Latest & greatest articles for autism

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Autism

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder (a type of mental disorder) characterised by difficult social interaction, impaired communication (both verbal and non-verbal), and restricted and repetitive behaviours. It forms part of the broader autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a range of similar conditions, including Asperger syndrome.

Autism is a condition that begins from early childhood and is often suspected and diagnosed by ages 1-3. It is a lifelong disability that affects how people interact with others.

Autism causes and treatment

There have been many misconceptions as to what causes autism in the past such as the MMR vaccine and diet. Extensive research and clinical trials have concluded that none of these factors cause autism or ASD. However, the real cause is little understood but research is starting to unpick potential factors such as genetics, pollution and other environmental factors. A current favoured idea is that genes inherited from a child’s parents can make them more vulnerable to developing autism, some researchers suggest that the disorder will only develop when triggered by environmental factors.

The exact cause of autism spectrum disorder is unknown, however research into the disorder suggest that it is caused by several genetic and environmental factors. Genes inherited from a child’s parents can make them more vulnerable to developing autism, some researchers suggest that the disorder will only develop when triggered by environmental factors. Read more in clinical papers on autism.

Autism can be managed with a combination of prescribed medicines and behavioural treatment, depending on the severity of the disorder. Read about clinical trials and medical advancements for the treatment of autism on Trip.

Hot topics in Trip

Users of Trip frequently look at topics around adolescents, therapies, behaviour and screening. They also explore such topics as omega-3 fatty acids, SSRIs and aripiprazole. All these topics, and more, can be easily searched for within Trip.

Top results for autism

141. Can we change the risk of autism? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Can we change the risk of autism? 23403688 2013 02 19 2018 12 02 1538-3598 309 6 2013 Feb 13 JAMA JAMA Periconceptional folic acid and risk of autism spectrum disorders. 611-3 10.1001/jama.2013.198 Berry Robert J RJ Crider Krista S KS Yeargin-Allsopp Marshalyn M eng CC999999 Intramural CDC HHS United States Editorial Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. Comment United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 12001-76-2 Vitamin B Complex 935E97BOY8 Folic Acid AIM IM JAMA. 2013 Feb 13;309(6):570-7 23403681 (...) 19277892 Br J Psychiatry. 2009 Jul;195(1):7-14 19567888 J Nutr. 2010 May;140(5):1014-22 20335637 JAMA. 2010 Dec 22;304(24):2716-23 21177506 JAMA. 2011 Oct 12;306(14):1566-73 21990300 MMWR Surveill Summ. 2012 Mar 30;61(3):1-19 22456193 Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Jul;96(1):80-9 22648721 Science. 2012 Oct 19;338(6105):342-3 23087240 Science. 2012 Dec 21;338(6114):1619-22 23160955 Autism Res. 2008 Feb;1(1):4-17 19360646 Pediatrics. 2005 Sep;116(3):703-8 16140711 Med Hypotheses. 2008 Sep;71(3):406-10 18514430

2013 JAMA

142. Association between maternal use of folic acid supplements and risk of autism spectrum disorders in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association between maternal use of folic acid supplements and risk of autism spectrum disorders in children. Prenatal folic acid supplements reduce the risk of neural tube defects in children, but it has not been determined whether they protect against other neurodevelopmental disorders.To examine the association between maternal use of prenatal folic acid supplements and subsequent risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) (autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder (...) . Relative risks of ASDs were estimated by odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs in a logistic regression analysis. Analyses were adjusted for maternal education level, year of birth, and parity.Specialist-confirmed diagnosis of ASDs.At the end of follow-up, 270 children in the study sample had been diagnosed with ASDs: 114 with autistic disorder, 56 with Asperger syndrome, and 100 with PDD-NOS. In children whose mothers took folic acid, 0.10% (64/61,042) had autistic disorder, compared with 0.21% (50/24,134

2013 JAMA

143. Pre?Graduation Transition Services for Improving Employment Outcomes among Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Programs Recent conference programs and conference syntheses (2010‐2011) from relevant associations and conferences were used to identify unpublished studies eligible for review inclusion. Professional organizations/events that were examined included: Autism Society of America National Association of Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers International Society for Autism Research National Alliance for Autism Research Autism Research Institute National Autistic Society (UK) Autism Research Centre (...) Pre?Graduation Transition Services for Improving Employment Outcomes among Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review Pre‐Graduation Transition Services for Improving Employment Outcomes among Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review - Westbrook - 2013 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access

2013 Campbell Collaboration

144. Autism in under 19s: support and management

Autism in under 19s: support and management Autism spectrum disorder in under 19s: Autism spectrum disorder in under 19s: support and management support and management Clinical guideline Published: 28 August 2013 nice.org.uk/guidance/cg170 © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful (...) in a way that would be inconsistent with complying with those duties. Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. Autism spectrum disorder in under 19s: support and management (CG170) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2

2013 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

145. Clinical genetic evaluation in identifying the etiology of the autism spectrum disorders: 2013 guideline revisions

, a genetic evaluation should be offered to every person with an ASD (or his or her family). REPORTED APPROACHES AND YIELDS The rate of success for identifying a specific etiologic diagno- sis in persons with ASDs has been reported as 6–15%. 16–20 This range is applicable even for evaluations of patients with per- vasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, atypi- cal autism, Asperger syndrome, or autistic features who did not necessarily meet the criteria of the fourth edition (...) males with MECP2 duplications and an ASD phenotype. Among the four studies, 22 males with known MECP2 mutations were evaluated. Of these, nine had a diagnosis of autism and one was noted to have “autistic features.” Clearly, these are small studies and were not designed to assess the prevalence in an unselected ASD population. Given current evidence, routine MECP2 testing in males with autism is not recommended. However, the geneticist should be alert to the features of MECP2 duplications (e.g

2013 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics

146. Autism spectrum disorders are associated with fetal growth extremely below or above average for gestational age

Autism spectrum disorders are associated with fetal growth extremely below or above average for gestational age Autism spectrum disorders are associated with fetal growth extremely below or above average for gestational age | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username (...) and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Autism spectrum disorders are associated with fetal growth extremely below or above average for gestational age Article Text Aetiology Autism spectrum disorders

2013 Evidence-Based Mental Health

147. Children of migrant parents may be at greater risk of low-functioning autism spectrum disorder, but lower risk of high-functioning autism spectrum disorder

Children of migrant parents may be at greater risk of low-functioning autism spectrum disorder, but lower risk of high-functioning autism spectrum disorder Children of migrant parents may be at greater risk of low-functioning autism spectrum disorder, but lower risk of high-functioning autism spectrum disorder | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time (...) . To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Children of migrant parents may be at greater risk of low-functioning autism

2013 Evidence-Based Mental Health

148. Review: social skills groups may improve social competence in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder

Review: social skills groups may improve social competence in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder Review: social skills groups may improve social competence in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your (...) username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: social skills groups may improve social competence in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder Article Text Therapeutics Review

2013 Evidence-Based Mental Health

149. Cohort study: Maternal folic acid supplements associated with reduced autism risk in the child Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cohort study: Maternal folic acid supplements associated with reduced autism risk in the child Maternal folic acid supplements associated with reduced autism risk in the child | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers (...) of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Maternal folic acid supplements associated with reduced autism risk in the child Article Text Aetiology Cohort study Maternal folic acid supplements associated with reduced autism risk in the child Rebecca J Schmidt

2013 Evidence-Based Medicine

150. Review: more RCTs on early intensive behavioural intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorders needed

Review: more RCTs on early intensive behavioural intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorders needed Review: more RCTs on early intensive behavioural intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorders needed | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your (...) username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: more RCTs on early intensive behavioural intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorders needed Article Text Therapeutics Review

2013 Evidence-Based Mental Health

151. Sensory integration therapy for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review

, O'Reilly M, Healy O, Rispoli M, Lydon H, Streusand W, Davis T, Kang S, Sigafoos J, Lancioni G, Didden R, Giesbers S. Sensory integration therapy for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 2012; 6(3): 1004-1018 DOI Original Paper URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Autistic Disorder; Child; Humans; Occupational Therapy; Sensation; Sensation Disorders AccessionNumber 12012026826 Date bibliographic record published 29/08/2012 Date (...) Sensory integration therapy for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review Sensory integration therapy for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review Sensory integration therapy for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review Lang R, O'Reilly M, Healy O, Rispoli M, Lydon H, Streusand W, Davis T, Kang S, Sigafoos J, Lancioni G, Didden R, Giesbers S CRD summary The authors concluded that sensory integration therapy had no consistently positive effect as a treatment for children

2012 DARE.

152. Massage therapy for autism spectrum disorders in children

therapy for children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder and pervasive developmental disorder is designed to improve abnormalities in sensory processing and sensory integration that are prevalent in these complex disorders, and to ultimately improve cognitive, behavioral, and social functioning of autistic individuals. Final publication URL The report may be purchased from: Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Autistic Disorder; Child; Child Behavior Disorders; Child Development (...) Massage therapy for autism spectrum disorders in children Massage therapy for autism spectrum disorders in children Massage therapy for autism spectrum disorders in children Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Massage therapy for autism spectrum disorders in children. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc.. Directory Publication. 2012 Authors' conclusions Massage

2012 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

153. Managing the Eating Habits of Autistic Children who are Resistant Eaters: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

BY: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Tel: 1-866-898-8439 www.cadth.ca Managing the Eating Habits of Autistic Children who are Resistant Eaters 4 APPENDIX – FURTHER INFORMATION: Non-Randomized Studies – Relationship between sensory processing and eating problems 5. Nadon G, Ehrmann Feldman D, Dunn W, Gisel E. association of sensory processing and eating problems in children with autism spectrum disorders. Autism Research and Treatment [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2012 Apr 10];541926 (...) . Available from: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/aurt/2011/541926/ Case Studies 6. Kozlowski AM, Matson JL, Fodstad JC, Moree BN. Feeding therapy in a child with autistic disorder: Sequential food presentation. Clinical Case Studies. 2011;10(3):236- 46. 7. Tang B, Piazza CC, Dolezal D, Stein MT. Severe feeding disorder and malnutrition in 2 children with autism. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2011 Apr;32(3):264-7. PubMed: PM21358413 8. Tarbox J, Schiff A, Najdowski AC. Parent-implemented procedural modification

2012 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

154. Tricyclic antidepressants for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children and adolescents. (Abstract)

, increasing the availability of these neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. Via their impact on serotonin, TCAs have been used in the treatment of autistic symptoms and comorbidities in individuals with ASD.  To determine if treatment with tricyclic antidepressants:1) improves the core features of autism, including restricted social interaction, restricted communication, and stereotypical and repetitive behaviours; 2) improves non-core features such as challenging behaviours; 3) improves (...) Tricyclic antidepressants for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children and adolescents. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders, ranging in severity and characterised by early onset of delay and deviance in the development of social interaction, and verbal and nonverbal communication. ASD is associated with restricted and/or stereotyped interests or behaviours. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) block noradrenaline and serotonin reuptake

2012 Cochrane

155. Autism in adults: diagnosis and management

with cognitive and behavioural flexibility, altered sensory sensitivity, sensory processing difficulties and emotional regulation difficulties. The features of autism may range from mild to severe and may fluctuate over time or in response to changes in circumstances. A significant proportion of adults with autism across the whole autistic spectrum experience social and economic exclusion. Their condition is often overlooked by healthcare, education and social care professionals, which creates barriers (...) -and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 5 of 50In this guideline 'autism' refers to 'autism spectrum disorders' encompassing autism, Asperger's syndrome and atypical autism (or pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified). The Guideline Development Group recognises, however, that different individuals and groups prefer a variety of terms for autism including autistic spectrum condition, autistic spectrum difference and neurodiversity (in recent Department of Health, National Audit Office

2012 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

156. Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) Full Text available with Trip Pro

, not otherwise specified (PDD‐NOS) share many features with autism but differ in that in Asperger's disorder early verbal skills are preserved and there may be an even stronger genetic contribution ( ). In PDD‐NOS, the severity of social and other difficulties is less than that of either Asperger's disorder or autistic disorder, although some features suggestive of these conditions must be present for this diagnosis to be made ( ). Given the centrality of social skills, both as a defining feature (...) Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) - Reichow - 2012 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) Corresponding Author E

2012 Campbell Collaboration

157. Autism and PDD - Management for child or teenager

, and then at transitional ages or during transition periods, to ensure that the care plan is consistent with up-to-date diagnosis and knowledge. ? All care teams should be trained in and have access to the following tools: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale (VABS), Échelle des comportements autistiques [Autistic Behaviour Scale] (ECA), Échelle de communication sociale précoce [Early Social Communication Scale] (ESCS), Psychoeducational Profiles (PEP-3 and AAPEP), and standardised (...) Autism and PDD - Management for child or teenager QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE Autism and other PDDs 1 Coordinated education and treatment interventions in children and adolescents Coordinated education and treatment interventions in children and adolescents March 2012 March 2012 INVOLVE THE CHILD OR ADOLESCENT AND PARENTS – PAY ATTENTION TO SIBLINGS Children and adolescents have rights. They should be treated with dignity and their history, personality, routines, own wishes and tastes, abilities

2012 HAS Guidelines

158. Adult Employment Assistance Services for Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects on Employment Outcomes Full Text available with Trip Pro

for Autism Research National Alliance for Autism Research Autism Research Institute National Autistic Society (UK) Autism Research Centre (Cambridge) Conference proceedings that were reviewed included: Asia Pacific Autism Conference 2009 PENN Autism Network Conference. Autism Society National Conference NARRTC Annual Conference Annual International Meeting of Autism Research (IMFAR) National Autistic Society's Professional Conference Cambridge Autism Research Conference 3.3 CODING PROCEDURES (...) Adult Employment Assistance Services for Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects on Employment Outcomes Adult Employment Assistance Services for Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects on Employment Outcomes - Westbrook - 2012 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access Adult Employment Assistance Services

2012 Campbell Collaboration

159. Atomoxetine reduces ADHD symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder

Atomoxetine reduces ADHD symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder Atomoxetine reduces ADHD symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts (...) Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Atomoxetine reduces ADHD symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder Article Text Therapeutics Atomoxetine reduces ADHD symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder Statistics from Altmetric.com Question Question: Does

2012 Evidence-Based Mental Health

160. Interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders

Interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders Interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders Interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders Lounds Taylor J, Dove D, Veenstra-VanderWeele J, Sathe NA, McPheeters ML, Jerome RN, Warren Z Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been (...) made for the HTA database. Citation Lounds Taylor J, Dove D, Veenstra-VanderWeele J, Sathe NA, McPheeters ML, Jerome RN, Warren Z. Interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 65. 2012 Authors' objectives We systematically reviewed evidence on therapies for adolescents and young adults (ages 13 to 30) with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We focused on the outcomes

2012 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.