Latest & greatest articles for calcium

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Top results for calcium

241. Review: vitamin D plus calcium, but not vitamin D alone, prevents osteoporotic fractures in older people

Review: vitamin D plus calcium, but not vitamin D alone, prevents osteoporotic fractures in older people Review: vitamin D plus calcium, but not vitamin D alone, prevents osteoporotic fractures in older people | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search (...) for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: vitamin D plus calcium, but not vitamin D alone, prevents osteoporotic fractures in older people Article Text Therapeutics Review: vitamin D plus calcium, but not vitamin D alone, prevents osteoporotic fractures in older people Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2007

242. Calcium intake and hip fracture risk in men and women: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials

Calcium intake and hip fracture risk in men and women: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials Calcium intake and hip fracture risk in men and women: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials Calcium intake and hip fracture risk in men and women: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials Bischoff-Ferrari H A, Dawson-Hughes B, Baron J A, Burckhardt P, Li R, Spiegelman D, Specker B (...) , Orav J E, Wong J B, Staehelin H B, O'Reilly E, Kiel D P, Willett W C CRD summary The authors concluded that calcium intake was associated with a reduced hip fracture risk in neither men nor women. This was a generally well-conducted review, but in light of the uncertain quality of included studies the reliability of the conclusions was unclear. Authors' objectives To assess the relationship between calcium intake and the risk of hip fracture. Searching MEDLINE (January 1960 to December 2006

DARE.2007

243. The development of new-onset type 2 diabetes associated with choosing a calcium channel blocker compared to a diuretic or beta-blocker

The development of new-onset type 2 diabetes associated with choosing a calcium channel blocker compared to a diuretic or beta-blocker The development of new-onset type 2 diabetes associated with choosing a calcium channel blocker compared to a diuretic or beta-blocker The development of new-onset type 2 diabetes associated with choosing a calcium channel blocker compared to a diuretic or beta-blocker Kuti E L, Baker W L, White C M CRD summary This review concluded that calcium-channel blockers (...) for the treatment of hypertension appear to reduce the risk of developing new-onset type two diabetes mellitus compared with treatment with β-blockers and/or diuretics. However, given the differences between the studies and several potential limitations of the review methodology, the reliability of the authors' conclusions is unclear. Authors' objectives To examine the effects of calcium-channel blockers (CCBs), compared with β-blockers and diuretics, on new-onset type two diabetes mellitus in patients

DARE.2007

244. Use of calcium or calcium in combination with vitamin D supplementation to prevent fractures and bone loss in people aged 50 years and older: a meta-analysis

Use of calcium or calcium in combination with vitamin D supplementation to prevent fractures and bone loss in people aged 50 years and older: a meta-analysis Use of calcium or calcium in combination with vitamin D supplementation to prevent fractures and bone loss in people aged 50 years and older: a meta-analysis Use of calcium or calcium in combination with vitamin D supplementation to prevent fractures and bone loss in people aged 50 years and older: a meta-analysis Tang B M, Eslick G D (...) , Nowson C, Smith C, Bensoussan A CRD summary The authors' conclusion that the evidence supports the use of calcium, or calcium in combination with vitamin D supplementation, for osteoporotic fractures and bone mineral density in adults over 50 appears to follow from the results presented. The authors' conclusions are likely to be reliable. Authors' objectives To determine the efficacy of calcium supplementation, with or without vitamin D, for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures and bone loss

DARE.2007

245. Effect of maternal calcium intake during pregnancy on children's blood pressure: a systematic review of the literature

Effect of maternal calcium intake during pregnancy on children's blood pressure: a systematic review of the literature Effect of maternal calcium intake during pregnancy on children's blood pressure: a systematic review of the literature Effect of maternal calcium intake during pregnancy on children's blood pressure: a systematic review of the literature Bergel E, Barros A J CRD summary This review summarised published evidence on the association between maternal dietary calcium intake during (...) pregnancy and blood-pressure in the offspring. The authors concluded that there is evidence to support such an association, but more research is needed to confirm it. Despite the potential for bias in the review methods, these cautious conclusions appear reasonably reliable on the basis of the presented evidence. Authors' objectives To summarise the evidence on the association between maternal dietary calcium intake during pregnancy and blood-pressure (BP) in the offspring. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE

DARE.2007

246. Cost effectiveness of coronary angiography and calcium scoring using CT and stress MRI for diagnosis of coronary artery disease

Cost effectiveness of coronary angiography and calcium scoring using CT and stress MRI for diagnosis of coronary artery disease Cost effectiveness of coronary angiography and calcium scoring using CT and stress MRI for diagnosis of coronary artery disease Cost effectiveness of coronary angiography and calcium scoring using CT and stress MRI for diagnosis of coronary artery disease Dewey M, Hamm B Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria (...) for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study examined six strategies for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). In particular, three new strategies were compared with three conventional approaches. The new options were coronary angiography using multislice computed tomography (MSCT), calcium scoring using

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2007

247. Should patients receiving a radial artery conduit have post-operative Calcium Channel blockers ?

Should patients receiving a radial artery conduit have post-operative Calcium Channel blockers ? BestBets: Should patients receiving a radial artery conduit have post-operative Calcium Channel blockers ? Should patients receiving a radial artery conduit have post-operative Calcium Channel blockers ? Report By: Anish Patel, Sanjay Asopa - Specialist Registrars in Cardiothoracic Surgery Search checked by Joel Dunning - Specialist Registrar RCS Institution: Wessex Cardiothoracic Unit Date (...) was on no medication on admission and asks you why he needs to have 6 weeks of Diltiazem three times per day as prescribed by your consultant. You have some difficulty justifying this medication and thus resolve to look up the literature that night. Search Strategy Medline1966 to Jan 2006. [Exp coronary artery bypass/OR coronary bypass.mp/OR coronary art$ bypass.mp OR CABG.mp OR exp Thoracic surgery/]AND[exp Radial artery/ OR radial arter$.mp]AND[exp calcium channel blockers/OR calcium channel blocker$.mp

BestBETS2007

248. Combined calcium, magnesium and potassium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults.

Combined calcium, magnesium and potassium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults. BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that increasing dietary intakes of calcium, potassium or magnesium separately may reduce BP to a small degree over the short term. It is unclear whether increasing intakes of a combination of these minerals produces a larger reduction in BP. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined mineral supplementation as a treatment for primary (...) a combination of potassium, and/or calcium, and/or magnesium with placebo, no treatment, or usual care; 2) treatment and follow-up >=8 weeks; 3) participants over 18 years old, with raised systolic blood pressure (SBP) >=140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >=85 mmHg with no known primary cause; 4) SBP and DBP reported at end of follow-up. We excluded trials where participants were pregnant, or received antihypertensive medication which changed during the study. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS

Cochrane2006

249. Psychosocial factors and coronary calcium in adults without clinical cardiovascular disease.

Psychosocial factors and coronary calcium in adults without clinical cardiovascular disease. BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors have been linked to coronary events, but the mechanisms underlying these associations have not been established. Evidence is mixed regarding associations of psychosocial factors with subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of 4 psychosocial factors (depressive symptoms, anger, anxiety, and chronic stress) with the presence of subclinical (...) coronary atherosclerosis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, a population-based study of subclinical atherosclerosis. PATIENTS: A multiethnic sample of 6789 adults, 45 to 84 years of age, with no history of clinical cardiovascular disease. MEASUREMENTS: Coronary calcium was assessed by using chest computed tomography, and psychosocial factors were assessed by using questionnaires with validated scales. RESULTS: There was no evidence that higher levels

Annals of Internal Medicine2006

250. Amlodipine besylate/ atorvastatin calcium

Amlodipine besylate/ atorvastatin calcium Common Drug Review CEDAC Meeting – April 19, 2006 Page 1 of 1 Notice of CEDAC Final Recommendation – May 17, 2006 CEDAC FINAL RECOMMENDATION and REASONS for RECOMMENDATION AMLODIPINE BESYLATE AND ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM (Caduet ™ – Pfizer Canada Inc.) Description: Caduet ™ is a fixed dose combination of amlodipine and atorvastatin and is approved for use in patients for whom treatment with both amlodipine and atorvastatin is appropriate, specifically

Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Common Drug Review2006

251. Education, 15-year risk factor progression, and coronary artery calcium in young adulthood and early middle age: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study.

Education, 15-year risk factor progression, and coronary artery calcium in young adulthood and early middle age: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study. CONTEXT: The inverse association between education and cardiovascular disease is well established, but little is known about the relationship between education and subclinical disease, which is free from medical access and treatment-related influences, or about possible mediating pathways for these relationships. OBJECTIVE (...) : To examine the association of education with coronary artery calcium (CAC), an indicator of subclinical atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular risk factors, and their changes as potential mediators. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A population-based, prospective, observational study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults [CARDIA]) of 2913 eligible participants (44.9% black; 53.9% women) recruited from 4 metropolitan areas (Birmingham, Ala; Chicago, Ill; Minneapolis, Minn; and Oakland, Calif

JAMA2006

252. Etidronate, calcium, or both did not reduce fracture rates in patients with asthma receiving glucocorticoid treatment

Etidronate, calcium, or both did not reduce fracture rates in patients with asthma receiving glucocorticoid treatment Etidronate, calcium, or both did not reduce fracture rates in patients with asthma receiving glucocorticoid treatment | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name (...) or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Etidronate, calcium, or both did not reduce fracture rates in patients with asthma receiving glucocorticoid treatment Article Text Therapeutics Etidronate, calcium, or both did not reduce fracture rates in patients with asthma receiving glucocorticoid treatment Free Sophie

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2006

253. Calcium did not prevent fractures in elderly women

Calcium did not prevent fractures in elderly women Calcium did not prevent fractures in elderly women | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts (...) OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Calcium did not prevent fractures in elderly women Article Text Therapeutics Calcium did not prevent fractures in elderly women Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available for this article. Request permissions If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2006

254. Calcium plus vitamin D did not prevent fractures or colorectal cancer in postmenopausal women

Calcium plus vitamin D did not prevent fractures or colorectal cancer in postmenopausal women Calcium plus vitamin D did not prevent fractures or colorectal cancer in postmenopausal women | Evidence-Based Nursing This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search (...) for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Calcium plus vitamin D did not prevent fractures or colorectal cancer in postmenopausal women Article Text Treatment Calcium plus vitamin D did not prevent fractures or colorectal cancer in postmenopausal women Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available

Evidence-Based Nursing (Requires free registration)2006

255. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of colorectal cancer.

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of colorectal cancer. 16481636 2006 02 16 2006 02 21 2016 06 21 1533-4406 354 7 2006 Feb 16 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of colorectal cancer. 684-96 Higher intake of calcium and vitamin D has been associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer in epidemiologic studies and polyp recurrence in polyp-prevention trials. However, randomized-trial evidence that calcium (...) with vitamin D supplementation is beneficial in the primary prevention of colorectal cancer is lacking. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving 36,282 postmenopausal women from 40 Women's Health Initiative centers: 18,176 women received 500 mg of elemental calcium as calcium carbonate with 200 IU of vitamin D3 [corrected] twice daily (1000 mg of elemental calcium and 400 IU of vitamin D3) and 18,106 received a matching placebo for an average of 7.0 years. The incidence

NEJM2006

256. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of fractures.

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of fractures. 16481635 2006 02 16 2006 02 21 2013 11 21 1533-4406 354 7 2006 Feb 16 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of fractures. 669-83 The efficacy of calcium with vitamin D supplementation for preventing hip and other fractures in healthy postmenopausal women remains equivocal. We recruited 36,282 postmenopausal women, 50 to 79 years of age, who were already enrolled (...) in a Women's Health Initiative (WHI) clinical trial. We randomly assigned participants to receive 1000 mg of elemental [corrected] calcium as calcium carbonate with 400 IU of vitamin D3 daily or placebo. Fractures were ascertained for an average follow-up period of 7.0 years. Bone density was measured at three WHI centers. Hip bone density was 1.06 percent higher in the calcium plus vitamin D group than in the placebo group (P<0.01). Intention-to-treat analysis indicated that participants receiving calcium

NEJM2006

257. Relationship between serum parathyroid hormone levels, vitamin D sufficiency, and calcium intake.

Relationship between serum parathyroid hormone levels, vitamin D sufficiency, and calcium intake. CONTEXT: Adequate vitamin D status for optimum bone health has received increased recognition in recent years; however, the ideal intake is not known. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D is the generally accepted indicator of vitamin D status, but no universal reference level has been reached. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relative importance of high calcium intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D for calcium (...) homeostasis, as determined by serum intact parathyroid hormone (PTH). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional study of 2310 healthy Icelandic adults who were divided equally into 3 age groups (30-45 years, 50-65 years, or 70-85 years) and recruited from February 2001 to January 2003. They were administered a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, which assessed vitamin D and calcium intake. Participants were further divided into groups according to calcium intake (<800 mg/d, 800

JAMA2005

258. Review: calcium supplementation has a small positive effect on bone mineral density but not fractures in postmenopausal women

Review: calcium supplementation has a small positive effect on bone mineral density but not fractures in postmenopausal women Review: calcium supplementation has a small positive effect on bone mineral density but not fractures in postmenopausal women | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password (...) * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: calcium supplementation has a small positive effect on bone mineral density but not fractures in postmenopausal women Article Text Therapeutics Review: calcium supplementation has a small positive effect on bone mineral density but not fractures

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2005

259. Dietary calcium supplementation for preventing colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps.

Dietary calcium supplementation for preventing colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps. BACKGROUND: Several dietary factors have been considered to be involved in the increasing incidence of colorectal cancer in industrialised countries. Experimental and epidemiological evidence has been suggestive but not conclusive for a protective role for high dietary calcium intake. Intervention studies with colorectal cancer as an endpoint are difficult to perform owing to the large number of patients (...) and the long follow-up required; studies using the appearance of colorectal adenomatous polyps as a surrogate endpoint are therefore considered in reviewing the existing evidence. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to assess the effect of supplementary dietary calcium on the incidence of colorectal cancer and the incidence or recurrence of adenomatous polyps. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group specialised register, MEDLINE

Cochrane2005

260. Oral vitamin D3 and calcium for secondary prevention of low-trauma fractures in elderly people (Randomised Evaluation of Calcium Or vitamin D, RECORD): a randomised placebo-controlled trial.

Oral vitamin D3 and calcium for secondary prevention of low-trauma fractures in elderly people (Randomised Evaluation of Calcium Or vitamin D, RECORD): a randomised placebo-controlled trial. 15885294 2005 05 11 2005 05 24 2015 06 16 1474-547X 365 9471 2005 May 7-13 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Oral vitamin D3 and calcium for secondary prevention of low-trauma fractures in elderly people (Randomised Evaluation of Calcium Or vitamin D, RECORD): a randomised placebo-controlled trial. 1621-8 (...) Elderly people who have a fracture are at high risk of another. Vitamin D and calcium supplements are often recommended for fracture prevention. We aimed to assess whether vitamin D3 and calcium, either alone or in combination, were effective in prevention of secondary fractures. In a factorial-design trial, 5292 people aged 70 years or older (4481 [85%] of whom were women) who were mobile before developing a low-trauma fracture were randomly assigned 800 IU daily oral vitamin D3, 1000 mg calcium

Lancet2005