Latest & greatest articles for children

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Top results for children

261. Physical activity, diet and other behavioural interventions for improving cognition and school achievement in children and adolescents with obesity or overweight.

Physical activity, diet and other behavioural interventions for improving cognition and school achievement in children and adolescents with obesity or overweight. BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is high. Lifestyle changes towards a healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced sedentary activities are recommended to prevent and treat obesity. Evidence suggests that changing these health behaviours can benefit cognitive function and school (...) achievement in children and adolescents in general. There are various theoretical mechanisms that suggest that children and adolescents with excessive body fat may benefit particularly from these interventions. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether lifestyle interventions (in the areas of diet, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and behavioural therapy) improve school achievement, cognitive function (e.g. executive functions) and/or future success in children and adolescents with obesity or overweight

Cochrane2018

262. Care delivery and self-management strategies for children with epilepsy.

Care delivery and self-management strategies for children with epilepsy. BACKGROUND: In response to criticism that epilepsy care for children has little impact, healthcare professionals and administrators have developed various service models and strategies to address perceived inadequacies. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of any specialised or dedicated intervention for epilepsy versus usual care in children with epilepsy and in their families. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane (...) studies were designed as RCTs). They reported on different education and counselling programmes for children and parents; teenagers and parents; or children, adolescents and their parents. Each programme showed some benefits for the well-being of children with epilepsy, but all had methodological flaws (e.g. in one of the studies designed as an RCT, randomisation failed), no single programme was independently evaluated with different study samples and no interventions were sufficiently homogeneous

Cochrane2018

263. Dexamethasone as an Adjuvant to Femoral Nerve Block in Children and Adolescents Undergoing Knee Arthroscopy: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

Dexamethasone as an Adjuvant to Femoral Nerve Block in Children and Adolescents Undergoing Knee Arthroscopy: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial 29377866 2018 02 07 1532-8651 2018 Jan 26 Regional anesthesia and pain medicine Reg Anesth Pain Med Dexamethasone as an Adjuvant to Femoral Nerve Block in Children and Adolescents Undergoing Knee Arthroscopy: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. 10.1097/AAP.0000000000000739 Perineural (...) dexamethasone has been demonstrated to extend postsurgical analgesia after peripheral nerve blockade in adults. The mechanism of action of dexamethasone as a regional anesthetic adjuvant is unclear as intravenous dexamethasone has been shown to have similar analgesic efficacy as perineural dexamethasone. The efficacy of perineural dexamethasone has not been previously explored in the pediatric population. After obtaining informed consent, children (aged 10-18 years) presenting for arthroscopic knee surgery

EvidenceUpdates2018

264. Use of the Kidney Failure Risk Equation to Determine the Risk of Progression to End-stage Renal Disease in Children With Chronic Kidney Disease

Use of the Kidney Failure Risk Equation to Determine the Risk of Progression to End-stage Renal Disease in Children With Chronic Kidney Disease 29255845 2018 03 16 2168-6211 172 2 2018 Feb 01 JAMA pediatrics JAMA Pediatr Use of the Kidney Failure Risk Equation to Determine the Risk of Progression to End-stage Renal Disease in Children With Chronic Kidney Disease. 174-180 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4083 The kidney failure risk equation (KFRE) has been shown to accurately estimate progression (...) to kidney failure in adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Use of the KFRE in children with CKD, if accurate, would help to optimize planning for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) care. To determine whether the KFRE adequately discriminates the risk of ESRD in children with CKD. This retrospective cohort study included 603 children with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children study, a national multicenter observational study. Data

EvidenceUpdates2018

265. Therapy interventions for children with neurodisabilities: a qualitative scoping study

Therapy interventions for children with neurodisabilities: a qualitative scoping study Therapy interventions for children with neurodisabilities: a qualitative scoping study Therapy interventions for children with neurodisabilities: a qualitative scoping study Beresford B, Clarke S & Maddison J Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database (...) . Citation Beresford B, Clarke S & Maddison J. Therapy interventions for children with neurodisabilities: a qualitative scoping study. Health Technology Assessment 2018; 22(3) Authors' objectives The objectives were to (1) describe the current practice, approaches and schools of thought in relation to physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech and language therapy for children with neurodisability; (2) explore clinical decision-making; (3) investigate views on outcomes and their measurement

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2018

266. The West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children (WAVES) study: a cluster randomised controlled trial testing the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted obesity prevention intervention programme targeted at

The West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children (WAVES) study: a cluster randomised controlled trial testing the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted obesity prevention intervention programme targeted at The West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children (WAVES) study: a cluster randomised controlled trial testing the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted obesity prevention intervention programme (...) targeted at children aged 6-7 years The West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children (WAVES) study: a cluster randomised controlled trial testing the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted obesity prevention intervention programme targeted at children aged 6-7 years Adab P, Barrett T, Bhopal R, Cade J E, Canaway A, Cheng K K, Clarke J, Daley A, Deeks J, Duda J, Ekelund U, Frew E, Gill P, Griffin T, Hemming K, Hurley K, Lancashire E R, Martin J, McGee E

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2018

267. Cluster randomised controlled trial and economic and process evaluation to determine the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of a novel intervention [Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP)] to prevent obesity in school children

Cluster randomised controlled trial and economic and process evaluation to determine the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of a novel intervention [Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP)] to prevent obesity in school children Cluster randomised controlled trial and economic and process evaluation to determine the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of a novel intervention [Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP)] to prevent obesity in school children Cluster randomised controlled trial (...) and economic and process evaluation to determine the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of a novel intervention [Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP)] to prevent obesity in school children Wyatt K, Lloyd J, Creanor S, Green C, Dean S G, Hillsdon M, Abraham C, Tomlinson R, Pearson V, Taylor R S, Ryan E, Streeter A, McHugh C, Hurst A, Price L, Crathorne L, Krägeloh C, Siegert R & Logan S Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2018

268. Pilot Clinical Trial of High-Flow Oxygen Therapy in Children with Asthma in the Emergency Service

Pilot Clinical Trial of High-Flow Oxygen Therapy in Children with Asthma in the Emergency Service 29331328 2018 02 26 1097-6833 194 2018 Mar The Journal of pediatrics J. Pediatr. Pilot Clinical Trial of High-Flow Oxygen Therapy in Children with Asthma in the Emergency Service. 204-210.e3 S0022-3476(17)31513-5 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.10.075 To assess the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy and safety in children with asthma and moderate respiratory failure in the emergency (...) department (ED). This was a prospective randomized pilot trial of children (aged 1-14 years) presenting to a tertiary academic pediatric ED with moderate-to-severe asthma exacerbations between September 2012 and December 2015. Patients with a pulmonary score (PS) ≥6 or oxygen saturation <94% with a face mask despite initial treatment (salbutamol/ipratropium bromide and corticosteroids) were randomized to HFNC or to conventional oxygen therapy. Pharmacologic treatment was at the discretion of attending

EvidenceUpdates2018

269. Update on invasive meningococcal vaccination for Canadian children and youth

Update on invasive meningococcal vaccination for Canadian children and youth Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is serious, often resulting in fulminant sepsis or meningitis. IMD in Canada is primarily attributable to serogroups B and C. There are routine programs for serogroup C vaccine at 12 months of age, with some jurisdictions routinely providing additional earlier doses. Adolescents routinely receive a booster dose of serogroup C vaccine or of a quadrivalent (serogroups A, C, W and Y (...) ) vaccine. Serogroup B vaccines are not recommended for routine use pending further data on the efficacy and duration of protection from the available vaccine. However, children at increased risk for IMD should start immunization for serogroups B and C as soon as possible, assuming that they are at least 2 months of age. Keywords: IMD; Meningitis; Sepsis; Vaccine

Canadian Paediatric Society2018

270. Vaccine recommendations for children and youth for the 2017/2018 influenza season

Vaccine recommendations for children and youth for the 2017/2018 influenza season The Canadian Paediatric Society continues to encourage annual influenza vaccination for ALL children and youth ≥6 months of age. Recommendations from the National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) for the 2017/2018 influenza season are not substantially changed from those of last season. NACI has conducted a review of all available vaccine effectiveness data concerning live attenuated influenza vaccine (...) (LAIV) and concludes that current evidence supports the continued use of LAIV in Canada, although use is not currently recommended in the USA because of concern about efficacy. Key Words:  Children; Influenza vaccine; Inactivated influenza vaccine; LAIV; NACI

Canadian Paediatric Society2018

271. Cross-cultural communication: Tools for working with families and children

Cross-cultural communication: Tools for working with families and children The ability to communicate effectively with patients and families is paramount for good patient care. This practice point reviews the importance of communicating effectively in cross-cultural encounters. The concept of cultural competence is introduced, along with the LEARN (Listen, Explain, Acknowledge, Recommend, Negotiate) model for cross-cultural communication. Three vignettes, one each in Indigenous, global (...) , and newcomer child health, are used to illustrate challenges in cross-cultural communication and effective application of the LEARN model. Practical tips are provided for communicating across cultures. Keywords: Communication; Culture; Global health; Immigrant health; Indigenous health

Canadian Paediatric Society2018

274. Lacosamide (Vimpat) - treatment of partial-onset seizures with or without secondary generalisation in children

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All Wales Medicines Strategy Group2018

275. Lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra) - human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infected children aged from 14 days to less than 2 years old.

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All Wales Medicines Strategy Group2018

276. Understanding the Determinants of the Mental Health of School-aged Children and Youth: a Rapid Review

Understanding the Determinants of the Mental Health of School-aged Children and Youth: a Rapid Review

Peel Health Library2018

278. Hospitalised children: errors detected by parents and family members

Hospitalised children: errors detected by parents and family members Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Hospitalised children: errors detected by parents and family members'', 1 March 2018 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Hospitalised children: errors detected by parents and family members Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Hospitalised children (...) : errors detected by parents and family members During a child's hospitalisation, family members often detect adverse events and errors which are not noticed or reported by caregivers. Hospitalised children are sometimes victims of adverse healthcare-related events. These events are sometimes preventable, i.e. they result from errors or failures. Several studies carried out in Canada and the United States of America, on hundreds of children, have shown that the parents and families of children

Prescrire2018

279. Assessment of conductive education for children and adolescents with brain damage

Assessment of conductive education for children and adolescents with brain damage Assessment of conductive education for children and adolescents with brain damage: a health technology assessment - NIPH Selected items added to basket Close Vis søkefelt How can we help you today? Search for: Søk Menu • • Assessment of conductive education for children and adolescents with brain damage: a health technology assessment Søk i Folkehelsa.no Search for: Søk Infectious diseases & Vaccines Close Mental (...) & Physical health Close Environment & Lifestyle Close Health in Norway Close Quality & Knowledge Close Research & Access to data Close Conductive education, or the Petö method, is one of several therapeutic programs for children and adolescents with brain damage. Dr András Petö provided the foundation for the method in Hungary in the 1940s. There are uncertainties regarding the effect of the method. We systematically summarized and graded clinical effectiveness and safety. We also performed a health

Norwegian Institute of Public Health2018

280. Eltrombopag for use in children with immune thrombocytopenia

Eltrombopag for use in children with immune thrombocytopenia 29487060 2018 11 13 2473-9537 2 4 2018 02 27 Blood advances Blood Adv Eltrombopag for use in children with immune thrombocytopenia. 454-461 10.1182/bloodadvances.2017010660 Eltrombopag is currently the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved thrombopoietin receptor agonist for the treatment of chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in children. This oral, once-per-day therapy has shown favorable efficacy and adverse effect (...) profiles in children. Two multicenter, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trials (PETIT [Efficacy and Safety Study of Eltrombopag in Pediatric Patients With Thrombocytopenia From Chronic Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP)] and PETIT2 [Study of a New Medication for Childhood Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP), a Blood Disorder of Low Platelet Counts That Can Lead to Bruising Easily, Bleeding Gums, and/or Bleeding Inside the Body]) demonstrated efficacy in raising platelet counts

Blood advances2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro