Latest & greatest articles for bronchiolitis

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Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is mainly caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). The virus travels down to the bronchioles in the lungs causing them to become inflamed making it difficult to breath.

Almost every child will be infected with RSV by the time they reach two years. Adults can also contract the virus, typically during winter months.

In mild cases bronchiolitis will clear up without treatment. The virus that causes bronchiolitis travels through tiny droplets of liquid and can be passed through the air or contracted by touching infected surfaces.

Symptoms include: Sore throat, dry cough, blocked nose and aches and pains throughout the body.

Although there is no cure for chronic bronchiolitis research and clinical studies on bronchiolitis suggest that some lifestyle changes can ease symptoms: avoid smoking, eat a healthy diet and maintain regular exercise. In extreme cases steroids can be prescribed to help minimise inflammation.

Read more on medications used to treat bronchiolitis and the causes of the virus.

Top results for bronchiolitis

1. Clinical Practice Guideline: The Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Bronchiolitis

Clinical Practice Guideline: The Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Bronchiolitis Clinical Practice Guideline: The Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Bronchiolitis | From the American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics '); document.write(''); } function OAS_AD(pos) { if (OAS_version >= 11 && typeof(OAS_RICH)!='undefined') { OAS_RICH(pos); } else { OAS_NORMAL(pos); } } //--> Search for this keyword Source User menu Sections Sign up for highlighting editor-chosen studies (...) with the greatest impact on clinical care. Clinical Practice Guideline: The Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Bronchiolitis Shawn L. Ralston , Allan S. Lieberthal , H. Cody Meissner , Brian K. Alverson , Jill E. Baley , Anne M. Gadomski , David W. Johnson , Michael J. Light , Nizar F. Maraqa , Eneida A. Mendonca , Kieran J. Phelan , Joseph J. Zorc , Danette Stanko-Lopp , Mark A. Brown , Ian Nathanson , Elizabeth Rosenblum , Stephen Sayles III , Sinsi Hernandez-Cancio This article has a correction. Please

2014 American Academy of Pediatrics

2. Bronchiolitis in children: diagnosis and management

Bronchiolitis in children: diagnosis and management Bronchiolitis in children: diagnosis and Bronchiolitis in children: diagnosis and management management NICE guideline Published: 1 June 2015 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng9 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration (...) be inconsistent with complying with those duties. Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. Bronchiolitis in children: diagnosis and management (NG9) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2 of 19Contents Contents Overview 4 Who

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

3. Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis Bronchiolitis - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Bronchiolitis Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: January 2019 Summary Leading cause of hospital admission in infants under 1 year of age. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause. Most cases are mild and self-limiting, and supportive care is the only indicated therapy. Cough may persist for weeks, after 10 to 14 days (...) of acute illness. Some patients may go on to develop recurrent wheeze. Definition Viral bronchiolitis is an acute viral infection of the lower respiratory tract. Although it can affect individuals of any age, the term is most often used to refer to infection in infancy. It is characterised by epithelial cell destruction, cellular oedema, and airway obstruction by inflammatory debris and mucus. The clinical manifestations include cough, wheeze, and laboured breathing. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV

2019 BMJ Best Practice

4. Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis Top results for bronchiolitis - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2 (...) ) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for bronchiolitis The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

5. Randomised controlled trial: The therapeutic value of hypertonic saline in acute bronchiolitis remains unclear Full Text available with Trip Pro

Randomised controlled trial: The therapeutic value of hypertonic saline in acute bronchiolitis remains unclear The therapeutic value of hypertonic saline in acute bronchiolitis remains unclear | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts (...) OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here The therapeutic value of hypertonic saline in acute bronchiolitis remains unclear Article Text Therapeutics/Prevention Randomised controlled trial The therapeutic value of hypertonic saline in acute

2015 Evidence-Based Medicine

6. Bronchiolitis: Recommendations for diagnosis, monitoring and management of children one to 24 months of age

Bronchiolitis: Recommendations for diagnosis, monitoring and management of children one to 24 months of age Bronchiolitis is the most common reason for admission to hospital in the first year of life. There is tremendous variation in the clinical management of this condition across Canada and around the world, including significant use of unnecessary tests and ineffective therapies. This statement pertains to generally healthy children ≤24 months of age with bronchiolitis. The diagnosis (...) of bronchiolitis is based primarily on the history of illness and physical examination findings. Laboratory investigations are generally unhelpful. Bronchiolitis is a self-limiting disease, usually managed with supportive care at home. Groups at high risk for severe disease are described and guidelines for admission to hospital are presented. Evidence for the efficacy of various therapies is discussed and recommendations are made for management. Monitoring requirements and discharge readiness from hospital

2014 Canadian Paediatric Society

7. Is Nebulized Hypertonic Saline Solution Effective for Acute Bronchiolitis?

Is Nebulized Hypertonic Saline Solution Effective for Acute Bronchiolitis? TAKE-HOME MESSAGE Hypertonic saline solution is possibly effective in decreasing hospital admission and length of stay for infants with bronchiolitis. Is Nebulized Hypertonic Saline Solution Effective for Acute Bronchiolitis? EBEM Commentators Jennifer H. Chao, MD Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Department of Emergency Medicine SUNY Downstate Medical Center Brooklyn, NY Richard Sinert, DO Division of Research (...) of stay and hospital admission with hypertonic saline solution, although theseresultsneedtobetempered by the presence of substantial heterogeneity across studies because of inconsistency in de?ningbronchiolitis.Bronchiolitisis a clinical syndrome as opposed to a speci?c pathologic process. In everyday practice, the clinical pre- sentation of bronchiolitis overlaps that of a simple upper respiratory infection with an asthma exacerba- tion. Zheng et al 1 concluded that nebulized hypertonic saline

2017 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

8. Acute bronchitis

Acute bronchitis Acute bronchitis - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Acute bronchitis Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: June 2018 Summary Cough is typically worse at night or with exercise; lasts >2 weeks in 50% and 4 weeks in 25% of patients; may be associated with bronchospasm and/or excessive mucus production. Diagnosis is primarily clinical. Other causes for acute cough such as pneumonia (...) , asthma, or postnasal drip should be ruled out if suspected. Treatment is aimed at symptom reduction until infection is resolved and bronchial damage repaired. Antibiotics are not recommended in the majority of patients. Complications are rare; the primary complication is a postbronchitis syndrome, which can produce a cough lasting several months. Definition Acute bronchitis is defined as a self-limiting lower respiratory tract infection, to distinguish this condition from common colds and other upper

2018 BMJ Best Practice

9. Chronic Cough Related to Acute Viral Bronchiolitis in Children

hospitalised with bronchiolitis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016;51(6):613-623. 15. Chang AB, Oppenheimer JJ, Weinberger MM, et al. Use of management pathways or algorithms in children with chronic cough: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report. Chest. 2017;151(4):884-890. 16. Chang AB, Oppenheimer JJ, Weinberger MM, et al. Management of children with chronic wet cough and protracted bacterial bronchitis: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report. Chest. 2017;151(4): 884-890. 17. Gaf?nJM,Phipatanakul W. Thecalculated (...) Chronic Cough Related to Acute Viral Bronchiolitis in Children Chronic Cough Related to Acute Viral Bronchiolitis in Children CHEST Expert Panel Report Anne B. Chang, MBBS, PhD, MPH; John J. Oppenheimer, MD; Bruce K. Rubin, MD; Miles Weinberger, MD, FCCP; and Richard S. Irwin, MD, Master FCCP; on behalf of the CHEST Expert Cough Panel BACKGROUND: Acute bronchiolitis is common in young children, and some children develop chronic cough after their bronchiolitis. We thus undertook systematic

2018 American College of Chest Physicians

10. Effect of Nebulized Hypertonic Saline Treatment in Emergency Departments on the Hospitalization Rate for Acute Bronchiolitis: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Effect of Nebulized Hypertonic Saline Treatment in Emergency Departments on the Hospitalization Rate for Acute Bronchiolitis: A Randomized Clinical Trial PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2018 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

12. Bronchiolitis (Overview)

Bronchiolitis (Overview) Bronchiolitis: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTYxOTYzLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Bronchiolitis Updated: Mar 25, 2018 Author (...) : Nizar F Maraqa, MD, FAAP; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Bronchiolitis Overview Practice Essentials Bronchiolitis is an acute inflammatory injury of the bronchioles that is usually caused by a viral infection (most commonly respiratory syncytial virus). This condition may occur in persons of any age, but severe symptoms are usually evident only in young infants, as seen in the image below. A chest radiography revealing lung hyperinflation

2014 eMedicine.com

13. Mucolytic agents versus placebo for chronic bronchitis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (Abstract)

Mucolytic agents versus placebo for chronic bronchitis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Individuals with chronic bronchitis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may suffer recurrent exacerbations with an increase in volume or purulence of sputum, or both. Personal and healthcare costs associated with exacerbations indicate that therapies that reduce the occurrence of exacerbations are likely to be useful. Mucolytics are oral medicines that are believed to increase (...) expectoration of sputum by reducing its viscosity, thus making it easier to cough it up. Improved expectoration of sputum may lead to a reduction in exacerbations of COPD.Primary objective• To determine whether treatment with mucolytics reduces exacerbations and/or days of disability in patients with chronic bronchitis or COPDSecondary objectives• To assess whether mucolytics lead to improvement in lung function or quality of life• To determine frequency of adverse effects associated with use of mucolytics

2019 Cochrane

14. Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis Evidence Maps - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4

2018 Trip Evidence Maps

15. Pediatrics, Bronchiolitis (Treatment)

Pediatrics, Bronchiolitis (Treatment) Bronchiolitis Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Initial Management, Admission Criteria Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTYxOTYzLXRyZWF0bWVudA (...) == processing > Bronchiolitis Treatment & Management Updated: Mar 25, 2018 Author: Nizar F Maraqa, MD, FAAP; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Bronchiolitis Treatment Approach Considerations Since no definitive antiviral therapy exists for most causes of bronchiolitis, management of these infants should be directed toward symptomatic relief and maintenance of hydration and oxygenation. Although numerous medications and interventions have been studied

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

17. [Comparison by double-blind study of the combination of an aerosol of salbutamol and ipratropium bromide and its individual effect in chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma]. (Abstract)

[Comparison by double-blind study of the combination of an aerosol of salbutamol and ipratropium bromide and its individual effect in chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma]. 6229844 1984 03 22 2013 11 21 0014-2565 171 4 1983 Nov 30 Revista clinica espanola Rev Clin Esp [Comparison by double-blind study of the combination of an aerosol of salbutamol and ipratropium bromide and its individual effect in chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma]. 265-8 Baños Hidalgo P P Ramos Martos A A Cabrera (...) Derivatives administration & dosage Bronchitis drug therapy Chronic Disease Double-Blind Method Drug Evaluation Humans Ipratropium administration & dosage 1983 11 30 1983 11 30 0 1 1983 11 30 0 0 ppublish 6229844

1984 Revista Clinica Espanola Controlled trial quality: uncertain

18. High-flow warm humidified oxygen versus standard low-flow nasal cannula oxygen for moderate bronchiolitis (HFWHO RCT): an open, phase 4, randomised controlled trial

High-flow warm humidified oxygen versus standard low-flow nasal cannula oxygen for moderate bronchiolitis (HFWHO RCT): an open, phase 4, randomised controlled trial PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2017 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

19. Acute Bronchitis

Acute Bronchitis Acute Bronchitis Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Acute Bronchitis Acute Bronchitis Aka: Acute (...) Bronchitis , Bronchitis , Chest Cold From Related Chapters II. Definition Infection of trachea, , or oles Acute Bronchitis is most often of viral etiology Contrast with exacerbation ( exacerbation) which is often l III. Epidemiology Acute Bronchitis is most common cause of acute cough is most common presenting symptom in primary care IV. Etiology: Most common causes by age Age under one year (winter to spring) Parainfluenza (fall) Coronavirus (winter to spring) Age one to 10 years Parainfluenza (fall

2018 FP Notebook

20. Bronchiolitis (Treatment)

Bronchiolitis (Treatment) Bronchiolitis Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Initial Management, Admission Criteria Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTYxOTYzLXRyZWF0bWVudA== processing (...) > Bronchiolitis Treatment & Management Updated: Mar 25, 2018 Author: Nizar F Maraqa, MD, FAAP; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Bronchiolitis Treatment Approach Considerations Since no definitive antiviral therapy exists for most causes of bronchiolitis, management of these infants should be directed toward symptomatic relief and maintenance of hydration and oxygenation. Although numerous medications and interventions have been studied for the treatment

2014 eMedicine.com