Latest & greatest articles for cerebral palsy

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Top results for cerebral palsy

101. Standing tables for adults with cerebral palsy: a review of the clinical evidence

Standing tables for adults with cerebral palsy: a review of the clinical evidence Standing tables for adults with cerebral palsy: a review of the clinical evidence Standing tables for adults with cerebral palsy: a review of the clinical evidence CADTH Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation CADTH. Standing tables for adults (...) with cerebral palsy: a review of the clinical evidence. Ottawa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). Rapid Response - Summary with Critical Appraisal. 2013 Authors' conclusions No relevant literature was identified regarding the use of standing or tilt tables for adults with cerebral palsy. Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Adults; Cerebral Palsy; Equipment and Supplies; Movement Language Published English Country of organisation Canada

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

102. Cohort study: In infants born extremely preterm, aspirin or NSAID use during pregnancy are associated with increased risk of quadriparetic cerebral palsy

Cohort study: In infants born extremely preterm, aspirin or NSAID use during pregnancy are associated with increased risk of quadriparetic cerebral palsy In infants born extremely preterm, aspirin or NSAID use during pregnancy are associated with increased risk of quadriparetic cerebral palsy | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we (...) with increased risk of quadriparetic cerebral palsy Article Text Child health Cohort study In infants born extremely preterm, aspirin or NSAID use during pregnancy are associated with increased risk of quadriparetic cerebral palsy Peter H Gray Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on: Tyler CP , Paneth N , Allred EN , et al . ELGAN Study Investigators. Brain damage in preterm newborns and maternal medication: the ELGAN study . Implications for practice and research Maternal aspirin and non-steroidal anti

2014 Evidence-Based Nursing

103. Lokomat (Hocoma AG) Driven Gait Orthosis (DGO) for use in children with cerebral palsy

Lokomat (Hocoma AG) Driven Gait Orthosis (DGO) for use in children with cerebral palsy Lokomat (Hocoma AG) Driven Gait Orthosis (DGO) for use in children with cerebral palsy Lokomat (Hocoma AG) Driven Gait Orthosis (DGO) for use in children with cerebral palsy Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Lokomat (Hocoma AG) Driven Gait Orthosis (DGO) for use (...) in children with cerebral palsy. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc.. Healthcare Technology Brief Publication. 2013 Authors' conclusions Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of nonprogressive, permanent disorders affecting cognitive and motor development that result from disturbances occurring during brain development in the fetus or infant. Motor impairments such as weakness, fatigue, poor balance and coordination, rigidity, clonus, and spasticity are common in patients with CP. Spasticity can promote muscle stiffness

2013 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

104. Cerebral palsy. (PubMed)

Cerebral palsy. The syndrome of cerebral palsy encompasses a large group of childhood movement and posture disorders. Severity, patterns of motor involvement, and associated impairments such as those of communication, intellectual ability, and epilepsy vary widely. Overall prevalence has remained stable in the past 40 years at 2-3·5 cases per 1000 livebirths, despite changes in antenatal and perinatal care. The few studies available from developing countries suggest prevalence of comparable (...) magnitude. Cerebral palsy is a lifelong disorder; approaches to intervention, whether at an individual or environmental level, should recognise that quality of life and social participation throughout life are what individuals with cerebral palsy seek, not improved physical function for its own sake. In the past few years, the cerebral palsy community has learned that the evidence of benefit for the numerous drugs, surgery, and therapies used over previous decades is weak. Improved understanding

2013 Lancet

105. Interventions for feeding and nutrition in cerebral palsy

Interventions for feeding and nutrition in cerebral palsy Interventions for feeding and nutrition in cerebral palsy Interventions for feeding and nutrition in cerebral palsy Ferluga ED, Archer KR, Sathe NA, Krishnaswami S, Klint A, Lindegren ML, McPheeters ML Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Ferluga ED, Archer KR, Sathe NA (...) , Krishnaswami S, Klint A, Lindegren ML, McPheeters ML. Interventions for feeding and nutrition in cerebral palsy. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 94. 2013 Authors' objectives The Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center examined the effects of available interventions for feeding and nutrition problems that have been evaluated in individuals with cerebral palsy (CP). Authors' conclusions Evidence for behavioral interventions for feeding

2013 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

106. Enriched Environments and Motor Outcomes in Cerebral Palsy: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PubMed)

Enriched Environments and Motor Outcomes in Cerebral Palsy: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Neuroplasticity evidence from animals favors an early enriched environment for promoting optimal brain injury recovery. In infants, systematic reviews show environmental enrichment (EE) improves cognitive outcomes but the effect on motor skills is less understood. The objective of this review was to appraise the effectiveness evidence about EE for improving the motor outcomes of infants at high risk (...) of cerebral palsy (CP).A systematic review was conducted. Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (PubMed), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Education Resource Information Center, SocINDEX, and PsycINFO databases were searched for literature meeting inclusion criteria: randomized controlled trials; high risk of /diagnosis of CP; >25% participants ≤2 years; parent or infant interventions postdischarge; and motor outcomes reported. Data were extracted using the Cochrane

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2013 EvidenceUpdates

107. Studies comparing the efficacy of constraint-induced movement therapy and bimanual training in children with unilateral cerebral palsy: a systematic review

Studies comparing the efficacy of constraint-induced movement therapy and bimanual training in children with unilateral cerebral palsy: a systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2013 DARE.

108. Gastrostomy feeding versus oral feeding alone for children with cerebral palsy. (PubMed)

Gastrostomy feeding versus oral feeding alone for children with cerebral palsy. Children with cerebral palsy can be significantly disabled in terms of their ability to suck, chew and swallow. This can lead to significant impairment in feeding and, eventually, to undernutrition. It can also result in aspiration of food into the lungs. Length of feeding time may be considerably increased and, instead of being an enjoyable experience, mealtimes may be distressing for both child and carer (...) of children with cerebral palsy, many carers find it very emotionally difficult to accept this intervention. Moreover, the intervention is costly and there is the possibility of complications. The effectiveness and safety of the treatment requires further assessment. This review is an update of one previously published in 2004.To assess the effects of nutritional supplementation given via gastrostomy or jejunostomy to children with feeding difficulties due to cerebral palsy.For this update, we searched

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2013 Cochrane

109. Mediators of the association between pre-eclampsia and cerebral palsy: population based cohort study. (PubMed)

Mediators of the association between pre-eclampsia and cerebral palsy: population based cohort study. To test the hypothesis that pre-eclampsia is a risk factor for cerebral palsy mediated through preterm birth and being born small for gestational age.Population based cohort study.Clinical data from the Norwegian Cerebral Palsy Registry were linked with perinatal data prospectively recorded by the Medical Birth Registry of Norway.All singleton babies who survived the neonatal period during 1996 (...) -2006 (849 children with cerebral palsy and 616,658 control children).Cerebral palsy and cerebral palsy subtypes.Children exposed to pre-eclampsia had an excess risk of cerebral palsy (unadjusted odds ratio 2.5, 95% confidence interval 2.0 to 3.2) compared with unexposed children. Among children born at term (≥ 37 weeks), exposure to pre-eclampsia was not associated with an excess risk of cerebral palsy in babies not born small for gestational age (1.2, 0.7 to 2.0), whereas children exposed to pre

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2013 BMJ

110. What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of dynamic elastomeric fabric orthoses (DEFOs) for cerebral palsy?

What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of dynamic elastomeric fabric orthoses (DEFOs) for cerebral palsy? What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of dynamic elastomeric fabric orthoses (DEFOs) for cerebral palsy? What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of dynamic elastomeric fabric orthoses (DEFOs) for cerebral palsy? Calvert J, Kelly J Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality (...) of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Calvert J, Kelly J. What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of dynamic elastomeric fabric orthoses (DEFOs) for cerebral palsy? Glasgow: Healthcare Improvement Scotland. Technologies scoping report 14. 2013 Authors' conclusions Summary. This scoping report identified limited clinical and no cost-effectiveness evidence on this topic. Although two systematic reviews published subsequently to NHS QIS EN11 were identified, neither included additional

2013 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

111. A comparison of treadmill training and overground walking in ambulant children with cerebral palsy: randomized controlled clinical trial (PubMed)

A comparison of treadmill training and overground walking in ambulant children with cerebral palsy: randomized controlled clinical trial Compare the effects of treadmill training and training with overground walking (both without partial weight support) on motor skills in children with cerebral palsy.Randomized controlled clinical trial.Physical therapy clinics.Thirty-six children with cerebral palsy (levels I-III of the Gross Motor Functional Classification System) randomly divided into two (...) 7.6; overground walking group from 31.9 SD 7.0 to 35.7 SD 6.8) after treatment. The experimental group demonstrated greater improvements than the overground walking group both after treatment and during follow up (p < 0.05).Treadmill training proved more effective than training with overground walking regarding functional mobility, functional performance, gross motor function and functional balance in children with cerebral palsy.

2013 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

112. Dynamic elastomeric fabric orthoses (DEFOs) for cerebral palsy

Dynamic elastomeric fabric orthoses (DEFOs) for cerebral palsy File name: 20130520 AS DEFOs v1.0 Version: 1.0 Date: 2 September 2013 Produced by: SHTG Page: 1 Review date: May 2015 Advice Statement 005/13 May 2013 What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of dynamic elastomeric fabric orthoses (DEFOs) for cerebral palsy? This advice has been produced following completion of technologies scoping report 14 by Healthcare Improvement Scotland, in response to an enquiry from NHS Lothian SHTG (...) advises that: ? There is insufficient evidence to determine whether or not dynamic elastomeric fabric orthoses (DEFOs) – often referred to as lycra ® splinting – are effective in improving function in cerebral palsy. Synthesis of the evidence is difficult due to the heterogeneity in types of orthoses worn (eg glove/body suit), manufacturers’ designs, types of cerebral palsy (CP) in clinical samples and outcomes measured. Further research is required to determine the clinical effectiveness

2013 SHTG Advice Statements

113. Preterm Labour, Antibiotics and Cerebral Palsy

Preterm Labour, Antibiotics and Cerebral Palsy Preterm Labour, Antibiotics, and Cerebral Palsy Scientific Impact Paper No. 33 February 2013Preterm Labour, Antibiotics, and Cerebral Palsy 1. Introduction The rate of preterm birth (pregnancy under 37 +0 weeks of gestation) is 5–9% of all births in Europe, and 12–13% in the United States of America (USA); the rates in both continents increased up to 2008, partly due to the higher number of multiple births associated with assisted conceptions. 1 (...) , emotional and stressful times of their lives, 3 regardless of the longer term outcome. The sequelae of preterm birth also pose significant challenges. Children born preterm are at increased risk of major disabilities such as cerebral palsy. The risk of cerebal palsy increases as gestation at birth decreases. 4 Many children who were born preterm without disability develop significant behavioural and educational difficulties. 5 This paper will examine the evidence for: ? Prescribing antibiotics

2013 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

114. Can a six-week exercise intervention improve gross motor function for non-ambulant children with cerebral palsy? A pilot randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Can a six-week exercise intervention improve gross motor function for non-ambulant children with cerebral palsy? A pilot randomized controlled trial To determine the effect of a six-week exercise intervention on gross motor function for non-ambulant children with cerebral palsy.A parallel arm randomized controlled trial.Four special schools.Thirty-five children aged 8-17 with bilateral cerebral palsy; Gross Motor Function Classification System levels IV-V.Participants were randomly allocated (...) evidence that exercising on a bike or treadmill may provide short-term improvements in gross motor function for non-ambulant children with cerebral palsy. This needs to be tested in a large-scale randomized trial.

2012 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

115. Effects of hyperbaric oxygen on motor function in children with cerebral palsy (PubMed)

Effects of hyperbaric oxygen on motor function in children with cerebral palsy We conducted a randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial to determine whether hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) improves gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy.Forty-nine children aged 3 to 8 years with spastic cerebral palsy were randomized to 40 treatments of HBO (100% oxygen at 1.5atm) or hyperbaric air (HBA, 14% oxygen at 1.5atm) over an 8-week period. The primary outcome was the Gross Motor (...) in improving GMFM scores, and was no more effective than HBA in improving PEDI scores. These results do not support use of HBO as a therapy for cerebral palsy in young children who did not have neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.Copyright © 2012 American Neurological Association.

2012 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: predicted high

116. Interventions for drooling in children with cerebral palsy. (PubMed)

Interventions for drooling in children with cerebral palsy. Drooling is a common problem for children with cerebral palsy (CP). This can be distressing for these children as well as for their parents and caregivers. The consequences of drooling include risk of social rejection, damp and soiled clothing, unpleasant odour, irritated chapped skin, mouth infections, dehydration, interference with speech, damage to books, communication aids, computers, and the risk of social isolation (Blasco 1992 (...) ; Van der Burg 2006). A range of interventions exist that aim to reduce or eliminate drooling. There is a lack of consensus regarding which interventions are most effective for children with CP.(1) To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of interventions aimed at reducing or eliminating drooling in children with cerebral palsy. (2) To provide the best available evidence to inform clinical practice. (3) To assist with future research planning.We searched the following databases from inception

2012 Cochrane

117. Interventions for drooling in children with cerebral palsy. (PubMed)

Interventions for drooling in children with cerebral palsy. Drooling is a common problem for children with cerebral palsy (CP). This can be distressing for these children as well as for their parents and caregivers. The consequences of drooling include risk of social rejection, damp and soiled clothing, unpleasant odour, irritated chapped skin, mouth infections, dehydration, interference with speech, damage to books, communication aids, computers, and the risk of social isolation (Blasco 1992 (...) ; Van der Burg 2006). A range of interventions exist that aim to reduce or eliminate drooling. There is a lack of consensus regarding which interventions are most effective for children with CP.(1) To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of interventions aimed at reducing or eliminating drooling in children with cerebral palsy. (2) To provide the best available evidence to inform clinical practice. (3) To assist with future research planning.We searched the following databases from inception

2012 Cochrane

118. Mortality from 1 to 16-18 years in bilateral cerebral palsy (PubMed)

Mortality from 1 to 16-18 years in bilateral cerebral palsy To ascertain mortality from 1 to 18 years, and predictors of mortality.Long-term follow-up of population cohort born 1989-1992.Births in South East Thames Region.346 children with bilateral cerebral palsy (CP).Not applicable.Mortality; predictors of mortality.98% of the cohort were traced. 61/340 (17.9%) had died by age 16-18 years at a steady mortality. The main predictive factor was severity of impairment of functional ability

2012 EvidenceUpdates

119. Functional Electric Stimulation (FES) for children with cerebral palsy: clinical effectiveness

Functional Electric Stimulation (FES) for children with cerebral palsy: clinical effectiveness Functional Electric Stimulation (FES) for children with cerebral palsy: clinical effectiveness Functional Electric Stimulation (FES) for children with cerebral palsy: clinical effectiveness Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment (...) has been made for the HTA database. Citation Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health. Functional Electric Stimulation (FES) for children with cerebral palsy: clinical effectiveness. Ottawa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). 2011 Authors' conclusions The evidence included in this review suggests efficacy of FES on both impairment and activity limitations in children with cerebral palsy. However, small sample sizes, inadequate report of quality assessment

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

120. Habitual physical activity can be increased in people with cerebral palsy: a systematic review (PubMed)

Habitual physical activity can be increased in people with cerebral palsy: a systematic review To determine if habitual physical activity could be increased in people with cerebral palsy.We searched electronic databases until February 2010 using key words related to concepts of cerebral palsy and physical activity. This search was supplemented with citation tracking.Studies had to include participants with cerebral palsy who have habitual physical activity measured over at least one day after (...) not maintained after programmes stopped. There was insufficient evidence to determine if demographic factors or programme characteristics, such as intensity and setting, were associated with outcomes.Preliminary evidence suggests that exercise programmes and online support programmes can increase habitual physical activity in people with cerebral palsy, but effects are not maintained when programmes stop.

2011 EvidenceUpdates