of gingivitis and plaque compared to mechanical oral hygiene procedures alone or mechanical oral hygiene procedures plus placebo/control mouthrinse. Mechanical oral hygiene procedures were toothbrushing with/without the use of dental floss or interdental cleaning aids and could include

2017 Cochrane PubMed abstract

58. Comparison of antimicrobial effects of titanium tetrafluoride, chlorhexidine, xylitol and sodium fluoride on streptococcus mutans: An in-vitro study (Full text)

Comparison of antimicrobial effects of titanium tetrafluoride, chlorhexidine, xylitol and sodium fluoride on streptococcus mutans: An in-vitro study No studies have yet documented the bactericidal effects of TiF4, and its role in the treatment of dental caries, and no definite protocol has been introduced to regulate its use. The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial/bactericidal effects of TiF4 on Streptococcus Mutans (S. Mutans) and to compare it with chlorhexidine (Chx (...) , respectively. Xylitol failed to show any bactericidal or growth inhibitory effect in all of its concentrations. When we repeated the tests with an adjusted pH, identical results were obtained.TiF4 solutions have anti-growth and bactericidal effects on S. Mutans at a concentration of 12.5% which is comparable with chlorhexidine and NaF, indicating the possible use of this solution in dental practice as an anti-cariogenic agent, furthermore the antimicrobial activity is unaffected by pH of the environment.

2017 Electronic physician PubMed abstract

59. Chlorhexidine mouthwash as an adjunct to mechanical therapy in chronic periodontitis: A meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Chlorhexidine mouthwash as an adjunct to mechanical therapy in chronic periodontitis: A meta-analysis. Through a systematic literature review, the authors evaluated the use of chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash as an adjunct to mechanical periodontal therapy for chronic periodontitis.The authors performed a systematic search by using PubMed (MEDLINE), Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The authors selected randomized controlled clinical

2017 Journal of the American Dental Association (1939)

60. Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse Twice a Day Is at Least as Effective as Dental Floss in Reducing Plaque Buildup

Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse Twice a Day Is at Least as Effective as Dental Floss in Reducing Plaque Buildup UTCAT3138, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse Twice a Day Is at Least as Effective as Dental Floss in Reducing Plaque Buildup Clinical Question In adult patients, does regular tooth brushing with adjunctive dental floss more effectively reduce plaque index as compared (...) to regular tooth brushing with adjunctive chlorhexidine mouth rinse? Clinical Bottom Line In adult patients, chlorhexidine mouth rinse is at least as effective as dental floss as an adjunct to regular tooth brushing in reducing plaque index. This is supported by two randomized control trials conducted in India, which showed that use of chlorhexidine mouth rinse resulted in clinically significant reductions in plaque indices as compared to dental floss. Prescription of chlorhexidine mouth rinse is within

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library