Latest & greatest articles for analgesia

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Analgesic drugs are used to provide analgesia, the inability to feel pain. There are numerous groups of analgesics including simple analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioids. Analgesics types are prescribed differently depending on the severity of pain relief needed.

The most common type of analgesic generally known and used is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as paracetamol, aspirin and ibuprofen. Opioid drugs include morphine, codeine, oxycodone, dihydromorphine and pethidine.

Research shows that analgesic drugs have an effect on the peripheral and central nervous system, relieving pain without the loss of consciousness. Opioids are highly effect pain relievers however case studies prove they can be highly addictive. Therefore use should be guided by the World Health Organization (WHO) pain ladder which specifies mild analgesics as its first step.

Clinical trials and studies carried out across all groups of analgesia have proven the drugs are highly effective painkillers, opioids in particular. However, years of research and clinical trials conclude that some groups have significant side effects such as addiction or cardiovascular side effects. Research evidence is broad including clinical guidelines, systematic reviews, randomised controlled trials, case studies etc. These can easily be found via a search of the Trip Database.

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