Latest & greatest articles for caries

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Top results for caries

61. Effective Use of Pit and Fissure Sealants to Prevent Pit and Fissure Caries on the Permanent Posterior Teeth of Children and Youth

Effective Use of Pit and Fissure Sealants to Prevent Pit and Fissure Caries on the Permanent Posterior Teeth of Children and Youth Effective Use of Pit and Fissure Sealants to Prevent Pit and Fissure Caries on the Permanent Posterior Teeth of Children and Youth Nadine Khan, MHSc RD, Public Health Nutritionist Paul Sharma, BSc RDH MSc, Manager Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention Division (CDIP) Region of Peel Public Health April 2015 i Table of Contents Key Messages 1 Executive Summary 2 1 (...) Appendix F: Dental Program Eligibility Criteria 43 1 Key Messages The following key messages are based on the findings from this Rapid Review: 1. To prevent pit and fissure caries, the permanent molar teeth of children and youth, who are identified at risk for caries, should have sealants applied. 2. Sealants should be placed on the permanent molar teeth of children and youth as soon as possible after the tooth has fully erupted. However, the occlusal surface of teeth remains at risk for caries

Peel Health Library2015

62. Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries

Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Make a difference with dentistry's premier (...) Council's children's oral health website Evidence Education About * Associated Topics Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries Svetlana Tikhonova, DMD, MSc, PhD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Sealants to prevent occlusal caries in permanent molars are recommended, but the benefits in different caries risk populations and types of sealants have yet to be established. Critical Summary Assessment Resin-based sealants

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2015

63. Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries

Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Take advantage of endorsed, discounted business products Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice (...) Council's children's oral health website Evidence Education About * Associated Topics Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries Svetlana Tikhonova, DMD, MSc, PhD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Sealants to prevent occlusal caries in permanent molars are recommended, but the benefits in different caries risk populations and types of sealants have yet to be established. Critical Summary Assessment Resin-based sealants

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2015

65. In Pediatric Patients, Use of Removable Orthodontic Appliances May Lead to an Increased Risk of Dental Caries

In Pediatric Patients, Use of Removable Orthodontic Appliances May Lead to an Increased Risk of Dental Caries UTCAT2816, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title In Pediatric Patients, Use of Removable Orthodontic Appliances May Lead to an Increased Risk of Dental Caries Clinical Question In pediatric patients, does use of a removable orthodontic appliance increase the risk of dental caries? Clinical Bottom Line (...) The use of removable appliances is another variable to consider when determining the caries risk status of patients, as these patients have been found to harbor a higher frequency of the caries-promoting bacteria Streptococcus mutans. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Batoni/2001 147 patients aged 8-10 years Cross Sectional Study Key results S. mutans, which is associated with the onset

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2015

66. Er:YAG Lasers Are Less Likely Than Rotary Burs to Cause a Patient Discomfort During Caries Excavation When No Anesthesia Has Been Administered

Er:YAG Lasers Are Less Likely Than Rotary Burs to Cause a Patient Discomfort During Caries Excavation When No Anesthesia Has Been Administered UTCAT2881, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Er:YAG Lasers Are Less Likely Than Rotary Burs to Cause a Patient Discomfort During Caries Excavation When No Anesthesia Has Been Administered Clinical Question Are lasers less likely than rotary burs to cause a patient (...) pain during caries excavation when the patient has not received anesthesia? Clinical Bottom Line For patients in need of caries excavation who will not allow or have contraindications to the use of local anesthetic, Er:YAG lasers are less likely than rotary burs to cause a patient discomfort. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Dommisch/2008 26 adults with 102 carious lesions Randomized

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2015

67. Chlorhexidine-Thymol Varnish May Provide a Benefit in the Prevention of Root Caries in High Caries Risk Individuals with Poor Oral Hygiene

Chlorhexidine-Thymol Varnish May Provide a Benefit in the Prevention of Root Caries in High Caries Risk Individuals with Poor Oral Hygiene UTCAT2890, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Chlorhexidine-Thymol Varnish May Provide a Benefit in the Prevention of Root Caries in High Caries Risk Individuals with Poor Oral Hygiene Clinical Question In adults at high caries risk, is application of Chlorhexidine (...) varnish better than Fluoride varnish in reducing root caries incidence? Clinical Bottom Line Chlorhexidine-Thymol Varnish (CHX-V), when applied to high risk patients with poor oral hygiene, limits the incidence of root carries as well as reduces the rate of growth of existing lesions. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Slot/2011 574 adult patients in 6 included studies Meta-Analysis Key

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2015

68. No Strong Evidence in Support of Either Chlorhexidine Mouthwash or Varnish in Preventing Dental Caries

No Strong Evidence in Support of Either Chlorhexidine Mouthwash or Varnish in Preventing Dental Caries UTCAT2885, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title No Strong Evidence in Support of Either Chlorhexidine Mouthwash or Varnish in Preventing Dental Caries Clinical Question Is chlorhexidine mouthwash more effective in preventing caries development than chlorhexidine varnish? Clinical Bottom Line The available (...) clinical evidence supporting the efficacy of chlorhexidine varnish on preventing dental caries is weak. There is also no evidence to support the efficacy of chlorhexidine mouthwash in preventing dental caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Autio-Gold/2008 All age groups Literature review Key results A review of the current literature on chlorhexidine mouthwashes did not reveal

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2015

69. Cavitation of Proximal Caries Lesions Can Be Determined More Accurately on Bitewing Radiographs When the Radiolucent Depth Is > 0.5 mm From the DEJ

Cavitation of Proximal Caries Lesions Can Be Determined More Accurately on Bitewing Radiographs When the Radiolucent Depth Is > 0.5 mm From the DEJ UTCAT2882, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Cavitation of Proximal Caries Lesions Can Be Determined More Accurately on Bitewing Radiographs When the Radiolucent Depth Is > 0.5 mm From the DEJ Clinical Question How accurately can proximal caries lesion (...) cavitation be predicted from the depth of the radiolucency in bitewing radiograph? Clinical Bottom Line Cavitation of proximal caries lesions can be determined accurately on bitewing radiographs; the probability of cavitation increases when lesions are 0.5 mm or deeper from the DEJ on the radiograph. However, CBCT has been shown to be more sensitive in detecting proximal cavitation than bitewing radiographs. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2015

70. Glass Ionomer Restorations May Be More Effective Than Resin Composites at Preventing Recurrent Caries in Class V Lesions Over a 5-Year Period

Glass Ionomer Restorations May Be More Effective Than Resin Composites at Preventing Recurrent Caries in Class V Lesions Over a 5-Year Period UTCAT2889, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Glass Ionomer Restorations May Be More Effective Than Resin Composites at Preventing Recurrent Caries in Class V Lesions Over a 5-Year Period Clinical Question In adults with carious Class 5 lesions, are glass ionomers (...) more effective than traditional resin composites at preventing recurrent caries over a 5-year period? Clinical Bottom Line Although there is no statistical difference between glass ionomer and resin composite in preventing recurrent caries in most patients, there may be some added benefit with the fluoride-releasing effect of glass ionomer in more compromised patients, such as the xerostomatic patient with poor oral hygiene. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2015

71. Lactobacillus Salivarius Containing Probiotics May Have Benefits Similar to Xylitol in Decreasing Caries Risk

Lactobacillus Salivarius Containing Probiotics May Have Benefits Similar to Xylitol in Decreasing Caries Risk UTCAT2840, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Lactobacillus Salivarius Containing Probiotics May Have Benefits Similar to Xylitol in Decreasing Caries Risk Clinical Question How effective are Lactobacillus salivarius containing probiotic tablets as compared to xylitol in decreasing caries risk (...) ? Clinical Bottom Line Lactobacillus salivarius containing probiotic may have the added benefit of salivary buffering capacity over xylitol alone, based on one study of 64 individuals. Double blind randomized control trials should be performed before clinical recommendation of Lactobacillus salivarius to decrease caries risk. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Nishihara/2014 1 study/64

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2015

72. Silver Nanoparticle (AgNP)-Containing Resin Bonding Systems Significantly Reduced the Viability of Caries-Related Bacteria and Plaque Biofilms

Silver Nanoparticle (AgNP)-Containing Resin Bonding Systems Significantly Reduced the Viability of Caries-Related Bacteria and Plaque Biofilms UTCAT2841, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Silver Nanoparticle (AgNP)-Containing Resin Bonding Systems Significantly Reduced the Viability of Caries-Related Bacteria and Plaque Biofilms Clinical Question In patients with class 1, class 2, or class 5 composite (...) restorations, is the incidence of secondary caries lower when using silver nanoparticle-incorporated resin bonding systems compared to conventional resin bonding systems? Clinical Bottom Line Studies performed in vitro demonstrated the inhibition of caries-related Streptococcus mutans and plaque-forming oral bacteria when AgNPs were incorporated into resin bonding systems. This is based on studies showing a reduction in metabolic activity, number of colony forming units (CFUs), and lactic acid production

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2015

73. Sugar Substitutes May Reduce Tooth Demineralization in High Caries Patients 03/17/2015 Huy Le

Sugar Substitutes May Reduce Tooth Demineralization in High Caries Patients 03/17/2015 Huy Le UTCAT2817, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Sugar Substitutes May Reduce Tooth Demineralization in High Caries Patients Clinical Question In a patient with high risk caries how do dietary sugar substitutes compared to sucrose affect demineralization on teeth surfaces? Clinical Bottom Line Sugar substitutes have (...) shown to decrease the chances of tooth demineralization when assessing for enamel pH, caries incidence and tooth surface hardness compared to conventional sucrose diets. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Giacaman/2013 Patient Group bovine enamel slabs Laboratory study Key results Giacaman showed that there was a noticeable difference between artificial aspartame substitute diet and sucrose

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2015

74. Dental caries: can be drug related

Dental caries: can be drug related Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Dental caries: can be drug related'', 1 February 2015 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Dental caries: can be drug related Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Dental caries: can be drug related Some drugs expose patients to dental caries due to their composition or their action (...) . The quasi constant presence of sugars or food in the mouth, insufficient brushing and a decrease in the quantity or the quality of saliva are all factors that contribute to the development of dental caries. Sometimes, drugs expose patients to the risk of dental caries, through various mechanisms: via a high sugar content, by causing dry mouth, by increasing acids in the mouth, or by damaging the tooth enamel. Medicinal products high in sugar include syrups, pastilles, tablets to be sucked and homeopathy

Prescrire2015

75. Micro-Computed Tomography is As Good As Histologic Sectioning as a Gold Standard for in vitro Determination of Proximal Caries Depth

Micro-Computed Tomography is As Good As Histologic Sectioning as a Gold Standard for in vitro Determination of Proximal Caries Depth UTCAT2796, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Micro-Computed Tomography is As Good As Histologic Sectioning as a Gold Standard for in vitro Determination of Proximal Caries Depth Clinical Question For the in vitro determination of proximal caries depth, is micro-computed (...) a sensitivity of 1 (0.79-1), specificity of 0.97 (0.84-0.99), PPV of 0.94 (0.0.71-0.99), NPV of 1 (0.89-1) and accuracy of 0.98. Forty-eight primary molar proximal surfaces were evaluated; 9 sound, 9 caries in outer enamel, 14 caries in inner enamel, 4 caries beyond CEJ but not spread in dentin, 4 caries that spread in the outer dentin and 8 caries in the inner dentin. Histology samples were 300 µm thick. #2) Mitropoulos/2010 Laboratory study Key results Kappa statistic agreement for micro-CT and histology

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2014

76. Inconclusive caries-preventive results with chlorhexidine varnish in children and adolescents

Inconclusive caries-preventive results with chlorhexidine varnish in children and adolescents Inconclusive caries-preventive results with chlorhexidine varnish in children and adolescents ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Make a difference with dentistry's premier charitable organization Take advantage of endorsed (...) Education About * Associated Topics Inconclusive caries-preventive results with chlorhexidine varnish in children and adolescents Priyanshi Ritwik BDS, MS . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion The investigators who conducted a systematic review of 12 randomized clinical trials found inconclusive evidence for caries prevention after application of Chlorhexidine varnish in children and adolescents. Critical Summary Assessment Differences in varnish concentration, study designs and results limited any

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2014

77. Inconclusive caries-preventive results with chlorhexidine varnish in children and adolescents

Inconclusive caries-preventive results with chlorhexidine varnish in children and adolescents Inconclusive caries-preventive results with chlorhexidine varnish in children and adolescents ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Take advantage of endorsed, discounted business products Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Make a difference with dentistry's (...) Education About * Associated Topics Inconclusive caries-preventive results with chlorhexidine varnish in children and adolescents Priyanshi Ritwik BDS, MS . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion The investigators who conducted a systematic review of 12 randomized clinical trials found inconclusive evidence for caries prevention after application of Chlorhexidine varnish in children and adolescents. Critical Summary Assessment Differences in varnish concentration, study designs and results limited any

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2014

78. Periodic Application of 5% Sodium Fluoride Varnish is Effective in Reducing Root Caries

Periodic Application of 5% Sodium Fluoride Varnish is Effective in Reducing Root Caries UTCAT2767, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Periodic Application of 5% Sodium Fluoride Varnish is Effective in Reducing Root Caries Clinical Question Will 5% sodium fluoride varnish applied at 3- to 6-month intervals reduce root dental caries in adults with root exposure? Clinical Bottom Line Applying 5% sodium (...) fluoride varnish every 3 to 6 months on adults with root exposure results in prevention of and reduction in the development of root caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Tan/2010 306 generally healthy elders having at least 5 teeth with exposed sound root surfaces Randomized Controlled Trial Key results This study was initiated to determine the best preventative measure to reduce root

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2014

79. Prevention of Dental Caries in Children Younger Than 5 Years Old: Systematic Review to Update the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation

Prevention of Dental Caries in Children Younger Than 5 Years Old: Systematic Review to Update the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Prevention of dental caries in children younger than 5 years old: systematic review to update the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Prevention of dental caries in children younger than 5 years old: systematic review to update the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Chou R, Cantor A, Zakher B, Mitchell JP, Pappas M (...) Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Chou R, Cantor A, Zakher B, Mitchell JP, Pappas M. Prevention of dental caries in children younger than 5 years old: systematic review to update the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Evidence Synthesis No. 104. 2014

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2014

80. Reduced odds of pulpal exposure when using incomplete caries removal in the treatment of dentinal cavitated lesions

Reduced odds of pulpal exposure when using incomplete caries removal in the treatment of dentinal cavitated lesions Reduced odds of pulpal exposure when using incomplete caries removal in the treatment of dentinal cavitated lesions ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Make a difference with dentistry's premier (...) Council's children's oral health website Evidence Education About * Associated Topics Reduced odds of pulpal exposure when using incomplete caries removal in the treatment of dentinal cavitated lesions Teresa Marshall PhD, RD/LD; Marcela Hernandez DDS,MS . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion In dentinal cavltated lesions, incomplete caries removal compared with complete excavation may reduce the risk of experiencing pulpal exposures and postoperative symptoms. Critical Summary Assessment

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry2014