Latest & greatest articles for caries

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Top results for caries

1. Fluoride toothpastes of different concentrations for preventing dental caries. (PubMed)

Fluoride toothpastes of different concentrations for preventing dental caries. Caries (dental decay) is a disease of the hard tissues of the teeth caused by an imbalance, over time, in the interactions between cariogenic bacteria in dental plaque and fermentable carbohydrates (mainly sugars). Regular toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste is the principal non-professional intervention to prevent caries, but the caries-preventive effect varies according to different concentrations of fluoride (...) in toothpaste, with higher concentrations associated with increased caries control. Toothpastes with higher fluoride concentration increases the risk of fluorosis (enamel defects) in developing teeth. This is an update of the Cochrane Review first published in 2010.To determine and compare the effects of toothpastes of different fluoride concentrations (parts per million (ppm)) in preventing dental caries in children, adolescents, and adults.Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched

2019 Cochrane

2. WITHDRAWN: Ozone therapy for the treatment of dental caries. (PubMed)

WITHDRAWN: Ozone therapy for the treatment of dental caries. Dental caries is a bacterially mediated disease characterised by demineralisation of the tooth surface, which may lead to cavitation, discomfort, pain and eventual tooth loss. Ozone is toxic to certain bacteria in vitro and it has been suggested that delivering ozone into a carious lesion might reduce the number of cariogenic bacteria. This possibly could arrest the progress of the lesion and may, in the presence of fluoride, perhaps (...) ). The risk of bias in all studies appeared high. The analyses of all three studies were conducted at the level of the lesion, which is not independent of the person, for this reason pooling of data was not appropriate or attempted. Individual studies showed inconsistent effects of ozone on caries, across different measures of caries progression or regression. Few secondary outcomes were reported, but one trial reported an absence of adverse events.Given the high risk of bias in the available studies

2019 Cochrane

3. Clear Aligner Therapy provides lower caries risk compared to Fixed Orthodontic Treatment

Clear Aligner Therapy provides lower caries risk compared to Fixed Orthodontic Treatment UTCAT3365, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Clear Aligner Therapy provides lower caries risk compared to Fixed Orthodontic Treatment Clinical Question Do clear aligners increase patient’s risk for dental caries when compared to traditional attached braces? Clinical Bottom Line The removable nature of clear aligners (...) reduces plaque accumulation when compared to fixed orthodontic appliances. Clear aligners may be preferential for patients with a high caries risk. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Jiang/2018 9 studies which included 427 patients. 190 patients used clear aligners, and 237 patients used fixed appliances. Meta Analysis Key results A decreased periodontal status is observed in patients

2019 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

4. Asthma patients have an increased caries rate in primary and permanent dentitions

Asthma patients have an increased caries rate in primary and permanent dentitions UTCAT3328, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Asthma patients have an increased caries rate in primary and permanent dentitions Clinical Question For an otherwise low caries risk patient, does asthma cause increased incidence of dental caries? Clinical Bottom Line Asthma patients have an increased caries rate in primary (...) and permanent dentitions. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Agostini /2018 36 studies Meta-Analysis and Meta-regression Key results After a thorough review of the literature, 36 clinical studies met SR criteria and were used in meta-analysis. The The Odds ratio (OR) for the pooled effect was 1.45 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.22–1.72; I2, 71.8%; p Evidence Search "asthma" and "caries" Comments

2018 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

5. Papacarie is More Effective in Removing Caries in the Primary Dentition and Results in Less Pain Perception by the Patient

Papacarie is More Effective in Removing Caries in the Primary Dentition and Results in Less Pain Perception by the Patient UTCAT3323, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Papacarie is More Effective in Removing Caries in the Primary Dentition and Results in Less Pain Perception by the Patient Clinical Question In children with primary dental caries, is the use of Papacarie, as compared to traditional methods (...) , more effective in caries removal with less anxiety during treatment? Clinical Bottom Line In children with primary dentition carious lesions, Papacarie use for caries removal has shown a reduction in bacteria in infected dentine, and less pain perception. However, it took more time for application. This is supported by a systematic review and meta-analysis, as well as a Randomized clinical study. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year

2018 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

6. Caries

Caries Top results for caries - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading (...) history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for caries The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

7. Effective Interventions to Prevent Dental Caries in Preschool Children

Effective Interventions to Prevent Dental Caries in Preschool Children 1 Effective Interventions to Prevent Dental Caries in Preschool Children A Rapid Review Arshpreet Bedi, Health Promoter Simone Kaptein, Advisor, CDIP Barb Patten, Supervisor, School Health, CDIP May 2018 Table of Contents Acknowledgements 1 Key Messages 2 Executive Summary 3 1 Issue 6 2 Context 7 3 Conceptual Framework 9 4 Literature Review Question 9 5 Literature Search 10 6 Relevance Assessment 10 7 Results of the Search (...) Marco Ghassemi for his ongoing support and guidance through the quality appraisal, data extraction and synthesis in this rapid review. 2 Key Messages 1. Topical fluoride varnish application is effective in preventing or reducing caries in preschool children ages 0 to 3 years old. It is encouraged to have twice-yearly application. 2. Supervised toothbrushing in combination with oral health education showed a positive effect on preventing or reducing caries in daycare or school settings. The suggested

2018 Peel Health Library

8. Factors related to high dental caries experience in Palestinian pregnant women in the Jerusalem governorate: a cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Factors related to high dental caries experience in Palestinian pregnant women in the Jerusalem governorate: a cross-sectional study. Beliefs about oral health during pregnancy demographic factors, such as level of education and socioeconomic status, are associated with an increased risk of oral diseases during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the oral health status of pregnant women and the relation to the women's oral health knowledge, beliefs, behaviour, and access to dental (...) care.For this cross-sectional study, pregnant women visiting pre-natal care clinics at the Palestinian Ministry of Health centres in the Jerusalem governorate were invited to complete a structured interview with questions about beliefs about oral health care and their oral hygiene practices. Screening for oral health conditions was done using the Decayed, Missed and Filled Teeth (DMFT) index to assess the women's dental caries experience, and gingival health indices (plaque, gingival, and calculus

2018 Lancet

9. Atraumatic restorative treatment versus conventional restorative treatment for managing dental caries. (PubMed)

Atraumatic restorative treatment versus conventional restorative treatment for managing dental caries. Dental caries is a sugar-dependent disease that damages tooth structure and, due to loss of mineral components, may eventually lead to cavitation. Dental caries is the most prevalent disease worldwide and is considered the most important burden of oral health. Conventional treatment methods (drill and fill) involve the use of rotary burs under local anaesthesia. The need for an electricity (...) supply, expensive handpieces and highly trained dental health personnel may limit access to dental treatment, especially in underdeveloped regions.To overcome the limitations of conventional restorative treatment, the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) was developed, mainly for treating caries in children living in under-served areas of the world where resources and facilities such as electricity and trained manpower are limited. ART is a minimally invasive approach which involves removal

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2017 Cochrane

10. Ozone Gas Application on Oral Biofilm Does Not Effectively Arrest or Kill Bacteria Associated with Dental Caries

Ozone Gas Application on Oral Biofilm Does Not Effectively Arrest or Kill Bacteria Associated with Dental Caries UTCAT3271, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Ozone Gas Application on Oral Biofilm Does Not Effectively Arrest or Kill Bacteria Associated with Dental Caries Clinical Question In patients with dental caries, does gaseous ozone therapy significantly reduce or eradicate the responsible bacteria (...) in oral biofilm compared to lesions that receive no treatment? Clinical Bottom Line When applied as a gas to an active carious lesion, ozone therapy does not significantly arrest or eradicate the bacteria responsible for producing dental caries when compared to active carious lesions that receive no treatment. Many studies that were reviewed show a high risk of bias and inconsistent methods to conclusively demonstrate that ozone therapy is effective in arresting dental caries or is a cost-effective

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

11. Developmental defects of enamel and caries in primary teeth. (PubMed)

Developmental defects of enamel and caries in primary teeth. Data sourcesPubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scopus and Scielo.Study selectionTwo reviewers identified studies supervised by a third. Observational studies which investigated the association between developmental defects of enamel and dental caries in the primary dentition, which were assessed by clinical examination and published in English, Spanish or Portuguese.Data extraction and synthesisQuality of research was assessed using (...) in the systematic review and sixteen in meta-analysis; two out of the 16 were cohort studies, the rest being cross-sectional. Twelve of the studies included were conducted in low-income countries. The Egger test showed a degree of bias in some of the studies included. The authors found children with diffuse opacities or hypoplasia had higher odds of having dental caries (OR 1.42, 95% CI; 1.15-1.76; OR 4.29% CI 2.24-8.15), however the presence of demarcated opacities did not show higher odds of caries (OR 2.62

2017 Evidence-based dentistry

12. Fluoride supplementation (with tablets, drops, lozenges or chewing gum) in pregnant women for preventing dental caries in the primary teeth of their children. (PubMed)

Fluoride supplementation (with tablets, drops, lozenges or chewing gum) in pregnant women for preventing dental caries in the primary teeth of their children. Dental caries (tooth decay) is one of the most common chronic childhood diseases. Caries prevalence in most industrialised countries has declined among children over the past few decades. The probable reasons for the decline are the widespread use of fluoride toothpaste, followed by artificial water fluoridation, oral health education (...) ) compared with no fluoride supplementation during pregnancy to prevent caries in the primary teeth of their children.Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 25 January 2017); the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 11) in the Cochrane Library (searched 25 January 2017); MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 25 January 2017); Embase Ovid (1980 to 25 January 2017); LILACS BIREME Virtual Health Library

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2017 Cochrane

13. Metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analysis of saliva reveals disease-associated microbiota in patients with periodontitis and dental caries (PubMed)

Metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analysis of saliva reveals disease-associated microbiota in patients with periodontitis and dental caries The taxonomic composition of the salivary microbiota has been reported to differentiate between oral health and disease. However, information on bacterial activity and gene expression of the salivary microbiota is limited. The purpose of this study was to perform metagenomic and metatranscriptomic characterization of the salivary microbiota and test (...) the hypothesis that salivary microbial presence and activity could be an indicator of the oral health status. Stimulated saliva samples were collected from 30 individuals (periodontitis: n = 10, dental caries: n = 10, oral health: n = 10). Salivary microbiota was characterized using metagenomics and metatranscriptomics in order to compare community composition and the gene expression between the three groups. Streptococcus was the predominant bacterial genus constituting approx. 25 and 50% of all DNA and RNA

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2017 NPJ biofilms and microbiomes

14. Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer treatment

Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer treatment Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer treatment treatment Medtech innovation briefing Published: 20 September 2017 nice.org.uk/guidance/mib120 pathways Summary Summary The technology technology described in this briefing is Caris Molecular Intelligence (CMI). It is used to help guide future management of locally advanced or metastatic cancer. The inno innovativ vative aspects e (...) Caris Molecular Intelligence (CMI, Caris Life Sciences) is a solid tumour biomarker analysis service. It is intended as a tool to aid decision-making and help identify the best treatment plan for each patient. CMI was marketed as T arget Now until 2013. CMI uses a number of tumour profiling techniques to analyse protein, RNA and DNA in the tumour: immunohistochemistry, to determine level of protein expression in situ hybridisation, to detect deletions and amplifications in a specific set of genes

2017 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

15. Nine years’ trend of dental caries and severe early childhood caries among 3–6-year-old children in Babol, Northern Iran (PubMed)

Nine years’ trend of dental caries and severe early childhood caries among 3–6-year-old children in Babol, Northern Iran Malnutrition, pain, and insomnia are common adverse effects of early dental caries among 3-6-year-old children. To increase our understanding of the dental caries status which will help in the control and prevention of it, this study aimed to assess the trend of dental caries, Severe Early Childhood Caries (S-ECC) and its related factors among 3-6-year-old children during (...) of significance was set at ≤ 0.05.The trend of dental caries and S-ECC rose among 3-6-year-old children over a 9-year period. Of the children, 26.3% were caries free. The mean dmft was increased significantly among boys (p<0.001), among 3-4-year-old children (p=0.01), and those children with both employed parents (p=0.01) and low educated parents (p<0.001) from 2007 to 2015.Dental caries status showed an increasing trend over the study period in Babol preschool children, therefore effective preventive

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2017 Electronic physician

16. Silver Diamine Fluoride Is Effective at Arresting Early Dentin Caries in Children Compared to No Treatment

Silver Diamine Fluoride Is Effective at Arresting Early Dentin Caries in Children Compared to No Treatment UTCAT3245, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Silver Diamine Fluoride Is Effective at Arresting Early Dentin Caries in Children Compared to No Treatment Clinical Question In children, is silver diamine fluoride as effective at arresting early dentin caries compared to no treatment? Clinical Bottom (...) Line Silver diamine fluoride is effective at arresting dentin caries in children; however, there is a definite need for more thorough clinical research, especially with adult populations. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Gao/2016 17 randomized controlled trials Systematic review of randomized trials Key results This systematic review included 17 randomized control trials out of 2,177

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

17. Caries Risk Is Increased in Mouth-Breathing Patients

Caries Risk Is Increased in Mouth-Breathing Patients UTCAT3166, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Caries Risk Is Increased in Mouth-Breathing Patients Clinical Question Do patients with mouth breathing-induced xerostomia have an increased susceptibility to caries? Clinical Bottom Line Mouth-breathing patients are at a greater risk for the development of caries. As oral healthcare providers (...) , it is important to factor a patient's breathing habits into their caries risk profile in order to make better clinical judgments. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Nascimento/2004 90 Children aged 3-5 years (60 nose breathers, 30 mouth breathers) Cross-Sectional Study Key results Mouth-breathing children were at a significantly higher risk for the development of posterior initial carious lesions (P

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

18. Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents

Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed (...) fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents Linda L. Cheng, DDS, FAGD, ABGD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Within the limitations of the evidence in this systematic review (SR), the authors concluded that supervised regular use of a fluoride mouthrinse may result in large reductions in caries in the permanent teeth of children and adolescents, particularly in a school setting but also possibly in other settings such as at home, but with the caries-preventive effect

2017 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

19. Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents

Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed (...) fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents Linda L. Cheng, DDS, FAGD, ABGD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Within the limitations of the evidence in this systematic review (SR), the authors concluded that supervised regular use of a fluoride mouthrinse may result in large reductions in caries in the permanent teeth of children and adolescents, particularly in a school setting but also possibly in other settings such as at home, but with the caries-preventive effect

2017 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

20. Lower Levels of Caregiver Literacy and Education Increase the Child?s Risk of Developing Childhood Caries

Lower Levels of Caregiver Literacy and Education Increase the Child?s Risk of Developing Childhood Caries UTCAT3150, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Lower Levels of Caregiver Literacy and Education Increase the Child’s Risk of Developing Childhood Caries Clinical Question For pediatric patients, does the parent’s/caregiver's lower level of literacy about caries-promoting diets increase the child’s (...) caries risk? Clinical Bottom Line For pediatric patients, the parent's/caregiver’s lower level of literacy regarding caries-promoting diets does increase the child’s risk of developing caries. This is supported by various systematic reviews and multiple studies of parents with high and low levels of education/literacy regarding diet and overall oral health practices. There are multiple studies on how diet is related to the development of dental caries, but further research needs to be done analyzing

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library