Latest & greatest articles for calcium

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Top results for calcium

181. Long Term Success of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Calcium Hydroxide in Direct Pulp Capping

Long Term Success of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Calcium Hydroxide in Direct Pulp Capping UTCAT2257, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Long Term Success of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Calcium Hydroxide in Direct Pulp Capping Clinical Question In a patient requiring a direct pulp cap, will mineral trioxide aggregate, as compared to Calcium Hydroxide compounds, lead to a better long-term outcome (...) ? Clinical Bottom Line In the long-term success rate of direct pulp caps, mineral trioxide aggregate seemed to provide a better prognosis than calcium hydroxide. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Mente/2010 149 patients requiring direct pulp capping in 167 teeth Retrospective Study Key results Of the 69 teeth treated with mineral trioxide aggregate, 54 had a successful outcome (78% success rate

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

182. Efficacy of calcium supplementation for management of overweight and obesity: systematic review of randomized clinical trials

Efficacy of calcium supplementation for management of overweight and obesity: systematic review of randomized clinical trials Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

183. WITHDRAWN: Adenosine versus intravenous calcium channel antagonists for the treatment of supraventricular tachycardia in adults. (PubMed)

WITHDRAWN: Adenosine versus intravenous calcium channel antagonists for the treatment of supraventricular tachycardia in adults. Patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia frequently present to the Emergency Department. Where vagal manoeuvres fail, the two most commonly used drugs are adenosine and calcium channel antagonists. Both are known to be effective but both have a significant side-effect profile.To examine the relative effects of adenosine and calcium channel antagonists (...) adenosine and a calcium channel antagonist in patients of any age with supraventricular tachycardia, where one of the defined outcomes was reported. Outcomes of interest were: reversion rate, mortality, time to reversion, rate of relapse, major and minor adverse events, length of hospital stay and patient satisfaction.Two authors independently checked the results of searches to identify relevant studies. Dichotomous outcomes were reported as Peto Odds ratios and continuous outcomes as weighted mean

2012 Cochrane

184. Cost-effectiveness of aspirin, celecoxib, and calcium chemoprevention for colorectal cancer

Cost-effectiveness of aspirin, celecoxib, and calcium chemoprevention for colorectal cancer Cost-effectiveness of aspirin, celecoxib, and calcium chemoprevention for colorectal cancer Cost-effectiveness of aspirin, celecoxib, and calcium chemoprevention for colorectal cancer Squires H, Tappenden P, Cooper K, Carroll C, Logan R, Hind D Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary (...) of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of aspirin, celecoxib, or calcium for the prevention of colorectal cancer, with a screening programme, for the general population or those who had undergone colorectal polypectomy. Calcium chemoprevention was likely to be cost-effective after polypectomy, but the evidence was weak. Aspirin could be cost

2012 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

185. Vitamin D with or without calcium supplementation for prevention of cancer and fractures: an updated meta-analysis for the U.S. preventive services task force

Vitamin D with or without calcium supplementation for prevention of cancer and fractures: an updated meta-analysis for the U.S. preventive services task force Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

186. Peripheral edema associated with calcium channel blockers: incidence and withdrawal rate

Peripheral edema associated with calcium channel blockers: incidence and withdrawal rate Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

187. Cohart Study: Various vitamin and mineral supplements are observed to increase mortality risk in older women, with the exception of calcium, which decreases risk

Cohart Study: Various vitamin and mineral supplements are observed to increase mortality risk in older women, with the exception of calcium, which decreases risk Various vitamin and mineral supplements are observed to increase mortality risk in older women, with the exception of calcium, which decreases risk | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn (...) in older women, with the exception of calcium, which decreases risk Article Text Women's Health Cohart Study Various vitamin and mineral supplements are observed to increase mortality risk in older women, with the exception of calcium, which decreases risk Neva L Crogan Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on: Mursu J , Robien K , Harnack LJ , et al . Dietary supplements and mortality rate in older women: the Iowa Women's Health Study. Implications for practice and research ■ Antioxidant use could

2012 Evidence-Based Nursing

188. Combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation may reduce fracture risk in institutionalised older people but has uncertain role in cancer prevention

Combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation may reduce fracture risk in institutionalised older people but has uncertain role in cancer prevention Combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation may reduce fracture risk in institutionalised older people but has uncertain role in cancer prevention | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more (...) about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation may reduce fracture risk

2012 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

189. Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight infants is inconclusive

Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight infants is inconclusive Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight infants is inconclusive | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies (...) , please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight

2012 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

190. Randomised controlled trial: Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women

Randomised controlled trial: Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password (...) For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women Article Text Therapeutics Randomised controlled trial Calcium supplements may increase

2012 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

191. Comparison of percutaneous screw fixation and calcium sulfate cement grafting versus open treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (PubMed)

Comparison of percutaneous screw fixation and calcium sulfate cement grafting versus open treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures The conventional treatment for displaced intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus (DIACF), with open reduction and internal plate fixation (ORIF), carries the risk of wound infection and delayed recovery. Alternatively percutaneous fixation techniques offer the possibility of equivalent outcomes in with a reduction in soft tissue complications (...) . The goal of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of percutaneous reduction (PR), screw fixation, and calcium sulphate cement (CSC) grafting in the treatment of DIACF.Ninety patients were randomly assigned to PR and CSC grafting or ORIF between January 2006 and August 2008. The blood loss, Böhler's angle, calcaneal width, length, height and articular congruity of the posterior facet, wound complication, range of joint motion were compared, function scores such as American Orthopaedic Foot

2012 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

192. Vitamin D With or Without Calcium Supplementation for Prevention of Cancer and Fractures: An Updated Meta-analysis for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (PubMed)

Vitamin D With or Without Calcium Supplementation for Prevention of Cancer and Fractures: An Updated Meta-analysis for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Studies suggest that vitamin D supplementation may reduce cancer and fracture risks.To examine the benefits and harms of vitamin D with or without calcium supplementation on clinical outcomes of cancer and fractures in adults.English-language studies identified from MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through (...) for colorectal cancer but no statistically significant dose-response relationships for prostate and breast cancer. Random-effects model meta-analysis showed that combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation reduced fracture risk (pooled relative risk, 0.88 [CI, 0.78 to 0.99]) in older adults, but the effects differed according to study setting: institution (relative risk, 0.71 [CI, 0.57 to 0.89]) versus community-dwelling (relative risk, 0.89 [CI, 0.76 to 1.04]). One RCT showed adverse outcomes associated

2011 Annals of Internal Medicine

193. To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy

To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy Wang TS, Cheung K, Roman SA, Sosa JA Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets (...) the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary This study assessed the incremental cost-utility of routine supplementation with calcium and vitamin D, compared with selective supplementation, for patients after total or completion of thyroidectomy. Routine supplementation was less expensive and slightly increased patient

2011 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

194. Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema

Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema Makani H, Bangalore S, Romero J, Wever-Pinzon O, Messerli FH CRD summary This review concluded that in patients with hypertension, calcium channel blockers with renin-angiotensin system blockers reduced (...) the risk of peripheral oedema compared with monotherapy. The authors' conclusions appear to reflect the evidence, but lack of reporting on details of individual trials mean these conclusions should be interpreted with caution as the results may not be generalisable. Authors' objectives To evaluate the risk of peripheral oedema in patients who received calcium channel blocker/rennin-angiotensin system combination therapy compared to calcium channel blocker monotherapy and to evaluate the difference

2011 DARE.

195. Calcium channel blockers for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia. (PubMed)

Calcium channel blockers for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia. Schizophrenia and related disorders affect a sizable proportion of any population. Neuroleptic (antipsychotic) medications are the primary treatment for these disorders. Neuroleptic medications are associated with a variety of side effects including tardive dyskinesia. Dyskinesia is a disfiguring movement disorder of the orofacial region that can be tardive (having a slow or belated onset). Tardive dyskinesia is difficult (...) to treat, despite experimentation with several treatments. Calcium channel blockers (diltiazem, nifedipine, nimodipine, verapamil) have been among these experimental treatments.To determine the effects of calcium-channel blocker drugs (diltiazem, nifedipine, nimodipine, verapamil) for treatment of neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia in people with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or other chronic mental illnesses.We updated previous searches in May 2010 by searching the Cochrane Schizophrenia

2011 Cochrane

196. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of nonmelanoma and melanoma skin cancer: post hoc analyses of the women`s health initiative randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of nonmelanoma and melanoma skin cancer: post hoc analyses of the women`s health initiative randomized controlled trial In light of inverse relationships reported in observational studies of vitamin D intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and melanoma, we evaluated the effects of vitamin D combined with calcium supplementation on skin cancer in a randomized placebo-controlled (...) trial.Postmenopausal women age 50 to 79 years (N = 36,282) enrolled onto the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) calcium/vitamin D clinical trial were randomly assigned to receive 1,000 mg of elemental calcium plus 400 IU of vitamin D3 (CaD) daily or placebo for a mean follow-up period of 7.0 years. NMSC and melanoma skin cancers were ascertained by annual self-report; melanoma skin cancers underwent physician adjudication.Neither incident NMSC nor melanoma rates differed between treatment (hazard ratio [HR], 1.02; 95

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2011 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: predicted high

197. Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP)

Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together (...) Topics Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) L. Virginia Powell DMD, GPR . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate shows promise as an anticariogenic agent. Critical Summary Assessment One long-term RCT and several short-term in vivo and in situ randomized control trials demonstrate the remineralizing effect of CPP-ACP, but there is inconclusive evidence to support its

2011 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

198. Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP)

Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together (...) Topics Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) L. Virginia Powell DMD, GPR . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate shows promise as an anticariogenic agent. Critical Summary Assessment One long-term RCT and several short-term in vivo and in situ randomized control trials demonstrate the remineralizing effect of CPP-ACP, but there is inconclusive evidence to support its

2011 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

199. Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP)

Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together (...) Topics Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) L. Virginia Powell DMD, GPR . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate shows promise as an anticariogenic agent. Critical Summary Assessment One long-term RCT and several short-term in vivo and in situ randomized control trials demonstrate the remineralizing effect of CPP-ACP, but there is inconclusive evidence to support its

2011 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

200. Vitamin D reduces the risk of falls in older adults compared with calcium or placebo. (PubMed)

Vitamin D reduces the risk of falls in older adults compared with calcium or placebo. 21421967 2011 06 30 2011 03 22 1468-9618 14 2 2011 Apr Evidence-based nursing Evid Based Nurs Vitamin D reduces the risk of falls in older adults compared with calcium or placebo. 38-9 10.1136/ebn.14.2.38 Benton Melissa J MJ Valdosta State University, College of Nursing Valdosta, GA, USA. mjbenton@valdosta.edu eng Comment Journal Article England Evid Based Nurs 9815947 1367-6539 J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Jul;58(7

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2011 Evidence-Based Nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain