Latest & greatest articles for anaesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anaesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anaesthesia

Clinical Anaesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of Anaesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anaesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of Anaesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of Anaesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of Anaesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in Anaesthesia and the advancements in Anaesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anaesthesia

141. Alpha-2 adrenergic agonists for the prevention of shivering following general anaesthesia. (Abstract)

Alpha-2 adrenergic agonists for the prevention of shivering following general anaesthesia. Shivering after general anaesthesia is common. It is unpleasant but can also have adverse physiological effects. Alpha-2 (α-2) adrenergic agonist receptors, which can lead to reduced sympathetic activity and central regulation of vasoconstrictor tone, are a group of drugs that have been used to try to prevent postoperative shivering.To assess the following: the effects of α-2 agonists on the prevention (...) of shivering and subsequent complications after general anaesthesia in people undergoing surgery; the effects of α-2 agonists on the risk of inadvertent perioperative hypothermia; and whether any adverse effects are associated with these interventions.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and EMBASE on 13 June 2014. Our search terms were relevant to the review question and limited to studies that assessed shivering or hypothermia. We also carried out searches

2015 Cochrane

142. Early versus late removal of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for general anaesthesia. (Abstract)

Early versus late removal of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for general anaesthesia. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a safe and effective modality to maintain the airway for general anaesthesia during surgical procedures. The LMA is removed at the end of surgery and anaesthesia, when the patient maintains an adequate respiratory rate and depth. This removal of the LMA can be done either when the patient is deep under anaesthesia (early removal) or only after the patient has regained (...) consciousness (late removal). It is not clear which of these techniques is superior.The objective of this review was to compare the safety of LMA removal in the deep plane of anaesthesia (early removal) versus removal in the awake state (late removal) for participants undergoing general anaesthesia.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2014, Issue 8); MEDLINE (1966 to August 2014); EMBASE (1980 to August 2014); LILACS (1982 to August 2014); CINAHL (WebSPIRS; 1984 to August

2015 Cochrane

143. Non-pharmacological interventions for assisting the induction of anaesthesia in children. (Full text)

Non-pharmacological interventions for assisting the induction of anaesthesia in children. Induction of general anaesthesia can be distressing for children. Non-pharmacological methods for reducing anxiety and improving co-operation may avoid the adverse effects of preoperative sedation.To assess the effects of non-pharmacological interventions in assisting induction of anaesthesia in children by reducing their anxiety, distress or increasing their co-operation.In this updated review we searched (...) in trials.We included 28 trials (2681 children) investigating 17 interventions of interest; all trials were conducted in high-income countries. Overall we judged the trials to be at high risk of bias. Except for parental acupuncture (graded low), all other GRADE assessments of the primary outcomes of comparisons were very low, indicating a high degree of uncertainty about the overall findings. Parental presence: In five trials (557 children), parental presence at induction of anaesthesia did not reduce

2015 Cochrane PubMed abstract

144. Peribulbar versus retrobulbar anaesthesia for cataract surgery. (Full text)

Peribulbar versus retrobulbar anaesthesia for cataract surgery. Cataract is a major cause of blindness worldwide. Unless medically contraindicated, cataract surgery is usually performed under local (regional) anaesthesia. Local anaesthesia involves the blockage of a nerve subserving a given part of the body. It involves infiltration of the area around the nerve with local anaesthetic. The two main approaches in the eye are retrobulbar and peribulbar. There is debate over whether the peribulbar (...) approach provides more effective, safer anaesthesia for cataract surgery than retrobulbar block.The objective of this review was to assess the effects of peribulbar anaesthesia (PB) compared to retrobulbar anaesthesia (RB) on pain scores, ocular akinesia, patient acceptability and ocular and systemic complications.In the previous version of our review, we searched the databases until December 2007. In this updated version, we searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (March

2015 Cochrane PubMed abstract

145. Regional (spinal, epidural, caudal) versus general anaesthesia in preterm infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy in early infancy. (Full text)

Regional (spinal, epidural, caudal) versus general anaesthesia in preterm infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy in early infancy. With improvements in neonatal intensive care, more preterm infants are surviving the neonatal period and presenting for surgery in early infancy. Inguinal hernia is the most common condition requiring early surgery, appearing in 38% of infants whose birth weight is between 751 grams and 1000 grams. Approximately 20% to 30% of otherwise healthy preterm infants (...) having general anaesthesia for inguinal hernia surgery at a postmature age have at least one apnoeic episode within the postoperative period. Research studies have failed to adequately distinguish the effects of apnoeic episodes from other complications of extreme preterm gestation on the risk of brain injury, or to investigate the potential impact of postoperative apnoea upon longer term neurodevelopment. In addition to episodes of apnoea, there are concerns that anaesthetic and sedative agents may

2015 Cochrane PubMed abstract

146. Deep Sedation and General Anaesthesia in Young Children

Deep Sedation and General Anaesthesia in Young Children Disclaimer: The Rapid Response Service is an information service for those involved in planning and providing health care in Canada. Rapid responses are based on a limited literature search and are not comprehensive, systematic reviews. The intent is to provide a list of sources of the best evidence on the topic that CADTH could identify using all reasonable efforts within the time allowed. Rapid responses should be considered along (...) . It may not be copied, posted on a web site, redistributed by email or stored on an electronic system without the prior written permission of CADTH or applicable copyright owner. Links: This report may contain links to other information available on the websites of third parties on the Internet. CADTH does not have control over the content of such sites. Use of third party sites is governed by the owners’ own terms and conditions. TITLE: Deep Sedation and General Anaesthesia in Young Children: Safety

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

147. The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Controversial Topics in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia

The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Controversial Topics in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therap... : Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Login No user account? Lippincott Journals Subscribers (...) your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. Toggle navigation Articles & Issues Collections For Authors Journal Info > > The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therap... Email to a Colleague Colleague's E-mail is Invalid Your Name: (optional) Your Email: Colleague's Email: Separate multiple e-mails with a (;). Message: Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. Send

2015 American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine

148. Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care

Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care PS59 2015 Page 1 PS59 2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care 1. PURPOSE This statement provides a framework for discussions on the roles and responsibilities of health professionals in the anaesthesia and perioperative * care teams. The following five principles underpin this position statement: 1.1. The structure of anaesthesia and perioperative care must (...) support safe, high quality care. 1.2. The provision of anaesthesia is a medical role. 1.3. Innovation should be based on delegation, not substitution, of roles. 1.4. Anaesthesia and perioperative care require a team of highly skilled health professionals. 1.5. New or extended roles within the anaesthesia and perioperative care team should be developed, implemented and evaluated in a systematic and consistent way. 2. BACKGROUND The healthcare system faces significant challenges, including older, sicker

2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

149. Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia Background Paper

Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia Background Paper PS28 BP 2015 Page 1 PS28 BP 2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia Background Paper 1. PURPOSE OF REVIEW This document was last reviewed in 2005 and the current review is part of the standard review cycle, which is designed to ensure that the guidelines keep pace with current knowledge. 2. BACKGROUND Minimisation of risks of infection plays a critical role (...) in outcomes. Consequently, infection control aimed at minimising risks of infection related to anaesthesia practice is a significant contributory factor to patient safety. The principles contained within these guidelines are intended to apply in all areas where anaesthesia, regional analgesia and sedation are administered including operating theatre suites, endoscopy units, radiology suites, intensive care units and labour ward suites. During the evolution of infection control procedures recommendations

2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

150. Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care Background Paper

Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care Background Paper PS59 BP 2015 Page 1 PS59 BP 2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care Background Paper 1. PURPOSE Governments, health workforce planning agencies and other key stakeholders in Australia and New Zealand have been considering the establishment of new roles in healthcare for some time. ANZCA recognises the need to meet the demands of an aging (...) and increasingly complex patient population, financial constraints and tightening health budgets, and workforce composition and distribution issues. New models of care, new roles, and extended scopes and complexity of practice have the potential to influence the composition and operation of anaesthesia and perioperative care teams. ANZCA acknowledges its responsibility to contribute to discussions that involve the composition of and roles within the anaesthesia and perioperative care team, and to publicly

2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

151. Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia

Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia PS28 2015 Page 1 PS28 2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia 1. PURPOSE The Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) aims to ensure that the practice of anaesthesia is as safe as possible for patients, anaesthetists and other healthcare workers. Infection control aimed at minimising risks of infection is central to this aim. The goal of these guidelines (...) is to assist practitioners and facilities to implement strategies that will reduce risks of transmission of infection, based on current evidence. In certain clinical situations there may be a need to adopt more stringent practices. These guidelines should be considered with documents on this subject issued by other authorities, and in particular local infection control policies. 2. SCOPE OF THIS DOCUMENT This document is intended to apply in all areas where anaesthesia, including regional analgesia

2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

152. Thoracic epidural anaesthesia combined with general anaesthesia versus general anaesthesia alone for one-lung ventilation [Cochrane Protocol]

Thoracic epidural anaesthesia combined with general anaesthesia versus general anaesthesia alone for one-lung ventilation [Cochrane Protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2015 PROSPERO

153. Haemorrhagic complications in patients receiving anticoagulant or platelet aggregation inhibitor treatment under regional anaesthesia

Haemorrhagic complications in patients receiving anticoagulant or platelet aggregation inhibitor treatment under regional anaesthesia Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2015 PROSPERO

154. Comparison of general anaesthesia with spinal anaesthesia for primary knee arthroplasty in reducing postoperative pain in the first 24 hours

Comparison of general anaesthesia with spinal anaesthesia for primary knee arthroplasty in reducing postoperative pain in the first 24 hours Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2015 PROSPERO

155. Depth of anaesthesia monitoring during procedural sedation and analgesia: A systematic review protocol

Depth of anaesthesia monitoring during procedural sedation and analgesia: A systematic review protocol Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2015 PROSPERO

156. Drugs for general anaesthesia for caesarean section [Cochrane Protocol]

Drugs for general anaesthesia for caesarean section [Cochrane Protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect

2015 PROSPERO

157. Videolaryngoscopy versus direct laryngoscopy for adult surgical patients requiring tracheal intubation for general anaesthesia [Cochrane Protocol]

Videolaryngoscopy versus direct laryngoscopy for adult surgical patients requiring tracheal intubation for general anaesthesia [Cochrane Protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2015 PROSPERO

158. Total intravenous anaesthesia versus inhalational anaesthesia for transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery [Cochrane Protocol]

Total intravenous anaesthesia versus inhalational anaesthesia for transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery [Cochrane Protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2015 PROSPERO

159. Effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving anaesthesia and perioperative outcomes in low and middle income countries: a systematic review

Effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving anaesthesia and perioperative outcomes in low and middle income countries: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2015 PROSPERO

160. Nitrous oxide-based versus nitrous oxide-free general anaesthesia and accidental awareness during general anaesthesia in surgical patients [Cochrane Protocol]

Nitrous oxide-based versus nitrous oxide-free general anaesthesia and accidental awareness during general anaesthesia in surgical patients [Cochrane Protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr

2015 PROSPERO