Latest & greatest articles for caries

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Top results for caries

141. Fluoride releasing properties of glass-ionomer sealants may have no additional benefit in preventing secondary caries in children over properly applied resin based materials

Fluoride releasing properties of glass-ionomer sealants may have no additional benefit in preventing secondary caries in children over properly applied resin based materials UTCAT2316, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Fluoride releasing properties of glass-ionomer sealants may have no additional benefit in preventing secondary caries in children over properly applied resin based materials. Clinical (...) Question In children needing sealants, are glass-ionomer and resin-based materials comparable in preventing secondary carious lesions? Clinical Bottom Line Resin based sealants have been the biomaterial of choice over glass-ionomers for pit and fissure sealants due to their ease of application and high retention rates. Evidence has shown little superiority of either material in preventing secondary caries when proper patient selection, application, and maintenance techniques are applied. (See Comments

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

142. Daily use of xylitol gum by children over a period of time can have long term caries reducing effects even after the gum is no longer used

Daily use of xylitol gum by children over a period of time can have long term caries reducing effects even after the gum is no longer used UTCAT2327, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Daily Use of Xylitol Gum by Children Over a Period of Time Can Have Long Term Caries Reducing Effects Even After the Gum is No Longer Used Clinical Question In high caries risk children, does daily use of xylitol gum over (...) time reduce their caries risk even after the use of gum is discontinued? Clinical Bottom Line In high caries risk children, the daily use of xylitol gum for several months can have caries reducing effects years after the gum is no longer used. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Campus/2012 176 High caries risk schoolchildren. Randomized clinical trial Key results The children used either

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

145. Fluoride Is More Effective Than Xylitol At Preventing Caries

Fluoride Is More Effective Than Xylitol At Preventing Caries UTCAT2253, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Fluoride Is More Effective Than Xylitol At Preventing Caries Clinical Question In patients susceptible to dental caries, is fluoride more effective than xylitol at preventing caries? Clinical Bottom Line Fluoride is better than xylitol at preventing caries, but fluoride with xylitol is better than (...) by inhibiting bacterial enolase. Xylitol did not affect acid production. P=.017 #3) Stecksen-Blicks/2008 160 high caries risk 10-12 year old patients Randomized Controlled Trials Key results Using lozenges with xylitol or both xylitol and fluoride did not affect the development of caries in high caries risk children. Also, there was no significant difference between the two groups (p>.05). Evidence Search ("Fluorides"[Mesh]) AND "Xylitol"[Mesh] Comments on The Evidence The studies listed seemed to have

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

146. Exposure to Secondhand Smoke May Increase Caries Risk in Children

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke May Increase Caries Risk in Children UTCAT2242, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Exposure to Secondhand Smoke May Increase Caries Risk in Children Clinical Question Does a child that is regularly exposed to secondhand smoke have an increased risk of dental caries compared to a child who is not exposed to secondhand smoke? Clinical Bottom Line Many studies have shown (...) a relationship between secondhand smoke and increased caries risk. Therefore, reducing secondhand smoke exposure in children may help to reduce dental caries. Still, more research needs to be done to show the exact relationship that secondhand smoke and childhood caries have. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Hanioka/ 2011 Children exposed to Second Hand Smoke Systematic Review of cohort study

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

147. Clinically Significant Data to Prove Chlorhexidine Ineffective in Caries Prevention

Clinically Significant Data to Prove Chlorhexidine Ineffective in Caries Prevention UTCAT2236, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Clinically Significant Data to Prove Chlorhexidine Ineffective in Caries Prevention Clinical Question In an adult patient presenting with high caries risk, does chlorhexidine varnish or chlorhexidine rinse prevent new caries development when compared to placebo? Clinical Bottom (...) Line Chlorhexidine varnish and chlorhexidine rinse do not prevent the development of coronal caries in adults compared to placebo. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Papas/2012 983 adults, 20 intact teeth, 2 or more lesions at screening, mean age: 42, age range: 18-80 Randomized Controlled Trial Key results This clinical trial found no significant difference in new caries development

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

148. Glass ionomer cement shows no caries preventive advantage over resin-based fissure sealants

Glass ionomer cement shows no caries preventive advantage over resin-based fissure sealants Glass ionomer cement shows no caries preventive advantage over resin-based fissure sealants ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Take advantage of endorsed, discounted business products Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Make a difference with dentistry's (...) Education About * Associated Topics Glass ionomer cement shows no caries preventive advantage over resin-based fissure sealants Romesh Nalliah BDS . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion There is no evidence that either GIC or resin-based fissure sealant is superior to the other in preventing dental caries. Critical Summary Assessment Clinician judgment should determine material selection for fissure sealants as there is no clear evidence in support of GIC or resin based materials as the superior

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2012

149. Glass ionomer cement shows no caries preventive advantage over resin-based fissure sealants

Glass ionomer cement shows no caries preventive advantage over resin-based fissure sealants Glass ionomer cement shows no caries preventive advantage over resin-based fissure sealants ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Make a difference with dentistry's premier charitable organization Take advantage of endorsed (...) Education About * Associated Topics Glass ionomer cement shows no caries preventive advantage over resin-based fissure sealants Romesh Nalliah BDS . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion There is no evidence that either GIC or resin-based fissure sealant is superior to the other in preventing dental caries. Critical Summary Assessment Clinician judgment should determine material selection for fissure sealants as there is no clear evidence in support of GIC or resin based materials as the superior

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2012

150. Teeth Whitening Does Not Increase Susceptibility to Dental Caries

Teeth Whitening Does Not Increase Susceptibility to Dental Caries UTCAT2187, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Teeth Whitening Does Not Increase Susceptibility to Dental Caries Clinical Question Is a patient with a history of teeth whitening more susceptible to caries than a patient with no history? Clinical Bottom Line History of teeth bleaching does not influence an individual’s susceptibility to dental (...) caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Alves/2007 Ninety human enamel slabs In vitro randomized trial Key results Teeth bleached with in-home products (with 10% carbamide peroxide or 16% hydrogen peroxide) developed less severe caries (scores 0-1, no caries to very early caries), while those bleached with professional in-office products (with 37% carbamide peroxide or 35% hydrogen

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

151. Patients undergoing chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy are at a greater risk than healthy controls for caries, DMFT, plaque index increase and gingival index increase.

Patients undergoing chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy are at a greater risk than healthy controls for caries, DMFT, plaque index increase and gingival index increase. UTCAT2223, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy And/or Radiotherapy Are At A Greater Risk Than Healthy Controls For Caries, DMFT, Plaque Index Increase And Gingival Index increase. Clinical Question In patients (...) receiving therapy for head and neck cancer, is there an increase risk for of dental or oral disease compared to non-cancer patients? Clinical Bottom Line Patients that underwent chemo- or radiotherapy had a 21-37% prevalence of caries. This may be in part due to an increased plaque index and gingival index as compared to non-cancer patients. Fluoride use appears to reduce the level of caries, while the benefits of chlorhexidine rinse are not clear. This information is supported by a systematic review

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

152. Patients At High Caries Risk Due To having Poor Oral Hygiene Would Benefit Equally In Plaque Reduction From using Triclosan containing or Stannous Fluoride-containing Toothpastes

Patients At High Caries Risk Due To having Poor Oral Hygiene Would Benefit Equally In Plaque Reduction From using Triclosan containing or Stannous Fluoride-containing Toothpastes UTCAT2267, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Patients At High Caries Risk Due To having Poor Oral Hygiene Would Benefit Equally In Plaque Reduction From Using Triclosan Containing or Stannous Fluoride-Containing Toothpastes (...) Clinical Question Would patients at high caries risk due to poor oral hygiene achieve more plaque reduction by using triclosan-containing toothpaste compared to stannous fluoride-containing toothpaste? Clinical Bottom Line There was no difference between triclosan-containing and stannous fluoride-containing anti-microbial tooth pastes for plaque reduction. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

153. No Significant Effects of Interproximal Enamel Reduction Found on Caries Risk Assessment in Orthodontics

No Significant Effects of Interproximal Enamel Reduction Found on Caries Risk Assessment in Orthodontics UTCAT2285, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title No Significant Effects of Inter-proximal Enamel Reduction Found on Caries Risk Assessment in Orthodontics Clinical Question In patients undergoing orthodontic treatment, does inter-proximal enamel stripping compared to no stripping increase the caries risk (...) during or post-treatment? Clinical Bottom Line In orthodontic treatment, the inter-proximal enamel reduction does not seem to increase caries risk post-operatively. (See Comments on the CAT below) Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Jarjoura/2006 Patients received air-motor stripping during orthodontic treatment. Prospective clinical comparison Key results There was not a significantly

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

154. Fluoride releasing resin modified glass ionomers prevent caries around restoration within five years

Fluoride releasing resin modified glass ionomers prevent caries around restoration within five years UTCAT2172, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title For Preventing Caries Around Restorations in High Caries Risk Patients, Resin Modified Glass Ionomers may be the choice Clinical Question In caries-active patients, do resin modified glass ionomer (RMGI) restorations prevent caries around restorations more (...) effectively than non-fluoride releasing restorations over 5 years? Clinical Bottom Line (RMGI) restorations protected adjacent tooth surfaces from caries more than non-fluoride releasing restorations over five years. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Qvist/2010 1,341 tooth surfaces from 945 children RCT Key results After 5 years of restoration, 52%, 40%, 54% and 55% of healthy tooth surfaces

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

155. KHA-CARI guideline: Biochemical and haematological targets: Haemoglobin concentrations in patients using erythropoietin-stimulating agents

KHA-CARI guideline: Biochemical and haematological targets: Haemoglobin concentrations in patients using erythropoietin-stimulating agents

KHA-CARI Guidelines2012

156. Digital Radiography and Film Radiography are Similar in Accuracy of Detection of Dental Caries

Digital Radiography and Film Radiography are Similar in Accuracy of Detection of Dental Caries UTCAT2077, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Digital Radiography And Film Radiography Are Similar In Accuracy Of Detection Of Dental Caries Clinical Question How does digital dental radiography compare in terms of diagnostic accuracy to conventional film dental radiography in detecting dental caries? Clinical (...) Bottom Line Digital radiography and film radiography are similar in sensitivity and specificity for detection of dental caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Wenzel/2006 Human subjects and human lab specimens Systematic Review Key results Nine of the studies compared one or more digital receptors with film and most of them showed that digital receptors provided accuracy for proximal

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2011

157. Early childhood caries in Indigenous communities

Early childhood caries in Indigenous communities Early childhood caries in Indigenous communities | Position statements and practice points | Early childhood caries in Indigenous communities | Canadian Paediatric Society Protecting and promoting the health and well-being of children and youth CPS Member Login | Who We Are What We Do Get Involved Education/CPD Publications Careers > Share POSITION STATEMENT Early childhood caries in Indigenous communities Posted: Jun 1 2011 Reaffirmed: Feb 1 (...) and Alaska Native) is a major child health issue. This is exemplified by the high prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) with resulting adverse health effects, as well as high rates and costs of restorative and surgical treatments under general anesthesia. ECC is an infectious disease that is influenced by multiple factors, including socioeconomic determinants, and requires a combination of approaches for improvement. The present statement includes recommendations for oral health preventive

CMA Infobase (Canada)2011

158. Glass ionomer cement and resin-based fissure sealants are equally effective in caries prevention.

Glass ionomer cement and resin-based fissure sealants are equally effective in caries prevention. Glass ionomer cement and resin-based fissure sealants are equally effective in caries prevention. ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Take advantage of endorsed, discounted business products Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Make a difference (...) Evidence Education About * Associated Topics Glass ionomer cement and resin-based fissure sealants are equally effective in caries prevention. Sachin Seth DDS . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion The evidence suggests that there is no difference in the caries-preventive effects of glass ionomer cement (GIC) and resin-based fissure sealants. Therefore, both materials appear to be equally suitable for clinical application as fissure sealant materials. Critical Summary Assessment The results

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2011

159. Glass ionomer cement and resin-based fissure sealants are equally effective in caries prevention.

Glass ionomer cement and resin-based fissure sealants are equally effective in caries prevention. Glass ionomer cement and resin-based fissure sealants are equally effective in caries prevention. ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Make a difference with dentistry's premier charitable organization Take advantage (...) Evidence Education About * Associated Topics Glass ionomer cement and resin-based fissure sealants are equally effective in caries prevention. Sachin Seth DDS . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion The evidence suggests that there is no difference in the caries-preventive effects of glass ionomer cement (GIC) and resin-based fissure sealants. Therefore, both materials appear to be equally suitable for clinical application as fissure sealant materials. Critical Summary Assessment The results

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2011

160. Limited evidence supports the use of fluoride varnish for the prevention of dental caries in the primary dentition

Limited evidence supports the use of fluoride varnish for the prevention of dental caries in the primary dentition Limited evidence supports the use of fluoride varnish for the prevention of dental caries in the primary dentition ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Take advantage of endorsed, discounted business products Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice (...) Council's children's oral health website Evidence Education About * Associated Topics Limited evidence supports the use of fluoride varnish for the prevention of dental caries in the primary dentition L. Virginia Powell DMD, GPR . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Fluoride varnish may reduce the incidence of caries in the primary teeth of children younger than 6 years of age, but the evidence is inconclusive. Critical Summary Assessment Even though the majority of clinical trials support

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2011