Latest & greatest articles for caries

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Top results for caries

101. KHA-CARI commentary on the KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline for the management of blood pressure in chronic kidney disease

KHA-CARI commentary on the KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline for the management of blood pressure in chronic kidney disease Original Article Commentary on the KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline for the management of blood pressure in chronic kidney disease MATTHEW A ROBERTS Department of Renal Medicine, Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Correspondence: Dr Matthew Roberts, Dept of Nephrology, Box Hill Hospital, Eastern Health, Level 2, 5 Arnold St (...) behind the statements for patients with microalbuminuria or overt proteinuria is graded 2D and 2C using the ‘Grading of Rec- ommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE)’ tool but the recent KHA-CARI guideline on Early Chronic Kidney Disease grades the evidence for a similar statement as 1B 6 (Table 1). Furthermore, an RCT is consid- ered to be a ‘High’ level of evidence in the GRADE system buttheguidelinestatementsregardingbloodpressuretargets and agents in the chapter on children

KHA-CARI Guidelines2014

102. KHA-CARI commentary on the KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline for lipid management in chronic kidney disease

KHA-CARI commentary on the KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline for lipid management in chronic kidney disease Commentary KHA-CARI commentary on the KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline for Lipid Management in Chronic Kidney Disease SUETONIA C PALMER, 1,2 GIOVANNI FM STRIPPOLI 2,3,4,5,6 and JONATHAN C CRAIG 2,3 1 Department of Medicine, University of Otago Christchurch, Christchurch, New Zealand; 2 Cochrane Renal Group, 3 Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales (...) , Australia; 4 Amedeo Avogadro University of Eastern Piedmont, Novara, 5 Fondazione Mario Negri Sud, S. Maria Imbaro, Italy; and 6 Diaverum, Lund, Sweden Correspondence: Dr Suetonia Palmer, Department of Medicine, University of Otago Christchurch, PO Box 4345, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand. Email: suetonia.palmer@otago.ac.nz Accepted for publication 17 July 2014. doi:10.1111/nep.12320 Potential con?icts of interest: SP and JC are members of the KHA-CARI Guidelines Steering Committee. GS is an employee

KHA-CARI Guidelines2014

103. Dental Caries in Children from Birth Through Age 5 Years: Screening

Dental Caries in Children from Birth Through Age 5 Years: Screening Final Update Summary: Dental Caries in Children from Birth Through Age 5 Years: Screening - US Preventive Services Task Force Search USPSTF Website Text size: Assembly version: 1.0.0.308 Last Build: 3/6/2018 4:20:40 PM You are here: Final Summary Dental Caries in Children from Birth Through Age 5 Years: Screening Release Date: May 2014 Recommendation Summary Summary of Recommendations and Evidence Population Recommendation (...) that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of routine screening examinations for dental caries performed by primary care clinicians in children from birth to age 5 years. ( ) Related Information for Consumers Related Information for Health Professionals There is no related information for health professionals. Supporting Documents ( ) ( ) Clinical Summary Clinical summaries are one-page documents that provide guidance to primary care clinicians for using

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force2014

104. Fluoride Toothpaste in Young Children for Caries Prevention Clinical Practice Guideline

Fluoride Toothpaste in Young Children for Caries Prevention Clinical Practice Guideline EBD: Fluoride toothpaste in young children-full report and systematic review ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed, discounted business products Purchase (...) in young children for caries prevention Fluoride Toothpaste in Young Children for Caries Prevention Clinical Practice Guideline (2014) The American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs met with stakeholders to discuss differing public messaging on the use of fluoride toothpaste for young children. The participants agreed that a unified recommendation on the use of fluoride toothpaste for young children would be preferable and less confusing to the public. Evidence Copyright © 2017

American Dental Association Guidelines2014

105. Antibacterial agents in composite restorations for the prevention of dental caries.

Antibacterial agents in composite restorations for the prevention of dental caries. BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease in which the fermentation of food sugars by bacteria from the biofilm (dental plaque) leads to localised demineralisation of tooth surfaces, which may ultimately result in cavity formation. Resin composites are widely used in dentistry to restore teeth. These restorations can fail for a number of reasons, such as secondary caries, and restorative material (...) fracture and other minor reasons. From these, secondary caries, which are caries lesions developed adjacent to restorations, is the main cause for restorations replacement. The presence of antibacterials in both the filling material and the bonding systems would theoretically be able to affect the initiation and progression of caries adjacent to restorations. This is an update of the Cochrane review published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of antibacterial agents incorporated into composite

Cochrane2013

106. Cost-effectiveness of a telephone-delivered education programme to prevent early childhood caries in a disadvantaged area: a cohort study

Cost-effectiveness of a telephone-delivered education programme to prevent early childhood caries in a disadvantaged area: a cohort study Cost-effectiveness of a telephone-delivered education programme to prevent early childhood caries in a disadvantaged area: a cohort study Cost-effectiveness of a telephone-delivered education programme to prevent early childhood caries in a disadvantaged area: a cohort study Pukallus M, Plonka K, Kularatna S, Gordon L, Barnett AG, Walsh L, Seow WK Record (...) Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary The objective was to assess the costs and patient outcomes for a telephone-delivered education programme to prevent caries in young children from a low-socioeconomic, socially disadvantaged area

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2013

107. Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit some patients

Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit some patients Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit some patients ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Make a difference with dentistry's premier charitable organization Take advantage of endorsed, discounted business products (...) Topics Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit some patients David Leader DMD, MPH Associate Clinical Professor, Tufts University . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Chlorhexidine varnish (CHX-V) may be effective in preventing root caries in the absence of regular professional tooth cleaning and oral hygiene instructions for patients who need special care. Critical Summary Assessment A review of six randomized controlled trials demonstrates that CHX-V may benefit patients

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2013

108. Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit some patients

Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit some patients Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit some patients ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Take advantage of endorsed, discounted business products Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Make a difference with dentistry's premier charitable organization (...) Topics Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit some patients David Leader DMD, MPH Associate Clinical Professor, Tufts University . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Chlorhexidine varnish (CHX-V) may be effective in preventing root caries in the absence of regular professional tooth cleaning and oral hygiene instructions for patients who need special care. Critical Summary Assessment A review of six randomized controlled trials demonstrates that CHX-V may benefit patients

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2013

109. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of fluoride toothpastes on the prevention of dental caries in the primary dentition of preschool children

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of fluoride toothpastes on the prevention of dental caries in the primary dentition of preschool children A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of fluoride toothpastes on the prevention of dental caries in the primary dentition of preschool children A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of fluoride toothpastes on the prevention of dental caries in the primary dentition of preschool children dos Santos AP (...) , Nadanovsky P, de Oliveira BH CRD summary The authors concluded that standard fluoride containing toothpastes were effective in reducing dental caries in the primary teeth of preschool children and should be recommended for use with this age group. This conclusion appears overly strong given the reliance on a small number of potentially methodologically vulnerable studies. Authors' objectives To assess the effects of fluoride containing toothpastes in preventing dental caries in the primary dentition

DARE.2013

110. Vitamin D and dental caries in controlled clinical trials: systematic review and meta-analysis

Vitamin D and dental caries in controlled clinical trials: systematic review and meta-analysis Vitamin D and dental caries in controlled clinical trials: systematic review and meta-analysis Vitamin D and dental caries in controlled clinical trials: systematic review and meta-analysis Hujoel PP CRD summary This review of controlled clinical trials found the data suggested that vitamin D was a promising preventative agent against tooth cavities and decay (dental caries), which lead to a low (...) -certainty conclusion that vitamin D may reduce the incidence of dental caries. The author's cautious conclusions reflect the limitations of the data and appear to be appropriate. Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of vitamin D in dental caries prevention. Searching The following databases were searched up to January 2011: JSTOR, PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL). Search strategies were reported in a separate online appendix. Three

DARE.2013

111. Use of ultrasound testing for interproximal caries causes increased false positive results compared with bite wing radiography

Use of ultrasound testing for interproximal caries causes increased false positive results compared with bite wing radiography UTCAT2546, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Use of Ultrasound Testing for Interproximal Caries Causes Increased False Positive Results Compared With Bite Wing Radiography Clinical Question In detecting if caries is present on contacting proximal surfaces, are ultrasound caries (...) detectors statistically better than bite wing radiography? Clinical Bottom Line Ultrasound caries detection cannot replace bite wing radiography but can be a beneficial diagnostic tool. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Tagtekin/2008 42 white/brown lesions on extracted teeth Laboratory blind comparison to gold standard Key results Reported sensitivity and specificity of 86% and 84

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2013

112. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) may offer a great non-invasive method for early caries detection.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) may offer a great non-invasive method for early caries detection. UTCAT2536, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) May Offer a Great Non-Invasive Method for Early Caries Detection Clinical Question In a patient with developing decay, would Optical coherence tomography offer an early detection tool compared to traditional methods? Clinical (...) Bottom Line In literature published over the past 5 years, Optical Coherence Tomography showed promising results in early caries detection both in vivo and in vitro when compared to radiography and histology samples respectively. Further studies are required for clinical confirmation of the results and implementation methods in the clinical environment. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2013

113. In a patient with occlusal caries, a laser fluorescent device can be used as an adjunct to radiographic imaging to detect dentin decay.

In a patient with occlusal caries, a laser fluorescent device can be used as an adjunct to radiographic imaging to detect dentin decay. UTCAT2529, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title In a patient with occlusal caries, a laser fluorescent device can be used as an adjunct to radiographic imaging to detect dentin decay. Clinical Question In a patient with occlusal caries, is a laser fluorescent device (...) as accurate as radiographic imaging at detecting dentin decay? Clinical Bottom Line A laser fluorescent device is able to detect dentin caries better than radiographs because its sensitivity is better than radiographs. Laser fluorescence device is good adjunct to detect occlusal caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Lussi/2001 240 patients; 332 occlusal surfaces evaluated Controlled Clinical

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2013

114. Logicon Caries DetectorTM (a computer-assisted caries diagnostic tool) may provide improved sensitivity for detection of caries that extends into dentin.

Logicon Caries DetectorTM (a computer-assisted caries diagnostic tool) may provide improved sensitivity for detection of caries that extends into dentin. UTCAT2531, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Logicon Caries DetectorTM (a computer-assisted caries diagnostic tool) may provide improved sensitivity for detection of caries that extends into dentin. Clinical Question For previously unrestored teeth, how (...) does Logicon Caries DetectorTM (LCD) compare to the current clinical diagnostic test (visual assessment of images) in the diagnosis of interproximal decay? Clinical Bottom Line Logicon Caries DetectorTM, currently available only for use with Carestream (Kodak) imaging system, may improve the sensitivity of detecting interproximal dentin caries versus visual inspection of images alone. Drawbacks include initial software cost and additional dentist time to use the system/analyze images. Best Evidence

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2013

115. Receiving a Fluoride Varnish Semiannually Reduces Caries Incidence in Children

Receiving a Fluoride Varnish Semiannually Reduces Caries Incidence in Children UTCAT2507, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Receiving a Fluoride Varnish Semiannually Reduces Caries Incidence in Children Clinical Question In children, does receiving a fluoride varnish twice a year compared to once a year have an effect on carries development? Clinical Bottom Line Semiannual administration of fluoride (...) varnishes to children is more effective at reducing caries incidence than annual administration of fluoride varnishes. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Arruda/2012 Sample size was 379 children of ages 7-14 years. The population lived in rural Brazil. Randomized Controlled Trial Key results Children who received fluoride varnish twice a year had a 49% (95% CI: 31.7-66.3%) decrease in caries

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2013

116. UPDATED: Caris Target Now? molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours

UPDATED: Caris Target Now? molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours UPDATED: Caris Target Now™ molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours UPDATED: Caris Target Now™ molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours NIHR HSC Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation NIHR HSC. UPDATED: Caris Target

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2013

117. Individuals suffering from diabetes are more susceptible to root caries but not coronal caries compared to those without diabetes

Individuals suffering from diabetes are more susceptible to root caries but not coronal caries compared to those without diabetes UTCAT2483, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Individuals Suffering From Diabetes Are More Susceptible to Root Caries But Not Coronal Caries Compared to Those Without Diabetes Clinical Question Are individuals suffering from diabetes more susceptible to dental caries than those (...) without diabetes? Clinical Bottom Line Individuals suffering from diabetes are not more susceptible to coronal caries compared with non-diabetic individuals. However, it is possible for diabetic individuals to be more susceptible to root caries compared to non-diabetic individuals. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Hintao/2007 105 Type II diabetic subjects and 103 non-diabetic subjects

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2013

118. Dental Caries Is Associated With Both High And Low Body Mass Index

Dental Caries Is Associated With Both High And Low Body Mass Index UTCAT2365, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Dental Caries Is Associated With Both High And Low Body Mass Index Clinical Question Are obese individuals more susceptible to dental caries than non-obese individuals? Clinical Bottom Line There is a non-linear association between BMI and dental caries. Individuals with either high or low (...) Body Mass Index (BMI) are susceptible to dental caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Hooley/2012 48 studies from 2004-2011 age 0-18 years Systematic Review Key results 48% of the studies reviewed found no association between BMI and dental caries; 35% showed positive association; and 19% showed inverse association. There is a non-linear relationship between BMI and dental caries, with more

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2013

119. Tobacco Users Are Not More Susceptible To Dental Caries Than Non-Users

Tobacco Users Are Not More Susceptible To Dental Caries Than Non-Users UTCAT2369, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Tobacco Users Are Not More Susceptible To Dental Caries Than Non-Users Clinical Question Among healthy individuals, are tobacco users more susceptible to dental caries than non-users? Clinical Bottom Line Two randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) and one study of three cross-sectional studies (...) indicate that tobacco users are not more susceptible to dental caries than non-users. Nagarajappa (2010) RCT study indicated 61.9% of users were affected by caries compared to 90.5% of non-users. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Hugoson/2012 Smokers (345), smokeless tobacco users (104) and non-tobacco users (1142) Cross-sectional studies (3) Key results Three cross sectional studies were

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2013

120. Increased Risk Of Dental Caries In Children That Consume A Diet High In Fermentable Carbohydrates

Increased Risk Of Dental Caries In Children That Consume A Diet High In Fermentable Carbohydrates UTCAT2391, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Increased Risk Of Dental Caries In Children That Consume A Diet High In Fermentable Carbohydrates Clinical Question Does the risk of dental caries increase in children that consume a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates compared to children that do not consume (...) a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates? Clinical Bottom Line Children that eat a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates have a significant increase in their dental caries risk compared to children that do not have a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Huew/2012 Children 12 years of age Survey Key results In this study, the authors examined

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2013