Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

2. Norepinephrine Infusion for Preventing Postspinal Anesthesia Hypotension during Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Dose-finding Trial

Norepinephrine Infusion for Preventing Postspinal Anesthesia Hypotension during Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Dose-finding Trial 30335625 2018 10 26 1528-1175 2018 Oct 17 Anesthesiology Anesthesiology Norepinephrine Infusion for Preventing Postspinal Anesthesia Hypotension during Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Dose-finding Trial. 10.1097/ALN.0000000000002483 WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Norepinephrine has been recently introduced for prophylaxis against postspinal (...) systolic blood pressure and lower heart rate compared with the 0.025 µg · kg · min group. The three groups were comparable in the frequency of intraoperative hypertension, incidence of bradycardia, and neonatal outcomes. Both the 0.050-µg · kg · min and 0.075-µg · kg · min norepinephrine infusion rates effectively reduced postspinal hypotension during cesarean delivery compared with the 0.025-µg · kg · min infusion rate. Hasanin Ahmed M AM From the Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine

EvidenceUpdates2018

3. Effect of Cricoid Pressure Compared With a Sham Procedure in the Rapid Sequence Induction of Anesthesia: The IRIS Randomized Clinical Trial

Effect of Cricoid Pressure Compared With a Sham Procedure in the Rapid Sequence Induction of Anesthesia: The IRIS Randomized Clinical Trial 30347104 2018 10 22 2168-6262 2018 Oct 17 JAMA surgery JAMA Surg Effect of Cricoid Pressure Compared With a Sham Procedure in the Rapid Sequence Induction of Anesthesia: The IRIS Randomized Clinical Trial. 10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3577 The use of cricoid pressure (Sellick maneuver) during rapid sequence induction (RSI) of anesthesia remains controversial (...) in the absence of a large randomized trial. To test the hypothesis that the incidence of pulmonary aspiration is not increased when cricoid pressure is not performed. Randomized, double-blind, noninferiority trial conducted in 10 academic centers. Patients undergoing anesthesia with RSI were enrolled from February 2014 until February 2017 and followed up for 28 days or until hospital discharge (last follow-up, February 8, 2017). Patients were assigned to a cricoid pressure (Sellick group) or a sham procedure

EvidenceUpdates2018

4. Effects of Combined Lower Thoracic Epidural/General Anesthesia on Pain Control in Patients Undergoing Elective Lumbar Spine Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Effects of Combined Lower Thoracic Epidural/General Anesthesia on Pain Control in Patients Undergoing Elective Lumbar Spine Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial 29624542 2018 10 01 1528-1159 43 20 2018 Oct 15 Spine Spine Effects of Combined Lower Thoracic Epidural/General Anesthesia on Pain Control in Patients Undergoing Elective Lumbar Spine Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 1381-1385 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002662 Randomized controlled trial. Our objective was to compare postoperative (...) pain relief and operating field condition of single-shot, low-thoracic epidural anesthesia combined with general anesthesia versus general anesthesia alone. Prior studies have suggested that continuous epidural analgesia provides better postoperative pain relief and less intraoperative blood loss, but with the risk of the epidural catheter contaminating the surgical field. A total of 22 patients scheduled for elective lumbar spine surgery were enrolled and randomly allocated into two groups. Group

EvidenceUpdates2018

5. Intravenously Administered Lidocaine and Magnesium During Thyroid Surgery in Female Patients for Better Quality of Recovery After Anesthesia

Intravenously Administered Lidocaine and Magnesium During Thyroid Surgery in Female Patients for Better Quality of Recovery After Anesthesia 29324495 2018 08 16 1526-7598 127 3 2018 Sep Anesthesia and analgesia Anesth. Analg. Intravenously Administered Lidocaine and Magnesium During Thyroid Surgery in Female Patients for Better Quality of Recovery After Anesthesia. 635-641 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002797 Although systemic lidocaine and magnesium have been widely studied as perioperative analgesic (...) adjuvants, they have been rarely evaluated with respect to recovery quality under the same conditions. We compared the quality of recovery 40 (QoR-40) scores of female patients who received intravenous lidocaine, magnesium, and saline during thyroidectomy to investigate their effects on comprehensive recovery from anesthesia. In this prospective, double-blind trial, 135 female patients scheduled for open thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to the lidocaine group (group L), magnesium group (group M

EvidenceUpdates2018

6. The Periodontal Ligament (PDL) Injection for Anesthesia of Primary Mandibular Teeth is Less Traumatic and as Effective as the Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB) Injection

The Periodontal Ligament (PDL) Injection for Anesthesia of Primary Mandibular Teeth is Less Traumatic and as Effective as the Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB) Injection UTCAT3326, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title The Periodontal Ligament (PDL) Injection for Anesthesia of Primary Mandibular Teeth is Less Traumatic and as Effective as the Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB) Injection Clinical Question (...) intervals during pulpotomies. Patients were randomized to receive traditional IANB, IANB using a computer-controlled local anesthetic delivery (CCLAD) system, or PDL injection using CCLAD. Total P values were as follows: P=0.635 at clamp application, P=0.996 at drilling of the tooth, P=0.630 entering the pulp, P=0.945 at pulp extirpation, P=0.101 at removal of clamp. These values indicate that there was no statistical significance in the effectiveness between PDL or IANB (traditional or computer

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2018

7. Evidence Basis for Regional Anesthesia in Ambulatory Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Part I-Femoral Nerve Block

Evidence Basis for Regional Anesthesia in Ambulatory Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Part I-Femoral Nerve Block 29596099 2018 03 29 1526-7598 2018 Mar 27 Anesthesia and analgesia Anesth. Analg. Evidence Basis for Regional Anesthesia in Ambulatory Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Part I-Femoral Nerve Block. 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002854 The optimal management of pain after ambulatory anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is unclear. Femoral nerve block (FNB

EvidenceUpdates2018

8. Comparison of Intraoperative Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol on Acute Postoperative Pain in Total Knee Arthroplasty Under Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized Trial

Comparison of Intraoperative Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol on Acute Postoperative Pain in Total Knee Arthroplasty Under Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized Trial 29624535 2018 04 06 1526-7598 2018 Apr 05 Anesthesia and analgesia Anesth. Analg. Comparison of Intraoperative Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol on Acute Postoperative Pain in Total Knee Arthroplasty Under Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized Trial. 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003315 In patients undergoing total knee (...) arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia, we compared the postoperative analgesic effect of intraoperative sedation with dexmedetomidine versus propofol. We hypothesized that sedation with dexmedetomidine would result in lower postoperative opioid analgesic consumption than with propofol. Forty-eight patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to either a dexmedetomidine group (n = 24), which received a loading dose of 1 μg/kg dexmedetomidine over 10 minutes, followed by a continuous infusion of 0.1-0.5

EvidenceUpdates2018

9. Readiness for Discharge After Foot and Ankle Surgery Using Peripheral Nerve Blocks: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Spinal and General Anesthesia as Supplements to Nerve Blocks

Readiness for Discharge After Foot and Ankle Surgery Using Peripheral Nerve Blocks: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Spinal and General Anesthesia as Supplements to Nerve Blocks 29847387 2018 08 16 1526-7598 127 3 2018 Sep Anesthesia and analgesia Anesth. Analg. Readiness for Discharge After Foot and Ankle Surgery Using Peripheral Nerve Blocks: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Spinal and General Anesthesia as Supplements to Nerve Blocks. 759-766 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003456 (...) Neuraxial anesthesia is often viewed as superior to general anesthesia but may delay discharge. Comparisons do not typically use multimodal analgesics and nerve blockade. Combining nerve blockade with general anesthesia may reduce pain, opioid consumption, and nausea. We hypothesized that general anesthesia (with nerve blocks) would lead to earlier readiness for discharge, compared to spinal anesthesia (with nerve blocks). All patients underwent ambulatory foot and ankle surgery, with a predicted case

EvidenceUpdates2018

10. Use of Anesthesia Providers in the Administration of Office-based Deep Sedation/General Anesthesia to the Pediatric Dental Patient

Use of Anesthesia Providers in the Administration of Office-based Deep Sedation/General Anesthesia to the Pediatric Dental Patient

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry2018

11. Anesthesia

Anesthesia Top results for anesthesia - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice My query is: English Français Deutsch Čeština Español Magyar Svenska ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing (...) the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines

Trip Latest and Greatest2018

12. Regional Anesthesia in the Patient Receiving Antithrombotic or Thrombolytic Therapy

Regional Anesthesia in the Patient Receiving Antithrombotic or Thrombolytic Therapy Regional Anesthesia in the Patient Receiving Antithrombotic... : Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. You currently have no recent searches Enter your Email address: Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy (...) and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. Toggle navigation Articles & Issues Collections Journal Info > > Regional Anesthesia in the Patient Receiving Antithrombotic... Email to a Colleague Colleague's E-mail is Invalid Your Name: (optional) Your Email: Colleague's Email: Separate multiple e-mails with a (;). Message: Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. Send a copy

American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine2018

14. Benefit and Harm of Adding Epinephrine to a Local Anesthetic for Neuraxial and Locoregional Anesthesia: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials With Trial Sequential Analyses

Benefit and Harm of Adding Epinephrine to a Local Anesthetic for Neuraxial and Locoregional Anesthesia: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials With Trial Sequential Analyses 29782398 2018 06 18 1526-7598 127 1 2018 Jul Anesthesia and analgesia Anesth. Analg. Benefit and Harm of Adding Epinephrine to a Local Anesthetic for Neuraxial and Locoregional Anesthesia: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials With Trial Sequential Analyses. 228-239 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003417 (...) This systematic review examines the benefit and harm of adding epinephrine to local anesthetics for epidural, intrathecal, or locoregional anesthesia. We searched electronic databases to October 2017 for randomized trials comparing any local anesthetic regimen combined with epinephrine, with the same local anesthetic regimen without epinephrine, reporting on duration of analgesia, time to 2 segments regression, or any adverse effects. Trial quality was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool

EvidenceUpdates2018

16. Ketamine-based anesthesia improves electroconvulsive therapy outcomes: a randomized-controlled study

Ketamine-based anesthesia improves electroconvulsive therapy outcomes: a randomized-controlled study 29700801 2018 05 19 1496-8975 65 6 2018 Jun Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthesie Can J Anaesth Ketamine-based anesthesia improves electroconvulsive therapy outcomes: a randomized-controlled study. 636-646 10.1007/s12630-018-1088-0 Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common and debilitating condition that can be challenging to treat. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is (...) currently the therapeutic gold standard for treatment-resistant MDD. We tested our hypothesis that ketamine-based anesthesia for ECT results in superior improvement in treatment-resistant MDD outcomes compared with propofol-based anesthesia. Patients with treatment-resistant MDD were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial with assignment to ketamine- or propofol-based anesthesia arms. Using a modified intention-to-treat analysis, we compared the median number of ECT treatments required to achieve a 50

EvidenceUpdates2018

18. Comparison of Paravertebral Block by Anatomic Landmark Technique to Ultrasound-Guided Paravertebral Block for Breast Surgery Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Comparison of Paravertebral Block by Anatomic Landmark Technique to Ultrasound-Guided Paravertebral Block for Breast Surgery Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial 29462058 2018 04 18 1532-8651 43 4 2018 May Regional anesthesia and pain medicine Reg Anesth Pain Med Comparison of Paravertebral Block by Anatomic Landmark Technique to Ultrasound-Guided Paravertebral Block for Breast Surgery Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 385-390 10.1097/AAP.0000000000000746 Paravertebral block (PVB (...) ) is an established technique for providing anesthesia for breast surgery. The primary objective was to compare anatomical landmark technique (ALT) to the ultrasound-guided (USG) PVB block for providing surgical anesthesia. Secondary objectives included comparison of perioperative analgesia and complications. This randomized, controlled, observer-blinded study included 72 females, aged 18 to 65 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II, undergoing elective unilateral breast surgery

EvidenceUpdates2018

19. Inhalational versus IV Induction of Anesthesia in Children with a High Risk of Perioperative Respiratory Adverse Events: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Inhalational versus IV Induction of Anesthesia in Children with a High Risk of Perioperative Respiratory Adverse Events: A Randomized Controlled Trial 29498948 2018 03 26 1528-1175 2018 Mar 26 Anesthesiology Anesthesiology Inhalational versus IV Induction of Anesthesia in Children with a High Risk of Perioperative Respiratory Adverse Events: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 10.1097/ALN.0000000000002152 Limited evidence suggests that children have a lower incidence of perioperative respiratory (...) adverse events when intravenous propofol is used compared with inhalational sevoflurane for the anesthesia induction. Limiting these events can improve recovery time as well as decreasing surgery waitlists and healthcare costs. This single center open-label randomized controlled trial assessed the impact of the anesthesia induction technique on the occurrence of perioperative respiratory adverse events in children at high risk of those events. Children (N = 300; 0 to 8 yr) with at least two clinically

EvidenceUpdates2018

20. Efficacy of local dexmedetomidine add-on for spermatic cord block anesthesia in patients undergoing intrascrotal surgeries: randomized controlled multicenter clinical trial

Efficacy of local dexmedetomidine add-on for spermatic cord block anesthesia in patients undergoing intrascrotal surgeries: randomized controlled multicenter clinical trial 29184438 2017 12 19 1178-7090 10 2017 Journal of pain research J Pain Res Efficacy of local dexmedetomidine add-on for spermatic cord block anesthesia in patients undergoing intrascrotal surgeries: randomized controlled multicenter clinical trial. 2621-2628 10.2147/JPR.S145305 The objective of this study was to evaluate (...) the effect of adding dexmedetomidine (DEX) to bupivacaine on the quality of spermatic cord block anesthesia and postoperative analgesia. This is a randomized, double-blind study. This study was performed in an educational and research hospital. One hundred twenty adult males were scheduled for intrascrotal surgeries. Patients were divided into two groups: group B received 10 mL of bupivacaine 0.25% for spermatic cord block and intravenous 50 µg of DEX and group BD received 10 mL of bupivacaine 0.25

EvidenceUpdates2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro