Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

181. Anesthesia management during cataract surgery. Volume 1: evidence report. Volume 2: evidence tables and bibliography

Anesthesia management during cataract surgery. Volume 1: evidence report. Volume 2: evidence tables and bibliography Anesthesia management during cataract surgery. Volume 1: evidence report. Volume 2: evidence tables and bibliography Anesthesia management during cataract surgery. Volume 1: evidence report. Volume 2: evidence tables and bibliography Lubomski L H, Magaziner J, Sprintz M, Kempen J, Reeves S W, Robinson K A, Bass E B Authors' objectives To summarise the published literature (...) on the risks and benefits associated with using one form of local anaesthesia over another, and the risks and benefits associated with different approaches to sedating the patient for cataract surgery. Searching PubMed (up to 1999) and the Cochrane Library (Issue 1, 1999) were searched; the search strategy for PubMed was reported. In addition, 10 named ophthalmology and anaesthesia-related journals were handsearched, and the reference lists of relevant review articles and a sample of the included studies

DARE.2001

182. The effects of an increase of central blood volume before spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery: a qualitative systematic review

The effects of an increase of central blood volume before spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery: a qualitative systematic review The effects of an increase of central blood volume before spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery: a qualitative systematic review The effects of an increase of central blood volume before spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery: a qualitative systematic review Morgan P J, Halpern S H, Tarshis J Authors' objectives To evaluate the role of central blood volume (...) augmentation in reducing the incidence of hypotension with spinal anaesthesia for Caesarean delivery. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to 2000, and EMBASE from 1988 to 2000, using the following MeSH terms and textwords: 'cesarean section', 'hypotension', 'anaesthesia, spinal', 'leg wrapping' and 'trendelenberg'. The last search was conducted on May 1, 2000. The Cochrane Library (Issue 1, 2000) was also searched. Additional material for the period 1995 to 2000 was identified by examining

DARE.2001

183. Intracameral anesthesia: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology

Intracameral anesthesia: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology Intracameral anesthesia: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology Intracameral anesthesia: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology Karp C L, Cox T A, Wagoner M D, Ariyasu R G, Jacobs D S Authors' objectives To examine the available evidence on intracameral anaesthesia, in order to address questions concerning its effectiveness, the possible toxicity to the corneal endothelium and retina (...) , and the optimal and maximum doses. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1968 to 2000 for articles published in the English language. The search strategy used combinations of the MeSH terms 'phacoemulsification', 'anesthesia', 'lidocaine', 'retina/drug effects', 'corneal endothelium/drug effects' and 'toxicity', with the textwords 'topical', 'ocular', 'intraocular' and 'intracameral'. The reference lists of retrieved articles were searched for additional citations. Study selection Study designs of evaluations

DARE.2001

184. Patient satisfaction with anesthesia services

Patient satisfaction with anesthesia services Patient satisfaction with anesthesia services Patient satisfaction with anesthesia services Le May S, Hardy J F, Taillefer M C, Dupuis G Authors' objectives To ascertain the present level of knowledge in the field of patient satisfaction with anaesthetic services. Searching MEDLINE, Current Contents, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Dissertation Abstracts were searched for studies published between 1980 and March 2000 (...) . The bibliographies of primary review articles were also searched. The keywords used were: 'quality improvement', 'anaesthesia', 'quality', 'patient satisfaction', 'patient perceptions', 'consumer satisfaction', 'continuous quality improvement' and 'outcome measures'. The search was limited to studies reported in English or French. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review All types of studies were eligible for inclusion in the review. Specific interventions included in the review

DARE.2001

185. A comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil, and remifentanil for fast-track cardiac anesthesia

A comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil, and remifentanil for fast-track cardiac anesthesia A comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil, and remifentanil for fast-track cardiac anesthesia A comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil, and remifentanil for fast-track cardiac anesthesia Engoren M, Luther G, Fenn-Buderer N Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results (...) and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of fentanyl, sufentanil and remifentanil for fast-track cardiac anaesthesia was investigated. The patients in the fentanyl group received fentanyl 7 to 10 microg/kg for induction and additional doses of 1 to 2 microg/kg (as needed) for intense stimulus. The patients in the sufentanil group received sufentanil at doses of 1 to 4 microg/kg for induction and 0.1 to 0.3

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2001

186. Selective spinal anesthesia for outpatient laparoscopy. V: pharmacoeconomic comparison vs general anesthesia

Selective spinal anesthesia for outpatient laparoscopy. V: pharmacoeconomic comparison vs general anesthesia Selective spinal anesthesia for outpatient laparoscopy. V: pharmacoeconomic comparison vs general anesthesia Selective spinal anesthesia for outpatient laparoscopy. V: pharmacoeconomic comparison vs general anesthesia Chilvers C R, Goodwin A, Vaghadia H, Mitchell G W Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each (...) abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology A new technique of spinal anaesthesia (SA), based on small-dose hypobaric lidocaine-fentanyl solution, was considered for outpatient gynaecological laparoscopy of a short duration. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2001

187. A comparative study of general anesthesia, intravenous regional anesthesia, and axillary block for outpatient hand surgery: clinical outcome and cost analysis

A comparative study of general anesthesia, intravenous regional anesthesia, and axillary block for outpatient hand surgery: clinical outcome and cost analysis A comparative study of general anesthesia, intravenous regional anesthesia, and axillary block for outpatient hand surgery: clinical outcome and cost analysis A comparative study of general anesthesia, intravenous regional anesthesia, and axillary block for outpatient hand surgery: clinical outcome and cost analysis Chan V W, Peng P W (...) , Kaszas Z, Middleton W J, Muni R, Anastakis D G, Graham B A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Three anaesthetic techniques for outpatient hand surgery were examined. These were general anaesthesia (GA), intravenous

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2001

188. A decision analysis of anesthesia management for cataract surgery

A decision analysis of anesthesia management for cataract surgery A decision analysis of anesthesia management for cataract surgery A decision analysis of anesthesia management for cataract surgery Reeves S W, Friedman D S, Fleisher A, Lubomski L H, Schein O D, Bass E B Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed (...) critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study investigated six different anaesthesia management strategies for cataract surgery. Strategy 1 was intravenous sedation administered by an anaesthesia specialist and block anaesthesia intra-operatively, with the anaesthesiologist present throughout the case. Strategy 2 was oral sedation preoperatively and block anaesthesia intra-operatively, with an anaesthesiologist on call if needed

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2001

189. Inhalation versus total intravenous anesthesia for lumbar disc herniation: comparison of hemodynamic effects, recovery characteristics, and cost

Inhalation versus total intravenous anesthesia for lumbar disc herniation: comparison of hemodynamic effects, recovery characteristics, and cost Inhalation versus total intravenous anesthesia for lumbar disc herniation: comparison of hemodynamic effects, recovery characteristics, and cost Inhalation versus total intravenous anesthesia for lumbar disc herniation: comparison of hemodynamic effects, recovery characteristics, and cost Ozkose Z, Ercan B, Unal Y, Yardim S, Kaymaz M, Dogulu F (...) , Pasaoglu A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of an anaesthetic technique based on propofol induction, alfentanil analgesia and maintenance, with continuous infusion of propofol and alfentanil with oxygen/air

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2001

190. Prophylactic caffeine to prevent postoperative apnea following general anesthesia in preterm infants.

Prophylactic caffeine to prevent postoperative apnea following general anesthesia in preterm infants. BACKGROUND: Growing ex-preterm infants who undergo general anesthesia for surgery at about term-equivalent age may have episodes of apnea, cyanosis and bradycardia during the early postoperative period. A breathing stimulant such as caffeine, given at the time of operation, might prevent these episodes. OBJECTIVES: In ex-preterm infants who undergo general anesthesia for surgery, does

Cochrane2001

191. Effects of general and locoregional anesthesia on reproductive outcome for in vitro fertilization: a meta-analysis

Effects of general and locoregional anesthesia on reproductive outcome for in vitro fertilization: a meta-analysis Effects of general and locoregional anesthesia on reproductive outcome for in vitro fertilization: a meta-analysis Effects of general and locoregional anesthesia on reproductive outcome for in vitro fertilization: a meta-analysis Kim W O, Kil H K, Koh S O, Kim J I Authors' objectives To evaluate prospective trials of general or locoregional anaesthesia on the reproductive outcomes (...) of cleavage and pregnancy rate, for in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to February 1999 using the following MeSH terms as keywords and textwords: 'anesthesia' and 'fertilization' or 'assisted reproductive technique', 'in vitro fertilization'. The authors also searched the reference lists of all primary studies in trial reports and review articles, and textbooks of anaesthesia, for other relevant studies. The search was limited to English language publications. Study

DARE.2000

192. The cost effectiveness of anesthesia workforce models: a simulation approach using decision-analysis modelling

The cost effectiveness of anesthesia workforce models: a simulation approach using decision-analysis modelling The cost effectiveness of anesthesia workforce models: a simulation approach using decision-analysis modelling The cost effectiveness of anesthesia workforce models: a simulation approach using decision-analysis modelling Glance L G Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief (...) summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study compared five alternative anaesthesia workforce scenarios. The skill mix ranged from physician-intensive to nurse-intensive practice. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type The study reported a cost-effectiveness analysis from the perspective of the payer. Study population The study cohort comprised 24,970

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2000

193. A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of remifentanil versus fentanyl as an adjuvant to general anesthesia for outpatient gynecologic surgery

A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of remifentanil versus fentanyl as an adjuvant to general anesthesia for outpatient gynecologic surgery A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of remifentanil versus fentanyl as an adjuvant to general anesthesia for outpatient gynecologic surgery A comparison of the cost-effectiveness of remifentanil versus fentanyl as an adjuvant to general anesthesia for outpatient gynecologic surgery Beers R A, Calimlim J R, Uddoh E, Esposito B F, Camporesi E M Record (...) Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of remifentanil versus fentanyl as an adjuvant to general anaesthesia for outpatient gynaecologic surgery. Remifentanil was given as an opioid adjuvant to general anaesthesia

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2000

194. Cost analysis of different volume replacement strategies in anesthesia

Cost analysis of different volume replacement strategies in anesthesia Cost analysis of different volume replacement strategies in anesthesia Cost analysis of different volume replacement strategies in anesthesia Boldt J, Suttner S, Kumle B, Huttner I Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment (...) less than 2g/l, antithrombin III less than 50%). Platelet concentrates were infused when platelet count was less than 30x10^9/l. Induction and maintenance of anaesthesia were standardised in all patients. Following surgery, patients were transferred to either an intensive care unit (ICU) or to an intermediate care unit and treated with standardised protocols. When patients in ICU required ventilation, propofol and/or sufentanil were given until extubation. Dopamine was given when MAP was less than

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2000

195. Pre-insertion local anesthesia at the trocar site improves peri-operative pain and decreases costs in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Pre-insertion local anesthesia at the trocar site improves peri-operative pain and decreases costs in laparoscopic cholecystectomy Pre-insertion local anesthesia at the trocar site improves peri-operative pain and decreases costs in laparoscopic cholecystectomy Pre-insertion local anesthesia at the trocar site improves peri-operative pain and decreases costs in laparoscopic cholecystectomy Hasaniya N, Zayed F, Faiz H, Severino R Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Pre-insertion local anaesthesia (using 0.5% bupivacaine) at the trocar site in laparoscopic cholecystectomy was under evaluation. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2000

196. Prospective randomized comparison of thoracoscopic talc poudrage under local anesthesia versus bleomycin instillation for pleurodesis in malignant pleural effusions

Prospective randomized comparison of thoracoscopic talc poudrage under local anesthesia versus bleomycin instillation for pleurodesis in malignant pleural effusions Prospective randomized comparison of thoracoscopic talc poudrage under local anesthesia versus bleomycin instillation for pleurodesis in malignant pleural effusions Prospective randomized comparison of thoracoscopic talc poudrage under local anesthesia versus bleomycin instillation for pleurodesis in malignant pleural effusions (...) Diacon A H, Wyser C, Bolliger C T, Tamm M, Pless M, Perruchoud A P, Soler M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Thoracoscopic talc poudrage under local anaesthesia versus bleomycin instillation for pleurodesis

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2000

197. Office based wire-guided open breast biopsy under local anesthesia is accurate and cost effective

Office based wire-guided open breast biopsy under local anesthesia is accurate and cost effective Office based wire-guided open breast biopsy under local anesthesia is accurate and cost effective Office based wire-guided open breast biopsy under local anesthesia is accurate and cost effective Morris K T, Pommier R F, Vetto J T Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary (...) of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of a simplified wire-guided biopsy (WGB) method during mammography, which allows the procedure to be conducted with a minimum of dissection and under local anaesthesia in the office setting. Type of intervention Diagnosis. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis Study population The study population comprised all patients having

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2000

198. Cost-effectiveness of a delayed pushing policy for patients with epidural anesthesia

Cost-effectiveness of a delayed pushing policy for patients with epidural anesthesia Cost-effectiveness of a delayed pushing policy for patients with epidural anesthesia Cost-effectiveness of a delayed pushing policy for patients with epidural anesthesia Petrou S, Coyle D, Fraser W D Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed (...) by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology A delayed pushing policy for patients with epidural anesthesia. Type of intervention Delivery method. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Nulliparous women with full dilatation and under epidural anesthesia. Setting Hospital. The study was carried out in Canada. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness and resource use data were collected from a randomised controlled

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2000

199. Anesthesia management during cataract surgery

Anesthesia management during cataract surgery Anesthesia management during cataract surgery Anesthesia management during cataract surgery Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Anesthesia management during cataract surgery. Rockville: Agency (...) for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Evidence Report/Technology Assessment No. 16. 2000 Authors' objectives Surgery for age-related cataract is the highest volume surgical procedure in the Medicare population. In the United States, approximately 1.5 million cataract operations were performed on Medicare beneficiaries in 1996. Cataract surgery is almost exclusively performed as an outpatient procedure and usually involves the administration of a local anesthetic in addition to systemic sedation

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2000

200. Intraoperative and postoperative analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of intrathecal opioids in patients undergoing Cesarean section with spinal anesthesia: a qualitative and quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Intraoperative and postoperative analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of intrathecal opioids in patients undergoing Cesarean section with spinal anesthesia: a qualitative and quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials Intraoperative and postoperative analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of intrathecal opioids in patients undergoing Cesarean section with spinal anesthesia: a qualitative and quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials Intraoperative (...) and postoperative analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of intrathecal opioids in patients undergoing Cesarean section with spinal anesthesia: a qualitative and quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials Dahl J B, Jeppesen I S, Jorgensen H, Wetterslev J, Moiniche S Authors' objectives To investigate the effect of intrathecal opioids added to spinal anaesthesia on intra-operative and post-operative pain, and to evaluate adverse effects in patients scheduled for Caesarean section. Searching

DARE.1999