Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

61. Intravenously Administered Lidocaine and Magnesium During Thyroid Surgery in Female Patients for Better Quality of Recovery After Anesthesia (Abstract)

Intravenously Administered Lidocaine and Magnesium During Thyroid Surgery in Female Patients for Better Quality of Recovery After Anesthesia Although systemic lidocaine and magnesium have been widely studied as perioperative analgesic adjuvants, they have been rarely evaluated with respect to recovery quality under the same conditions. We compared the quality of recovery 40 (QoR-40) scores of female patients who received intravenous lidocaine, magnesium, and saline during thyroidectomy (...) intravenously during anesthesia led to better quality of postoperative recovery measured by QoR-40 compared with the group C. Magnesium was found to be insufficient to induce any significant improvement with the dose used in the present study.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

62. Anesthesia

on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip. Top results for anesthesia 1. Practice Guidelines for Obstetric Anesthesia Practice Guidelines for Obstetric Anesthesia:An Updated Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Obstetric Anesthesia and the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology* | Anesthesiology | ASA Publications 468217175 ASA Publications Log in to access full content You must be logged in to access (...) this feature. ASA members enjoy complimentary access to ASA publications, as well as a variety of educational resources. Non (...) -ASA Members Login Free Practice Parameter | February 2016 Practice Guidelines for Obstetric Anesthesia : An Updated Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Obstetric Anesthesia and the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology* Author Notes This article is featured in “This Month in Anesthesiology ,” page 1A. This article is featured

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

63. Anaesthesia

technology in Anaesthesia and the advancements in Anaesthesia practise by searching Trip. Top results for anaesthesia 1. The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Controversial Topics in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therap... : Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser (...) with a needle DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: From the reports of the clinical trials we extracted data regarding clinical outcomes including pain, number of infants with methaemoglobin level 5% and above, number of needle 2017 6. Local anaesthetics and regional anaesthesia versus conventional analgesia for preventing persistent postoperative pain in adults and children. BACKGROUND: Regional anaesthesia may reduce the rate of persistent postoperative pain (PPP), a frequent and debilitating condition

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

64. Use of Anesthesia Providers in the Administration of Office-based Deep Sedation/General Anesthesia to the Pediatric Dental Patient

of pediatric emergencies is critical in providing safe sedation and anesthetic care. During deep sedation/general anesthesia in the dental setting, there must be at least two individuals pre- sent with the skills in patient rescue and pediatric advanced life support (e.g., PALS) and capable of managing any emergency event. 4 One of the two must be an independent observer who sole responsibility is to constantly observe the patient’s vital signs, levels of sedation, airway patency, and adequacy (...) ., the responsible dental practitioner) must be trained in and capable of providing pediatric advanced life support and skilled in assisting the independent observer with the rescue of a child with any of the adverse events described above. Personnel experienced in post anesthetic recovery care and trained in advanced resuscitative techniques (e.g., PALS) must be in attendance and provide continuous respiratory and car- diovascular monitoring during the recovery period. 4 The supervising anesthesia provider

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

65. Readiness for Discharge After Foot and Ankle Surgery Using Peripheral Nerve Blocks: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Spinal and General Anesthesia as Supplements to Nerve Blocks (Abstract)

Readiness for Discharge After Foot and Ankle Surgery Using Peripheral Nerve Blocks: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Spinal and General Anesthesia as Supplements to Nerve Blocks Neuraxial anesthesia is often viewed as superior to general anesthesia but may delay discharge. Comparisons do not typically use multimodal analgesics and nerve blockade. Combining nerve blockade with general anesthesia may reduce pain, opioid consumption, and nausea. We hypothesized that general anesthesia (...) (with nerve blocks) would lead to earlier readiness for discharge, compared to spinal anesthesia (with nerve blocks).All patients underwent ambulatory foot and ankle surgery, with a predicted case duration of 1-3 hours. All patients received popliteal and adductor canal nerve blocks using bupivacaine and dexamethasone. No intraoperative opioids were administered. All patients received ondansetron, dexamethasone, ketamine, and ketorolac. Patients, data collectors, and the data analyst were not informed

2018 EvidenceUpdates

66. [Ethyl chloride aerosol spray for local anesthesia before arterial puncture: randomized placebo-controlled trial]. (Abstract)

[Ethyl chloride aerosol spray for local anesthesia before arterial puncture: randomized placebo-controlled trial]. To compare the efficacy of an ethyl chloride aerosol spray to a placebo spray applied in the emergency department to the skin to reduce pain from arterial puncture for blood gas analysis.Single-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial in an emergency department of Hospital de Basurto in Bilbao, Spain. We included 126 patients for whom arterial blood gas analysis had been ordered

2018 Emergencias : revista de la Sociedad Espanola de Medicina de Emergencias Controlled trial quality: predicted high

67. Regional Anesthesia in the Patient Receiving Antithrombotic or Thrombolytic Therapy

Reference Manager Save my selection Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine: doi: 10.1097/AAP.0000000000000763 REGIONAL ANESTHESIA AND ACUTE PAIN: SPECIAL ARTICLE Free From the *Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; †Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium; ‡Bielefeld Hospital, Bielefeld, Germany; §Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA; and ∥Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. Accepted for publication January 21, 2018. Address correspondence to: Terese T. Horlocker, MD, Department of Anesthesiology (...) Regional Anesthesia in the Patient Receiving Antithrombotic or Thrombolytic Therapy Regional Anesthesia in the Patient Receiving Antithrombotic... : Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Login No user account? Lippincott Journals Subscribers , use your username or email along with your password to log in. Remember me on this computer Register for a free account Registered

2018 American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine

68. Recent Trends in the Practice of Procedural Sedation Under Local Anesthesia for Catheter Ablation, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, and Endoscopic Surgery in Japan: A Retrospective Database Study in Clinical Practice from 2012 to 2015 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Recent Trends in the Practice of Procedural Sedation Under Local Anesthesia for Catheter Ablation, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, and Endoscopic Surgery in Japan: A Retrospective Database Study in Clinical Practice from 2012 to 2015 To investigate changes in sedation practice during 2012-2015, using a large health claims database, for catheter ablation (CA), gastrointestinal endoscopic examination (EE), and surgery (ES) after dexmedetomidine (DEX) was approved for procedural sedation in 2013. We (...) assessed the trends of sedative utilization, sedative-analgesic combinations, and, additionally, incidence of complications from 2012 to 2015.Using the database provided by Medical Data Vision Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, Japan), annual utilization proportions of the sedatives and sedative-analgesic combinations and occurrence of complications were calculated in patients with a record of local anesthesia and CA, EE, and/or ES but without general anesthesia used on the same day. The sedatives studied were DEX

2018 Drugs - real world outcomes

69. The Efficacy of Vibration Anesthesia on Reducing Pain Levels During Lip Augmentation: Worth the Buzz? Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Efficacy of Vibration Anesthesia on Reducing Pain Levels During Lip Augmentation: Worth the Buzz? Lip augmentation procedures have increased drastically in the last years as patients seek to enhance the shape and size of their lips with dermal fillers. One of the main concerns faced with these procedures is the pain inflicted through injections. On the other hand, many different techniques have been introduced for the reduction of pain while performing office-based minimal invasive (...) procedures.This study aims to determine the analgesic effect of vibration anesthesia during lip augmentation procedures and to evaluate its overall effect on the comfort of patients.A split-lip study was designed in a randomized fashion for 25 lip augmentation patients who received hyaluronic acid fillers with or without with a concurrent vibration stimulus on either half of their lips. Patients were asked to score the pain that they felt during lip injections on a scale from 0 to 10 (0 being no pain and 10

2018 Aesthetic surgery journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

70. Pain control in surgical abortion part 1 ? local anesthesia and minimal sedation

. Islocalanesthesiaeffectiveforpaincontrolinsurgicalabortion? Women receiving local cervical anesthesia alone for ?rst- trimestersurgicalabortionreport,onaverage,experiencing moderatepainrangingfrom4to7outof10[19,42–46]com- paredto8to9outof10withshamlocalcervicalanesthesia [21]. The PCB anesthetizes the nervebundles lateral to the cervixat3o'clockand9o'clockaswellasthosewithinthe uterosacral ligaments. In a randomized controlled trial of 120 women undergoing surgical abortion at less than 11 weeks [21], a PCB with 20 mL of 1% buffered lidocaine (...) Pain control in surgical abortion part 1 ? local anesthesia and minimal sedation Reviewarticle SocietyofFamilyPlanningclinicalguidelinespaincontrolinsurgical abortionpart1 —localanesthesiaandminimalsedation RebeccaH.Allen a, ?,RameetSingh b a ObstetricsandGynecology,WarrenAlpertMedicalSchoolofBrownUniversity,WomenandInfantsHospital,101DudleyStreet,Providence,RI02905 b DivisionofFamilyPlanning,DepartmentofObstetricsandGynecology,UniversityofNewMexicoSchoolofMedicine,Albuquerque,NM87131 abstract

2018 Society of Family Planning

71. Ketamine-based anesthesia improves electroconvulsive therapy outcomes: a randomized-controlled study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ketamine-based anesthesia improves electroconvulsive therapy outcomes: a randomized-controlled study Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common and debilitating condition that can be challenging to treat. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is currently the therapeutic gold standard for treatment-resistant MDD. We tested our hypothesis that ketamine-based anesthesia for ECT results in superior improvement in treatment-resistant MDD outcomes compared with propofol-based anesthesia.Patients (...) with treatment-resistant MDD were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial with assignment to ketamine- or propofol-based anesthesia arms. Using a modified intention-to-treat analysis, we compared the median number of ECT treatments required to achieve a 50% reduction (primary outcome) and a score ≤ 10 (secondary outcome) on the Montgomery-Asberg depression rating scale (MADRS) between anesthesia groups.The study was terminated as significant results were found after the first planned interim analysis with 12

2018 EvidenceUpdates

72. Psoas Compartment Block vs Periarticular Local Anesthetic Infiltration for Pain Management After Anterior Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Prospective, Randomized Study (Abstract)

Psoas Compartment Block vs Periarticular Local Anesthetic Infiltration for Pain Management After Anterior Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Prospective, Randomized Study The psoas compartment block (PCB) or periarticular soft-tissue local anesthetic injection are forms of regional anesthesia often used as one of the components in multimodal anesthesia applied during total hip arthroplasty (THA). The most efficacious form of regional anesthesia for THA has yet to be determined.In a single-surgeon (...) , prospective, clinical trial, patients undergoing THA via direct anterior approach were randomized to receive an intraoperative periarticular local anesthetic infiltration (periarticular injection) or a PCB. Postoperative pain scores, narcotic consumption, and complications were recorded.Forty-nine patients were randomized to the PCB and 50 were randomized to the periarticular injection. The resting pain score 3 hours postoperatively was statistically significantly lower in the periarticular injection

2018 EvidenceUpdates

73. Use of platelet transfusions prior to lumbar punctures or epidural anaesthesia for the prevention of complications in people with thrombocytopenia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Use of platelet transfusions prior to lumbar punctures or epidural anaesthesia for the prevention of complications in people with thrombocytopenia. People with a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) often require lumbar punctures or an epidural anaesthetic. Lumbar punctures can be diagnostic (haematological malignancies, subarachnoid haematoma, meningitis) or therapeutic (spinal anaesthetic, administration of chemotherapy). Epidural catheters are placed for administration of epidural (...) anaesthetic. Current practice in many countries is to correct thrombocytopenia with platelet transfusions prior to lumbar punctures and epidural anaesthesia, in order to mitigate the risk of serious procedure-related bleeding. However, the platelet count threshold recommended prior to these procedures varies significantly from country to country. This indicates significant uncertainty among clinicians regarding the correct management of these patients. The risk of bleeding appears to be low

2018 Cochrane

74. Effect of adding dexamethasone to lidocaine on the quality of intravenous regional anesthesia for upper extremity orthopedic operations: A randomized clinical trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of adding dexamethasone to lidocaine on the quality of intravenous regional anesthesia for upper extremity orthopedic operations: A randomized clinical trial Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) is an ideal technique for short surgery on the distal extremities. Different additives have been used to improve lidocaine's block quality.The aim of this study was to determine the effect of adding dexamethasone to lidocaine on improving the quality of IVRA.This study is a prospective, double

2018 Electronic physician Controlled trial quality: uncertain

75. Anaesthetizing children—From a nurse anaesthetist's perspective—A qualitative study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Anaesthetizing children—From a nurse anaesthetist's perspective—A qualitative study The aim of this study was to describe nurse anaesthetists' experiences of encountering and caring for children in connection to anaesthesia.Qualitative design.Sixteen written narratives based on eight nurse anaesthetists' experiences of meeting children was analysed using qualitative content analysis.The overarching theme was: "anaesthetizing children is a complex caring situation, including interactions (...) ' needs are essential for an optimal caring situation. Organizations need to realize that extra time, skills and resources are needed to safely anaesthetize children.

2018 Nursing open

76. Bilateral corneal denting after surgery under general anesthesia: A case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bilateral corneal denting after surgery under general anesthesia: A case report To report a case of temporary bilateral corneal denting in a patient who underwent cardiovascular surgery under general anesthesia.A 71-year-old male with no history of ophthalmological disease experienced bilateral corneal denting immediately after undergoing surgery for aneurysm of the thoracic aorta under general anesthesia. Anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with rocuronium bromide (...) and remifentanil hydrochloride. The initial examination revealed significant denting on the surface of both the corneas and ocular hypotension. Visual evaluation could not be performed due to the patient's low level of consciousness resulting from delayed emergence from anesthesia. After applying tropicamide and phenylephrine ophthalmic solution for fundus examination, the ocular morphology improved. Ocular pressure was normal on the day after surgery, and creasing on the surface of the corneas had

2018 American journal of ophthalmology case reports

77. Checklist for Treatment of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity

Checklist for Treatment of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity FIGURE1. ASRALASTChecklist. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine • Volume43,Number2,February2018 ASRA Checklist for Managing LAST © 2018 AmericanSociety of Regional Anesthesia andPain Medicine 151FIGURE1. Continued Neal et al Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine • Volume43, Number2, February2018 152 © 2018 American Society ofRegionalAnesthesia and Pain Medicine

2018 American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine

78. Guidelines for sedation and anesthesia in GI endoscopy

propofol sedation; ECG, electrocardiogram; MAC, monitored anesthesia care; NAAP, non-anesthesiologist–administered propofol sedation; NAPS, nurse-administered propofol sedation; RN, registered nurse. REFERENCES 1. Guyatt GH, Oxman AD, Vist GE, et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. BMJ 2008;336:924-6. 2. Practice guidelines for sedation and analgesia by non-anesthesiolo- gists. Anesthesiology 2002;96:1004-17. 3. Faigel DO, Baron TH, Goldstein (...) population. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2012;10:58-64. 65. Tetzlaff JE, Vargo JJ, Maurer W. Nonoperating room anesthesia for the gastrointestinal endoscopy suite. Anesthesiol Clin 2014;32:387-94. 66. American Society of Anesthesiology. Statement on anesthesia care for endoscopic procedures 2014. Available at https://www.asahq.org/For- Members/Standards-Guidelines-and-Statements.aspx. Accessed June 14, 2015. 67. Practice guidelines for postanesthetic care: a report by the American Society

2018 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

79. Inhalational versus IV Induction of Anesthesia in Children with a High Risk of Perioperative Respiratory Adverse Events: A Randomized Controlled Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Inhalational versus IV Induction of Anesthesia in Children with a High Risk of Perioperative Respiratory Adverse Events: A Randomized Controlled Trial Limited evidence suggests that children have a lower incidence of perioperative respiratory adverse events when intravenous propofol is used compared with inhalational sevoflurane for the anesthesia induction. Limiting these events can improve recovery time as well as decreasing surgery waitlists and healthcare costs. This single center open (...) -label randomized controlled trial assessed the impact of the anesthesia induction technique on the occurrence of perioperative respiratory adverse events in children at high risk of those events.Children (N = 300; 0 to 8 yr) with at least two clinically relevant risk factors for perioperative respiratory adverse events and deemed suitable for either technique of anesthesia induction were recruited and randomized to either intravenous propofol or inhalational sevoflurane. The primary outcome

2018 EvidenceUpdates

80. Comparison of Paravertebral Block by Anatomic Landmark Technique to Ultrasound-Guided Paravertebral Block for Breast Surgery Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Comparison of Paravertebral Block by Anatomic Landmark Technique to Ultrasound-Guided Paravertebral Block for Breast Surgery Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial Paravertebral block (PVB) is an established technique for providing anesthesia for breast surgery. The primary objective was to compare anatomical landmark technique (ALT) to the ultrasound-guided (USG) PVB block for providing surgical anesthesia. Secondary objectives included comparison of perioperative analgesia (...) and complications.This randomized, controlled, observer-blinded study included 72 females, aged 18 to 65 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II, undergoing elective unilateral breast surgery. Study participants were randomized to the ALT group or USG group. Ipsilateral PVB was performed with the respective technique from T1 to T6. Five milliliters of local anesthetic mixture (0.5% ropivacaine, 5 μg/mL adrenaline, 1 μg/kg clonidine) was administered at each level. Paravertebral catheter

2018 EvidenceUpdates