Latest & greatest articles for autism

The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on autism or other clinical topics then use Trip today.

This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on autism and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Autism

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder (a type of mental disorder) characterised by difficult social interaction, impaired communication (both verbal and non-verbal), and restricted and repetitive behaviours. It forms part of the broader autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a range of similar conditions, including Asperger syndrome.

Autism is a condition that begins from early childhood and is often suspected and diagnosed by ages 1-3. It is a lifelong disability that affects how people interact with others.

Autism causes and treatment

There have been many misconceptions as to what causes autism in the past such as the MMR vaccine and diet. Extensive research and clinical trials have concluded that none of these factors cause autism or ASD. However, the real cause is little understood but research is starting to unpick potential factors such as genetics, pollution and other environmental factors. A current favoured idea is that genes inherited from a child’s parents can make them more vulnerable to developing autism, some researchers suggest that the disorder will only develop when triggered by environmental factors.

The exact cause of autism spectrum disorder is unknown, however research into the disorder suggest that it is caused by several genetic and environmental factors. Genes inherited from a child’s parents can make them more vulnerable to developing autism, some researchers suggest that the disorder will only develop when triggered by environmental factors. Read more in clinical papers on autism.

Autism can be managed with a combination of prescribed medicines and behavioural treatment, depending on the severity of the disorder. Read about clinical trials and medical advancements for the treatment of autism on Trip.

Hot topics in Trip

Users of Trip frequently look at topics around adolescents, therapies, behaviour and screening. They also explore such topics as omega-3 fatty acids, SSRIs and aripiprazole. All these topics, and more, can be easily searched for within Trip.

Top results for autism

21. Stem cell transplantation as treatment for children with autism

Stem cell transplantation as treatment for children with autism Stem cell transplantation as treatment for children with autism We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Stem cell transplantation as treatment for children with autism Share: Reading time approx. 1 minute Stem cell transplantations are performed to treat certain forms of cancer (...) but also to treat some other rarer disorders. Today stem cell clinics advertise stem cell transplantation as a treatment to disorders like autism at high costs. There are however doubts about the efficacy and safety of these treatments. Question Which scientific studies have investigated stem cell transplantation as treatment for children with autism? Identified literature Chez M, Lepage C, Parise C, Dang-Chu A, Hankins A, Carroll M. Safety and Observations from a Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study

2018 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

22. Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD

Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum (...) disorder or ADHD Share: Reading time approx. 6 minutes There are theories that different types of nutritional or dietary interventions, where specific food items are excluded from the diet or where nutritional supplements are added, may affect the symptoms of persons with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder. This applies, for example, to gluten-free and casein-free diet, ketogenic diet (a strict option of a low carbohydrate diet) or diet where sugar or various

2018 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

23. Weight management interventions for youth with autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review (Abstract)

Weight management interventions for youth with autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review In response to the elevated levels of overweight and obesity among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), this article provides a systematic review of the extant empirical literature reporting the effect of weight management interventions (including exercise, diet, and medication) for youth with ASD.A systematic review of published studies. The databases CINAHL, Web of Science, ERIC, Pubmed

2018 EvidenceUpdates

24. A National Guideline for the Assessment and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Australia

A National Guideline for the Assessment and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Australia A National Guideline for the Assessment and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Australia | Autism CRC Menu Breadcrumb A National Guideline for the Assessment and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Australia Download the National Guideline Developed and published by Autism CRC with the financial support of the National Disability Insurance Agency (NDIA), the Guideline aims to create (...) greater consistency in diagnostic practices across the country to ensure individuals on the autism spectrum and their families can receive the optimal clinical care. The Guideline also emphasises the importance of listening to individuals and their families about the impact of the behaviours on family life. The community has been requesting a national and consistent guideline for autism assessment and diagnosis for many years, and we are pleased to release a guideline that responds to this need

2018 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

25. Prenatal Tetanus, Diphtheria, Acellular Pertussis Vaccination and Autism Spectrum Disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prenatal Tetanus, Diphtheria, Acellular Pertussis Vaccination and Autism Spectrum Disorder : media-1vid110.1542/5803567555001PEDS-VA_2018-0120Video Abstract BACKGROUND: Increasing vaccination of pregnant women makes it important to assess safety events potentially linked to prenatal vaccination. This study investigates the association between prenatal tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk in offspring.This is a retrospective cohort

2018 EvidenceUpdates

26. Autism spectrum disorder: Warning signs, detection, diagnosis and assessment in children and adolescents

Autism spectrum disorder: Warning signs, detection, diagnosis and assessment in children and adolescents Haute Autorité de Santé - Trouble du spectre de l’autisme - Signes d’alerte, repérage, diagnostic et évaluation chez l’enfant et l’adolescent Développer la qualité dans le champ sanitaire, social et médico-social Recherche La HAS Accréditation & Certification Outils, Guides & Méthodes Recommandation de bonne pratique Trouble du spectre de l’autisme - Signes d’alerte, repérage, diagnostic et

2018 HAS Guidelines

27. Heterogeneity in clinical sequencing tests marketed for autism spectrum disorders Full Text available with Trip Pro

Heterogeneity in clinical sequencing tests marketed for autism spectrum disorders 30275975 2018 11 14 2056-7944 3 2018 NPJ genomic medicine NPJ Genom Med Heterogeneity in clinical sequencing tests marketed for autism spectrum disorders. 27 10.1038/s41525-018-0066-3 Hoang Ny N 1Department of Genetic Counselling, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON Canada. 0000 0004 0473 9646 grid.42327.30 2Genetics and Genome Biology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON Canada. 0000 0004 0473 (...) 2938 grid.17063.33 4The Centre for Applied Genomics, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON Canada. 0000 0004 0473 9646 grid.42327.30 5McLaughlin Centre and Department of Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON Canada. 0000 0001 2157 2938 grid.17063.33 eng Journal Article 2018 09 19 England NPJ Genom Med 101685193 2056-7944 S.W.S. and SickKids Hospital has licensed intellectual property for genetic testing in autism to Athena Diagnostics, Lineagen

2018 NPJ genomic medicine

28. Specialist-led improvised music therapy did not improve children’s symptoms of autism

speech and language therapy, communication training, and sensory-motor therapies. What does current guidance say on this issue? The 2013 NICE guideline on autism spectrum disorders in children recommends only one type of psychosocial approach to reduce core autistic symptoms. These are social communication interventions involving play-based strategies with parents, carers or teachers. Due to the weak evidence base, there was no recommendation for music therapy. The guideline is due to be updated (...) of different ages and types of ASD, nor according to the number of music therapy sessions per week. Children in the intervention group received 36 other therapy sessions, compared to 45 sessions for children in the control group. These included speech and language therapy, communication training, and sensory-motor therapies. What does current guidance say on this issue? The 2013 NICE guideline on autism spectrum disorders in children recommends only one type of psychosocial approach to reduce core autistic

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

29. Autism spectrum disorder. (Abstract)

Autism spectrum disorder. Autism spectrum disorder is a term used to describe a constellation of early-appearing social communication deficits and repetitive sensory-motor behaviours associated with a strong genetic component as well as other causes. The outlook for many individuals with autism spectrum disorder today is brighter than it was 50 years ago; more people with the condition are able to speak, read, and live in the community rather than in institutions, and some will be largely free (...) for adults with autism spectrum disorder. Clinicians can make a difference by providing timely and individualised help to families navigating referrals and access to community support systems, by providing accurate information despite often unfiltered media input, and by anticipating transitions such as family changes and school entry and leaving.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

2018 Lancet

30. Autism

Autism Top results for autism - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading (...) history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for autism The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

31. Diagnostic tests for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in preschool children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Diagnostic tests for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in preschool children. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a behaviourally diagnosed condition. It is defined by impairments in social communication or the presence of restricted or repetitive behaviours, or both. Diagnosis is made according to existing classification systems. In recent years, especially following publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition (DSM-5; APA 2013), children are given (...) the diagnosis of ASD, rather than subclassifications of the spectrum such as autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, or pervasive developmental disorder - not otherwise specified. Tests to diagnose ASD have been developed using parent or carer interview, child observation, or a combination of both.Primary objectives1. To identify which diagnostic tools, including updated versions, most accurately diagnose ASD in preschool children when compared with multi-disciplinary team clinical judgement.2. To identify

2018 Cochrane

32. Autism

Autism Evidence Maps - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading

2018 Trip Evidence Maps

33. Autism spectrum disorder: advances in diagnosis and evaluation. (Abstract)

Autism spectrum disorder: advances in diagnosis and evaluation. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has a variety of causes, and its clinical expression is generally associated with substantial disability throughout the lifespan. Recent advances have led to earlier diagnosis, and deep phenotyping efforts focused on high risk infants have helped advance the characterization of early behavioral trajectories. Moreover, biomarkers that measure early structural and functional connectivity, visual (...) orienting, and other biological processes have shown promise in detecting the risk of autism spectrum disorder even before the emergence of overt behavioral symptoms. Despite these advances, the mean age of diagnosis is still 4-5 years. Because of the broad consistency in published guidelines, parameters for high quality comprehensive assessments are available; however, such models are resource intensive and high demand can result in greatly increased waiting times. This review describes advances

2018 BMJ

34. Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) increases the need for evidence-based behavioral treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms on children's functioning. At present, there are no curative or psychopharmacological therapies to effectively treat all symptoms of the disorders. Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is a treatment based on the principles of applied (...) behavior analysis. Delivered for multiple years at an intensity of 20 to 40 hours per week, it is one of the more well-established treatments for ASD. This is an update of a Cochrane review last published in 2012.To systematically review the evidence for the effectiveness of EIBI in increasing functional behaviors and skills, decreasing autism severity, and improving intelligence and communication skills for young children with ASD.We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, 12 additional electronic

2018 Cochrane

35. ‘How deep are your pockets?’ Autoethnographic reflections on the cost of raising a child with autism Full Text available with Trip Pro

‘How deep are your pockets?’ Autoethnographic reflections on the cost of raising a child with autism In this article, we reflected on our experience of the cost of parenting a child with autism, including our ongoing search for educational and therapeutic intervention.We aimed to give an academic insight into the state of autism education and care in South Africa as seen by us, with special attention to its cost and sustainability.Using evocative autoethnography as storied scholarship (...) together with critical autism studies, we reflected on stories of the past 5 years since our son's diagnosis.Our experiences agree with international studies that establish autism as the most expensive disability. In addition to the high costs of diagnosis, existing intervention and support approaches are unaffordable for the majority of South Africans. We recommend that teachers should be trained to participate in early screening and diagnosis, as well as co-therapists, to strengthen

2018 African journal of disability

36. International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study

-assessed social responsiveness. Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Autism Spectrum Disorder; Autistic Disorder; Child; Child Development Disorders, Pervasive; Humans; Music Therapy Language Published English Country of organisation England English summary An English language summary is available. Address for correspondence NETSCC, Health Technology Assessment, Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton, SO16 7NS UK Tel: +44 23 8059 5586 (...) International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study Crawford M J, Gold C, Odell-Miller H, Thana L, Faber S, Assmus J

2018 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

37. A symptom-based approach to treatment of psychosis in autism spectrum disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

A symptom-based approach to treatment of psychosis in autism spectrum disorder The optimal management of autism with psychosis remains unclear. This report describes a 22-year-old man with autism and psychosis who was referred to a tertiary-level specialist psychosis service, following a 6-year history of deterioration in mental health starting around the time of sitting GCSE examinations and an episode of bullying at school. We describe the individualised symptom-based approach

2018 BJPsych open

38. Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among US Children and Adolescents, 2014-2016 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among US Children and Adolescents, 2014-2016 29297068 2018 01 08 2018 11 13 1538-3598 319 1 2018 01 02 JAMA JAMA Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among US Children and Adolescents, 2014-2016. 81-82 10.1001/jama.2017.17812 Xu Guifeng G Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City. Strathearn Lane L Center for Disabilities and Development, University of Iowa Stead Family Children's Hospital, Iowa City. Liu Buyun B (...) Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City. Bao Wei W Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City. eng Journal Article United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 AIM IM JAMA. 2018 Feb 6;319(5):505 29305599 JAMA. 2018 Feb 6;319(5):505 29305598 Adolescent Autism Spectrum Disorder epidemiology Child Child, Preschool Female Health Surveys Humans Male Prevalence United States epidemiology 2018 1 4 6 0 2018 1 4 6 0 2018 1 9 6 0 ppublish

2018 JAMA

39. Autism spectrum disorder: Warning signs, detection, diagnosis and assessment in children and adolescents

Autism spectrum disorder: Warning signs, detection, diagnosis and assessment in children and adolescents Haute Autorité de Santé - Autism spectrum disorder: Warning signs, detection, diagnosis and assessment in children and adolescents Fermer Choose language Accessibility Change contrast : Standards Reinforced icone Chercher icone plus Chercher My account My account Please fill in your email address to retrieve your email alerts subscriptions. Please fill in your email address to retrieve your (...) guide Date : 08 February 2018 Autism spectrum disorder: Warning signs, detection, diagnosis and assessment in children and adolescents Practice guidelines - Posted on Feb 19 2018 This Best Practice Guideline updates the “Professional practice guidelines for the diagnosis of autism” which were developed in 2005 by the French Federation of Psychiatry (FFP) in partnership with HAS. The central issue in detection and then early diagnosis is the opportunity to implement interventions suitable for ASD

2018 HAS Guidelines

40. Autism spectrum disorder

acquired acquired language skills (regression). Rogers SJ. Developmental regression in autistic spectrum disorders. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2004;10(2):139-43. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15362172?tool=bestpractice.com Parr JR, Le Couteur A, Baird G, et al. Early developmental regression in autism spectrum disorder: evidence from an international multiplex sample. J Autism Dev Disord. 2011 Mar;41(3):332-40. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20711649?tool=bestpractice.com Children who (...) Autism spectrum disorder Autism spectrum disorder - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Autism spectrum disorder Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: March 2018 Summary Children and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have social communication and interaction difficulties and show restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behaviours, interests, or activities. Social communication

2018 BMJ Best Practice