Latest & greatest articles for autism

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Autism

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder (a type of mental disorder) characterised by difficult social interaction, impaired communication (both verbal and non-verbal), and restricted and repetitive behaviours. It forms part of the broader autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a range of similar conditions, including Asperger syndrome.

Autism is a condition that begins from early childhood and is often suspected and diagnosed by ages 1-3. It is a lifelong disability that affects how people interact with others.

Autism causes and treatment

There have been many misconceptions as to what causes autism in the past such as the MMR vaccine and diet. Extensive research and clinical trials have concluded that none of these factors cause autism or ASD. However, the real cause is little understood but research is starting to unpick potential factors such as genetics, pollution and other environmental factors. A current favoured idea is that genes inherited from a child’s parents can make them more vulnerable to developing autism, some researchers suggest that the disorder will only develop when triggered by environmental factors.

The exact cause of autism spectrum disorder is unknown, however research into the disorder suggest that it is caused by several genetic and environmental factors. Genes inherited from a child’s parents can make them more vulnerable to developing autism, some researchers suggest that the disorder will only develop when triggered by environmental factors. Read more in clinical papers on autism.

Autism can be managed with a combination of prescribed medicines and behavioural treatment, depending on the severity of the disorder. Read about clinical trials and medical advancements for the treatment of autism on Trip.

Hot topics in Trip

Users of Trip frequently look at topics around adolescents, therapies, behaviour and screening. They also explore such topics as omega-3 fatty acids, SSRIs and aripiprazole. All these topics, and more, can be easily searched for within Trip.

Top results for autism

161. Clinical genetic evaluation in identifying the etiology of the autism spectrum disorders: 2013 guideline revisions

, a genetic evaluation should be offered to every person with an ASD (or his or her family). REPORTED APPROACHES AND YIELDS The rate of success for identifying a specific etiologic diagno- sis in persons with ASDs has been reported as 6–15%. 16–20 This range is applicable even for evaluations of patients with per- vasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, atypi- cal autism, Asperger syndrome, or autistic features who did not necessarily meet the criteria of the fourth edition (...) males with MECP2 duplications and an ASD phenotype. Among the four studies, 22 males with known MECP2 mutations were evaluated. Of these, nine had a diagnosis of autism and one was noted to have “autistic features.” Clearly, these are small studies and were not designed to assess the prevalence in an unselected ASD population. Given current evidence, routine MECP2 testing in males with autism is not recommended. However, the geneticist should be alert to the features of MECP2 duplications (e.g

2013 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics

162. Sensory integration therapy for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review

, O'Reilly M, Healy O, Rispoli M, Lydon H, Streusand W, Davis T, Kang S, Sigafoos J, Lancioni G, Didden R, Giesbers S. Sensory integration therapy for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 2012; 6(3): 1004-1018 DOI Original Paper URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Autistic Disorder; Child; Humans; Occupational Therapy; Sensation; Sensation Disorders AccessionNumber 12012026826 Date bibliographic record published 29/08/2012 Date (...) Sensory integration therapy for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review Sensory integration therapy for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review Sensory integration therapy for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review Lang R, O'Reilly M, Healy O, Rispoli M, Lydon H, Streusand W, Davis T, Kang S, Sigafoos J, Lancioni G, Didden R, Giesbers S CRD summary The authors concluded that sensory integration therapy had no consistently positive effect as a treatment for children

2012 DARE.

163. Medications for Adolescents and Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medications for Adolescents and Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review Although many treatments have been studied in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), less attention has focused on interventions that may be helpful in adolescents and young adults with ASD. The goal of this study was to systematically review evidence regarding medication treatments for individuals between the ages of 13 and 30 years with ASD.The Medline, PsycINFO, and ERIC databases were

2012 EvidenceUpdates

164. Massage therapy for autism spectrum disorders in children

therapy for children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder and pervasive developmental disorder is designed to improve abnormalities in sensory processing and sensory integration that are prevalent in these complex disorders, and to ultimately improve cognitive, behavioral, and social functioning of autistic individuals. Final publication URL The report may be purchased from: Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Autistic Disorder; Child; Child Behavior Disorders; Child Development (...) Massage therapy for autism spectrum disorders in children Massage therapy for autism spectrum disorders in children Massage therapy for autism spectrum disorders in children Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Massage therapy for autism spectrum disorders in children. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc.. Directory Publication. 2012 Authors' conclusions Massage

2012 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

165. Managing the Eating Habits of Autistic Children who are Resistant Eaters: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

BY: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Tel: 1-866-898-8439 www.cadth.ca Managing the Eating Habits of Autistic Children who are Resistant Eaters 4 APPENDIX – FURTHER INFORMATION: Non-Randomized Studies – Relationship between sensory processing and eating problems 5. Nadon G, Ehrmann Feldman D, Dunn W, Gisel E. association of sensory processing and eating problems in children with autism spectrum disorders. Autism Research and Treatment [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2012 Apr 10];541926 (...) . Available from: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/aurt/2011/541926/ Case Studies 6. Kozlowski AM, Matson JL, Fodstad JC, Moree BN. Feeding therapy in a child with autistic disorder: Sequential food presentation. Clinical Case Studies. 2011;10(3):236- 46. 7. Tang B, Piazza CC, Dolezal D, Stein MT. Severe feeding disorder and malnutrition in 2 children with autism. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2011 Apr;32(3):264-7. PubMed: PM21358413 8. Tarbox J, Schiff A, Najdowski AC. Parent-implemented procedural modification

2012 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

166. Tricyclic antidepressants for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children and adolescents. (Abstract)

, increasing the availability of these neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. Via their impact on serotonin, TCAs have been used in the treatment of autistic symptoms and comorbidities in individuals with ASD.  To determine if treatment with tricyclic antidepressants:1) improves the core features of autism, including restricted social interaction, restricted communication, and stereotypical and repetitive behaviours; 2) improves non-core features such as challenging behaviours; 3) improves (...) Tricyclic antidepressants for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children and adolescents. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders, ranging in severity and characterised by early onset of delay and deviance in the development of social interaction, and verbal and nonverbal communication. ASD is associated with restricted and/or stereotyped interests or behaviours. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) block noradrenaline and serotonin reuptake

2012 Cochrane

167. Autism in adults: diagnosis and management

with cognitive and behavioural flexibility, altered sensory sensitivity, sensory processing difficulties and emotional regulation difficulties. The features of autism may range from mild to severe and may fluctuate over time or in response to changes in circumstances. A significant proportion of adults with autism across the whole autistic spectrum experience social and economic exclusion. Their condition is often overlooked by healthcare, education and social care professionals, which creates barriers (...) -and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 5 of 50In this guideline 'autism' refers to 'autism spectrum disorders' encompassing autism, Asperger's syndrome and atypical autism (or pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified). The Guideline Development Group recognises, however, that different individuals and groups prefer a variety of terms for autism including autistic spectrum condition, autistic spectrum difference and neurodiversity (in recent Department of Health, National Audit Office

2012 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

168. Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) Full Text available with Trip Pro

, not otherwise specified (PDD‐NOS) share many features with autism but differ in that in Asperger's disorder early verbal skills are preserved and there may be an even stronger genetic contribution ( ). In PDD‐NOS, the severity of social and other difficulties is less than that of either Asperger's disorder or autistic disorder, although some features suggestive of these conditions must be present for this diagnosis to be made ( ). Given the centrality of social skills, both as a defining feature (...) Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) - Reichow - 2012 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) Corresponding Author E

2012 Campbell Collaboration

169. [Biomedical treatment and diet supplements for the treatment of the autism spectrum disorder]

reported in the scientific literature as an entity in itself. When individually assessing its components, the evidence found is not enough to endorse the use of restrictive diets and/or nutritional supplements as part of the routine treatment of the autism spectrum disorder. Both the clinical practice guidelines and health coverage policies do not endorse the use because they consider them as experimental. Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Autistic Disorder (...) [Biomedical treatment and diet supplements for the treatment of the autism spectrum disorder] Tratamiento biomédico y suplementos alimentarios para el tratamiento del espectro autista [Biomedical treatment and diet supplements for the treatment of the autism spectrum disorder] Tratamiento biomédico y suplementos alimentarios para el tratamiento del espectro autista [Biomedical treatment and diet supplements for the treatment of the autism spectrum disorder] Pichon Riviere A, Augustovski F

2012 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

170. Atomoxetine reduces ADHD symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder

Atomoxetine reduces ADHD symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder Atomoxetine reduces ADHD symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts (...) Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Atomoxetine reduces ADHD symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder Article Text Therapeutics Atomoxetine reduces ADHD symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder Statistics from Altmetric.com Question Question: Does

2012 Evidence-Based Mental Health

171. Some childhood autistic traits are associated with psychotic experiences in early adolescence

Some childhood autistic traits are associated with psychotic experiences in early adolescence Some childhood autistic traits are associated with psychotic experiences in early adolescence | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts (...) OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Some childhood autistic traits are associated with psychotic experiences in early adolescence Article Text Prognosis Some childhood autistic traits are associated with psychotic experiences in early

2012 Evidence-Based Mental Health

172. Sibling recurrence rate of autism spectrum disorders is 18.7%

? People 664 infant siblings (≤18 months) of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs, including autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder or a pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified). Participants were recruited from ASD clinics and the community. Most sites verified the diagnosis of the older sibling using standardised diagnostic assessments and/or parent diagnostic interviews. Only one infant per family was included in the analysis, and the youngest eligible child was selected (...) Sibling recurrence rate of autism spectrum disorders is 18.7% Sibling recurrence rate of autism spectrum disorders is 18.7% | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user

2012 Evidence-Based Mental Health

173. 2.64% of South Korean children aged 7 to 12 have autism spectrum disorders

2.64% of South Korean children aged 7 to 12 have autism spectrum disorders 2.64% of South Korean children aged 7 to 12 have autism spectrum disorders | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts (...) Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here 2.64% of South Korean children aged 7 to 12 have autism spectrum disorders Article Text Prevalence 2.64% of South Korean children aged 7 to 12 have autism spectrum disorders Statistics from Altmetric.com Question Question What

2012 Evidence-Based Mental Health

174. Interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders

Interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders Interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders Interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders Lounds Taylor J, Dove D, Veenstra-VanderWeele J, Sathe NA, McPheeters ML, Jerome RN, Warren Z Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been (...) made for the HTA database. Citation Lounds Taylor J, Dove D, Veenstra-VanderWeele J, Sathe NA, McPheeters ML, Jerome RN, Warren Z. Interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 65. 2012 Authors' objectives We systematically reviewed evidence on therapies for adolescents and young adults (ages 13 to 30) with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We focused on the outcomes

2012 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

175. [Efficacy, effectiveness and safety of behavioural interventions in patients with autism spectrum disorders]

[Efficacy, effectiveness and safety of behavioural interventions in patients with autism spectrum disorders] Efectividad de las terapias conductuales en los trastornos del espectro autista [Efficacy, effectiveness and safety of behavioural interventions in patients with autism spectrum disorders] Efectividad de las terapias conductuales en los trastornos del espectro autista [Efficacy, effectiveness and safety of behavioural interventions in patients with autism spectrum disorders] Reza-Goyanes (...) M Citation Reza-Goyanes M. Efectividad de las terapias conductuales en los trastornos del espectro autista. [Efficacy, effectiveness and safety of behavioural interventions in patients with autism spectrum disorders] Unidad de Evaluacion de Tecnologias Sanitarias (UETS). UETS 2011/05. 2012 Authors' conclusions Studies show benefits achieved with some behavioural interventions. But these results must be interpreted with caution because of the absence of results consistency between studies

2012 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

176. Autism and PDD - Management for child or teenager

, and then at transitional ages or during transition periods, to ensure that the care plan is consistent with up-to-date diagnosis and knowledge. ? All care teams should be trained in and have access to the following tools: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale (VABS), Échelle des comportements autistiques [Autistic Behaviour Scale] (ECA), Échelle de communication sociale précoce [Early Social Communication Scale] (ESCS), Psychoeducational Profiles (PEP-3 and AAPEP), and standardised (...) Autism and PDD - Management for child or teenager QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE Autism and other PDDs 1 Coordinated education and treatment interventions in children and adolescents Coordinated education and treatment interventions in children and adolescents March 2012 March 2012 INVOLVE THE CHILD OR ADOLESCENT AND PARENTS – PAY ATTENTION TO SIBLINGS Children and adolescents have rights. They should be treated with dignity and their history, personality, routines, own wishes and tastes, abilities

2012 HAS Guidelines

177. Adult Employment Assistance Services for Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects on Employment Outcomes Full Text available with Trip Pro

for Autism Research National Alliance for Autism Research Autism Research Institute National Autistic Society (UK) Autism Research Centre (Cambridge) Conference proceedings that were reviewed included: Asia Pacific Autism Conference 2009 PENN Autism Network Conference. Autism Society National Conference NARRTC Annual Conference Annual International Meeting of Autism Research (IMFAR) National Autistic Society's Professional Conference Cambridge Autism Research Conference 3.3 CODING PROCEDURES (...) Adult Employment Assistance Services for Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects on Employment Outcomes Adult Employment Assistance Services for Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects on Employment Outcomes - Westbrook - 2012 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access Adult Employment Assistance Services

2012 Campbell Collaboration

178. Auditory integration training and other sound therapies for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). (Abstract)

Auditory integration training and other sound therapies for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Auditory integration therapy was developed as a technique for improving abnormal sound sensitivity in individuals with behavioural disorders including autism spectrum disorders. Other sound therapies bearing similarities to auditory integration therapy include the Tomatis Method and Samonas Sound Therapy.To determine the effectiveness of auditory integration therapy or other methods of sound therapy (...) in individuals with autism spectrum disorders.For this update, we searched the following databases in September 2010: CENTRAL (2010, Issue 2), MEDLINE (1950 to September week 2, 2010), EMBASE (1980 to Week 38, 2010), CINAHL (1937 to current), PsycINFO (1887 to current), ERIC (1966 to current), LILACS (September 2010) and the reference lists of published papers. One new study was found for inclusion.Randomised controlled trials involving adults or children with autism spectrum disorders. Treatment

2011 Cochrane

179. Neuron number and size in prefrontal cortex of children with autism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuron number and size in prefrontal cortex of children with autism. Autism often involves early brain overgrowth, including the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Although prefrontal abnormality has been theorized to underlie some autistic symptoms, the cellular defects that cause abnormal overgrowth remain unknown.To investigate whether early brain overgrowth in children with autism involves excess neuron numbers in the PFC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND CASES: Postmortem prefrontal tissue from 7 autistic and 6 (...) ). Brain weight in the autistic cases differed from normative mean weight for age by a mean of 17.6% (95% CI, 10.2%-25.0%; P = .001), while brains in controls differed by a mean of 0.2% (95% CI, -8.7% to 9.1%; P = .96). Plots of counts by weight showed autistic children had both greater total prefrontal neuron counts and brain weight for age than control children.In this small preliminary study, brain overgrowth in males with autism involved an abnormal excess number of neurons in the PFC.

2011 JAMA

180. Therapies for children with autism spectrum disorders.

Therapies for children with autism spectrum disorders. Therapies for children with autism spectrum disorders. Therapies for children with autism spectrum disorders. Warren Z, Veenstra-VanderWeele J, Stone W, Bruzek JL, Nahmias AS, Foss-Feig JH, Jerome RN, Krishnaswami S, Sathe NA, Glasser AM, Surawicz T, McPheeters ML. Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made (...) for the HTA database. Citation Warren Z, Veenstra-VanderWeele J, Stone W, Bruzek JL, Nahmias AS, Foss-Feig JH, Jerome RN, Krishnaswami S, Sathe NA, Glasser AM, Surawicz T, McPheeters ML.. Therapies for children with autism spectrum disorders. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 26. 2011 Authors' objectives The Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center systematically reviewed evidence on therapies for children ages 2 to 12 with autism spectrum

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.