Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

201. Postneonatal circumcision with local anesthesia: a cost-effective alternative

Postneonatal circumcision with local anesthesia: a cost-effective alternative Postneonatal circumcision with local anesthesia: a cost-effective alternative Postneonatal circumcision with local anesthesia: a cost-effective alternative Jayanthi V R, Burns J E, Koff S A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed (...) critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Postneonatal circumcision of boys using the Plastibell technique (Hollister, Inc., Libertyville, Illinois) with local anesthesia Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Post-neonatal boys undergoing circumcision under general anesthesia (operating room circumcision) or local anesthesia (office circumcision). Setting Hospital (office for local

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1999

202. Comparison of ring block, dorsal penile nerve block, and topical anesthesia for neonatal circumcision: a randomized controlled trial.

Comparison of ring block, dorsal penile nerve block, and topical anesthesia for neonatal circumcision: a randomized controlled trial. 9417009 1998 01 07 1998 01 07 2016 10 17 0098-7484 278 24 1997 Dec 24-31 JAMA JAMA Comparison of ring block, dorsal penile nerve block, and topical anesthesia for neonatal circumcision: a randomized controlled trial. 2157-62 Beliefs about the safety and effectiveness of current anesthetics have resulted in many newborns being circumcised without the benefit (...) of anesthesia. To compare ring block, dorsal penile nerve block, a topical eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA), and topical placebo when used for neonatal circumcision. The placebo represented current practice, with no anesthetic for neonatal circumcision. A randomized controlled trial. Antenatal units in 2 tertiary care hospitals in Edmonton, Alberta. A consecutive sample of 52 healthy, full-term, male newborns, aged 1 to 3 days. Physiological and behavioral monitoring occurred in a series

JAMA1998

203. Regional anesthesia does not significantly change surgical time versus general anesthesia: a meta-analysis of randomized studies

Regional anesthesia does not significantly change surgical time versus general anesthesia: a meta-analysis of randomized studies Regional anesthesia does not significantly change surgical time versus general anesthesia: a meta-analysis of randomized studies Regional anesthesia does not significantly change surgical time versus general anesthesia: a meta-analysis of randomized studies Dexter F Authors' objectives To determine whether the use of regional anaesthesia affects surgical time when (...) compared to general anaesthesia. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to May 1997. Details of the search strategy are given. Published manuscripts were also sought from sources including textbooks and experts in the field. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) meeting the following criteria were included: data was given for specific operations; and means and standard deviations of surgical time were reported. Articles

DARE.1998

204. The effects of preanesthetic oral clonidine on total requirement of propofol for general anesthesia

The effects of preanesthetic oral clonidine on total requirement of propofol for general anesthesia The effects of preanesthetic oral clonidine on total requirement of propofol for general anesthesia The effects of preanesthetic oral clonidine on total requirement of propofol for general anesthesia Imai Y, Mammoto T, Murakami K, Kita T, Sakai T, Kagawa K, Kirita T, Sugimura M, Kishi Y Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion (...) on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of preanaesthetic oral clonidine or diazepam, administered to patients prior to propofol, to induce anaesthesia in minor breast conserving surgery. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1998

205. Study of direct variable anesthesia costs in the dilatation and curettage patient

Study of direct variable anesthesia costs in the dilatation and curettage patient Study of direct variable anesthesia costs in the dilatation and curettage patient Study of direct variable anesthesia costs in the dilatation and curettage patient Meyer-McCright A, Hofer R E, Tarhan S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed (...) by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Use of three different anaesthetic strategies for patients receiving general anaesthesia for diagnostic dilatation and curettage (D&C). The three groups of anaesthetic drugs considered were: (1) thiopental and isoflurane, (2) propofol and isoflurane, and (3) propofol and desflurane. Type of intervention Anesthesia; diagnosis. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1998

206. Xenon and future anesthesia

Xenon and future anesthesia Xenon and future anesthesia Xenon and future anesthesia Nakata Y, Goto T, Morita S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Xenon, and nitrous oxide (sevoflurane and isoflurane) anesthesia (...) . Type of intervention Treatment; Anaesthesia. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Setting Hospital. The economic study was carried out in Japan. Dates to which data relate The effectiveness data related to 1997. Resource dates were not presented and the price year was not stated. Source of effectiveness data The effectiveness data were derived from a review of previously completed studies. Modelling Not used. Outcomes assessed in the review The outcomes assessed were the time taken

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1997

207. The efficacy of regional anesthesia for outpatient anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

The efficacy of regional anesthesia for outpatient anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction The efficacy of regional anesthesia for outpatient anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction The efficacy of regional anesthesia for outpatient anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction Nakamura S J, Conte-Hernandez A, Galloway M T Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods (...) the sample size. The regional anaesthesia group consisted of 36 patients with an average (SD) age of 28 (9) years versus 31 patients in the control group (general anesthesia) with an average age of 27 (7) years. Study design This was a retrospective cohort study, carried out in a single centre. The duration of follow-up was until discharge. No loss to follow up was reported. Analysis of effectiveness The analysis of effectiveness was based on intention to treat. The health outcome measures were

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1997

208. Pharmacoeconomic analysis of sevoflurane versus isoflurane anesthesia in elective ambulatory surgery

Pharmacoeconomic analysis of sevoflurane versus isoflurane anesthesia in elective ambulatory surgery Pharmacoeconomic analysis of sevoflurane versus isoflurane anesthesia in elective ambulatory surgery Pharmacoeconomic analysis of sevoflurane versus isoflurane anesthesia in elective ambulatory surgery Wagner B K J, O'Hara D A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods (...) , the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Sevoflurane, which, at the time of the study, was a recently approved inhalational anaesthetic agent, in women undergoing elective ambulatory surgery. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II women undergoing elective ambulatory surgery

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1997

209. Local anesthesia versus general anesthesia for cardioverter/defibrillator implantation

Local anesthesia versus general anesthesia for cardioverter/defibrillator implantation Local anesthesia versus general anesthesia for cardioverter/defibrillator implantation Local anesthesia versus general anesthesia for cardioverter/defibrillator implantation Stix G, Anvari A, Pernerstorfer T, Grimm M, Turel Z, Mayer C, Laufer G, Schmidinger H Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief (...) summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of local versus general anaesthesia for cardioverter/defibrillator implantation. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised patients undergoing implantation of a single-lead unipolar transvenous ICD-system. Setting The setting was hospital

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1997

210. Office microlaparoscopy under local anesthesia for chronic pelvic pain

Office microlaparoscopy under local anesthesia for chronic pelvic pain Office microlaparoscopy under local anesthesia for chronic pelvic pain Office microlaparoscopy under local anesthesia for chronic pelvic pain Palter S F, Olive D L Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability (...) of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Office microlaparoscopy under local anesthesia (OLULA) for the evaluation of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) or infertility. Type of intervention Diagnosis. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients with CPP or infertility requiring diagnostic laparoscopy. Setting Office-based free-standing faculty practice at a tertiary care referral centre and hospital. The economic study was carried out in New Haven, Connecticut, USA

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1997

211. Omission of nitrous oxide during anesthesia reduces the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting: a meta-analysis

Omission of nitrous oxide during anesthesia reduces the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting: a meta-analysis Omission of nitrous oxide during anesthesia reduces the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting: a meta-analysis Omission of nitrous oxide during anesthesia reduces the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting: a meta-analysis Divatia J V, Vaidya J S, Badwe R A, Hawaldar R W Authors' objectives To perform a meta-analysis in order to determine the impact of nitrous (...) oxide on post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Searching MEDLINE was searched from January 1966 to December 1994 using the following terms: 'anesthetic', 'gases', 'nitrous oxide', 'postoperative complications', 'nausea' and 'vomiting'. Additional articles were obtained by a manual search of cross-references from original articles, review articles, correspondence, and abstracts. Only English language articles were included. The search was repeated and no further articles were identified. Study selection

DARE.1996

212. Local anesthesia in outpatient knee arthroscopy: a comparison of efficacy and cost

Local anesthesia in outpatient knee arthroscopy: a comparison of efficacy and cost Local anesthesia in outpatient knee arthroscopy: a comparison of efficacy and cost Local anesthesia in outpatient knee arthroscopy: a comparison of efficacy and cost Lintner S, Shawen S, Lohnes J, Levy A, Garrett W Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions (...) followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology General, regional and local anesthesia in outpatient knee arthroscopy. Type of intervention Diagnosis and treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population All patients who underwent arthroscopy within a 12 month period at Duke University Medical Centre (age range 10-77 years, males and females) except those who underwent a planned concomitant open procedure

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1996

213. Cost-effective anesthesia: desflurane versus propofol in outpatient surgery

Cost-effective anesthesia: desflurane versus propofol in outpatient surgery Cost-effective anesthesia: desflurane versus propofol in outpatient surgery Cost-effective anesthesia: desflurane versus propofol in outpatient surgery Kurpiers E M, Scharine J, Lovell S L Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical (...) assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of desflurane versus propofol (anaesthetic agents) in outpatient surgery. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients, aged 18 years and older, scheduled for elective surgery in the outpatient surgery area. Setting Hospital. The economic study was conducted in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Dates to which data relate The dates of the effectiveness

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1996

214. Ambulatory care pharmacoeconomic evaluation of anesthesia in ambulatory surgery: comparison of desflurane to isoflurane and propofol

Ambulatory care pharmacoeconomic evaluation of anesthesia in ambulatory surgery: comparison of desflurane to isoflurane and propofol Ambulatory care pharmacoeconomic evaluation of anesthesia in ambulatory surgery: comparison of desflurane to isoflurane and propofol Ambulatory care pharmacoeconomic evaluation of anesthesia in ambulatory surgery: comparison of desflurane to isoflurane and propofol Halberg D L, Russell W, Hatton R C, Segal R, Guyton T S, Paulu D A Record Status This is a critical (...) abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Desflurane, isoflurane and propofol for induction and maintenance of general anaesthesia in adults. Type of intervention Treatment and anesthesia. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1996

215. LAT (lidocaine-adrenaline-tetracaine) versus TAC (tetracaine-adrenaline-cocaine) for topical anesthesia in face and scalp lacerations

LAT (lidocaine-adrenaline-tetracaine) versus TAC (tetracaine-adrenaline-cocaine) for topical anesthesia in face and scalp lacerations LAT (lidocaine-adrenaline-tetracaine) versus TAC (tetracaine-adrenaline-cocaine) for topical anesthesia in face and scalp lacerations LAT (lidocaine-adrenaline-tetracaine) versus TAC (tetracaine-adrenaline-cocaine) for topical anesthesia in face and scalp lacerations Ernst A A, Marvez-Valls E, Nick T G, Weiss S J Record Status This is a critical abstract (...) of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology LAT (Licocaine-Adrenaline-Tetracaine) and TAC (Tetracaine-Adrenaline-Cocaine) for topical anesthesia in face and scalp lacerations. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995

216. Use of anesthesia selection in controlling surgery costs in an HMO Hospital

Use of anesthesia selection in controlling surgery costs in an HMO Hospital Use of anesthesia selection in controlling surgery costs in an HMO Hospital Use of anesthesia selection in controlling surgery costs in an HMO Hospital Suver J, Arikian S R, Doyle J J, Sweeney S W, Hagan M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed (...) by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Two regimens used in intra-abdominal surgery for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia. The first regimen involved the use of propofol for induction and maintenance, while the second employed thiopental for induction and isoflurane for maintenance. Type of intervention Anaesthetic Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population was patients undergoing

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995

217. Spinal versus epidural anesthesia for cesarean section: a comparison of time efficiency, costs, charges, and complications

Spinal versus epidural anesthesia for cesarean section: a comparison of time efficiency, costs, charges, and complications Spinal versus epidural anesthesia for cesarean section: a comparison of time efficiency, costs, charges, and complications Spinal versus epidural anesthesia for cesarean section: a comparison of time efficiency, costs, charges, and complications Riley E T, Cohen S E, Macario A, Desai J B, Ratner E F Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Spinal and epidural anaesthesia for caesarian section. Type of intervention Anaesthesia. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients who had received epidural or spinal anaesthesia for nonemergent caesarian section. Setting

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995

218. The use of caudal epidural anesthesia in clubfoot surgery

The use of caudal epidural anesthesia in clubfoot surgery The use of caudal epidural anesthesia in clubfoot surgery The use of caudal epidural anesthesia in clubfoot surgery Foulk D A, Boakes J, Rab G T, Schulman S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study (...) and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of supplemental caudal anaesthesia, on an outpatient basis, for the surgical release of clubfeet in children. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Children undergoing complete subtalar release for resistant, idiopathic clubfoot. Group 1 consisted of 27 children (17 male, 10 female) with a mean age 9.0 months, and Group 2 consisted of 31 children (20 male, 11 female) with a mean age 9.6 months

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995

219. Labor epidural catheter reactivation or spinal anesthesia for delayed postpartum tubal ligation: a cost comparison

Labor epidural catheter reactivation or spinal anesthesia for delayed postpartum tubal ligation: a cost comparison Labor epidural catheter reactivation or spinal anesthesia for delayed postpartum tubal ligation: a cost comparison Labor epidural catheter reactivation or spinal anesthesia for delayed postpartum tubal ligation: a cost comparison Viscomi C M, Rathmell J P Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each (...) abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Epidural catheter placed during labour versus spinal anaesthesia for postpartum tubal ligation. Type of intervention Treatment; Anaesthesia. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Women undergoing PPTL after vaginal delivery. Setting University hospital and delivery centre

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995

220. Local anesthesia for knee arthroscopy: efficacy and cost benefits

Local anesthesia for knee arthroscopy: efficacy and cost benefits Local anesthesia for knee arthroscopy: efficacy and cost benefits Local anesthesia for knee arthroscopy: efficacy and cost benefits Shapiro M S, Safran M R, Crockett H, Finerman G A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment (...) on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Local anaesthesia versus regional or general anaestheia for knee arthroscopy. Type of intervention Anaesthesia. Economic study type Cost effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients undergoing knee surgery. Setting An outpatient surgery centre. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness data related to 1989-1990. Price dates were not given. Source of effectiveness data Single study. Link between effectiveness and cost data Cost data

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995