Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

201. Office based wire-guided open breast biopsy under local anesthesia is accurate and cost effective

Office based wire-guided open breast biopsy under local anesthesia is accurate and cost effective Office based wire-guided open breast biopsy under local anesthesia is accurate and cost effective Office based wire-guided open breast biopsy under local anesthesia is accurate and cost effective Morris K T, Pommier R F, Vetto J T Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary (...) of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of a simplified wire-guided biopsy (WGB) method during mammography, which allows the procedure to be conducted with a minimum of dissection and under local anaesthesia in the office setting. Type of intervention Diagnosis. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis Study population The study population comprised all patients having

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

202. Prospective randomized comparison of thoracoscopic talc poudrage under local anesthesia versus bleomycin instillation for pleurodesis in malignant pleural effusions

Prospective randomized comparison of thoracoscopic talc poudrage under local anesthesia versus bleomycin instillation for pleurodesis in malignant pleural effusions Prospective randomized comparison of thoracoscopic talc poudrage under local anesthesia versus bleomycin instillation for pleurodesis in malignant pleural effusions Prospective randomized comparison of thoracoscopic talc poudrage under local anesthesia versus bleomycin instillation for pleurodesis in malignant pleural effusions (...) Diacon A H, Wyser C, Bolliger C T, Tamm M, Pless M, Perruchoud A P, Soler M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Thoracoscopic talc poudrage under local anaesthesia versus bleomycin instillation for pleurodesis

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

203. Cost analysis of different volume replacement strategies in anesthesia

Cost analysis of different volume replacement strategies in anesthesia Cost analysis of different volume replacement strategies in anesthesia Cost analysis of different volume replacement strategies in anesthesia Boldt J, Suttner S, Kumle B, Huttner I Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment (...) less than 2g/l, antithrombin III less than 50%). Platelet concentrates were infused when platelet count was less than 30x10^9/l. Induction and maintenance of anaesthesia were standardised in all patients. Following surgery, patients were transferred to either an intensive care unit (ICU) or to an intermediate care unit and treated with standardised protocols. When patients in ICU required ventilation, propofol and/or sufentanil were given until extubation. Dopamine was given when MAP was less than

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

204. A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of remifentanil versus fentanyl as an adjuvant to general anesthesia for outpatient gynecologic surgery

A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of remifentanil versus fentanyl as an adjuvant to general anesthesia for outpatient gynecologic surgery A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of remifentanil versus fentanyl as an adjuvant to general anesthesia for outpatient gynecologic surgery A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of remifentanil versus fentanyl as an adjuvant to general anesthesia for outpatient gynecologic surgery Beers R A, Calimlim J R, Uddoh E, Esposito B F, Camporesi E M Record (...) Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of remifentanil versus fentanyl as an adjuvant to general anaesthesia for outpatient gynaecologic surgery. Remifentanil was given as an opioid adjuvant to general anaesthesia

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

205. Pre-insertion local anesthesia at the trocar site improves peri-operative pain and decreases costs in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Pre-insertion local anesthesia at the trocar site improves peri-operative pain and decreases costs in laparoscopic cholecystectomy Pre-insertion local anesthesia at the trocar site improves peri-operative pain and decreases costs in laparoscopic cholecystectomy Pre-insertion local anesthesia at the trocar site improves peri-operative pain and decreases costs in laparoscopic cholecystectomy Hasaniya N, Zayed F, Faiz H, Severino R Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Pre-insertion local anaesthesia (using 0.5% bupivacaine) at the trocar site in laparoscopic cholecystectomy was under evaluation. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

206. The cost effectiveness of anesthesia workforce models: a simulation approach using decision-analysis modelling

The cost effectiveness of anesthesia workforce models: a simulation approach using decision-analysis modelling The cost effectiveness of anesthesia workforce models: a simulation approach using decision-analysis modelling The cost effectiveness of anesthesia workforce models: a simulation approach using decision-analysis modelling Glance L G Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief (...) summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study compared five alternative anaesthesia workforce scenarios. The skill mix ranged from physician-intensive to nurse-intensive practice. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type The study reported a cost-effectiveness analysis from the perspective of the payer. Study population The study cohort comprised 24,970

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

207. [Premedication in peripheral block anesthesia]. (PubMed)

[Premedication in peripheral block anesthesia]. 9921057 1999 02 18 2015 06 12 0042-8450 55 5 Suppl 1998 Sep-Oct Vojnosanitetski pregled Vojnosanit Pregl [Premedication in peripheral block anesthesia]. 23-6 Cukavac V V Grozdanović Z Z Mancić Dj Dj srp Clinical Trial Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial Premedikacija u perifernoj blok anesteziji. Serbia Vojnosanit Pregl 21530700R 0042-8450 0 Analgesics 0 Hypnotics and Sedatives 8067-59-2 Innovar O9U0F09D5X Droperidol Q3JTX2Q7TU Diazepam

1999 Vojnosanitetski pregled

209. A systematic review of intra-articular local anesthesia for postoperative pain relief after arthroscopic knee surgery

A systematic review of intra-articular local anesthesia for postoperative pain relief after arthroscopic knee surgery A systematic review of intra-articular local anesthesia for postoperative pain relief after arthroscopic knee surgery A systematic review of intra-articular local anesthesia for postoperative pain relief after arthroscopic knee surgery Moiniche S, Mikkelsen S, Wetterslev J, Dahl J B Authors' objectives To assess the effect of intra-articular local anesthesia in the control (...) of postoperative pain after arthroscopic knee surgery. Searching The authors searched the electronic databases MEDLINE (up to May 1998) and the Cochrane Library (1998, issue 2), using the search terms: 'intra-articular', 'knee', 'postoperative pain', 'local anesthesia', 'bupivacaine', 'lidocaine', 'prilocaine', 'arthroscopy', and 'surgery'. Additional reports were identified from reference lists of retrieved papers. There were no language restrictions. Abstracts, correspondences, or unpublished observations

1999 DARE.

210. Intraoperative and postoperative analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of intrathecal opioids in patients undergoing Cesarean section with spinal anesthesia: a qualitative and quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Intraoperative and postoperative analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of intrathecal opioids in patients undergoing Cesarean section with spinal anesthesia: a qualitative and quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials Intraoperative and postoperative analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of intrathecal opioids in patients undergoing Cesarean section with spinal anesthesia: a qualitative and quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials Intraoperative (...) and postoperative analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of intrathecal opioids in patients undergoing Cesarean section with spinal anesthesia: a qualitative and quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials Dahl J B, Jeppesen I S, Jorgensen H, Wetterslev J, Moiniche S Authors' objectives To investigate the effect of intrathecal opioids added to spinal anaesthesia on intra-operative and post-operative pain, and to evaluate adverse effects in patients scheduled for Caesarean section. Searching

1999 DARE.

211. Thoracic epidural anesthesia for pain relief and postoperation recovery with modified radical mastectomy

Thoracic epidural anesthesia for pain relief and postoperation recovery with modified radical mastectomy Thoracic epidural anesthesia for pain relief and postoperation recovery with modified radical mastectomy Thoracic epidural anesthesia for pain relief and postoperation recovery with modified radical mastectomy Yeh C C, Yu J C, Wu C T, Ho S T, Chang T M, Wong C S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract (...) contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Thoracic epidural anaesthesia (TEA) for modified radical mastectomy (MRM) surgery to provide postoperative pain relief and recovery. In TEA group patients, 2% lidocaine (15-20 ml) was administered via the epidural route as primary anaesthesia, in conjunction with midazolam (5-10 mg) and fentanyl (<250 micro g

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

212. The cost-effectiveness of methohexital versus propofol for sedation during monitored anesthesia care

The cost-effectiveness of methohexital versus propofol for sedation during monitored anesthesia care The cost-effectiveness of methohexital versus propofol for sedation during monitored anesthesia care The cost-effectiveness of methohexital versus propofol for sedation during monitored anesthesia care Sa Rego M M, Inagaki Y, White P F Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary (...) of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of two drugs, propofol (50 microg kg-1 min-1) and methohexital (40 microg kg-1 min-1), during monitored anaesthesia care of women undergoing breast biopsy procedures. Type of intervention Anaesthesia. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised women undergoing breast biopsy procedures

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

213. A cost comparison of methohexital and propofol for ambulatory anesthesia

A cost comparison of methohexital and propofol for ambulatory anesthesia A cost comparison of methohexital and propofol for ambulatory anesthesia A cost comparison of methohexital and propofol for ambulatory anesthesia Sun R, Watcha M F, White P F, Skrivanek G D, Griffin J D, Stool L, Murphy M T Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions (...) followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Induction of anesthesia with the anaesthetic drugs propofol and methohexital. Type of intervention Treatment and anesthesia Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Healthy ASA physical status I and II adult patients undergoing ambulatory surgical procedures. Patients with significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, hepatic or neurologic disease, those

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

214. Laparoscopic gastrostomy and jejunostomy: safety and cost with local vs general anesthesia

Laparoscopic gastrostomy and jejunostomy: safety and cost with local vs general anesthesia Laparoscopic gastrostomy and jejunostomy: safety and cost with local vs general anesthesia Laparoscopic gastrostomy and jejunostomy: safety and cost with local vs general anesthesia Duh Q Y, Senokozlieff-Englehart A L, Choe Y S, Siperstein A E, Rowland K, Way L W Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains (...) a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The health technology studied was the administration of local anaesthesia to patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrostomies and jejunostomies. Type of intervention Anaesthesia. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised patients undergoing laparoscopic enteral access

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

215. Postneonatal circumcision with local anesthesia: a cost-effective alternative

Postneonatal circumcision with local anesthesia: a cost-effective alternative Postneonatal circumcision with local anesthesia: a cost-effective alternative Postneonatal circumcision with local anesthesia: a cost-effective alternative Jayanthi V R, Burns J E, Koff S A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed (...) critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Postneonatal circumcision of boys using the Plastibell technique (Hollister, Inc., Libertyville, Illinois) with local anesthesia Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Post-neonatal boys undergoing circumcision under general anesthesia (operating room circumcision) or local anesthesia (office circumcision). Setting Hospital (office for local

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

216. Electromotive drug administration of lidocaine as an alternative anesthesia for transurethral surgery

Electromotive drug administration of lidocaine as an alternative anesthesia for transurethral surgery Electromotive drug administration of lidocaine as an alternative anesthesia for transurethral surgery Electromotive drug administration of lidocaine as an alternative anesthesia for transurethral surgery Jewett M A, Valiquette L, Sampson H A, Katz J, Fradet Y, Redelmeier D A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED (...) . Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of intravesical lidocaine using electromotive administration, general or spinal anaesthesia, or no anaesthesia for patients undergoing bladder procedures, including biopsy, transurethral resection, and hydrodistention. Type of intervention Pain management; Treatment. Economic study type Cost

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

217. Cost analysis of remifentanil and fentanyl for neurosurgical anesthesia

Cost analysis of remifentanil and fentanyl for neurosurgical anesthesia Cost analysis of remifentanil and fentanyl for neurosurgical anesthesia Cost analysis of remifentanil and fentanyl for neurosurgical anesthesia Hogue S, Reese P R, Munshi O, Young T Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment (...) on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Use of remifentanil-nitrous oxide combination with low-dose isoflurane rescue in patients requiring craniotomy for supratentorial space-occupying lesions. Type of intervention Treatment; Anesthesia Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients undergoing neurosurgery (craniotomy for supratentorial space-occupying lesions). Setting Hospital. The economic study was carried out in the USA. Dates to which data

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

218. Onset time, recovery duration, and drug cost with four different methods of inducing general anesthesia

Onset time, recovery duration, and drug cost with four different methods of inducing general anesthesia Onset time, recovery duration, and drug cost with four different methods of inducing general anesthesia Onset time, recovery duration, and drug cost with four different methods of inducing general anesthesia Fleischmann E, Akca O, Wallner T, Arkilic C F, Kurz A, Hickle R S, Zimpfer M, Sessler D I Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria (...) for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Use of sevoflurane and nitrous oxide from a rebreathing bag (Sevo/Bag) or sevoflurane and nitrous oxide from a circle system (Sevo/Circle) as induction anaesthetics in women patients undergoing short gynaecological procedures with an anticipated duration of 10-20 minutes. Type

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

219. Comparison of ring block, dorsal penile nerve block, and topical anesthesia for neonatal circumcision: a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Comparison of ring block, dorsal penile nerve block, and topical anesthesia for neonatal circumcision: a randomized controlled trial. 9417009 1998 01 07 1998 01 07 2016 10 17 0098-7484 278 24 1997 Dec 24-31 JAMA JAMA Comparison of ring block, dorsal penile nerve block, and topical anesthesia for neonatal circumcision: a randomized controlled trial. 2157-62 Beliefs about the safety and effectiveness of current anesthetics have resulted in many newborns being circumcised without the benefit (...) of anesthesia. To compare ring block, dorsal penile nerve block, a topical eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA), and topical placebo when used for neonatal circumcision. The placebo represented current practice, with no anesthetic for neonatal circumcision. A randomized controlled trial. Antenatal units in 2 tertiary care hospitals in Edmonton, Alberta. A consecutive sample of 52 healthy, full-term, male newborns, aged 1 to 3 days. Physiological and behavioral monitoring occurred in a series

1998 JAMA

220. Regional anesthesia does not significantly change surgical time versus general anesthesia: a meta-analysis of randomized studies

Regional anesthesia does not significantly change surgical time versus general anesthesia: a meta-analysis of randomized studies Regional anesthesia does not significantly change surgical time versus general anesthesia: a meta-analysis of randomized studies Regional anesthesia does not significantly change surgical time versus general anesthesia: a meta-analysis of randomized studies Dexter F Authors' objectives To determine whether the use of regional anaesthesia affects surgical time when (...) compared to general anaesthesia. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to May 1997. Details of the search strategy are given. Published manuscripts were also sought from sources including textbooks and experts in the field. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) meeting the following criteria were included: data was given for specific operations; and means and standard deviations of surgical time were reported. Articles

1998 DARE.