Latest & greatest articles for calcium

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Top results for calcium

121. Vitamin D Supplementation and Depression in the Women`s Health Initiative Calcium and Vitamin D Trial

Vitamin D Supplementation and Depression in the Women`s Health Initiative Calcium and Vitamin D Trial 22573431 2012 06 29 2012 09 04 2017 02 20 1476-6256 176 1 2012 Jul 01 American journal of epidemiology Am. J. Epidemiol. Vitamin D supplementation and depression in the women's health initiative calcium and vitamin D trial. 1-13 10.1093/aje/kwr482 While observational studies have suggested that vitamin D deficiency increases risk of depression, few clinical trials have tested whether vitamin D (...) supplementation affects the occurrence of depression symptoms. The authors evaluated the impact of daily supplementation with 400 IU of vitamin D(3) combined with 1,000 mg of elemental calcium on measures of depression in a randomized, double-blinded US trial comprising 36,282 postmenopausal women. The Burnam scale and current use of antidepressant medication were used to assess depressive symptoms at randomization (1995-2000). Two years later, women again reported on their antidepressant use, and 2,263

EvidenceUpdates2012 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

122. A Comparison of 3 Surgical Techniques [Laser Excision, Scalpel Gingivectomy and Periodontal Flap] to Treat Calcium Channel Blocker Induced Gingival Overgrowth Favoring Laser Excision

A Comparison of 3 Surgical Techniques [Laser Excision, Scalpel Gingivectomy and Periodontal Flap] to Treat Calcium Channel Blocker Induced Gingival Overgrowth Favoring Laser Excision UTCAT2201, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title A Comparison of 3 Surgical Techniques [Laser Excision, Scalpel Gingivectomy and Periodontal Flap] to Treat Calcium Channel Blocker Induced Gingival Overgrowth Favoring Laser (...) Excision Clinical Question In an elderly hypertensive patient with calcium channel blocker induced gingival enlargement requiring surgical resection; does laser excision or surgery with a periodontal flap technique lead to a lower recurrence rate than does a classic gingivectomy? Clinical Bottom Line Recurrence of gingival overgrowth over a 6 month period is significantly reduced when surgery employs laser excision rather than a periodontal flap technique. Best Evidence (you may view more info

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

123. Comparative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of computed tomography screening for coronary artery calcium in asymptomatic individuals

Comparative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of computed tomography screening for coronary artery calcium in asymptomatic individuals Comparative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of computed tomography screening for coronary artery calcium in asymptomatic individuals Comparative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of computed tomography screening for coronary artery calcium in asymptomatic individuals van Kempen BJ, Spronk S, Koller MT, Elias-Smale SE, Fleischmann KE, Ikram MA, Krestin (...) GP, Hofman A, Witteman JC, Hunink MG Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of screening for coronary artery calcium using computed tomography (CT) for asymptomatic men and women

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2012

124. The Effectiveness Of MTA vs Calcium Hydroxide As Direct Or Indirect Pulp Capping Agents

The Effectiveness Of MTA vs Calcium Hydroxide As Direct Or Indirect Pulp Capping Agents UTCAT2248, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title The Effectiveness Of MTA vs Calcium Hydroxide As Direct Or Indirect Pulp Capping Agents Clinical Question In a patient who needs direct or indirect pulp capping, does using MTA induce reparative dentin formation more effectively than using calcium hydroxide? Clinical Bottom (...) Line Using MTA results in either a significantly thicker calcified bridge or a higher successful rates than using calcium hydroxide during the early stage (within 3 months) of direct or indirect pulp capping. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Bonoist/2012 60 teeth from patients aged 16-34 years. Randomized Clinical Trial Key results At 3 months, the clinical success rates of MTA

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

125. Long Term Success of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Calcium Hydroxide in Direct Pulp Capping

Long Term Success of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Calcium Hydroxide in Direct Pulp Capping UTCAT2257, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Long Term Success of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Calcium Hydroxide in Direct Pulp Capping Clinical Question In a patient requiring a direct pulp cap, will mineral trioxide aggregate, as compared to Calcium Hydroxide compounds, lead to a better long-term outcome (...) ? Clinical Bottom Line In the long-term success rate of direct pulp caps, mineral trioxide aggregate seemed to provide a better prognosis than calcium hydroxide. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Mente/2010 149 patients requiring direct pulp capping in 167 teeth Retrospective Study Key results Of the 69 teeth treated with mineral trioxide aggregate, 54 had a successful outcome (78% success rate

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2012

126. Efficacy of calcium supplementation for management of overweight and obesity: systematic review of randomized clinical trials

Efficacy of calcium supplementation for management of overweight and obesity: systematic review of randomized clinical trials Efficacy of calcium supplementation for management of overweight and obesity: systematic review of randomized clinical trials Efficacy of calcium supplementation for management of overweight and obesity: systematic review of randomized clinical trials Onakpoya IJ, Perry R, Zhang J, Ernst E CRD summary This review found evidence to suggest that calcium supplementation led (...) to a small statistically significant reduction in weight in overweight/obese individuals, but the clinical relevance of this effect was unclear. These findings should be interpreted with caution (this was acknowledged by the authors) given the methodological limitations of the studies and their potentially limited generalisability to male populations. Authors' objectives To evaluate the efficacy of calcium supplements for the management of body weight in obese and overweight individuals. Searching

DARE.2012

127. WITHDRAWN: Adenosine versus intravenous calcium channel antagonists for the treatment of supraventricular tachycardia in adults.

WITHDRAWN: Adenosine versus intravenous calcium channel antagonists for the treatment of supraventricular tachycardia in adults. BACKGROUND: Patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia frequently present to the Emergency Department. Where vagal manoeuvres fail, the two most commonly used drugs are adenosine and calcium channel antagonists. Both are known to be effective but both have a significant side-effect profile. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relative effects of adenosine (...) and calcium channel antagonists and, if possible, to determine which is most appropriate for the management of supraventricular tachycardia. SEARCH METHODS: Studies were identified from The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) on The Cochrane Library, Issue 2, 2010, MEDLINE (1966 to May Week 1 2010) and EMBASE (1980 to 2010 week 19). The searches were originally run in June 2006 and updated and re-run in May 2010. Bibliographies of identified studies were also examined. No language

Cochrane2012

128. Cost-effectiveness of aspirin, celecoxib, and calcium chemoprevention for colorectal cancer

Cost-effectiveness of aspirin, celecoxib, and calcium chemoprevention for colorectal cancer Cost-effectiveness of aspirin, celecoxib, and calcium chemoprevention for colorectal cancer Cost-effectiveness of aspirin, celecoxib, and calcium chemoprevention for colorectal cancer Squires H, Tappenden P, Cooper K, Carroll C, Logan R, Hind D Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary (...) of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of aspirin, celecoxib, or calcium for the prevention of colorectal cancer, with a screening programme, for the general population or those who had undergone colorectal polypectomy. Calcium chemoprevention was likely to be cost-effective after polypectomy, but the evidence was weak. Aspirin could be cost

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2012

129. Peripheral edema associated with calcium channel blockers: incidence and withdrawal rate

Peripheral edema associated with calcium channel blockers: incidence and withdrawal rate Peripheral edema associated with calcium channel blockers: incidence and withdrawal rate; a meta-analysis of randomized trials Peripheral edema associated with calcium channel blockers: incidence and withdrawal rate; a meta-analysis of randomized trials Makani H, Bangalore S, Romero J, Htyte N, Berrios RS, Makwana H, Messerli FH CRD summary The review concluded that incidence of peripheral oedema and (...) patient withdrawal increased with duration of calcium channel blocker therapy up to six months. Rates were lower with both non-dihydropyridines and lipophilic dihydropyridines. Given lack of clarity on quality and potential for bias in the review process, the authors' conclusions should be considered tentative. Authors' objectives To evaluate the incidence and withdrawal rate of peripheral oedema with calcium channel blockers (CCBs), effect of treatment duration on oedema incidence and compare

DARE.2012

130. Vitamin D with or without calcium supplementation for prevention of cancer and fractures: an updated meta-analysis for the U.S. preventive services task force

Vitamin D with or without calcium supplementation for prevention of cancer and fractures: an updated meta-analysis for the U.S. preventive services task force Vitamin D with or without calcium supplementation for prevention of cancer and fractures: an updated meta-analysis for the U.S. preventive services task force Vitamin D with or without calcium supplementation for prevention of cancer and fractures: an updated meta-analysis for the U.S. preventive services task force Chung M, Lee J (...) , Terasawa T, Lau J, Trikalinos TA CRD summary The authors concluded that combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation can reduce fracture risk in adults. There was insufficient evidence to draw conclusions on cancer prevention. The authors' conclusion reflects the evidence presented and seems largely reliable. Authors' objectives To update on the effects of vitamin D supplementation (with or without calcium supplementation) on cancer and fracture outcomes in adults. The review also included

DARE.2012

131. Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight infants is inconclusive

Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight infants is inconclusive Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight infants is inconclusive | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts (...) Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight infants is inconclusive Article Text Therapeutics Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2012

132. Combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation may reduce fracture risk in institutionalised older people but has uncertain role in cancer prevention

Combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation may reduce fracture risk in institutionalised older people but has uncertain role in cancer prevention Combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation may reduce fracture risk in institutionalised older people but has uncertain role in cancer prevention | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers (...) of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation may reduce fracture risk in institutionalised older people but has uncertain role in cancer prevention Article Text Therapeutics Combined vitamin D and calcium

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2012

133. Randomised controlled trial: Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women

Randomised controlled trial: Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search (...) for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women Article Text Therapeutics Randomised controlled trial Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women Barbara J Boucher Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2012

134. Cohart Study: Various vitamin and mineral supplements are observed to increase mortality risk in older women, with the exception of calcium, which decreases risk

Cohart Study: Various vitamin and mineral supplements are observed to increase mortality risk in older women, with the exception of calcium, which decreases risk Various vitamin and mineral supplements are observed to increase mortality risk in older women, with the exception of calcium, which decreases risk | Evidence-Based Nursing This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password (...) For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Various vitamin and mineral supplements are observed to increase mortality risk in older women, with the exception of calcium, which decreases risk Article

Evidence-Based Nursing (Requires free registration)2012

135. Comparison of percutaneous screw fixation and calcium sulfate cement grafting versus open treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures

Comparison of percutaneous screw fixation and calcium sulfate cement grafting versus open treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures 22232815 2012 01 09 2012 08 14 2017 02 14 1071-1007 32 10 2011 Oct Foot & ankle international Foot Ankle Int Comparison of percutaneous screw fixation and calcium sulfate cement grafting versus open treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. 979-85 The conventional treatment for displaced intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus (...) (DIACF), with open reduction and internal plate fixation (ORIF), carries the risk of wound infection and delayed recovery. Alternatively percutaneous fixation techniques offer the possibility of equivalent outcomes in with a reduction in soft tissue complications. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of percutaneous reduction (PR), screw fixation, and calcium sulphate cement (CSC) grafting in the treatment of DIACF. Ninety patients were randomly assigned to PR and CSC grafting

EvidenceUpdates2012

136. Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema

Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema Makani H, Bangalore S, Romero J, Wever-Pinzon O, Messerli FH CRD summary This review concluded that in patients with hypertension, calcium channel blockers with renin-angiotensin system blockers reduced (...) the risk of peripheral oedema compared with monotherapy. The authors' conclusions appear to reflect the evidence, but lack of reporting on details of individual trials mean these conclusions should be interpreted with caution as the results may not be generalisable. Authors' objectives To evaluate the risk of peripheral oedema in patients who received calcium channel blocker/rennin-angiotensin system combination therapy compared to calcium channel blocker monotherapy and to evaluate the difference

DARE.2011

137. To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy

To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy Wang TS, Cheung K, Roman SA, Sosa JA Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets (...) the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary This study assessed the incremental cost-utility of routine supplementation with calcium and vitamin D, compared with selective supplementation, for patients after total or completion of thyroidectomy. Routine supplementation was less expensive and slightly increased patient

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2011

138. Calcium channel blockers for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia.

Calcium channel blockers for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia. BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia and related disorders affect a sizable proportion of any population. Neuroleptic (antipsychotic) medications are the primary treatment for these disorders. Neuroleptic medications are associated with a variety of side effects including tardive dyskinesia. Dyskinesia is a disfiguring movement disorder of the orofacial region that can be tardive (having a slow or belated onset). Tardive dyskinesia (...) is difficult to treat, despite experimentation with several treatments. Calcium channel blockers (diltiazem, nifedipine, nimodipine, verapamil) have been among these experimental treatments. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of calcium-channel blocker drugs (diltiazem, nifedipine, nimodipine, verapamil) for treatment of neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia in people with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or other chronic mental illnesses. SEARCH STRATEGY: We updated previous searches in May 2010

Cochrane2011

139. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of nonmelanoma and melanoma skin cancer: post hoc analyses of the women`s health initiative randomized controlled trial

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of nonmelanoma and melanoma skin cancer: post hoc analyses of the women`s health initiative randomized controlled trial 21709199 2011 07 29 2011 08 16 2016 12 15 1527-7755 29 22 2011 Aug 01 Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology J. Clin. Oncol. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of nonmelanoma and melanoma skin cancer: post hoc analyses of the women's health initiative (...) randomized controlled trial. 3078-84 10.1200/JCO.2011.34.5967 In light of inverse relationships reported in observational studies of vitamin D intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and melanoma, we evaluated the effects of vitamin D combined with calcium supplementation on skin cancer in a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Postmenopausal women age 50 to 79 years (N = 36,282) enrolled onto the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) calcium/vitamin D clinical

EvidenceUpdates2011 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

140. Calcium carbonate + cholecalciferol (Kalcipos-D®) - Vitamin D and calcium supplement in addition to specific osteoporosis treatment of patients who are at risk of vitamin D and calcium deficiency

Calcium carbonate + cholecalciferol (Kalcipos-D®) - Vitamin D and calcium supplement in addition to specific osteoporosis treatment of patients who are at risk of vitamin D and calcium deficiency Published 08 August 2011 Product Update calcium carbonate equivalent to 500mg calcium, cholecalciferol (vitamin D 3 ) 800 IU (20 microgram) tablets (Kalcipos-D 500mg/800 IU chewable tablets®) (No: 718/11 ) Meda Pharmaceuticals Ltd 08 July 2011 The Scottish Medicines Consortium (SMC) has completed its (...) assessment of the above product and advises NHS Boards and Area Drug and Therapeutic Committees (ADTCs) on its use in NHS Scotland. The advice is summarised as follows: ADVICE: following an abbreviated submission calcium carbonate and cholecalciferol (Kalcipos-D®) is accepted for use within NHS Scotland. Indications under review: ? Prevention and treatment of calcium and vitamin D deficiency in the elderly. ? Vitamin D and calcium supplement in addition to specific osteoporosis treatment of patients who

Scottish Medicines Consortium2011