Latest & greatest articles for anaesthesia

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Anaesthesia

Clinical Anaesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of Anaesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anaesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of Anaesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of Anaesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of Anaesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in Anaesthesia and the advancements in Anaesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anaesthesia

61. Guidelines on Quality Assurance and Quality Improvement in Anaesthesia

Guidelines on Quality Assurance and Quality Improvement in Anaesthesia PS58 2018 Page 1 PS58 2018 Guidelines on Quality Assurance and Quality Improvement in Anaesthesia 1. PURPOSE The aim of these guidelines is to assist practitioners in achieving the highest quality of care for their patients through an understanding of Quality Assurance (QA) and Quality Improvement (QI). 2. INTRODUCTION 2.1. It is incumbent upon Fellows at an individual, departmental and institutional level to contribute (...) responsibility for all clinicians. Compliance with the College’s CPD standard is mandated by the Medical Board of Australia for all registered specialist anaesthetists and specialist pain medicine physicians practising in Australia, and participation in the program is mandated by the Medical Council of New Zealand for vocationally registered anaesthetists and pain medicine physicians practising in New Zealand. 2.7. Research underpins the scientific advances that progress anaesthesia, pain management

2016 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

62. Guidelines on Pre-Anaesthesia Consultation and Patient Preparation Background Paper

Guidelines on Pre-Anaesthesia Consultation and Patient Preparation Background Paper PS07 BP 2016 Page 1 PS07 BP 2016 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Guidelines on Pre-Anaesthesia Consultation and Patient Preparation Background Paper PURPOSE OF REVIEW PS07 Recommendations for Pre-Anaesthesia Consultation and Patient Preperation was last reviewed in 2008. The document review has incorporated the following events: ? Updating the format to align with the other ANZCA (...) for the Development and Review of Professional Documents which describes the current categories of professional documents: “Guidelines” offer advice on clinical and non-clinical aspects of the practice of anaesthesia and perioperative medicine, reflecting expert consensus and supported by other evidence when available. “Policies” deal with matters within the authority and control of the College. “Statements” define the position of the College on certain matters. 1.2. Since 2008 (last PS07 review) a number of new

2016 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

63. Guidelines on Pre-Anaesthesia Consultation and Patient Preparation

Guidelines on Pre-Anaesthesia Consultation and Patient Preparation PS07 2016 Page 1 PS07 2016 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Guidelines on Pre-Anaesthesia Consultation and Patient Preparation 1. INTRODUCTION Adequate pre-anaesthesia consultation has been identified as an important factor in patient safety. The terms “pre-anaesthesia consultation” and “anaesthesia” in this document refer not only to situations pertinent to the administration of general anaesthesia (...) but also includes those related to regional anaesthesia/analgesia and sedation. Consultation with a patient prior to anaesthesia by an anaesthetist or a medical practitioner whose scope of practice includes anaesthesia is essential (see PS57 Statement on the Duties of an Anaesthetist, PS59 Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care, and Good Medical Practice: A Code of Conduct for Doctors in Australia 1 ). “Consultation” differs from “assessment” in that an assessment (medical or nursing

2016 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

64. Regional versus general anaesthesia for improved cognitive function after procedures other than cardiac surgery or neurosurgery in adult and paediatric patients. (PubMed)

Regional versus general anaesthesia for improved cognitive function after procedures other than cardiac surgery or neurosurgery in adult and paediatric patients. This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: The objective of this review is to compare the effects of regional versus general anaesthesia on cognitive function after procedures other than cardiac surgery or neurosurgery in adult and in paediatric patients.

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2016 Cochrane

65. Use of platelet transfusions prior to lumbar punctures or epidural anaesthesia for the prevention of complications in people with thrombocytopenia. (PubMed)

Use of platelet transfusions prior to lumbar punctures or epidural anaesthesia for the prevention of complications in people with thrombocytopenia. This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects of different platelet transfusion thresholds prior to the insertion of a lumbar puncture or epidural anaesthesia in people with thrombocytopenia (low platelet count).

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2015 Cochrane

66. Sedation versus general anaesthesia for provision of dental treatment to patients younger than 18 years. (PubMed)

Sedation versus general anaesthesia for provision of dental treatment to patients younger than 18 years. A significant proportion of children have caries requiring restorations or extractions, and some of these children will not accept this treatment under local anaesthetic. Historically this has been managed by the use of a general anaesthetic in children; however, use of sedation may lead to reduced morbidity and cost. The aim of this review was to compare the efficiency of sedation versus (...) general anaesthesia (GA) for provision of dental treatment to children and adolescents younger than 18 years. This review was originally published in 2009 and was updated in 2012 and again in 2015.We will evaluate morbidity and effectiveness of sedation versus GA for provision of dental treatment to patients younger than 18 years. If data become available, we will analyse the cost-effectiveness of different interventions. If data are not available, we will obtain crude estimates of cost.Morbidity can

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2015 Cochrane

67. Evaluation of the injection pain with the use of DentalVibe injection system during supraperiosteal anaesthesia in children: a randomised clinical trial. (PubMed)

Evaluation of the injection pain with the use of DentalVibe injection system during supraperiosteal anaesthesia in children: a randomised clinical trial. The purpose of this study was to compare the use of a traditional syringe (TS) and the DentalVibe (DV) Injection Comfort System on the pain of needle insertion and injection of supraperiosteal (SP) anaesthesia into the mandibles and maxillas of children aged 6-12 years.The study was a randomised, controlled, crossover clinical trial (...) , comprising 60 children requiring an operative procedure with SP anaesthesia on both their mandibular and maxillary molars, bilaterally. One of the molars was treated with a TS, and the contralateral tooth was treated with the DV for both arches. On each visit, subjective and objective pain was evaluated using the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale and the Face, Leg, Activity, Cry, Consolability Scale. Patients were asked which technique they preferred. The data were analysed using Wilcoxon signed-rank

2015 International journal of paediatric dentistry / the British Paedodontic Society [and] the International Association of Dentistry for Children

68. Guidance on the provision of vascular anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of vascular anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

69. Guidance on the provision of paediatric anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of paediatric anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

70. Guidance on the provision of ophthalmic anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of ophthalmic anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

71. Guidance on the provision of burns and plastics anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of burns and plastics anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

72. Guidance on the provision of obstetric anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of obstetric anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

73. Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for resuscitation 2015

Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for resuscitation 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

74. Guidance on the provision of cardiac and thoracic anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of cardiac and thoracic anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

75. Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for head and neck surgery 2015

Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for head and neck surgery 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

76. Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for sedation 2015

Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for sedation 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

77. Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for day surgery 2015

Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for day surgery 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

78. Sub-Tenon's anaesthesia versus topical anaesthesia for cataract surgery. (PubMed)

Sub-Tenon's anaesthesia versus topical anaesthesia for cataract surgery. Local anaesthesia for cataract surgery can be provided by sub-Tenon's or topical anaesthesia. Both techniques offer possible advantages. This review, which originally was published in 2007 and was updated in 2014, was undertaken to compare these two anaesthetic techniques.Our objectives were to compare the effectiveness of topical anaesthesia (with or without intracameral local anaesthetic) versus sub-Tenon's anaesthesia (...) in providing pain relief during cataract surgery. We reviewed pain during administration of anaesthesia, postoperative pain, surgical satisfaction with operating conditions and patient satisfaction with pain relief provided, and we looked at associated complications.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE and EMBASE (last search in November 2014) and the reference lists of published articles. We looked for conferences abstracts and trials in progress and placed

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2015 Cochrane

79. Alpha-2 adrenergic agonists for the prevention of shivering following general anaesthesia. (PubMed)

Alpha-2 adrenergic agonists for the prevention of shivering following general anaesthesia. Shivering after general anaesthesia is common. It is unpleasant but can also have adverse physiological effects. Alpha-2 (α-2) adrenergic agonist receptors, which can lead to reduced sympathetic activity and central regulation of vasoconstrictor tone, are a group of drugs that have been used to try to prevent postoperative shivering.To assess the following: the effects of α-2 agonists on the prevention (...) of shivering and subsequent complications after general anaesthesia in people undergoing surgery; the effects of α-2 agonists on the risk of inadvertent perioperative hypothermia; and whether any adverse effects are associated with these interventions.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and EMBASE on 13 June 2014. Our search terms were relevant to the review question and limited to studies that assessed shivering or hypothermia. We also carried out searches

2015 Cochrane

80. Early versus late removal of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for general anaesthesia. (PubMed)

Early versus late removal of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for general anaesthesia. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a safe and effective modality to maintain the airway for general anaesthesia during surgical procedures. The LMA is removed at the end of surgery and anaesthesia, when the patient maintains an adequate respiratory rate and depth. This removal of the LMA can be done either when the patient is deep under anaesthesia (early removal) or only after the patient has regained (...) consciousness (late removal). It is not clear which of these techniques is superior.The objective of this review was to compare the safety of LMA removal in the deep plane of anaesthesia (early removal) versus removal in the awake state (late removal) for participants undergoing general anaesthesia.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2014, Issue 8); MEDLINE (1966 to August 2014); EMBASE (1980 to August 2014); LILACS (1982 to August 2014); CINAHL (WebSPIRS; 1984 to August

2015 Cochrane