Latest & greatest articles for cerebral palsy

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Top results for cerebral palsy

161. Effectiveness of physical therapy interventions for children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review

Effectiveness of physical therapy interventions for children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2008 DARE.

162. Exercise programs for children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review of the literature

Exercise programs for children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review of the literature Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2008 DARE.

163. A randomized, controlled trial of magnesium sulfate for the prevention of cerebral palsy. (PubMed)

A randomized, controlled trial of magnesium sulfate for the prevention of cerebral palsy. Research suggests that fetal exposure to magnesium sulfate before preterm birth might reduce the risk of cerebral palsy.In this multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial, we randomly assigned women at imminent risk for delivery between 24 and 31 weeks of gestation to receive magnesium sulfate, administered intravenously as a 6-g bolus followed by a constant infusion of 2 g per hour, or matching (...) placebo. The primary outcome was the composite of stillbirth or infant death by 1 year of corrected age or moderate or severe cerebral palsy at or beyond 2 years of corrected age.A total of 2241 women underwent randomization. The baseline characteristics were similar in the two groups. Follow-up was achieved for 95.6% of the children. The rate of the primary outcome was not significantly different in the magnesium sulfate group and the placebo group (11.3% and 11.7%, respectively; relative risk, 0.97

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2008 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

164. Constraint-induced movement therapy in the treatment of the upper limb in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy: a Cochrane systematic review (PubMed)

Constraint-induced movement therapy in the treatment of the upper limb in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy: a Cochrane systematic review BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is emerging as a treatment approach for children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. It aims to increase spontaneous use of the affected upper limb and limit the effects of learned non-use. This review evaluates the effectiveness of CIMT, modified CIMT or Forced use in the treatment of children (...) with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Systematic Cochrane Review. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2006, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1966 to August Week 4 2006), CINAHL (1982 to July Week 3 2006), EMBASE (1980 to August 2006), PsychInfo (1985 to August Week 4 2006) and reference lists of all relevant articles were searched. Relevant randomized and controlled clinical trials were systematically reviewed. RESULTS: Three studies met the inclusion criteria

2007 EvidenceUpdates

165. Effect of seat surface inclination on postural control during reaching in preterm children with cerebral palsy. (PubMed)

Effect of seat surface inclination on postural control during reaching in preterm children with cerebral palsy. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Because it is debatable whether seat surface inclination improves motor function in children with cerebral palsy (CP), the effect of seat surface tilting on postural control and quality of reaching was studied. SUBJECTS: The subjects were 58 children with CP aged 2 to 11 years (34 with unilateral spastic CP, 24 with bilateral spastic CP). METHODS: During

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2007 EvidenceUpdates

166. Self-reported quality of life of 8-12-year-old children with cerebral palsy: a cross-sectional European study. (PubMed)

Self-reported quality of life of 8-12-year-old children with cerebral palsy: a cross-sectional European study. Little is known about the quality of life (QoL) of disabled children. We describe self-reported QoL of children with cerebral palsy, factors that influence it, and how it compares with QoL of the general population.1174 children aged 8-12 years were randomly selected from eight population-based registers of children with cerebral palsy in six European countries and 743 (63%) agreed (...) to 3% and 7%, respectively, of variation in QoL. Children with cerebral palsy had similar QoL to children in the general population in all domains except schooling, in which evidence was equivocal, and physical wellbeing, in which comparison was not possible.Parents can be reassured that most children aged 8-12 years with cerebral palsy will have similar QoL to other children. This finding should guide social and educational policy to ensure that disabled children participate fully in society

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2007 Lancet

167. Changes in the prevalence of cerebral palsy for children born very prematurely within a population-based program over 30 years. (PubMed)

Changes in the prevalence of cerebral palsy for children born very prematurely within a population-based program over 30 years. Although cerebral palsy (CP) among extremely premature infants has been reported as a major morbidity outcome, there are difficulties comparing published CP rates from many sites over various birth years.To assess the changes in population-based, gestational age-specific prevalence rates of CP among extremely premature infants over 30 years.Prospective population-based

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2007 JAMA

168. Additional therapy for young children with spastic cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial

Additional therapy for young children with spastic cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial Additional therapy for young children with spastic cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial Journals Library An error has occurred in processing the XML document An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above (...) to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} Additional intervention by a physiotherapy assistant or family support worker for pre-school children with spastic cerebral palsy and their families had no effects on child development or on parental stress at the end of the intervention, although 12 months later these families showed an indication of lower needs. {{author}} {{($index An error has occurred

2007 NIHR HTA programme

169. Constraint-induced movement therapy in the treatment of the upper limb in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. (PubMed)

Constraint-induced movement therapy in the treatment of the upper limb in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy learn strategies to manage daily tasks (for example play) using one hand and often the affected limb is disregarded or not used. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is emerging as a treatment approach for use with children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. It aims to increase spontaneous use of the affected upper limb and thereby limit (...) demonstrated. Given the limited evidence, the use of CIMT, modified CIMT and Forced Use should be considered experimental in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Further research using adequately powered RCTs, rigorous methodology and valid and reliable outcome measures is essential to provide higher level support of the effectiveness of CIMT for children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy.

2007 Cochrane

170. Trends in cerebral palsy among infants of very low birthweight (<1500 g) or born prematurely (<32 weeks) in 16 European centres: a database study. (PubMed)

Trends in cerebral palsy among infants of very low birthweight (<1500 g) or born prematurely (<32 weeks) in 16 European centres: a database study. The risk of cerebral palsy, the commonest physical disability of children in western Europe, is higher in infants of very low birthweight (VLBW)--those born weighing less than 1500 g--and those from multiple pregnancies than in infants of normal birthweight. An increasing proportion of infants from both of these groups survive into childhood (...) . This paper describes changes in the frequency and distribution of cerebral palsy by sex and neurological subtype in infants with a birthweight below 1000 g and 1000-1499 g in the period 1980-96.A group of 16 European centres, Surveillance of Cerebral Palsy in Europe, agreed a standard definition of cerebral palsy and inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data for children with cerebral palsy born in the years 1980-96 were pooled. The data were analysed to describe the distribution and prevalence of cerebral

2007 Lancet

171. Additional therapy for young children with spastic cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial

Additional therapy for young children with spastic cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial Additional therapy for young children with spastic cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial Additional therapy for young children with spastic cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial Weindling AM, Cunningham CC, Glenn SM, Edwards RT, Reeves DJ Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality (...) of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Weindling AM, Cunningham CC, Glenn SM, Edwards RT, Reeves DJ. Additional therapy for young children with spastic cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial. Health Technology Assessment 2007; 11(16): 1-90 Authors' objectives "It has been suggested that children with cerebral palsy should not only have their physical needs addressed, but also that there should be support for the family. This study separated these functions by investigating whether

2007 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

172. Place of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of cerebral palsy

Place of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of cerebral palsy Place of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of cerebral palsy Place of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of cerebral palsy Pineau G, Moqadem K, Obadia A, Perron S Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Pineau G, Moqadem K, Obadia A, Perron S (...) . Place of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of cerebral palsy. Montreal: Agence d'evaluation des technologies et des modes d'intervention en sante (AETMIS). ETMIS 07-01. 2007 Authors' objectives This report deals only with the place of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of cerebral palsy. Authors' conclusions After the current assessment AETMIS makes the following conclusions: 1. the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for the treatment of cerebral palsy has thus far not been

2007 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

173. Horseback riding as therapy for children with cerebral palsy: is there evidence of its effectiveness?

Horseback riding as therapy for children with cerebral palsy: is there evidence of its effectiveness? Horseback riding as therapy for children with cerebral palsy: is there evidence of its effectiveness? Horseback riding as therapy for children with cerebral palsy: is there evidence of its effectiveness? Snider L, Korner-Bitensky N, Kammann C, Warner S, Saleh M CRD summary This poorly reported review concluded there was some evidence that hippotherapy improved muscle symmetry in the trunk (...) and hip, but therapeutic horseback riding was no more effective than other therapies for improving muscle tone in children with cerebral palsy. Given the potential for error or bias during the review process, these cautious conclusions may not be reliable Authors' objectives To appraise the evidence on the effectiveness of hippotherapy and therapeutic horseback riding on impairments, activities and participation in children with cerebral palsy. Searching The following databases were searched from

2007 DARE.

174. Does horseback riding therapy or therapist-directed hippotherapy rehabilitate children with cerebral palsy?

Does horseback riding therapy or therapist-directed hippotherapy rehabilitate children with cerebral palsy? Does horseback riding therapy or therapist-directed hippotherapy rehabilitate children with cerebral palsy? Does horseback riding therapy or therapist-directed hippotherapy rehabilitate children with cerebral palsy? Sterba J A CRD summary This review evaluated the effectiveness of horseback riding as therapy for children with cerebral palsy. The authors concluded that both hippotherapy (...) and horseback riding are effective in improving gross motor skills. Given the methodological limitations of both included studies and the review, these conclusions should be treated with caution. Authors' objectives To evaluate the impact of horseback riding on gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Searching The Cochrane Library and DARE were searched for reviews. MEDLINE, PubMed, Journals@Ovid and CINAHL were searched for English language articles published from January 1981

2007 DARE.

175. Effectiveness of static weight-bearing exercises in children with cerebral palsy

Effectiveness of static weight-bearing exercises in children with cerebral palsy Effectiveness of static weight-bearing exercises in children with cerebral palsy Effectiveness of static weight-bearing exercises in children with cerebral palsy Pin T W CRD summary This review concluded that there was limited evidence in this area, but there were some positive effects of weight-bearing exercise in children with cerebral palsy. Methodological weaknesses in the review process, combined with small (...) sample sizes, mean that these conclusions should be treated with caution. Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of static weight-bearing exercises for children with cerebral palsy. Searching MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and PEDro were searched from inception to October 2006; the search terms were reported. The reference lists of relevant studies and review articles were screened. Only studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals were eligible

2007 DARE.

176. Seat inclinations affect the function of children with cerebral palsy: a review of the effect of different seat inclines

Seat inclinations affect the function of children with cerebral palsy: a review of the effect of different seat inclines Seat inclinations affect the function of children with cerebral palsy: a review of the effect of different seat inclines Seat inclinations affect the function of children with cerebral palsy: a review of the effect of different seat inclines McNamara L, Casey J CRD summary This review evaluated the effects of seating inclinations on the postural control, muscle activity (...) and upper extremity function of children with cerebral palsy. The authors concluded that the current literature is inconclusive, though there are some indications that neutral and anterior seat inclines can positively affect function. Despite some methodological limitations, the authors’ conclusions appear appropriate given the evidence presented. Authors' objectives To review the research on the effects of seating inclinations on the postural control, muscle activity and upper extremity function

2007 DARE.

177. Cost-effectiveness of intrathecal baclofen therapy for the treatment of severe spasticity associated with cerebral palsy

Cost-effectiveness of intrathecal baclofen therapy for the treatment of severe spasticity associated with cerebral palsy Cost-effectiveness of intrathecal baclofen therapy for the treatment of severe spasticity associated with cerebral palsy Cost-effectiveness of intrathecal baclofen therapy for the treatment of severe spasticity associated with cerebral palsy de Lissovoy G, Matza L S, Green H, Werner M, Edgar T Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets (...) or complications associated with intrathecal baclofen treatment. The review inclusion criteria were clearly explained. The criteria were as follows: the mean or median age of the study population was younger than 18 years; the primary disease aetiology of most study participants was cerebral palsy or stated to be of cerebral origin; the route of administration for baclofen was the intrathecal pump; and the study focused on symptom and functional outcomes rather than purely physiological measures. The methods

2007 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

178. Clinical and MRI correlates of cerebral palsy: the European Cerebral Palsy Study. (PubMed)

Clinical and MRI correlates of cerebral palsy: the European Cerebral Palsy Study. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings have been reported for specific clinical cerebral palsy (CP) subgroups or lesion types but not in a large population of children with all CP subtypes. Further information about the causes of CP could help identify preventive strategies.To investigate the correlates of CP in a population sample and compare clinical findings with information available from MRI brain

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2006 JAMA

179. Is injection of botulinum toxin type A effective in the treatment of drooling in children with cerebral palsy?

Is injection of botulinum toxin type A effective in the treatment of drooling in children with cerebral palsy? BestBets: Is injection of botulinum toxin type A effective in the treatment of drooling in children with cerebral palsy? Is injection of botulinum toxin type A effective in the treatment of drooling in children with cerebral palsy? Report By: L Vaile, F Finlay, - Specialist Registrars in Paediatrics Search checked by Bob Phillips - Section Editor, Archimedes, Archives of Disease (...) in Childhood Institution: Community Child Health, NHS House, Newbridge Hill, Bath Date Submitted: 29th September 2006 Date Completed: 2nd October 2006 Last Modified: 29th September 2006 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [children with cerebral palsy] is [botulinum toxin A] effective in the [treatment of drooling]? Clinical Scenario You see a 12 year old boy with cerebral palsy (CP) in outpatients. His mother is concerned about his drooling. He has tried hyoscine patches with little effect

2006 BestBETS

180. Neurotropic viruses and cerebral palsy: population based case-control study. (PubMed)

Neurotropic viruses and cerebral palsy: population based case-control study. To investigate the association between cerebral palsy and direct evidence for perinatal exposure to neurotropic viruses.Population based case-control study.Adelaide Women's and Children's Hospital Research Laboratory.Newborn screening cards of 443 white case patients with cerebral palsy and 883 white controls were tested for viral nucleic acids from enteroviruses and herpes viruses by using polymerase chain reaction (...) the risk of developing cerebral palsy (odds ratio 1.68, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 2.59).Perinatal exposure to neurotropic viruses is associated with preterm delivery and cerebral palsy.

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2006 BMJ