Latest & greatest articles for autism

The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on autism or other clinical topics then use Trip today.

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Autism

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder (a type of mental disorder) characterised by difficult social interaction, impaired communication (both verbal and non-verbal), and restricted and repetitive behaviours. It forms part of the broader autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a range of similar conditions, including Asperger syndrome.

Autism is a condition that begins from early childhood and is often suspected and diagnosed by ages 1-3. It is a lifelong disability that affects how people interact with others.

Autism causes and treatment

There have been many misconceptions as to what causes autism in the past such as the MMR vaccine and diet. Extensive research and clinical trials have concluded that none of these factors cause autism or ASD. However, the real cause is little understood but research is starting to unpick potential factors such as genetics, pollution and other environmental factors. A current favoured idea is that genes inherited from a child’s parents can make them more vulnerable to developing autism, some researchers suggest that the disorder will only develop when triggered by environmental factors.

The exact cause of autism spectrum disorder is unknown, however research into the disorder suggest that it is caused by several genetic and environmental factors. Genes inherited from a child’s parents can make them more vulnerable to developing autism, some researchers suggest that the disorder will only develop when triggered by environmental factors. Read more in clinical papers on autism.

Autism can be managed with a combination of prescribed medicines and behavioural treatment, depending on the severity of the disorder. Read about clinical trials and medical advancements for the treatment of autism on Trip.

Hot topics in Trip

Users of Trip frequently look at topics around adolescents, therapies, behaviour and screening. They also explore such topics as omega-3 fatty acids, SSRIs and aripiprazole. All these topics, and more, can be easily searched for within Trip.

Top results for autism

1. Communication interventions for autism spectrum disorder in minimally verbal children.

Communication interventions for autism spectrum disorder in minimally verbal children. BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has an estimated prevalence of around 1.7% of the population. People with ASD often also have language difficulties, and about 25% to 30% of children with ASD either fail to develop functional language or are minimally verbal. The ability to communicate effectively is an essential life skill, and difficulties with communication can have a range of adverse outcomes (...) to attend parent advocacy coaching sessions. This study was funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the MIND Institute Research Program and a Professional Staff Congress-City University of New York grant. The PECS study included 84 minimally verbal participants (73 boys) aged 4 to 11 years who had a formal diagnosis of ASD and who were not using PECS beyond phase 1 at baseline. All children attended autism-specific classes or units, and most classes had a child to adult

Cochrane2018

2. Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD

Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum (...) disorder or ADHD Share: Reading time approx. 6 minutes There are theories that different types of nutritional or dietary interventions, where specific food items are excluded from the diet or where nutritional supplements are added, may affect the symptoms of persons with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder. This applies, for example, to gluten-free and casein-free diet, ketogenic diet (a strict option of a low carbohydrate diet) or diet where sugar or various

Swedish Council on Technology Assessement2018

3. Stem cell transplantation as treatment for children with autism

Stem cell transplantation as treatment for children with autism Stem cell transplantation as treatment for children with autism We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Stem cell transplantation as treatment for children with autism Share: Reading time approx. 1 minute Stem cell transplantations are performed to treat certain forms of cancer (...) but also to treat some other rarer disorders. Today stem cell clinics advertise stem cell transplantation as a treatment to disorders like autism at high costs. There are however doubts about the efficacy and safety of these treatments. Question Which scientific studies have investigated stem cell transplantation as treatment for children with autism? Identified literature Chez M, Lepage C, Parise C, Dang-Chu A, Hankins A, Carroll M. Safety and Observations from a Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study

Swedish Council on Technology Assessement2018

4. Weight management interventions for youth with autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review

Weight management interventions for youth with autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review 30305689 2018 10 11 1476-5497 2018 Oct 10 International journal of obesity (2005) Int J Obes (Lond) Weight management interventions for youth with autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review. 10.1038/s41366-018-0233-8 In response to the elevated levels of overweight and obesity among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), this article provides a systematic review of the extant empirical

EvidenceUpdates2018

5. A National Guideline for the Assessment and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Australia

A National Guideline for the Assessment and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Australia A National Guideline for the Assessment and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Australia | Autism CRC Menu Welcome to Autism CRC Knowledge Centre A single online gateway to autism resources, tools and publications. From research papers to resources for the autism community, service providers, educators and clinicians, the Knowledge Centre is full of useful, easy-to-find information and tools (...) . Breadcrumb A National Guideline for the Assessment and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Australia Download the National Guideline Developed and published by Autism CRC with the financial support of the National Disability Insurance Agency (NDIA), the Guideline aims to create greater consistency in diagnostic practices across the country to ensure individuals on the autism spectrum and their families can receive the optimal clinical care. The Guideline also emphasises the importance of listening

Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal2018

6. Parent-focused therapy has some long-term benefits for children with autism

Parent-focused therapy has some long-term benefits for children with autism Signal - Parent-focused therapy has some long-term benefits for children with autism Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Parent-focused therapy has some long-term benefits for children with autism Published on 14 February 2017 A parent-focused therapy for young children with autism continues to have beneficial effects on symptoms and communication almost six years after the end of treatment. This UK (...) randomised controlled trial investigated the effects of a one-year social communication therapy in 152 UK children aged two to four years with severe autism. The therapy, partly delivered by parents, aimed to help them adapt their style of interacting with their child. Children who received the intervention had less severe symptoms at the end of the initial one-year intervention period than those who received treatment as usual. When these children were followed up nearly six years later at age seven

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

7. Autism spectrum disorder: Warning signs, detection, diagnosis and assessment in children and adolescents

Autism spectrum disorder: Warning signs, detection, diagnosis and assessment in children and adolescents Haute Autorité de Santé - Trouble du spectre de l’autisme - Signes d’alerte, repérage, diagnostic et évaluation chez l’enfant et l’adolescent Développer la qualité dans le champ sanitaire, social et médico-social Recherche La HAS Accréditation & Certification Outils, Guides & Méthodes Recommandation de bonne pratique Trouble du spectre de l’autisme - Signes d’alerte, repérage, diagnostic et

HAS Guidelines2018

8. Prenatal Tetanus, Diphtheria, Acellular Pertussis Vaccination and Autism Spectrum Disorder

Prenatal Tetanus, Diphtheria, Acellular Pertussis Vaccination and Autism Spectrum Disorder 30104424 2018 09 04 1098-4275 142 3 2018 Sep Pediatrics Pediatrics Prenatal Tetanus, Diphtheria, Acellular Pertussis Vaccination and Autism Spectrum Disorder. e20180120 10.1542/peds.2018-0120 : media-1vid110.1542/5803567555001PEDS-VA_2018-0120 Video Abstract BACKGROUND: Increasing vaccination of pregnant women makes it important to assess safety events potentially linked to prenatal vaccination (...) . This study investigates the association between prenatal tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk in offspring. This is a retrospective cohort study of mother-child pairs with deliveries January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2014 at Kaiser Permanente Southern California hospitals. Maternal Tdap vaccination from pregnancy start to delivery date was obtained from electronic medical records. A diagnosis of ASD was obtained by using International

EvidenceUpdates2018

9. Specialist-led improvised music therapy did not improve children’s symptoms of autism

Specialist-led improvised music therapy did not improve children’s symptoms of autism Signal - Specialist-led improvised music therapy did not improve children’s symptoms of autism Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Specialist-led improvised music therapy did not improve children’s symptoms of autism Published on 28 November 2017 After five months, improvised music therapy added to enhanced usual care was no better than enhanced usual care alone for young children (...) with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Clinically meaningful improvements in social and communication skills were not achieved in either group over this time. This result from a large well designed NIHR-funded international trial contrasts with an earlier systematic review of small trials that suggested beneficial effects for this specialised therapy. Qualified music therapists provided social interactions with the children through music and singing once to three times per week. Centres in nine countries

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

10. Autism spectrum disorder.

Autism spectrum disorder. Autism spectrum disorder is a term used to describe a constellation of early-appearing social communication deficits and repetitive sensory-motor behaviours associated with a strong genetic component as well as other causes. The outlook for many individuals with autism spectrum disorder today is brighter than it was 50 years ago; more people with the condition are able to speak, read, and live in the community rather than in institutions, and some will be largely free (...) for adults with autism spectrum disorder. Clinicians can make a difference by providing timely and individualised help to families navigating referrals and access to community support systems, by providing accurate information despite often unfiltered media input, and by anticipating transitions such as family changes and school entry and leaving.

Lancet2018

11. Autism

Autism Top results for autism - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast My query is: English Français Deutsch Čeština Español Magyar Svenska ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button (...) . An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for autism The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical

Trip Latest and Greatest2018

12. Diagnostic tests for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in preschool children.

Diagnostic tests for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in preschool children. BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a behaviourally diagnosed condition. It is defined by impairments in social communication or the presence of restricted or repetitive behaviours, or both. Diagnosis is made according to existing classification systems. In recent years, especially following publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition (DSM-5; APA 2013), children (...) are given the diagnosis of ASD, rather than subclassifications of the spectrum such as autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, or pervasive developmental disorder - not otherwise specified. Tests to diagnose ASD have been developed using parent or carer interview, child observation, or a combination of both. OBJECTIVES: Primary objectives1. To identify which diagnostic tools, including updated versions, most accurately diagnose ASD in preschool children when compared with multi-disciplinary team clinical

Cochrane2018

13. Crossing the divide: a longitudinal study of effective treatments for people with autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder across the lifespan

Crossing the divide: a longitudinal study of effective treatments for people with autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder across the lifespan Crossing the divide: a longitudinal study of effective treatments for people with autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder across the lifespan Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please

NIHR HTA programme2018

14. Autism

Autism Autosynthesis - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice My query is: English Français Deutsch Čeština Español Magyar Svenska ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button

Trip Evidence Maps2018

15. Autism spectrum disorder: advances in diagnosis and evaluation.

Autism spectrum disorder: advances in diagnosis and evaluation. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has a variety of causes, and its clinical expression is generally associated with substantial disability throughout the lifespan. Recent advances have led to earlier diagnosis, and deep phenotyping efforts focused on high risk infants have helped advance the characterization of early behavioral trajectories. Moreover, biomarkers that measure early structural and functional connectivity, visual (...) orienting, and other biological processes have shown promise in detecting the risk of autism spectrum disorder even before the emergence of overt behavioral symptoms. Despite these advances, the mean age of diagnosis is still 4-5 years. Because of the broad consistency in published guidelines, parameters for high quality comprehensive assessments are available; however, such models are resource intensive and high demand can result in greatly increased waiting times. This review describes advances

BMJ2018

16. Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) increases the need for evidence-based behavioral treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms on children's functioning. At present, there are no curative or psychopharmacological therapies to effectively treat all symptoms of the disorders. Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is a treatment based on the principles (...) of applied behavior analysis. Delivered for multiple years at an intensity of 20 to 40 hours per week, it is one of the more well-established treatments for ASD. This is an update of a Cochrane review last published in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the evidence for the effectiveness of EIBI in increasing functional behaviors and skills, decreasing autism severity, and improving intelligence and communication skills for young children with ASD. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE

Cochrane2018

17. Parent-focused therapy has some long-term benefits for children with autism

Parent-focused therapy has some long-term benefits for children with autism NIHR DC | Signal - Parent-focused therapy has some long-term benefits for children with autism Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover NIHR Signal Parent-focused therapy has some long-term benefits for children with autism Published on 14 February 2017 A parent-focused therapy for young children with autism continues to have beneficial effects on symptoms and communication almost six years after the end (...) of treatment. This UK randomised controlled trial investigated the effects of a one-year social communication therapy in 152 UK children aged two to four years with severe autism. The therapy, partly delivered by parents, aimed to help them adapt their style of interacting with their child. Children who received the intervention had less severe symptoms at the end of the initial one-year intervention period than those who received treatment as usual. When these children were followed up nearly six years

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

18. Specialist-led improvised music therapy did not improve children’s symptoms of autism

Specialist-led improvised music therapy did not improve children’s symptoms of autism NIHR DC | Signal - Specialist-led improvised music therapy did not improve children’s symptoms of autism Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Specialist-led improvised music therapy did not improve children’s symptoms of autism Published on 28 November 2017 After five months, improvised music therapy added to enhanced usual care was no better than enhanced usual care alone for young children (...) with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Clinically meaningful improvements in social and communication skills were not achieved in either group over this time. This result from a large well designed NIHR-funded international trial contrasts with an earlier systematic review of small trials that suggested beneficial effects for this specialised therapy. Qualified music therapists provided social interactions with the children through music and singing once to three times per week. Centres in nine countries

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

19. International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study

International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study Crawford M J, Gold C, Odell-Miller H, Thana L, Faber S, Assmus J (...) , Maskey M, Mössler K A, Ramchandani P & Hassiotis A. International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study. Health Technology Assessment 2017; 21(59) Authors' objectives To examine the effects of improvisational music therapy (IMT) on social affect and responsiveness of children with ASD. Authors' conclusions Adding IMT to the treatment received by children with ASD did not improve social affect or parent

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2018

20. A symptom-based approach to treatment of psychosis in autism spectrum disorder

A symptom-based approach to treatment of psychosis in autism spectrum disorder Shortreport A symptom-based approach to treatment of psychosis in autism spectrum disorder* Victoria Bell † , Henry Dunne † , Tharun Zacharia, Katrina Brooker and Sukhi Shergill Summary The optimal management of autism with psychosis remains unclear.Thisreportdescribesa22-year-oldmanwithautismand psychosis who was referred to a tertiary-level specialist psych- osisservice,followinga6 (...) non- commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work. Knowledge of both autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and psychosis hasdevelopedwithinspectrumconstructs.Despitethelonghistory of association between these disorders, there is often little clinician

BJPsych open2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro