Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

61. Erythromycin for Gastric Emptying in Patients Undergoing General Anesthesia for Emergency Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Erythromycin for Gastric Emptying in Patients Undergoing General Anesthesia for Emergency Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial 26083537 2015 08 20 2015 11 30 2015 08 20 2168-6262 150 8 2015 Aug JAMA surgery JAMA Surg Erythromycin for Gastric Emptying in Patients Undergoing General Anesthesia for Emergency Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial. 730-7 10.1001/jamasurg.2015.0306 Patients undergoing emergency procedures under general anesthesia have impaired gastric emptying and are at high risk (...) for aspiration of gastric contents. Erythromycin has strong gastric prokinetic properties. To evaluate the efficacy of erythromycin lactobionate in gastric emptying in patients undergoing emergency surgery. The Erythro-Emerge trial was a single-center, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial in patients undergoing emergency surgery under general anesthesia at Geneva University Hospitals. We included 132 patients from March 25, 2009, through April 10, 2013, and all patients completed

EvidenceUpdates2015

62. Er:YAG Lasers Are Less Likely Than Rotary Burs to Cause a Patient Discomfort During Caries Excavation When No Anesthesia Has Been Administered

Er:YAG Lasers Are Less Likely Than Rotary Burs to Cause a Patient Discomfort During Caries Excavation When No Anesthesia Has Been Administered UTCAT2881, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Er:YAG Lasers Are Less Likely Than Rotary Burs to Cause a Patient Discomfort During Caries Excavation When No Anesthesia Has Been Administered Clinical Question Are lasers less likely than rotary burs to cause a patient (...) pain during caries excavation when the patient has not received anesthesia? Clinical Bottom Line For patients in need of caries excavation who will not allow or have contraindications to the use of local anesthetic, Er:YAG lasers are less likely than rotary burs to cause a patient discomfort. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Dommisch/2008 26 adults with 102 carious lesions Randomized

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2015

63. Effect of Sedative Premedication on Patient Experience After General Anesthesia: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Effect of Sedative Premedication on Patient Experience After General Anesthesia: A Randomized Clinical Trial. IMPORTANCE: Sedative premedication is widely administered before surgery, but little clinical evidence supports its use. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of sedative premedication on perioperative patient experience. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A randomized clinical trial, the PremedX study, enrolled 1062 adult patients who were younger than 70 years and had been scheduled (...) for various elective surgeries under general anesthesia at 5 French teaching hospitals (in Marseille, Montpellier, Nimes, and Nice) between January 2013 and June 2014. Neurosurgery, obstetrical, cardiac, and outpatient surgery were excluded. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized to 3 groups of 354 participants each to receive 2.5 mg of lorazepam, no premedication, or placebo. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary outcome was perioperative patient experience assessed 24 hours after surgery

JAMA2015

65. Guidelines to the practice of anesthesia

Guidelines to the practice of anesthesia Guidelines to the Practice of Anesthesia – Revised Edition 2015Guide d’exercice de l’anesthésie – Édition révisée 2015 | SpringerLink This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, learn more at Search January 2015 , Volume 62, , pp 54–79 Guidelines to the Practice of Anesthesia – Revised Edition 2015 Authors Richard Merchant Daniel Chartrand Steven Dain Gregory Dobson Matt M. Kurrek Annie Lagacé Shean Stacey Barton Thiessen Special Article (...) First Online: 17 October 2014 1.3k Downloads Overview The Guidelines to the Practice of Anesthesia Revised Edition 2015 (the guidelines) were prepared by the Canadian Anesthesiologists’ Society (CAS), which reserves the right to determine their publication and distribution. Because the guidelines are subject to revision, updated versions are published annually. The Guidelines to the Practice of Anesthesia Revised Edition 2015 supersedes all previously published versions of this document. Although

CMA Infobase (Canada)2015

66. Anesthesia information management systems for patients undergoing surgery: clinical effectiveness and guidelines

Anesthesia information management systems for patients undergoing surgery: clinical effectiveness and guidelines Anesthesia information management systems for patients undergoing surgery: clinical effectiveness and guidelines Anesthesia information management systems for patients undergoing surgery: clinical effectiveness and guidelines CADTH Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality (...) of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation CADTH. Anesthesia information management systems for patients undergoing surgery: clinical effectiveness and guidelines. Ottawa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). Rapid Response. 2015 Authors' conclusions Two non-randomized studies were identified, regarding the clinical effectiveness of using Anesthesia Information Management Systems (AIMS) for adult patients undergoing surgery. Final publication URL Indexing Status

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2015

68. The Second ASRA Practice Advisory on Neurologic Complications Associated With Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine

The Second ASRA Practice Advisory on Neurologic Complications Associated With Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine The Second ASRA Practice Advisory on Neurologic Complication... : Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. You currently have no recent searches Enter your Email address: Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed (...) to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. Toggle navigation Articles & Issues Collections Journal Info > > The Second ASRA Practice Advisory on Neurologic Complication... Email to a Colleague Colleague's E-mail is Invalid Your Name: (optional) Your Email: Colleague's Email: Separate multiple e-mails with a (;). Message: Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Regional Anesthesia

American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine2015

69. The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Controversial Topics in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia

The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Controversial Topics in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therap... : Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. You currently have no recent searches Enter your Email (...) address: Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. Toggle navigation Articles & Issues Collections Journal Info > > The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therap... Email to a Colleague Colleague's E-mail is Invalid Your Name: (optional) Your Email: Colleague's Email: Separate

American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine2015

70. Anesthesia technique, mortality, and length of stay after hip fracture surgery.

Anesthesia technique, mortality, and length of stay after hip fracture surgery. IMPORTANCE: More than 300,000 hip fractures occur each year in the United States. Recent practice guidelines have advocated greater use of regional anesthesia for hip fracture surgery. OBJECTIVE: To test the association of regional (ie, spinal or epidural) anesthesia vs general anesthesia with 30-day mortality and hospital length of stay after hip fracture. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: We conducted a matched (...) retrospective cohort study involving patients 50 years or older who were undergoing surgery for hip fracture at general acute care hospitals in New York State between July 1, 2004, and December 31, 2011. Our main analysis was a near-far instrumental variable match that paired patients who lived at different distances from hospitals that specialized in regional or general anesthesia. Supplementary analyses included a within-hospital match that paired patients within the same hospital and an across-hospital

JAMA2014 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

71. Effectiveness of an Audiovisual Video Eyeglass Distraction Technique on Pain Associated with Injection of Local Anesthesia for Children

Effectiveness of an Audiovisual Video Eyeglass Distraction Technique on Pain Associated with Injection of Local Anesthesia for Children UTCAT2724, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Effectiveness of an Audiovisual Video Eyeglass Distraction Technique on Pain Associated with Injection of Local Anesthesia for Children Clinical Question In dental restorative procedures on children ages 4 to 7, how effective (...) is an audiovisual video eyeglass distraction technique during dental treatment compared to no attempted distraction in alleviating an unpleasant or distressing stimulus arising during dental restorative procedures? Clinical Bottom Line There is a significant advantage to utilizing an audiovisual video eyeglass distraction technique to reduce pain associated with injections of local anesthetic compared to no therapy at all when working with pediatric patients ages 4 to 7 with baseline levels of anxiety. Best

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2014

72. Epinephrine Use With Local Anesthesia in Post Myocardial Infarction Patients

Epinephrine Use With Local Anesthesia in Post Myocardial Infarction Patients UTCAT2664, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Epinephrine Use With Local Anesthesia in Post Myocardial Infarction Patients Clinical Question In a patient who has had a MI, how long after their cardiac event is it safe to use standard levels of epinephrine in local anesthesia? Clinical Bottom Line There is no clearly specific (...) period of time to wait after a patient has had an MI for it to be safe to use standard levels of epinephrine in local anesthesia, but these studies suggest that the amount of risk and the length of time needed to wait are not as great as previous thought. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Conrado/2007 Fifty-four patients with coronary artery disease (excluding patients with a MI within

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2014

73. Supplemental Intraosseous Anesthesia Improves the Success Rate of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Blocks in Molars with Irreversible Pulpitis.

Supplemental Intraosseous Anesthesia Improves the Success Rate of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Blocks in Molars with Irreversible Pulpitis. UTCAT2689, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Supplemental Intraosseous Anesthesia Improves the Success Rate of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Blocks in Molars with Irreversible Pulpitis. Clinical Question In patients receiving treatment for irreversible pulpitis of mandibular (...) molars, does the supplemental intraosseous anesthesia provide a superior clinical success rate compared to an inferior alveolar nerve block alone? Clinical Bottom Line In cases with patients being treated for irreversible pulpitis, a supplemental delivery of local anesthetic by means of intraosseous injection following an initial inferior alveolar nerve block aids in achieving successful pain free treatment. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2014

74. Administration of anesthesia by anesthesiologists versus non-physicians for patients undergoing cataract surgery: clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and guidelines

Administration of anesthesia by anesthesiologists versus non-physicians for patients undergoing cataract surgery: clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and guidelines Administration of anesthesia by anesthesiologists versus non-physicians for patients undergoing cataract surgery: clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and guidelines Administration of anesthesia by anesthesiologists versus non-physicians for patients undergoing cataract surgery: clinical effectiveness, cost (...) -effectiveness, and guidelines CADTH Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation CADTH. Administration of anesthesia by anesthesiologists versus non-physicians for patients undergoing cataract surgery: clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and guidelines. Ottawa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). Rapid Response

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2014

75. Spinal anesthesia: should everyone receive a urinary catheter?: a randomized, prospective study of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty

Spinal anesthesia: should everyone receive a urinary catheter?: a randomized, prospective study of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty 23965700 2013 08 22 2013 11 08 2016 05 12 1535-1386 95 16 2013 Aug 21 The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume J Bone Joint Surg Am Spinal anesthesia: should everyone receive a urinary catheter?: a randomized, prospective study of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. 1498-503 10.2106/JBJS.K.01671 The objective of this randomized (...) prospective study was to determine whether a urinary catheter is necessary for all patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia. Consecutive patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia were randomized to treatment with or without insertion of an indwelling urinary catheter. All patients received spinal anesthesia with 15 to 30 mg of 0.5% bupivacaine. The catheter group was subjected to a standard postoperative protocol, with removal of the indwelling catheter

EvidenceUpdates2013

76. Effects of continuous epidural anesthesia and postoperative epidural analgesia on pain management and stress response in patients undergoing major spinal surgery

Effects of continuous epidural anesthesia and postoperative epidural analgesia on pain management and stress response in patients undergoing major spinal surgery 23514874 2013 07 01 2014 01 24 2015 11 19 1528-1159 38 15 2013 Jul 01 Spine Spine Effects of continuous epidural anesthesia and postoperative epidural analgesia on pain management and stress response in patients undergoing major spinal surgery. 1324-30 10.1097/BRS.0b013e318290ff26 A prospective, randomized study was used to compare 2 (...) anesthesia/analgesia methods for reconstructive spine surgery. To assess the efficacy and influence of 2 anesthetic methods on clinical outcome and stress response during reconstructive spine surgery. Pain control is an important goal of the postoperative care after spinal surgery. Some prior studies have suggested that epidural anesthesia with or without postoperative epidural analgesia may blunt the surgical stress response after major surgery. This treatment approach has not been fully investigated

EvidenceUpdates2013

77. On the utility of diagnostic instruments for pediatric delirium in critical illness: an evaluation of the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium Scale, the Delirium Rating Scale 88, and the Delirium Rating Scale-Revised R-98

On the utility of diagnostic instruments for pediatric delirium in critical illness: an evaluation of the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium Scale, the Delirium Rating Scale 88, and the Delirium Rating Scale-Revised R-98 PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2013

79. Articane Provides Longer Lasting Anesthesia in Buccal Infiltration Compared to Lidocaine on Healthy Teeth

Articane Provides Longer Lasting Anesthesia in Buccal Infiltration Compared to Lidocaine on Healthy Teeth UTCAT2437, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Articane Provides Longer Lasting Anesthesia in Buccal Infiltration Compared to Lidocaine on Healthy Teeth Clinical Question In a patient undergoing buccal infiltration is articaine longer lasting compared to lidocane on healthy teeth? Clinical Bottom Line (...) on healthy teeth than lidocaine 2% 1:100,000 epi with a 95% Cl. Evidence Search (("Carticaine"[Mesh]) AND "Lidocaine"[Mesh]) AND "Anesthesia"[Mesh] Comments on The Evidence Brandt and colleagues analyzed a set of randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews, with a total of 269 patients, comparing anesthetic length of both articaine 4% 1:100,000 epi and lidocaine 2% 1:100,000 epi. Lidocaine was used as the gold standard. Compilation of the article titles was done electronically, which resulted

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2013

80. Children With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Receiving Dental Procedures Under General Anesthesia are at Increase Risk For Respiratory Complications During Recovery?

Children With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Receiving Dental Procedures Under General Anesthesia are at Increase Risk For Respiratory Complications During Recovery? UTCAT2348, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Children With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Receiving Dental Procedures Under General Anesthesia are at Increase Risk For Respiratory Complications During Recovery? Clinical Question For children with history (...) of obstructive sleep apnea undergoing dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia, as compared to the general population, would they have an increase risk of complications during recovery? Clinical Bottom Line Evidence shows that children with history of obstructive sleep apnea (1-3% of children) should be evaluated and followed up closely since they are at higher risk for respiratory complications after general anesthesia. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2013