Latest & greatest articles for autism

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Autism

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder (a type of mental disorder) characterised by difficult social interaction, impaired communication (both verbal and non-verbal), and restricted and repetitive behaviours. It forms part of the broader autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a range of similar conditions, including Asperger syndrome.

Autism is a condition that begins from early childhood and is often suspected and diagnosed by ages 1-3. It is a lifelong disability that affects how people interact with others.

Autism causes and treatment

There have been many misconceptions as to what causes autism in the past such as the MMR vaccine and diet. Extensive research and clinical trials have concluded that none of these factors cause autism or ASD. However, the real cause is little understood but research is starting to unpick potential factors such as genetics, pollution and other environmental factors. A current favoured idea is that genes inherited from a child’s parents can make them more vulnerable to developing autism, some researchers suggest that the disorder will only develop when triggered by environmental factors.

The exact cause of autism spectrum disorder is unknown, however research into the disorder suggest that it is caused by several genetic and environmental factors. Genes inherited from a child’s parents can make them more vulnerable to developing autism, some researchers suggest that the disorder will only develop when triggered by environmental factors. Read more in clinical papers on autism.

Autism can be managed with a combination of prescribed medicines and behavioural treatment, depending on the severity of the disorder. Read about clinical trials and medical advancements for the treatment of autism on Trip.

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Users of Trip frequently look at topics around adolescents, therapies, behaviour and screening. They also explore such topics as omega-3 fatty acids, SSRIs and aripiprazole. All these topics, and more, can be easily searched for within Trip.

Top results for autism

21. ‘How deep are your pockets?’ Autoethnographic reflections on the cost of raising a child with autism

‘How deep are your pockets?’ Autoethnographic reflections on the cost of raising a child with autism ‘How deep are your pockets?’ Autoethnographic reflections on the cost of raising a child with autism | Clasquin-Johnson | African Journal of Disability African Journal of Disability Translate Article Tools Email this article (Login required) Email the author (Login required) Related Items NEWS 2018-03-26 ▶ ▶ Original Research ‘How deep are your pockets?’ Autoethnographic reflections (...) on the cost of raising a child with autism Mary G. Clasquin-Johnson, Michel Clasquin-Johnson African Journal of Disability | Vol 7 | a356 | DOI: | © 2018 Mary G. Clasquin-Johnson, Michel Clasquin-Johnson | This work is licensed under Submitted: 13 December 2016 | Published: 27 March 2018 About the author(s) Mary G. Clasquin-Johnson, Department of Inclusive Education, University of South Africa, South Africa Michel Clasquin-Johnson, Department of Religious Studies and Arabic, University of South Africa

African journal of disability2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

22. International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study

International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study Crawford M J, Gold C, Odell-Miller H, Thana L, Faber S, Assmus J (...) , Maskey M, Mössler K A, Ramchandani P & Hassiotis A. International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study. Health Technology Assessment 2017; 21(59) Authors' objectives To examine the effects of improvisational music therapy (IMT) on social affect and responsiveness of children with ASD. Authors' conclusions Adding IMT to the treatment received by children with ASD did not improve social affect or parent

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2018

23. A symptom-based approach to treatment of psychosis in autism spectrum disorder

A symptom-based approach to treatment of psychosis in autism spectrum disorder Shortreport A symptom-based approach to treatment of psychosis in autism spectrum disorder* Victoria Bell † , Henry Dunne † , Tharun Zacharia, Katrina Brooker and Sukhi Shergill Summary The optimal management of autism with psychosis remains unclear.Thisreportdescribesa22-year-oldmanwithautismand psychosis who was referred to a tertiary-level specialist psych- osisservice,followinga6 (...) non- commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work. Knowledge of both autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and psychosis hasdevelopedwithinspectrumconstructs.Despitethelonghistory of association between these disorders, there is often little clinician

BJPsych open2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

24. Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among US Children and Adolescents, 2014-2016

Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among US Children and Adolescents, 2014-2016 29297068 2018 01 08 2018 11 13 1538-3598 319 1 2018 01 02 JAMA JAMA Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among US Children and Adolescents, 2014-2016. 81-82 10.1001/jama.2017.17812 Xu Guifeng G Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City. Strathearn Lane L Center for Disabilities and Development, University of Iowa Stead Family Children's Hospital, Iowa City. Liu Buyun B (...) . 2015 Jan;169(1):56-62 25365033 Natl Health Stat Report. 2015 Nov 13;(87):1-20 26632847 Vital Health Stat 2. 2014 Apr;(165):1-53 24775908 Adolescent Autism Spectrum Disorder epidemiology Child Child, Preschool Female Health Surveys Humans Male Prevalence United States epidemiology 2018 1 4 6 0 2018 1 4 6 0 2018 1 9 6 0 ppublish 29297068 2667712 10.1001/jama.2017.17812 PMC5833544

JAMA2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

25. Autism spectrum disorder

Autism spectrum disorder Autism spectrum disorder - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Autism spectrum disorder Last reviewed: August 2018 Last updated: March 2018 Summary Children and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have social communication and interaction difficulties and show restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behaviours, interests, or activities. Social communication (...) cognitive strengths and weaknesses on cognitive testing. Long-term outcome in adulthood is variable. Many people live either in 24-hour care or with community support; however, some people with ASD live independent lives, and some have jobs and families. Definition Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by persistent impairments in social communication, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behaviours, interests, or activities. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic

BMJ Best Practice2018

26. Methylphenidate for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.

Methylphenidate for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. BACKGROUND: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently present with inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, which are the cardinal symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The effectiveness of methylphenidate, a commonly used ADHD treatment, is therefore of interest in these children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of methylphenidate for symptoms of ADHD (inattention

Cochrane2017

27. International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study

International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from (...) the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} Adding improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder did not improve social affect after 5 months. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , & . Mike J Crawford 1, * , Christian Gold 2 , Helen Odell-Miller 3 , Lavanya Thana 1 , Sarah Faber 3 , Jörg Assmus 2 , Łucja Bieleninik 2 , Monika Geretsegger

NIHR HTA programme2017

28. Disorder-Specific and Shared Brain Abnormalities During Vigilance in Autism and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Disorder-Specific and Shared Brain Abnormalities During Vigilance in Autism and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 29167833 2018 11 13 2451-9030 2 8 2017 Nov Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging Disorder-Specific and Shared Brain Abnormalities During Vigilance in Autism and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. 644-654 10.1016/j.bpsc.2016.12.005 Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are often comorbid (...) of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Sackler Institute for Translational Neurodevelopmental Sciences, London. Murphy Clodagh M CM Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Sackler Institute for Translational Neurodevelopmental Sciences, London. Department of Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Sciences, Sackler Institute for Translational Neurodevelopmental Sciences, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College, London. Behavioural Genetics Clinic, Adult Autism Service, Behavioural and Developmental

Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

29. Autism spectrum disorder and Li-Fraumeni syndrome: purely coincidental or mechanistically associated?

Autism spectrum disorder and Li-Fraumeni syndrome: purely coincidental or mechanistically associated? 28983852 2018 11 13 2194-7791 4 1 2017 Oct 05 Molecular and cellular pediatrics Mol Cell Pediatr Autism spectrum disorder and Li-Fraumeni syndrome: purely coincidental or mechanistically associated? 8 10.1186/s40348-017-0075-9 Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders with impaired social interactions and communication and restrictive, repetitive patterns of behaviors (...) was subsequently confirmed and, thus, diagnosis of Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) was made. His family history was remarkable with two siblings with intellectual disability and a mother who has died of premenopausal breast cancer. Some of the oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes causing cancer susceptibility syndromes overlap with those involved in autism. This functional overlap between autism and cancer is novel and particularly compelling. The surprising coincidence of LFS and ASD in our patient raises

Molecular and cellular pediatrics2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

30. Antenatal nutritional supplementation and autism spectrum disorders in the Stockholm youth cohort: population based cohort study.

Antenatal nutritional supplementation and autism spectrum disorders in the Stockholm youth cohort: population based cohort study. Objective To determine whether nutritional supplementation during pregnancy is associated with a reduced risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with and without intellectual disability in offspring. Design Observational prospective cohort study using multivariable logistic regression, sibling controls, and propensity score matching. Setting Stockholm County, Sweden (...) of maternal nutrition and its role in the cause of autism is recommended. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

BMJ2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

31. Atypical autism in a boy with double duplication of 22q11.2: implications of increasing dosage

Atypical autism in a boy with double duplication of 22q11.2: implications of increasing dosage 29263838 2018 11 13 2056-7944 2 2017 NPJ genomic medicine NPJ Genom Med Atypical autism in a boy with double duplication of 22q11.2: implications of increasing dosage. 28 10.1038/s41525-017-0031-6 Duplication of chromosome 22q11.2 (LCR A-D) has been reported at higher frequencies in clinical samples than the general population, but phenotypes vary widely. Triplication (4 copies) is rare, but studying (...) of the 22q11.2 may not be sufficient to cause clinically significant neurodevelopmental or health-related phenotypes, triplication of the same region may result in a phenotype characterized by a mild neurodevelopmental disorder, facial dysmorphism, and possibly cardiac anomalies. Dale Breanne B 0000-0001-5034-7457 Autism Research Unit, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON Canada. 0000 0004 0473 9646 grid.42327.30 Modi Bonnie MacKinnon BM Autism Research Unit, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto

NPJ genomic medicine2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

32. The Heritability of Autism Spectrum Disorder

The Heritability of Autism Spectrum Disorder 28973605 2017 10 19 2018 11 13 1538-3598 318 12 2017 09 26 JAMA JAMA The Heritability of Autism Spectrum Disorder. 1182-1184 10.1001/jama.2017.12141 Sandin Sven S Department of Psychiatry, Ichan School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York. Lichtenstein Paul P Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Kuja-Halkola Ralf R Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska (...) ;68(11):1095-102 21727249 JAMA. 2014 May 7;311(17):1770-7 24794370 J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2016 May;57(5):585-95 26709141 Autism Spectrum Disorder genetics Child Cohort Studies Genetic Predisposition to Disease Humans Siblings Sweden Twins genetics 2017 10 4 6 0 2017 10 4 6 0 2017 10 20 6 0 ppublish 28973605 2654804 10.1001/jama.2017.12141 PMC5818813

JAMA2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

33. Study of the C677T and 1298AC polymorphic genotypes of MTHFR Gene in autism spectrum disorder

Study of the C677T and 1298AC polymorphic genotypes of MTHFR Gene in autism spectrum disorder 29038711 2018 11 13 2008-5842 9 9 2017 Sep Electronic physician Electron Physician Study of the C677T and 1298AC polymorphic genotypes of MTHFR Gene in autism spectrum disorder. 5287-5293 10.19082/5287 Autism is currently known as "a behaviorally defined syndrome" manifested as impairment in social communication, repetitive routines and restricted interests. There is an increased risk of ASDs (...) associated with common mutations affecting the folate/methylation cycle. The aim of this study was to identify C677T and 1298AC polymorphic genotypes of MTHFR gene among a sample of Egyptian children with autism and to make a phenotype-genotype correlation for the autistic patients. This case-control study was carried out from 2013 through 2015. The study included 31 children with autism and 39 children in a normal control group, the mean age of patients and control was comparable (4.5 years± 2

Electronic physician2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

34. Psychotropic medication use in autism spectrum disorders may affect functional brain connectivity

Psychotropic medication use in autism spectrum disorders may affect functional brain connectivity 29104944 2018 11 13 2451-9030 2 6 2017 Sep Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging Psychotropic medication use in autism spectrum disorders may affect functional brain connectivity. 518-527 10.1016/j.bpsc.2017.06.008 Prescription of psychotropic medications is common in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), either off-label or to treat (...) comorbid conditions such as ADHD or depression. Psychotropic medications are intended to alter brain function. Yet, studies investigating the functional brain organization in ASDs rarely take medication usage into account. This could explain some of the inconsistent findings of atypical brain network connectivity reported in the autism literature. The current study tested whether functional connectivity patterns, as assessed with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), differed in a cohort of 49

Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

35. The Default Mode Network in Autism

The Default Mode Network in Autism 29034353 2018 11 13 2451-9030 2 6 2017 Sep Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging The Default Mode Network in Autism. 476-486 10.1016/j.bpsc.2017.04.004 Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by deficits in social communication and interaction. Since its discovery as a major functional brain system, the default mode network (DMN) has been implicated in a number of psychiatric disorders (...) University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA. Program in Neuroscience, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA. Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA. eng R01 HD059205 HD NICHD NIH HHS United States R01 MH084164 MH NIMH NIH HHS United States R01 NS086085 NS NINDS NIH HHS United States Journal Article United States Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging 101671285 2451-9022 Autism default mode network mentalizing self

Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

36. Autism, Attention, and Alpha Oscillations: An Electrophysiological Study of Attentional Capture

Autism, Attention, and Alpha Oscillations: An Electrophysiological Study of Attentional Capture 29170759 2018 11 13 2451-9030 2 6 2017 Sep Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging Autism, Attention, and Alpha Oscillations: An Electrophysiological Study of Attentional Capture. 528-536 10.1016/j.bpsc.2017.06.006 Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with deficits in adaptively orienting attention to behaviorally-relevant (...) desynchronization. These results suggest that in ASD under-responsivity and impairments in orienting to salient events within their environment are reflected by atypical EEG oscillatory neurodynamics, which may signify atypical arousal levels and/or an excitatory/inhibitory imbalance. Keehn Brandon B Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. Westerfield Marissa M Research on Autism

Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

37. An altered scaffold for information processing: Cognitive control development in adolescents with autism

An altered scaffold for information processing: Cognitive control development in adolescents with autism 28924621 2018 11 13 2451-9030 2 6 2017 Sep Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging An altered scaffold for information processing: Cognitive control development in adolescents with autism. 464-475 10.1016/j.bpsc.2017.06.002 We investigated how cognitive neuroscientific studies during the last decade have advanced understanding (...) of cognitive control from adolescence to young adulthood in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To do so, we conducted a selective review of the larger structural, resting state, and diffusion imaging studies of brain regions and networks related to cognitive control that have been conducted since 2007 in individuals with ASD and typical development (TYP) ages 10 to 30 years that examined how these regions and networks support behavioral and task-based fMRI performance on tasks assessing

Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

38. Virtual Reality for the Diagnosis of Autism: Clinical Effectiveness

Virtual Reality for the Diagnosis of Autism: Clinical Effectiveness Virtual Reality for the Diagnosis of Autism: Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Virtual Reality for the Diagnosis of Autism: Clinical Effectiveness Virtual Reality for the Diagnosis of Autism: Clinical Effectiveness Published on: August 23, 2017 Project Number: RB1129-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What (...) is the clinical effectiveness on the use of virtual reality to diagnose autism? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of virtual reality to diagnose autism? Key Message No relevant literature was identified regarding virtual reality for the diagnosis of autism. Tags asperger syndrome, autistic disorder, medical devices, Autism, Autistic, kanner syndrome, virtual reality, virtual environment, VR therapy, VRE, virtual therapy, augmented reality, Oculus, immersive technology Files Rapid

Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review2017

39. Subcortical Brain and Behavior Phenotypes Differentiate Infants with Autism versus Language Delay

Subcortical Brain and Behavior Phenotypes Differentiate Infants with Autism versus Language Delay 29560900 2018 12 04 2451-9030 2 8 2017 11 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging Subcortical Brain and Behavior Phenotypes Differentiate Infants With Autism Versus Language Delay. 664-672 S2451-9022(17)30141-6 10.1016/j.bpsc.2017.07.007 Younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are themselves at increased risk (...) , University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Paterson Sarah S Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Marrus Natasha N Department of Psychiatry, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri. Botteron Kelly N KN Department of Psychiatry, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri. Pandey Juhi J Center for Autism Research at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

40. Effects of Improvisational Music Therapy vs Enhanced Standard Care on Symptom Severity Among Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: The TIME-A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Effects of Improvisational Music Therapy vs Enhanced Standard Care on Symptom Severity Among Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: The TIME-A Randomized Clinical Trial. Importance: Music therapy may facilitate skills in areas affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD), such as social interaction and communication. Objective: To evaluate effects of improvisational music therapy on generalized social communication skills of children with ASD. Design, Setting, and Participants: Assessor-blinded (...) improvisational music therapy, trained music therapists sang or played music with each child, attuned and adapted to the child's focus of attention, to help children develop affect sharing and joint attention. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was symptom severity over 5 months, based on the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), social affect domain (range, 0-27; higher scores indicate greater severity; minimal clinically important difference, 1). Prespecified secondary outcomes

JAMA2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro