Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

161. Bispectral index monitoring for anesthesia awareness

Bispectral index monitoring for anesthesia awareness Bispectral index monitoring for anesthesia awareness Bispectral index monitoring for anesthesia awareness Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Bispectral index monitoring for anesthesia awareness. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc.. Directory Publication. 2005 Authors' objectives Anesthesia awareness (AA (...) ) is a condition that occurs when a patient under general anesthesia becomes aware of some or all events during surgery or a procedure and has direct recall of those events. Bispectral index (BIS) monitoring technology utilizes electroencephalography to assess the depth of anesthesia. The goal of BIS monitoring is to decrease the incidence of AA and promote proper anesthetic dosing by monitoring depth of anesthesia and identifying conscious state. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2005

162. The efficiency of different adjunct techniques for regional anesthesia

The efficiency of different adjunct techniques for regional anesthesia The efficiency of different adjunct techniques for regional anesthesia The efficiency of different adjunct techniques for regional anesthesia Pongraweewan O, Lertakyamanee J, Luangnateethep U, Pooviboonsuk P, Nanthaniran M, Sathanasaowapak P, Chainchop P Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods (...) , the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The following five different adjunct techniques for regional anaesthesia were examined. Explanation and music: the patients listened to music and an explanation about the benefits and care during regional anaesthesia, via an earphone during the perioperative period. The explanation took 2 minutes and was repeated twice after which there was music. The patients

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2005

163. Painful procedures in children with cancer: comparison of moderate sedation and general anesthesia for lumbar puncture and bone marrow aspiration

Painful procedures in children with cancer: comparison of moderate sedation and general anesthesia for lumbar puncture and bone marrow aspiration Painful procedures in children with cancer: comparison of moderate sedation and general anesthesia for lumbar puncture and bone marrow aspiration Painful procedures in children with cancer: comparison of moderate sedation and general anesthesia for lumbar puncture and bone marrow aspiration Iannalfi A, Bernini G, Caprilli S, Lippi A, Tucci F, Messeri (...) A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of either moderate sedation or general anaesthesia for children undergoing lumbar puncture or bone marrow aspiration. Moderate sedation consisted of either premixed nitrous

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2005

164. Anesthesia-assisted vs buprenorphine- or clonidine-assisted heroin detoxification and naltrexone induction: a randomized trial.

Anesthesia-assisted vs buprenorphine- or clonidine-assisted heroin detoxification and naltrexone induction: a randomized trial. 16118380 2005 08 24 2005 08 30 2016 10 17 1538-3598 294 8 2005 Aug 24 JAMA JAMA Anesthesia-assisted vs buprenorphine- or clonidine-assisted heroin detoxification and naltrexone induction: a randomized trial. 903-13 Rapid opioid detoxification with opioid antagonist induction using general anesthesia has emerged as an expensive, potentially dangerous, unproven approach (...) to treat opioid dependence. To determine how anesthesia-assisted detoxification with rapid antagonist induction for heroin dependence compared with 2 alternative detoxification and antagonist induction methods. A total of 106 treatment-seeking heroin-dependent patients, aged 21 through 50 years, were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 inpatient withdrawal treatments over 72 hours followed by 12 weeks of outpatient naltrexone maintenance with relapse prevention psychotherapy. This randomized trial

JAMA2005

165. Surgical anesthesia delivered by non-physicians

Surgical anesthesia delivered by non-physicians Surgical anesthesia delivered by non-physicians Surgical anesthesia delivered by non-physicians Canadian Coordinating Office for Health Technology Assessment Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Canadian Coordinating Office for Health Technology Assessment. Surgical anesthesia (...) delivered by non-physicians. Ottawa: Canadian Coordinating Office for Health Technology Assessment (CCOHTA) 2004 Authors' objectives To summarize the available information on the administration of surgical anesthesia by non-physicians. Authors' conclusions Nurse anesthetists are most common in the US, and most of the evidence on nurse anesthetists has been gathered there. In the US, the role of nurse anesthetists is outlined in government regulations and in the guidelines of the relevant associations

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2004

166. Is physician anesthesia cost-effective

Is physician anesthesia cost-effective Is physician anesthesia cost-effective Is physician anesthesia cost-effective Abenstein J P, Long K H, McGlinch B P, Dietz N M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology (...) The provision of anaesthesia care by physicians specialising in anaesthesiology (anaesthesiologists) versus non-medically-directed nurses with graduate-level education in anaesthesia (nurse anaesthetists) was examined. Type of intervention Other: Anaesthesia care supportive to treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised patients receiving anaesthesia care during surgical procedures. Setting The setting was secondary care. The economic study

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2004

167. Comparison of effectiveness between gas flow 1 and 2 L.min-1 for general anesthesia in infants and children

Comparison of effectiveness between gas flow 1 and 2 L.min-1 for general anesthesia in infants and children Comparison of effectiveness between gas flow 1 and 2 L.min-1 for general anesthesia in infants and children Comparison of effectiveness between gas flow 1 and 2 L.min-1 for general anesthesia in infants and children Suraseranivongse S, Chowvanayotin S, Pirayavaraporn S, Valairucha S, Arunpruksakul N, Areewatana S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of fresh gas flow (FGF), at rates of 1 and 2 litres per minute (L/min), for general anaesthesia in infants and children. Type of intervention Other: Care management. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2004

168. Educating patients about anesthesia: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of media-based interventions

Educating patients about anesthesia: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of media-based interventions Educating patients about anesthesia: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of media-based interventions Educating patients about anesthesia: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of media-based interventions Lee A, Chui P T, Gin T CRD summary This review evaluated media-based patient education about anaesthesia prior to surgery. The authors concluded (...) that videos and printed information on the process and risks of anaesthesia increased knowledge and reduced anxiety, but had no effect on patient satisfaction. This was a well-conducted review but, owing to insufficient information about the patients studied, it is difficult to determine in whom the intervention is effective. Authors' objectives To determine whether media-based patient education about anaesthesia could decrease patient anxiety and increase knowledge and satisfaction. Searching MEDLINE

DARE.2003

169. A systematic review of the safety and effectiveness of fast-track cardiac anesthesia

A systematic review of the safety and effectiveness of fast-track cardiac anesthesia A systematic review of the safety and effectiveness of fast-track cardiac anesthesia A systematic review of the safety and effectiveness of fast-track cardiac anesthesia Myles P S, Daly D J, Djaiani G, Lee A, Cheng D C CRD summary This review compared fast-track (low-dose opioids) and traditional (high-dose opioids) anaesthesia for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or valve surgery (...) . The authors found no evidence that fast-track regimens were associated with increased mortality or morbidity. Most of the participants were undergoing elective CABG and the results are likely to be reliable for this group. Authors' objectives To determine whether fast-track cardiac anaesthesia (FTCA) is as safe as traditional cardiac anaesthesia (TCA) in terms of mortality and major morbidity. Searching The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE and EMBASE (from 1988 to June 2000) were searched

DARE.2003

170. Bispectral index-guided anesthesia in patients undergoing aortocoronary bypass grafting

Bispectral index-guided anesthesia in patients undergoing aortocoronary bypass grafting Bispectral index-guided anesthesia in patients undergoing aortocoronary bypass grafting Bispectral index-guided anesthesia in patients undergoing aortocoronary bypass grafting Lehmann A, Karzau J, Boldt J, Thaler E, Lang J, Isgro F Record Status This is an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Bibliographic details Lehmann A, Karzau J, Boldt J, Thaler E, Lang J, Isgro F (...) . Bispectral index-guided anesthesia in patients undergoing aortocoronary bypass grafting. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2003; 96(2): 336-343 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Aged; Anesthesia Recovery Period; Anesthesia, General /adverse effects /economics; Anesthetics /economics; Blood Loss, Surgical /physiopathology; Catecholamines /therapeutic use; Coronary Artery Bypass /economics /methods; Double-Blind Method; Electroencephalography /drug effects /economics; Female

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2003

171. Local anesthesia and midazolam versus spinal anesthesia in ambulatory pilonidal surgery

Local anesthesia and midazolam versus spinal anesthesia in ambulatory pilonidal surgery Local anesthesia and midazolam versus spinal anesthesia in ambulatory pilonidal surgery Local anesthesia and midazolam versus spinal anesthesia in ambulatory pilonidal surgery Sungurtekin H, Sungurtekin U, Erdem E Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results (...) and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Two anaesthetic techniques were compared, local anaesthesia with sedation versus spinal anaesthesia. Local infiltration consisted of a 50-mL mixture of bupivacaine 0.5% (10 mL), prilocaine HCl 2% (10 mL) and an isotonic solution (30 mL) with 1:200000 epinephrine in combination with intravenous midazolam sedation. The spinal anaesthesia was hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% (1.5 mL

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2003

172. Prophylactic ephedrine prevents hypotension during spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery but does not improve neonatal outcome: a quantitative systematic review

Prophylactic ephedrine prevents hypotension during spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery but does not improve neonatal outcome: a quantitative systematic review Prophylactic ephedrine prevents hypotension during spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery but does not improve neonatal outcome: a quantitative systematic review Prophylactic ephedrine prevents hypotension during spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery but does not improve neonatal outcome: a quantitative systematic review Lee (...) A, Warwick D, Ngan Kee W D, Gin T Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness and safety of ephedrine, compared with control, when given prophylactically to prevent hypotension during spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean delivery. Searching MEDLINE (from 1966 to May 2000), EMBASE (from 1988 to May 2000) and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched using the following keywords: 'spinal anesthesia', 'hypotension', 'Cesarean section', 'pregnancy complications', 'pregnancy outcome', 'fetal

DARE.2002

173. A systematic review of adjuncts for intravenous regional anesthesia for surgical procedures

A systematic review of adjuncts for intravenous regional anesthesia for surgical procedures A systematic review of adjuncts for intravenous regional anesthesia for surgical procedures A systematic review of adjuncts for intravenous regional anesthesia for surgical procedures Choyce A, Peng P Authors' objectives To determine the use of adjuncts to intravenous regional anaesthesia for surgical procedures. Searching The authors searched for English language publications in MEDLINE (from July 1966 (...) The review did not state any a priori inclusion criteria for eligible interventions. The local anaesthetics (LAs) evaluated in the included studies were prilocaine and lidocaine. The adjunct treatments evaluated in the included studies were opioids (fentanyl, meperidine, morphine and sufentanil), tramadol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ketorolac, tenoxicam and aspirin), clonidine, muscle relaxants (pancuronium combined with fentanyl, atracurium and mivacurium), alkalinisation with sodium

DARE.2002

174. A quantitative, systematic review of randomized controlled trials of ephedrine versus phenylephrine for the management of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery

A quantitative, systematic review of randomized controlled trials of ephedrine versus phenylephrine for the management of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery A quantitative, systematic review of randomized controlled trials of ephedrine versus phenylephrine for the management of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery A quantitative, systematic review of randomized controlled trials of ephedrine versus phenylephrine for the management of hypotension (...) during spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery Lee A, Ngan Kee W D, Gin T Authors' objectives To compare ephedrine with phenylephrine in the management of hypotension in women undergoing spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean delivery. Searching MEDLINE (from 1966 to June 2001), EMBASE (from 1988 to June 2001) and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched using appropriate search terms (listed in the review). The reference lists of retrieved articles and reviews were also checked, and authors

DARE.2002

175. Selective spinal anesthesia versus desflurane anesthesia in short duration outpatient gynecological laparoscopy: a pharmacoeconomic comparison

Selective spinal anesthesia versus desflurane anesthesia in short duration outpatient gynecological laparoscopy: a pharmacoeconomic comparison Selective spinal anesthesia versus desflurane anesthesia in short duration outpatient gynecological laparoscopy: a pharmacoeconomic comparison Selective spinal anesthesia versus desflurane anesthesia in short duration outpatient gynecological laparoscopy: a pharmacoeconomic comparison Lennox P H, Chilvers C, Vaghadia H Record Status This is a critical (...) abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Two anaesthetic techniques for short-duration laparoscopic procedures were examined. The techniques were selective spinal anaesthesia (SSA) and desflurane-based general anaesthesia (DES). Type of intervention Other

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2002

176. Anesthesia management during cataract surgery. Volume 1: evidence report. Volume 2: evidence tables and bibliography

Anesthesia management during cataract surgery. Volume 1: evidence report. Volume 2: evidence tables and bibliography Anesthesia management during cataract surgery. Volume 1: evidence report. Volume 2: evidence tables and bibliography Anesthesia management during cataract surgery. Volume 1: evidence report. Volume 2: evidence tables and bibliography Lubomski L H, Magaziner J, Sprintz M, Kempen J, Reeves S W, Robinson K A, Bass E B Authors' objectives To summarise the published literature (...) on the risks and benefits associated with using one form of local anaesthesia over another, and the risks and benefits associated with different approaches to sedating the patient for cataract surgery. Searching PubMed (up to 1999) and the Cochrane Library (Issue 1, 1999) were searched; the search strategy for PubMed was reported. In addition, 10 named ophthalmology and anaesthesia-related journals were handsearched, and the reference lists of relevant review articles and a sample of the included studies

DARE.2001

177. The effects of an increase of central blood volume before spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery: a qualitative systematic review

The effects of an increase of central blood volume before spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery: a qualitative systematic review The effects of an increase of central blood volume before spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery: a qualitative systematic review The effects of an increase of central blood volume before spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery: a qualitative systematic review Morgan P J, Halpern S H, Tarshis J Authors' objectives To evaluate the role of central blood volume (...) augmentation in reducing the incidence of hypotension with spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean delivery. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to 2000, and EMBASE from 1988 to 2000, using the following MeSH terms and textwords: 'cesarean section', 'hypotension', 'anaesthesia, spinal', 'leg wrapping' and 'trendelenberg'. The last search was conducted on May 1, 2000. The Cochrane Library (Issue 1, 2000) was also searched. Additional material for the period 1995 to 2000 was identified by examining

DARE.2001

178. Intracameral anesthesia: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology

Intracameral anesthesia: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology Intracameral anesthesia: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology Intracameral anesthesia: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology Karp C L, Cox T A, Wagoner M D, Ariyasu R G, Jacobs D S Authors' objectives To examine the available evidence on intracameral anaesthesia, in order to address questions concerning its effectiveness, the possible toxicity to the corneal endothelium and retina (...) , and the optimal and maximum doses. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1968 to 2000 for articles published in the English language. The search strategy used combinations of the MeSH terms 'phacoemulsification', 'anesthesia', 'lidocaine', 'retina/drug effects', 'corneal endothelium/drug effects' and 'toxicity', with the textwords 'topical', 'ocular', 'intraocular' and 'intracameral'. The reference lists of retrieved articles were searched for additional citations. Study selection Study designs of evaluations

DARE.2001

179. Patient satisfaction with anesthesia services

Patient satisfaction with anesthesia services Patient satisfaction with anesthesia services Patient satisfaction with anesthesia services Le May S, Hardy J F, Taillefer M C, Dupuis G Authors' objectives To ascertain the present level of knowledge in the field of patient satisfaction with anaesthetic services. Searching MEDLINE, Current Contents, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Dissertation Abstracts were searched for studies published between 1980 and March 2000 (...) . The bibliographies of primary review articles were also searched. The keywords used were: 'quality improvement', 'anaesthesia', 'quality', 'patient satisfaction', 'patient perceptions', 'consumer satisfaction', 'continuous quality improvement' and 'outcome measures'. The search was limited to studies reported in English or French. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review All types of studies were eligible for inclusion in the review. Specific interventions included in the review

DARE.2001

180. A comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil, and remifentanil for fast-track cardiac anesthesia

A comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil, and remifentanil for fast-track cardiac anesthesia A comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil, and remifentanil for fast-track cardiac anesthesia A comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil, and remifentanil for fast-track cardiac anesthesia Engoren M, Luther G, Fenn-Buderer N Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results (...) and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of fentanyl, sufentanil and remifentanil for fast-track cardiac anaesthesia was investigated. The patients in the fentanyl group received fentanyl 7 to 10 microg/kg for induction and additional doses of 1 to 2 microg/kg (as needed) for intense stimulus. The patients in the sufentanil group received sufentanil at doses of 1 to 4 microg/kg for induction and 0.1 to 0.3

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2001