Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

81. Peripheral Nerve Block as a Supplement to Light or Deep General Anesthesia in Elderly Patients Receiving Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Prospective Randomized Study

Peripheral Nerve Block as a Supplement to Light or Deep General Anesthesia in Elderly Patients Receiving Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Prospective Randomized Study Peripheral nerve block combined with general anesthesia is a preferable anesthesia method for elderly patients receiving hip arthroplasty. The depth of sedation may influence patient recovery. Therefore, we investigated the influence of peripheral nerve blockade and different intraoperative sedation levels on the short-term recovery (...) of elderly patients receiving total hip arthroplasty.Patients aged 65 years and older undergoing total hip arthroplasty were randomized into 3 groups: a general anesthesia without lumbosacral plexus block group, and 2 general anesthesia plus lumbosacral plexus block groups, each with a different level of sedation (light or deep). The extubation time and intraoperative consumption of propofol, sufentanil, and vasoactive agent were recorded. Postoperative delirium and early postoperative cognitive

2017 EvidenceUpdates

82. Intermittent Catheterization for Post-Operative Patients with Spinal Anesthesia: Guidelines

Intermittent Catheterization for Post-Operative Patients with Spinal Anesthesia: Guidelines Intermittent Catheterization for Post-Operative Patients with Spinal Anesthesia: Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Intermittent Catheterization for Post-Operative Patients with Spinal Anesthesia: Guidelines Intermittent Catheterization for Post-Operative Patients with Spinal Anesthesia: Guidelines Published on: November 28, 2017 Project Number: RB1171-000 Product Line: Research Type (...) : Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of in-and-out or intermittent catheters to prevent urinary retention in post-operative patients who have received spinal anesthesia? Key Message No relevant literature was identified regarding the use of in-and-out or intermittent catheters to prevent urinary retention in post-operative patients who have received spinal anesthesia. Tags kidney, anesthesia

2017 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

83. Effect of Xenon Anesthesia Compared to Sevoflurane and Total Intravenous Anesthesia for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery on Postoperative Cardiac Troponin Release: An International, Multicenter, Phase 3, Single-blinded, Randomized Noninferiority Trial

Effect of Xenon Anesthesia Compared to Sevoflurane and Total Intravenous Anesthesia for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery on Postoperative Cardiac Troponin Release: An International, Multicenter, Phase 3, Single-blinded, Randomized Noninferiority Trial Ischemic myocardial damage accompanying coronary artery bypass graft surgery remains a clinical challenge. We investigated whether xenon anesthesia could limit myocardial damage in coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients, as has been (...) reported for animal ischemia models.In 17 university hospitals in France, Germany, Italy, and The Netherlands, low-risk elective, on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients were randomized to receive xenon, sevoflurane, or propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia for anesthesia maintenance. The primary outcome was the cardiac troponin I concentration in the blood 24 h postsurgery. The noninferiority margin for the mean difference in cardiac troponin I release between the xenon

2017 EvidenceUpdates

84. Ankle Block vs Single-Shot Popliteal Fossa Block as Primary Anesthesia for Forefoot Operative Procedures: Prospective, Randomized Comparison

Ankle Block vs Single-Shot Popliteal Fossa Block as Primary Anesthesia for Forefoot Operative Procedures: Prospective, Randomized Comparison Postoperative pain is often difficult to control with oral medications, requiring large doses of opioid analgesia. Regional anesthesia may be used for primary anesthesia, reducing the need for general anesthetic and postoperative pain medication requirements in the immediate postoperative period. The purpose of this study was to compare the analgesic (...) effects of an ankle block (AB) to a single-shot popliteal fossa block (PFB) for patients undergoing orthopedic forefoot procedures.All patients having elective outpatient orthopedic forefoot procedures were invited to participate in the study. Patients were prospectively randomized to receive either an ultrasound-guided AB or PFB by a board-certified anesthesiologist prior to their procedure. Intraoperative conversion to general anesthesia and postanesthesia care unit (PACU) opioid requirements were

2017 EvidenceUpdates

85. Babies Can Safely Breastfeed After Their Mothers Have Local Anesthesia for a Dental Procedure

Babies Can Safely Breastfeed After Their Mothers Have Local Anesthesia for a Dental Procedure UTCAT3266, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Babies Can Safely Breastfeed After Their Mothers Have Local Anesthesia for a Dental Procedure Clinical Question Are babies whose mothers have local anesthesia for dental procedures at increased risk for ingesting the anesthetic? Clinical Bottom Line It is safe (...) for a mother to breastfeed after having local anesthesia for a dental procedure. This is based on a clinical study showing that the amount of lidocaine in the breast milk was low. Local anesthesia is widely used in all general dental practices and accepted by patients. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Giuliani/2001 7 nursing mothers between the ages of 23-39 Noncontrolled clinical study Key

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

86. Perioperative Management of Elderly Patients with Gastrointestinal Malignancies: The Contribution of Anesthesia (PubMed)

Perioperative Management of Elderly Patients with Gastrointestinal Malignancies: The Contribution of Anesthesia Elderly patients suffering from gastrointestinal malignancies are particularly prone to perioperative complications. Elderly patients often present with reduced physiological reserves, and comorbidities can limit treatment options and promote complications. Surgeons and anesthesiologists must be aware of strategies required to deal with this vulnerable subgroup.We provide a brief

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2017 Visceral medicine

87. Intraoperative "Analgesia Nociception Index"-Guided Fentanyl Administration During Sevoflurane Anesthesia in Lumbar Discectomy and Laminectomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Intraoperative "Analgesia Nociception Index"-Guided Fentanyl Administration During Sevoflurane Anesthesia in Lumbar Discectomy and Laminectomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial The "Analgesia Nociception Index" (ANI; MetroDoloris Medical Systems, Lille, France) is a proposed noninvasive guide to analgesia derived from an electrocardiogram trace. ANI is scaled from 0 to 100; with previous studies suggesting that values ≥50 can indicate adequate analgesia. This clinical trial was designed (...) %; P< .0001). Recovery room vomiting, airway obstruction, respiratory depression, sedation, emergence time, time spent in the recovery room as well as total intraoperative fentanyl administration, hypnotic parameters, and incidence of intraoperative movement were not different between groups.Patients receiving intraoperative ANI-guided fentanyl administration during sevoflurane anesthesia for lumbar discectomy and laminectomy demonstrated decreased pain in the recovery room, likely as a result

2017 EvidenceUpdates

88. Effectiveness of preoperative intranasal dexmedetomidine, compared with oral midazolam, for the prevention of emergence delirium in the pediatric patient undergoing general anesthesia: a systematic review. (PubMed)

Effectiveness of preoperative intranasal dexmedetomidine, compared with oral midazolam, for the prevention of emergence delirium in the pediatric patient undergoing general anesthesia: a systematic review. Emergence delirium is defined as a cognitive disturbance during emergence from general anesthesia resulting in hallucinations, delusions and confusion manifested by agitation, restlessness, involuntary physical movement and extreme flailing in bed. Postoperative emergence delirium develops (...) in 12% to 18% of all children undergoing general anesthesia for surgery. This post-anesthetic phenomenon changes cognitive and psychomotor behavior, and puts pediatric patients and health care personnel at risk of injury. A newer drug, dexmedetomidine, is a selective alpha-2 agonist, which works in the brain and spinal cord that has sedative, analgesic and anxiolytic properties. Dexmedetomidine also has the ability to lower the overall anesthetic requirements by reducing sympathetic outflow

2017 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

89. Safety Aspects of Postanesthesia Care Unit Discharge without Motor Function Assessment after Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized, Multicenter, Semiblinded, Noninferiority, Controlled Trial

Safety Aspects of Postanesthesia Care Unit Discharge without Motor Function Assessment after Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized, Multicenter, Semiblinded, Noninferiority, Controlled Trial Postanesthesia care unit (PACU) discharge without observation of lower limb motor function after spinal anesthesia has been suggested to significantly reduce PACU stay and enhance resource optimization and early rehabilitation but without enough data to allow clinical recommendations.A multicenter, semiblinded (...) , noninferiority randomized controlled trial of discharge from the PACU with or without assessment of lower limb motor function after elective total hip or knee arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia was undertaken. The primary outcome was frequency of a successful fast-track course (length of stay 4 days or less and no 30-day readmission). Noninferiority would be declared if the odds ratio (OR) for a successful fast-track course was no worse for those patients receiving no motor function assessment versus those

2017 EvidenceUpdates

90. General Anesthesia Versus Conscious Sedation for Endovascular Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke: The AnStroke Trial (Anesthesia During Stroke)

General Anesthesia Versus Conscious Sedation for Endovascular Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke: The AnStroke Trial (Anesthesia During Stroke) Retrospective studies have found that patients receiving general anesthesia for endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke have worse neurological outcome compared with patients receiving conscious sedation. In this prospective randomized single-center study, we investigated the impact of anesthesia technique on neurological outcome in acute (...) ischemic stroke patients.Ninety patients receiving endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke in 2013 to 2016 were included and randomized to general anesthesia or conscious sedation. Difference in neurological outcome at 3 months, measured as modified Rankin Scale score, was analyzed (primary outcome) and early neurological improvement of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and cerebral infarction volume. Age, sex, comorbidities, admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score

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2017 EvidenceUpdates

91. Sequential compression pump effect on hypotension due to spinal anesthesia for cesarean section: A double blind clinical trial (PubMed)

Sequential compression pump effect on hypotension due to spinal anesthesia for cesarean section: A double blind clinical trial Spinal anesthesia (SA) is a standard technique for cesarean section. Hypotension presents an incident of 80-85% after SA in pregnant women.To determine the effect of intermittent pneumatic compression of lower limbs on declining spinal anesthesia induced hypotension during cesarean section.This double-blind clinical prospective study was conducted on 76 non-laboring (...) parturient patients, aged 18-45 years, with the American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status I or II who were scheduled for elective cesarean section at Razi Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran from December 21, 2015 to January 20, 2016. Patients were divided into treatment mechanical pump (Group M) or control group (Group C) with simple random sampling. Fetal presentation, birth weight, Apgar at 1 and 5 min, time taken for pre-hydration (min), pre-hydration to the administration of spinal anesthesia (min

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2017 Electronic physician Controlled trial quality: uncertain

92. Intraoperative Completion Studies, Local Anesthesia, and Antiplatelet Medication Are Associated With Lower Risk in Carotid Endarterectomy

Intraoperative Completion Studies, Local Anesthesia, and Antiplatelet Medication Are Associated With Lower Risk in Carotid Endarterectomy In Germany, all surgical and endovascular procedures on the carotid bifurcation must be documented in a statutory nationwide quality assurance database. We aimed to analyze the association between procedural and perioperative variables and in-hospital stroke or death rates after carotid endarterectomy.Between 2009 and 2014, overall 142 074 elective carotid (...) . In the multivariable analysis, lower risks of stroke or death were independently associated with local anesthesia (versus general anesthesia: RR, 0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.75-0.95), carotid endarterectomy with patch plasty compared with primary closure (RR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.52-0.97), intraoperative completion studies by duplex ultrasound (RR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.63-0.88) or angiography (RR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.71-0.90), and perioperative antiplatelet medication (RR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.71-0.97). No shunting

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2017 EvidenceUpdates

93. Liposomal Bupivacaine May Prove to Provide Adequate Long-Term Local Anesthesia

Liposomal Bupivacaine May Prove to Provide Adequate Long-Term Local Anesthesia UTCAT3208, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Liposomal Bupivacaine May Prove to Provide Adequate Long-Term Local Anesthesia Clinical Question Is liposomal bupivacaine (Exparel) effective in providing extended local anesthesia and reducing post-operative opioid use in a variety of dental procedures? Clinical Bottom Line (...) For patients receiving endodontic care or third molar extractions, there is not enough evidence to support the conclusion that liposomal bupivacaine is any more effective than other anesthesia medications. This is supported by a randomized double-blinded study in which buccal infiltration of liposomal bupivacaine was shown to not achieve clinically relevant levels of anesthesia for prolonged periods of time. A systematic review of liposomal bupivacaine showed inconclusive evidence to support that liposomal

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

94. The Influence of Oral Ginger before Operation on Nausea and Vomiting after Cataract Surgery under General Anesthesia: A double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

The Influence of Oral Ginger before Operation on Nausea and Vomiting after Cataract Surgery under General Anesthesia: A double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial. According to Iranian traditional medicine, using safe ginger may contribute to taking less chemical medicines and result in fewer side effects.To determine the influence of using ginger before operation on nausea and vomiting, after cataract surgery under general anesthesia.This study was a double-blind placebo

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2017 Electronic physician Controlled trial quality: uncertain

95. Comparison of Regional vs. General Anesthesia for Surgical Repair of Open-Globe Injuries at a University Referral Center (PubMed)

Comparison of Regional vs. General Anesthesia for Surgical Repair of Open-Globe Injuries at a University Referral Center This study compares the clinical features and physician selection of either Regional Anesthesia (peribulbar or retrobulbar block) with Monitored Anesthesia Care (RA-MAC) or General Anesthesia (GA) for open globe injury repair.A non-randomized, comparative, retrospective case series at a University Referral Center.All adult repairable open globe injuries receiving primary (...) repair between January 1st, 2004 and December 31st, 2014 (11 years). Exclusion criteria were patients less than 18 years of age and those treated with primary enucleation.Data was gathered via retrospective chart review.Data collected from each patient was age, gender, injury type, location, length of wound, presenting visual acuity, classification of anesthesia used, duration of the procedure performed, months of clinical follow-up, and final visual acuity.During the 11 years study period, 448

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2017 Ophthalmology retina

96. Palliative radiation therapy for superior vena cava syndrome in metastatic Wilms tumor using 10XFFF and 3D surface imaging to avoid anesthesia in a pediatric patient—a teaching case (PubMed)

Palliative radiation therapy for superior vena cava syndrome in metastatic Wilms tumor using 10XFFF and 3D surface imaging to avoid anesthesia in a pediatric patient—a teaching case 28740919 2018 11 13 2452-1094 2 1 2017 Jan-Mar Advances in radiation oncology Adv Radiat Oncol Palliative radiation therapy for superior vena cava syndrome in metastatic Wilms tumor using 10XFFF and 3D surface imaging to avoid anesthesia in a pediatric patient-a teaching case. 101-104 10.1016/j.adro.2016.12.007

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2017 Advances in radiation oncology

97. Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Breastfeeding Mother

Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Breastfeeding Mother ABM Protocol ABM Clinical Protocol #15: Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Breastfeeding Mother, Revised 2017 Sarah Reece-Stremtan, 1 Matilde Campos, 2 Lauren Kokajko, 1 and The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols, free from commercial interest or in?uence, for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols (...) serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve as standards of medical care. Variations in treatment may be appropriate according to the needs of an individual patient. Background T hereislittlerigorousinformationinthescienti?c literature about anesthesia or procedural sedation in breastfeeding mothers. Recommendations in this area typi- cally focus on pharmacologic properties of anesthetic agents, limited

2017 Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

98. Pre-procedural fasting for inpatients undergoing interventional radiology or cardiac procedures not requiring general anesthesia

Pre-procedural fasting for inpatients undergoing interventional radiology or cardiac procedures not requiring general anesthesia Pre-procedural fasting for inpatients undergoing interventional radiology or cardiac procedures not requiring general anesthesia Pre-procedural fasting for inpatients undergoing interventional radiology or cardiac procedures not requiring general anesthesia Lavenberg JG, Holland S, Solano L, Stoudt G, Mitchell MD, Mull, N. Record Status This is a bibliographic record (...) of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Lavenberg JG, Holland S, Solano L, Stoudt G, Mitchell MD, Mull, N.. Pre-procedural fasting for inpatients undergoing interventional radiology or cardiac procedures not requiring general anesthesia. Philadelphia: Center for Evidence-based Practice (CEP). 2017 Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Anesthesia

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

99. Effectiveness of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy Without Local Anesthesia in Patients With Recalcitrant Plantar Fasciitis: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. (PubMed)

Effectiveness of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy Without Local Anesthesia in Patients With Recalcitrant Plantar Fasciitis: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. The objective of this meta-analysis was to investigate the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave therapy in the treatment of recalcitrant plantar fasciitis without local anesthesia.The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to September 2015 for randomized controlled (...) trials comparing ESWT without local anesthesia versus placebo for treatment of plantar fasciitis in adults. The primary outcome was the 12-week post-intervention success rate of reducing the visual analog scale score by 60% from baseline at the first step in the morning, reducing the VAS score by 60% from baseline during daily activities, reducing the Roles and Maudsley score, reducing overall heel pain, and reducing pain after applying a force meter.Nine studies were included in the meta-analysis

2016 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation

100. Effectiveness of intrathecal dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to bupivacaine spinal anesthesia in adult patients undergoing elective surgery: a systematic review protocol. (PubMed)

Effectiveness of intrathecal dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to bupivacaine spinal anesthesia in adult patients undergoing elective surgery: a systematic review protocol. The current review aims to identify the effects of intrathecal dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to bupivacaine spinal anesthesia compared to the sole use of bupivacaine spinal anesthesia alone in adult patients undergoing elective surgical procedures.

2016 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports