Latest & greatest articles for brain injury

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Top results for brain injury

1. Feasibility and Accuracy of Fast MRI Versus CT for Traumatic Brain Injury in Young Children

Feasibility and Accuracy of Fast MRI Versus CT for Traumatic Brain Injury in Young Children Computed tomography (CT) is commonly used for children when there is concern for traumatic brain injury (TBI) and is a significant source of ionizing radiation. Our objective was to determine the feasibility and accuracy of fast MRI (motion-tolerant MRI sequences performed without sedation) in young children.In this prospective cohort study, we attempted fast MRI in children <6 years old who had head CT (...) hemorrhage, or parenchymal injury.Among 299 participants, fast MRI was available and attempted in 225 (75%) and completed in 223 (99%). Median imaging time was 59 seconds (interquartile range 52-78) for CT and 365 seconds (interquartile range 340-392) for fast MRI. TBI was identified by CT in 111 (50%) participants, including 81 skull fractures, 27 subdural hematomas, 24 subarachnoid hemorrhages, and 35 other injuries. Fast MRI identified TBI in 103 of these (sensitivity 92.8%; 95% confidence interval

2019 EvidenceUpdates

2. Integrated Care Models for Acquired Brain Injury: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines

Integrated Care Models for Acquired Brain Injury: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Integrated Care Models for Acquired Brain Injury: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Integrated Care Models for Acquired Brain Injury: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Integrated Care Models for Acquired Brain Injury: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Last updated: May 21, 2019 (...) Project Number: RB1327-000 Product Line: Research Type: Non-Pharma Mental Health Intervention Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of integrated care models for patients with acquired brain injury with mental health and/or substance use disorders compared to patients who do not have access to patient-centered care? What is the cost-effectiveness of integrated care models for patients with acquired brain injury with mental health

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

3. Care for Acquired Brain Injury and Concurrent Mental Health and Substance Use Issues

Care for Acquired Brain Injury and Concurrent Mental Health and Substance Use Issues Care for Acquired Brain Injury and Concurrent Mental Health and Substance Use Issues | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Care for Acquired Brain Injury and Concurrent Mental Health and Substance Use Issues Care for Acquired Brain Injury and Concurrent Mental Health and Substance Use Issues Last updated: October 11, 2019 Project Number: ES0339-000 Product Line: Result type: Report Expected Completion Date (...) : February 21, 2020 CADTH is undertaking an Environmental Scan of systems and services that are in place in Canada for caring for individuals affected by acquired brain injury (ABI) and concurrent mental health and/or substance use issues. This project is being conducted to help inform decision-making and support practice change to improve the health and well-being of people living with ABI and concurrent mental health and/or substance use issues. The key objectives of this Environmental Scan

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Environmental Scanning

4. Neuroprotection from acute brain injury in preterm infants

Neuroprotection from acute brain injury in preterm infants Infants born at ≤32 +6 weeks gestation are at higher risk for intracranial ischemic and hemorrhagic injuries, which often occur in the first 72 hours postbirth. Antenatal strategies to reduce the incidence of acute brain injuries include administering maternal corticosteroids and prompt antibiotic treatment for chorioamnionitis. Perinatal strategies include delivery within a tertiary centre, delayed cord clamping, and preventing (...) hypothermia. Postnatal strategies include empiric treatment with antibiotics when chorioamnionitis is suspected, the cautious use of inotropes, the avoidance of blood PCO2 fluctuation, and neutral head positioning. Clinicians should be aware of the policies and procedures that, especially when combined, can provide neuroprotection for preterm infants. Keywords: Acute brain injury; Infant; Intraventricular hemorrhage; Neuroprotection; Neuroprotective strategies; Premature

2019 Canadian Paediatric Society

5. Comparison of Effects of Manual and Mechanical Airway Clearance Techniques on Intracranial Pressure in Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury on a Ventilator: Randomized, Crossover Trial

Comparison of Effects of Manual and Mechanical Airway Clearance Techniques on Intracranial Pressure in Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury on a Ventilator: Randomized, Crossover Trial Physical therapist intervention can play a significant role in the prevention of mechanical and infectious complications in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who are mechanically ventilated.The objective of this study was to observe and compare the effects of manual and mechanical airway clearance

2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. Can the important brain injury criteria predict neurosurgical intervention in mild traumatic brain injury? A validation study.

Can the important brain injury criteria predict neurosurgical intervention in mild traumatic brain injury? A validation study. There is variability in the management of patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and abnormal findings on their initial head computed tomography (CT). The main objective of this study was to validate the value of the Important Brain Injury (IBI) criteria, introduced by the Canadian CT-Head Rule, in predicting

2019 EvidenceUpdates

7. Detection of Brain Activation in Unresponsive Patients with Acute Brain Injury. (PubMed)

Detection of Brain Activation in Unresponsive Patients with Acute Brain Injury. Brain activation in response to spoken motor commands can be detected by electroencephalography (EEG) in clinically unresponsive patients. The prevalence and prognostic importance of a dissociation between commanded motor behavior and brain activation in the first few days after brain injury are not well understood.We studied a prospective, consecutive series of patients in a single intensive care unit who had acute (...) brain injury from a variety of causes and who were unresponsive to spoken commands, including some patients with the ability to localize painful stimuli or to fixate on or track visual stimuli. Machine learning was applied to EEG recordings to detect brain activation in response to commands that patients move their hands. The functional outcome at 12 months was determined with the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOS-E; levels range from 1 to 8, with higher levels indicating better outcomes).A total

2019 NEJM

8. Can S100B Serum Biomarker Testing Reduce Head Computed Tomography Scanning in Children With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury?

Can S100B Serum Biomarker Testing Reduce Head Computed Tomography Scanning in Children With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury? Can S100B Serum Biomarker Testing Reduce Head Computed Tomography Scanning in Children With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury? - Annals of Emergency Medicine Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Share this page Access provided by Volume 73, Issue 5, Pages 456–458 Can S100B Serum Biomarker Testing Reduce Head Computed Tomography Scanning (...) in Children With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury? x Steven K. Roumpf , MD (EBEM Commentator) IU Health Academic Health Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN x Julie L. Welch , MD (EBEM Commentator) Indiana Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN DOI: | Publication History Published online: November 20, 2018 Expand all Collapse all Article Outline Take-Home

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2019 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

9. Efficacy and safety of erythropoietin in patients with traumatic brain injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Efficacy and safety of erythropoietin in patients with traumatic brain injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of erythropoietin (EPO) on mortality and neurological outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI).Electronic databases of studies published up to January 5, 2017 were searched to retrieve relevant investigations comparing the outcomes of EPO-treated patients and untreated patients following TBI. We calculated

2019 EvidenceUpdates

10. Systematic Review - Relationship of Deployment-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depressive Disorders, Substance Use Disorders, Suicidal Ideation, and Anxiety Disorders

Systematic Review - Relationship of Deployment-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depressive Disorders, Substance Use Disorders, Suicidal Ideation, and Anxiety Disorders 4 March 2019 Prepared for: Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Health Services Research & Development Service Washington, DC 20420 Prepared by: Evidence Synthesis Program (ESP) Center Portland VA Medical Center Portland, OR Mark Helfand, MD, MPH, MS, Director (...) Relationship of Deployment-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depressive Disorders, Substance Use Disorders, Suicidal Ideation, and Anxiety Disorders: A Systematic Review Authors: Principal Investigator: Nancy Greer, PhD Timothy J. Wilt, MD, MPH Co-Investigators: Princess Ackland, PhD, MSPH Roderick MacDonald, MS Nina Sayer, PhD Michele Spoont, PhD Brent Taylor, PhD Research Assistants: Lauren McKenzie, MPH Christina Rosebush, MPH Evidence Synthesis Program 4 Relationship

2019 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

11. A group memory rehabilitation programme for people with traumatic brain injuries: the ReMemBrIn RCT

A group memory rehabilitation programme for people with traumatic brain injuries: the ReMemBrIn RCT A group memory rehabilitation programme for people with traumatic brain injuries: the ReMemBrIn RCT Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need (...) . >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} The group memory rehabilitation delivered in this trial had no impact on everyday memory for people with traumatic brain injury at 6 months post randomisation. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , , , & . Roshan das Nair 1, 2, 3, * , Lucy E Bradshaw 4 , Hannah Carpenter 5 , Sara Clarke 5 , Florence Day 4 , Avril Drummond 6 , Deborah Fitzsimmons 7 , Shaun Harris 7 , Alan A Montgomery 4 , Gavin Newby 8

2019 NIHR HTA programme

12. Evidence Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia

Evidence Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia Management Briefs eBrief-no150 -- Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Management Briefs eBrief-no150 -- Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia Health Services Research & Development Management eBrief no. 150 » Issue 150 March 2019 The report is a product of the VA/HSR&D Evidence Synthesis Program. Evidence (...) Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common condition among both civilian and military populations. While some TBIs cause acute symptoms that resolve over several weeks or months, evidence accumulated over nearly three decades suggests that TBI may lead to chronic neurodegenerative diseases such as dementia. More public awareness about TBI in active-duty service members as a risk factor for earlier onset of dementia and/or of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

2019 Veterans Affairs - R&D

13. Investigation of a New Couples Intervention for Individuals With Brain Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Investigation of a New Couples Intervention for Individuals With Brain Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial This study aimed to (1) examine the efficacy of a treatment to enhance a couple's relationship after brain injury particularly in relationship satisfaction and communication; and (2) determine couples' satisfaction with this type of intervention.Randomized waitlist-controlled trial.Midwestern outpatient brain injury rehabilitation center.Participants (N=44; 22 persons with brain injury (...) Scale, Quality of Marriage Index (QMI), and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse communication questionnaire were implemented. Measures were completed by the person with brain injury and that person's partner at 3 time points: baseline, immediate postintervention, 3-month follow-up.The experimental group showed significant improvement at posttest and follow-up on the Dyadic Adjustment Scale and the Horsemen questionnaire compared to baseline and to the waitlist-controlled group which showed

2019 EvidenceUpdates

14. Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia

Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia 4 February 2019 Prepared for: Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Health Services Research & Development Service Washington, DC 20420 Prepared by: Evidence Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center Portland VA Health Care System Portland, OR Mark Helfand, MD, MPH, MS, Director Evidence Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia Authors: Kim Peterson, MS Stephanie Veazie, MPH Donald Bourne, MPH Johanna Anderson, MPH Evidence (...) , Veazie S, Bourne D, Anderson J. Evidence Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia. VA ESP Project #09-199; 2019. Posted final reports are located on the ESP search page. This report is based on research conducted by the Evidence Synthesis Program (ESP) Center located at the Portland VA Health Care System, Portland, OR, funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research and Development. The findings and conclusions in this document are those

2019 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

15. Is traumatic brain injury preventable in amateur boxing competition?

Is traumatic brain injury preventable in amateur boxing competition? Is Traumatic Brain Injury Preventable in Amateur Boxing Competition? – Clinical Correlations Search Is Traumatic Brain Injury Preventable in Amateur Boxing Competition? January 18, 2019 5 min read By Kevin Rezzadeh Peer Reviewed Injuries associated with amateur . 1 While many of the superficial wounds and bone fractures can completely heal, brain damage secondary to boxing has also been well 2 Boxers are at risk for sequelae (...) of traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a consequence of repeated blows to the head. Traumatic brain injury can be classified as acute TBI, commonly known as a concussion, and chronic TBI, sometimes called chronic traumatic encephalitis (CTE). 3 Concussion represents an immediate and transient response of the brain to trauma, 4 while CTE is a . 5 Concussions occur less frequently in amateur boxing than professional boxing. 6 The reduction of concussions in amateur boxing could be attributed to shorter match

2019 Clinical Correlations

16. Predicting severe brain injuries from apparent minor head trauma without a scan

Predicting severe brain injuries from apparent minor head trauma without a scan Predicting severe brain injuries from apparent minor head trauma without a scan Discover Portal Discover Portal Predicting severe brain injuries from apparent minor head trauma without a scan Published on 8 March 2016 doi: Specific clinical decision rules applied to adults and adolescents with apparent minor head injury identified groups at low risk of severe internal head injuries, potentially reducing the number (...) used to detect acute brain injury, but scanning everyone is inefficient, costly and needlessly exposes many people to the radiation used in the scan. They also can’t assure against risk of developing longer term physical, psychological or cognitive problems. Clinical decision rules have therefore been developed to help doctors identify people most in need of a CT head scan and appear in 2014 NICE guidance. This review looked into the ability of different clinical decision rules to identify serious

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

17. Antiepileptic medications for early seizure prophylaxis in traumatic brain injuries: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised and non-randomised trials

Antiepileptic medications for early seizure prophylaxis in traumatic brain injuries: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised and non-randomised trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

18. The effectiveness of community-based interventions after acquired brain injury

The effectiveness of community-based interventions after acquired brain injury Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email

2019 PROSPERO

19. The effects of blood transfusion on partial brain tissue oxygenation in traumatic brain injury: a systematic review

The effects of blood transfusion on partial brain tissue oxygenation in traumatic brain injury: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

20. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between neonatal brain injury and the subsequent cognitive function, executive function, attention, academic attainment, and social competence of children born very preterm

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between neonatal brain injury and the subsequent cognitive function, executive function, attention, academic attainment, and social competence of children born very preterm Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate

2019 PROSPERO