Latest & greatest articles for cancer

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Top results for cancer

1. In Patients with Head and Neck Cancer, CBCT Is the Highest Priority Modality for Detecting Mandibular Bone Invasion Compared to Other Modalities

. Finally, the term “Head and Neck Cancer” can be used to describe a significant variety of pathologies. A systematic review of a more specific pathology might be more clinically significant (e.g., for squamous cell carcinoma). Applicability Head and neck malignancies are amongst the most common malignancies in humans. They are invasive, and the diagnosis often occurs in a late stage of the tumor, increasing the mortality rates. Tumor invasion into adjacent bony structures such as the mandible is common (...) . The diagnostic odds ratios (DOR) for the modalities are 28.26, 64.77, 14.82, 51.02, 74.77, 80.51, and 43.01, respectively. Evidence Search "cbct"[All Fields] AND ("head and neck neoplasms"[MeSH Terms] OR ("head"[All Fields] AND "neck"[All Fields] AND "neoplasms"[All Fields]) OR "head and neck neoplasms"[All Fields] OR ("head"[All Fields] AND "neck"[All Fields] AND "cancer"[All Fields]) OR "head and neck cancer"[All Fields]) AND (("bone and bones"[MeSH Terms] OR ("bone"[All Fields]AND "bones"[All Fields

2020 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

2. Breast screening: interval cancers and duty of candour toolkit

Breast screening: interval cancers and duty of candour toolkit Breast screening: interval cancers and duty of candour toolkit - GOV.UK Tell us whether you accept cookies We use about how you use GOV.UK. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Accept all cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Show or hide search Search on GOV.UK Search Menu Guidance and support Take action now for new rules in 2021 Guidance (...) Breast screening: interval cancers and duty of candour toolkit Guidance on the role of breast screening and symptomatic services in identifying interval cancer and giving results to female patients. Published 11 December 2017 Last updated 24 November 2020 — From: Documents Ref: PHE Gateway number 2017648 HTML Ref: PHE Gateway number 2017648 PDF , 194KB , 1 page This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. Request an accessible format. If you use assistive technology

2020 Public Health England

3. eUpdate – Renal Cell Carcinoma Treatment Recommendations Full Text available with Trip Pro

eUpdate – Renal Cell Carcinoma Treatment Recommendations Recent eUpdate on cabozantinib and nivolumab for first-line clear cell renal cancer to the ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines on Renal Cell Carcinoma - Annals of Oncology Go search Please enter a term before submitting your search. Powered By Mendeley Share on Recent eUpdate on cabozantinib and nivolumab for first-line clear cell renal cancer to the ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines on Renal Cell Carcinoma G. Curigliano Affiliations (...) Department of Oncology and Hemato-Oncology, Division of Early Drug Development, European Institute of Oncology, IRCCS and University of Milan, Milan, Italy on behalf of the ESMO Guidelines Committee ∗ Published: November 30, 2020 DOI: This eUpdate outlines updated treatment recommendations for first-line advanced clear cell renal cancer. . Escudier B. Porta C. Schmidinger M. et al. Renal cell carcinoma: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol. 2019; 30 : 706

2020 European Society for Medical Oncology

4. Management of Breathlessness in Patients with Cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines

respiratory failure. f If hypoxaemic respiratory failure. g If other therapies have failed. h Especially for anxiety and after trial of other agents.COPD, chronic pulmonary obstructive disease; SpO 2 , peripheral oxygen saturation. Prevalence Breathlessness is highly prevalent, affecting between 20% and 70% of patients with cancer, particularly among patients with thoracic malignancies, with advanced stages of disease, and in the last weeks of life. Assessment Breathlessness is a subjective experience (...) and are designed more for research. A rapid review (Medline database; search terms relating to breathlessness/dyspnoea and neoplasms/cancer/malignancy and measurement/patient-reported outcome measures; date limits 2009–2019; single reviewer) failed to show a more recent systematic review of breathlessness measurement tools usable in cancer. The recommendations therefore are unchanged: breathlessness assessment should include a unidimensional measure of severity, a measure of multidimensional functional impact

2020 European Society for Medical Oncology

5. Neurological and Vascular Complications of Primary and Secondary Brain Tumours: EANO-ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for prophylaxis, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up Full Text available with Trip Pro

diagnostic and therapeutic measures of complications in this patient group. BRAIN OEDEMA Incidence and epidemiology Primary and secondary brain tumours are frequently surrounded by oedema. This condition is almost entirely found in malignant neoplasms but occurs also in the context of benign tumours such as meningiomas. As a consequence, the vast majority of brain tumour patients will receive anti-oedema treatment at some point during the disease course [ Hempen C. Weiss E. Hess C.F. Dexamethasone (...) of primary and secondary brain tumours: EANO-ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for prophylaxis, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up † P. Roth Affiliations Department of Neurology and Brain Tumor Center, University Hospital and University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland A. Pace Affiliations Neuroncology Unit, IRCCS Regina Elena Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy E. Le Rhun Affiliations Université Lille, U-1192, Lille Inserm, U-1192, Lille Centre Hospitalier Universitaire CHU Lille, General and Stereotaxic

2020 European Society for Medical Oncology

6. EANM / SNMMI Practice Guideline for [18F]FDG PET/CT External Beam Radiotherapy Treatment Planning in Uterine Cervical Cancer Full Text available with Trip Pro

of the tumor should be taken into account (e.g., squamous cell carcinoma is highly [ 18 F]FDG avid, whereas mucinous adenocarcinoma often shows low [ 18 F]FDG uptake) [ ]. Only tumors that are sufficiently [ 18 F]FDG avid can be staged properly with [ 18 F]FDG PET/CT, and reduced sensitivity for local tumor extension and metastatic disease must be taken into account in case of less [ 18 F]FDG-avid tumors. Certain standard criteria for lymph node evaluation in malignancies also apply to uterine cervical (...) it provides significant additional information to determine TNM stage [ ] and the best choice of treatment, such as the relationship between primary cancer and adjacent tissue, lymph node involvement, and distant metastases [ ]. Furthermore, radiotherapy treatment planning is critically dependent on imaging [ ] in order to maximize dose to tumor and spare healthy adjacent tissues. In general, MRI is used for evaluating the local extent of the disease in the pelvis, since it provides excellent soft tissue

2020 European Association of Nuclear Medicine

7. Report on the Lung Cancer Screening enquiry

program appropriate for Australia, and to describe how such a program may be delivered. Lung cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer for both men and women in Australia. The number of new cases of lung cancer diagnosed is continuing to increase year by year. While survival rates for people with lung cancer are improving, they continue to remain low as many lung cancers are first diagnosed at an advanced stage of disease. The key to improving survival and quality of life of Australians (...) screening program will support the early detection of lung cancer through the use of Low Dose Computed Tomography (LDCT) in asymptomatic high-risk individuals. LDCT screening aims to diagnose earlier stage lung cancer and enable treatment when the disease is more likely to be curable. Lung cancer is responsible for the greatest number of cancer-related deaths in Australia and lung cancer has a greater proportional impact on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, people in regional and rural areas

2020 Cancer Australia

8. Alpelisib (Piqray) plus fulvestrant for PIK3CA-mutated, hormone receptor–positive advanced breast cancer

Alpelisib (Piqray) plus fulvestrant for PIK3CA-mutated, hormone receptor–positive advanced breast cancer Alpelisib (Piqray®) plus fulvestrant for PIK3CA-mutated, hormone receptor–positive advanced breast cancer - Repository of AIHTA GmbH English | Browse - - - Alpelisib (Piqray®) plus fulvestrant for PIK3CA-mutated, hormone receptor–positive advanced breast cancer Grössmann, N. (2020): Alpelisib (Piqray®) plus fulvestrant for PIK3CA-mutated, hormone receptor–positive advanced breast cancer

2020 Austrian Institute of Health Technology Assessment

9. Durvalumab in combination for untreated extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (terminated appraisal)

Durvalumab in combination for untreated extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (terminated appraisal) Durvalumab in combination for untreated extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (terminated appraisal) T echnology appraisal guidance Published: 25 November 2020 www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ta662 © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Contents Contents Advice 3 Information 3 Durvalumab in combination (...) for untreated extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (terminated appraisal) (TA662) © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2 of 3Advice Advice NICE is unable to make a recommendation about the use in the NHS of durvalumab in combination for untreated extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer because AstraZeneca withdrew its evidence submission. The company has confirmed that it does not intend to make a submission

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Technology Appraisals

10. Atezolizumab with bevacizumab for treating advanced or unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma

been little progress in this disease area since the targeted systemic treatments sorafenib and lenvatinib were introduced, and there is a considerable unmet need for people with advanced HCC. They also explained that atezolizumab plus bevacizumab is Atezolizumab with bevacizumab for treating advanced or unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (TA666) © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 6 of 17an (...) Japan) and Africa. In Europe and North America, HCC is increasingly associated with metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease, obesity and exposure to toxic substances. The committee noted that Atezolizumab with bevacizumab for treating advanced or unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (TA666) © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 11 of 17IMbrave150 was done in 17 countries, with 40% of patients

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Technology Appraisals

11. Cancer diagnostic tools to aid decision-making in primary care: mixed-methods systematic reviews and cost-effectiveness analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cancer diagnostic tools to aid decision-making in primary care: mixed-methods systematic reviews and cost-effectiveness analysis Cancer diagnostic tools to aid decision-making in primary care: mixed-methods systematic reviews and cost-effectiveness analysis Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website (...) search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} Cancer diagnostic tools are currently not widely used in the UK and there is limited evidence on their impact on patient outcomes, while survival benefits drive cost-effectiveness but are unknown. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , & . Antonieta Medina-Lara 1, * , Bogdan Grigore 2 , Ruth Lewis 3 , Jaime Peters 2 , Sarah Price 4 , Paolo Landa 1

2020 NIHR HTA programme

12. Darolutamide with androgen deprivation therapy for treating hormone-relapsed non-metastatic prostate cancer

) © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 221 1 Recommendations Recommendations 1.1 Darolutamide with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is recommended, within its marketing authorisation, as an option for treating hormone-relapsed prostate cancer in adults at high risk of developing metastatic disease. It is recommended only if the company provides darolutamide according to the commercial arrangement (...) -and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 4 of 222 2 Information about darolutamide Information about darolutamide Marketing authorisation indication Marketing authorisation indication 2.1 Darolutamide (Nubeqa, Bayer) is indicated 'for the treatment of adult men with non-metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer who are at high risk of developing metastatic disease' . Dosage in the marketing authorisation Dosage in the marketing authorisation 2.2 The dosage schedule is available in the summary of product

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Technology Appraisals

13. Pembrolizumab for untreated metastatic or unresectable recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

cancer started in the oral cavity 3.16 The committee's preferred modelling assumptions used: • efficacy data from subgroup analyses (by cancer origin; see section 3.6, section 3.7 and section 3.11) • a 5-year duration of treatment effect (see section 3.10) • Weibull curves to model overall survival (see section 3.11) • a lower baseline utility value for progressed disease (see section 3.12) Pembrolizumab for untreated metastatic or unresectable recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (TA661 (...) inside or outside the oral cavity, compared with cetuximab combination therapy or chemotherapy alone • combination therapy is not a cost-effective use of NHS resources for people whose cancer started inside or outside the oral cavity, compared with pembrolizumab monotherapy. Treatment with pembrolizumab should be stopped after 2 years of uninterrupted treatment, or earlier if disease progresses. Pembrolizumab for untreated metastatic or unresectable recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Technology Appraisals

14. Magseed for locating impalpable breast cancer lesions

breast cancer. At the time of surgery, Magseed's location is detected with the Sentimag probe (a magnetic sensing system). This sensing machine makes sounds of different pitches and gives a reading to let surgeons know how close they are to Magseed. The seed is then removed along with the tumour. Magseed can be implanted any time before the surgical procedure. The company and 1 expert also noted the use of Magseed to localise axillary lymph nodes in people who are having neoadjuvant chemotherapy (...) invasive cancer, 18.9% who had ductal carcinoma in situ, 12.6% mixed; and 6.4% were classed as other. Localisation methods were 33.5% Magseed guided (n=396) and 66.5% were wire guided (n=787). Bilateral localisation procedures were done in only 1.4% of cases. Of the 78 people with multifocal lesions, 10 people had 2 Magseeds and 1 person had Magseed plus wire. The was no index lesion in the excision specimen in 8 cases, of which only 1 was a localisation failure. In people with invasive or non-invasive

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

15. Systemic Therapy for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

: The Adrienne Wilson Liver Cancer Association, Birmingham, AL 25 Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 26 Yale Cancer Center and VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT Abstract Section: PURPOSE To develop an evidence-based clinical practice guideline to assist in clinical decision making for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS ASCO convened an Expert Panel to conduct a systematic review of published phase III randomized (...) and third-line therapy is discussed. Further guidance on choosing between therapy options is included within the guideline. Additional information is available at . INTRODUCTION Section: There were approximately 670,000 new cases and 625,000 deaths worldwide due to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in 2018. HCC comprises 75%-85% of primary liver cancer cases and is the fourth-leading cause of annual cancer deaths worldwide. In the United States, it is estimated that liver cancer will account

2020 American Society of Clinical Oncology Guidelines

16. Lung Cancer Screening in Risk Groups: A Review-Update of the Economic Evidence (Part II)

Lung Cancer Screening in Risk Groups: A Review-Update of the Economic Evidence (Part II) Lung Cancer Screening in Risk Groups: A Review-Update of the Economic Evidence (Part II) - Repository of AIHTA GmbH English | Browse - - - Lung Cancer Screening in Risk Groups: A Review-Update of the Economic Evidence (Part II) Böhler, C.E.H. and Wolf, S. (2020): Lung Cancer Screening in Risk Groups: A Review-Update of the Economic Evidence (Part II). HTA-Projektbericht 132b. Preview - Sie müssen einen PDF (...) -Viewer auf Ihrem PC installiert haben wie z. B. , oder 1MB Abstract Recent evidence on the effectiveness of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening, such as the National Lung Cancer Screening Study (NLST) or the Dutch-Belgian Randomised Lung Cancer Screening Study (NELSON), seems to confirm a possible relative reduction in lung cancer mortality (although not in all-cause mortality) from LDCT-screening. Since then, a considerable body of new evidence also emerged on the cost

2020 Austrian Institute of Health Technology Assessment

17. Lung cancer screening in risk groups

- Sie müssen einen PDF-Viewer auf Ihrem PC installiert haben wie z. B. , oder 4MB Abstract Lung cancer is the fourth most frequently diagnosed cancer in the European Union. Risk factors for lung cancer include smoking in particular, but also family history, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and occupational or environmental exposure to radon, asbestos or fine particles. Different imaging technologies such as chest X-ray and (low-dose) computed tomography (...) Lung cancer screening in risk groups Lung cancer screening in risk groups - Repository of AIHTA GmbH English | Browse - - - Lung cancer screening in risk groups Semlitsch, T. and Jeitler, K. and Zipp, C. and Krenn, C. and Horvath, K. and Zens, Y. and Hausner, E. and Sauerland, S. and Störchel, M. and Sturtz, S. and Varela Lema, L. and Paz Valiñas, L. and Puñal Riobóo, J. and Cantero Muñoz, P. and Faraldo Vallés, M.J. (2020): Lung cancer screening in risk groups. HTA-Projektbericht 132a. Preview

2020 Austrian Institute of Health Technology Assessment

18. Endoscopic Recognition and Management Strategies for Malignant Colorectal Polyps: Recommendations of the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer Full Text available with Trip Pro

with their pathologists and for pathologists to avoid the terms carcinoma and cancer in describing lesions confined to the mucosa, in order to reduce errors in understanding and clinical management. Endoscopic and Histologic Classification Systems Used in This Document The optimal management of malignant polyps in modern colonoscopy is based on the endoscopic diagnosis. Before endoscopic resection, every colorectal lesion detected at colonoscopy should undergo complete assessment of the lesion morphology, surface (...) with depressed (0–IIc) morphology are often associated with invasive cancer even when small. Rembacken B.J. Fujii T. Cairns A. et al. Flat and depressed colonic neoplasms: a prospective study of 1000 colonoscopies in the UK. Lancet. 2000; 355 : 1211-1214 , Suzuki N. Talbot I.C. Saunders B.P. The prevalence of small, flat colorectal cancers in a Western population. Colorectal Dis. 2004; 6 : 15-20 , Diebold M.D. Samalin E. Merle C. et al. Colonic flat neoplasia: frequency and concordance between endoscopic

2020 American Gastroenterological Association Institute

19. Should Cancer Patients Receive Apixaban to Prevent Venous Thromboembolism? An Analysis of the AVERT Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

have a solid tumor and a Khorana score of 2 or higher have an estimated 9.6% risk of symptomatic thrombosis during the first 6 months of chemotherapy. Ay C. Dunkler D. Marosi C. et al. Prediction of venous thromboembolism in cancer patients. Blood. 2010; 116 : 5377-5382 The Khorana score is a validated clinical decision tool used to stratify cancer patients according to VTE risk. Ay C. Dunkler D. Marosi C. et al. Prediction of venous thromboembolism in cancer patients. Blood. 2010; 116 : 5377-5382 (...) bleeding episodes (category 3 or 4) were only 20% of all major bleeding episodes, and the rate of these severe episodes was similar in the apixaban and placebo groups. Within the AVERT trial, there was a high proportion of patients with gynecologic, lymphoma, and pancreatic tumors, and very few patients with colorectal or prostate cancers. Agnelli G. Direct oral anticoagulants for thromboprophylaxis in ambulatory patients with cancer. N Engl J Med. 2019; 380 : 781-783 This is expected because

2020 Annals of Emergency Medicine Journal Club

20. Nadofaragene Firadenovec and Oportuzumab Monatox for BCG-Unresponsive, Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer: Effectiveness and Value

of upper tract TCC, adenocarcinoma, or squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder; and patients with disease involving the prostatic ducts or stroma. • History of pelvic malignancy, hydronephrosis, or clinically significant abnormalities of the upper urinary tract and those who had undergone BCG therapy within 6 weeks prior to the start of VB4-845 dosing. ©Institute for Clinical and Economic Review, 2020 Page D8 Evidence Report - Nadofaragene Firadenovec and Oportuzumab Monatox for NMIBC Return to ToC (...) of patient refusal or ineligibility due to comorbidities • Received perioperative chemotherapy instillation after TUR of the bladder Exclusions • Concurrent or previous muscle-invasive disease, concurrent or previous tumour in the upper urinary tract or prostatic urethra, chronic urinary tract infection, cured or active tuberculosis, any other malignancy Skinner 2013 23 NCT00234039 Sponsor: Southwest Oncology Group Collaborator: National Cancer Institute Phase II single-arm, multicenter (16 sites

2020 California Technology Assessment Forum