Latest & greatest articles for anaesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anaesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anaesthesia

Clinical Anaesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of Anaesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anaesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of Anaesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of Anaesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of Anaesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in Anaesthesia and the advancements in Anaesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anaesthesia

62. Deep Sedation and General Anaesthesia in Young Children

Deep Sedation and General Anaesthesia in Young Children Disclaimer: The Rapid Response Service is an information service for those involved in planning and providing health care in Canada. Rapid responses are based on a limited literature search and are not comprehensive, systematic reviews. The intent is to provide a list of sources of the best evidence on the topic that CADTH could identify using all reasonable efforts within the time allowed. Rapid responses should be considered along (...) . It may not be copied, posted on a web site, redistributed by email or stored on an electronic system without the prior written permission of CADTH or applicable copyright owner. Links: This report may contain links to other information available on the websites of third parties on the Internet. CADTH does not have control over the content of such sites. Use of third party sites is governed by the owners’ own terms and conditions. TITLE: Deep Sedation and General Anaesthesia in Young Children: Safety

Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review2015

63. Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care Background Paper

Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care Background Paper PS59 BP 2015 Page 1 PS59 BP 2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care Background Paper 1. PURPOSE Governments, health workforce planning agencies and other key stakeholders in Australia and New Zealand have been considering the establishment of new roles in healthcare for some time. ANZCA recognises the need to meet the demands of an aging and (...) increasingly complex patient population, financial constraints and tightening health budgets, and workforce composition and distribution issues. New models of care, new roles, and extended scopes and complexity of practice have the potential to influence the composition and operation of anaesthesia and perioperative care teams. ANZCA acknowledges its responsibility to contribute to discussions that involve the composition of and roles within the anaesthesia and perioperative care team, and to publicly

Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists2015

64. Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care

Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care PS59 2015 Page 1 PS59 2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care 1. PURPOSE This statement provides a framework for discussions on the roles and responsibilities of health professionals in the anaesthesia and perioperative * care teams. The following five principles underpin this position statement: 1.1. The structure of anaesthesia and perioperative care must (...) support safe, high quality care. 1.2. The provision of anaesthesia is a medical role. 1.3. Innovation should be based on delegation, not substitution, of roles. 1.4. Anaesthesia and perioperative care require a team of highly skilled health professionals. 1.5. New or extended roles within the anaesthesia and perioperative care team should be developed, implemented and evaluated in a systematic and consistent way. 2. BACKGROUND The healthcare system faces significant challenges, including older, sicker

Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists2015

65. Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia Background Paper

Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia Background Paper PS28 BP 2015 Page 1 PS28 BP 2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia Background Paper 1. PURPOSE OF REVIEW This document was last reviewed in 2005 and the current review is part of the standard review cycle, which is designed to ensure that the guidelines keep pace with current knowledge. 2. BACKGROUND Minimisation of risks of infection plays a critical role (...) in outcomes. Consequently, infection control aimed at minimising risks of infection related to anaesthesia practice is a significant contributory factor to patient safety. The principles contained within these guidelines are intended to apply in all areas where anaesthesia, regional analgesia and sedation are administered including operating theatre suites, endoscopy units, radiology suites, intensive care units and labour ward suites. During the evolution of infection control procedures recommendations

Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists2015

66. Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia

Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia PS28 2015 Page 1 PS28 2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia 1. PURPOSE The Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) aims to ensure that the practice of anaesthesia is as safe as possible for patients, anaesthetists and other healthcare workers. Infection control aimed at minimising risks of infection is central to this aim. The goal of these guidelines (...) is to assist practitioners and facilities to implement strategies that will reduce risks of transmission of infection, based on current evidence. In certain clinical situations there may be a need to adopt more stringent practices. These guidelines should be considered with documents on this subject issued by other authorities, and in particular local infection control policies. 2. SCOPE OF THIS DOCUMENT This document is intended to apply in all areas where anaesthesia, including regional analgesia and

Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists2015

67. Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care

Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care PS59 2015 Page 1 PS59 2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Statement on Roles in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care 1. PURPOSE This statement provides a framework for discussions on the roles and responsibilities of health professionals in the anaesthesia and perioperative * care teams. The following five principles underpin this position statement: 1.1. The structure of anaesthesia and perioperative care must (...) support safe, high quality care. 1.2. The provision of anaesthesia is a medical role. 1.3. Innovation should be based on delegation, not substitution, of roles. 1.4. Anaesthesia and perioperative care require a team of highly skilled health professionals. 1.5. New or extended roles within the anaesthesia and perioperative care team should be developed, implemented and evaluated in a systematic and consistent way. 2. BACKGROUND The healthcare system faces significant challenges, including older, sicker

Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists2015

68. The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Controversial Topics in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia

The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Controversial Topics in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therap... : Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. You currently have no recent searches Enter your Email (...) address: Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. Toggle navigation Articles & Issues Collections Journal Info > > The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therap... Email to a Colleague Colleague's E-mail is Invalid Your Name: (optional) Your Email: Colleague's Email: Separate

American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine2015

69. Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia

Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia PS28 2015 Page 1 PS28 2015 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Guidelines on Infection Control in Anaesthesia 1. PURPOSE The Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) aims to ensure that the practice of anaesthesia is as safe as possible for patients, anaesthetists and other healthcare workers. Infection control aimed at minimising risks of infection is central to this aim. The goal of these guidelines (...) is to assist practitioners and facilities to implement strategies that will reduce risks of transmission of infection, based on current evidence. In certain clinical situations there may be a need to adopt more stringent practices. These guidelines should be considered with documents on this subject issued by other authorities, and in particular local infection control policies. 2. SCOPE OF THIS DOCUMENT This document is intended to apply in all areas where anaesthesia, including regional analgesia and

Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists2015

70. Intraoperative local anaesthesia for reduction of postoperative pain following general anaesthesia for dental treatment in children and adolescents.

Intraoperative local anaesthesia for reduction of postoperative pain following general anaesthesia for dental treatment in children and adolescents. BACKGROUND: Whilst carrying out dental procedures under general anaesthesia (GA), practitioners routinely give local anaesthetics (LA) intraoperatively to children. Local anaesthetics are used to help manage postoperative pain and reduce bleeding and the physiological response to procedures. Studies of effectiveness of intraoperative LA to date (...) have reported contradictory results. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of intraoperative local anaesthesia for reducing postoperative pain following general anaesthesia for dental treatment in children and young people aged 17 years or younger. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, 2013, Issue 12), MEDLINE via OVID (1946 to 02 January 2014

Cochrane2014

71. Out of Hours Activity (Anaesthesia)

Out of Hours Activity (Anaesthesia) Out of Hours Activity (Anaesthesia) Guiding Principles and Recommendations JOINT POSITION STATEMENT Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland and Royal College of Anaesthetists October 2014 1Definitions The times that can be considered to be “out of hours” (OOH) may be defined contractually or by reference to published national standards. In the current Consultant Contracts for England and Wales, OOH is defined by the concept of “premium time (...) ”, i.e. that which is outside of 07.00 h – 19.00 h on non-Bank Holiday weekdays. Current and future contract negotiations may change the periods covered by “premium time”. The National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD) defines OOH as: “any time outside 08.00 to 17.59 on weekdays, and any time on a Saturday or Sunday”. We will simply define OOH work as that done outside of the normal working week. Emergency work Anaesthetic services delivered OOH are key to the provision

Association of Anaesthetists of GB and Ireland2014

72. Tetracaine idocaine (Pliaglis) - local dermal anaesthesia

Tetracaine idocaine (Pliaglis) - local dermal anaesthesia Published 13 October 2014 Statement of Advice: tetracaine / lidocaine (Pliaglis 70 mg/g + 70 mg/g cream ® ) (No: 1000/14) Galderma (UK) Ltd 08 August 2014 ADVICE: in the absence of a submission from the holder of the marketing authorisation tetracaine / lidocaine (Pliaglis ® ) is not recommended for use within NHS Scotland. Indication under review: local dermal anaesthesia on intact skin prior to dermatological procedures in adults

Scottish Medicines Consortium2014

74. Physician anaesthetists versus non-physician providers of anaesthesia for surgical patients.

Physician anaesthetists versus non-physician providers of anaesthesia for surgical patients. BACKGROUND: With increasing demand for surgery, pressure on healthcare providers to reduce costs, and a predicted shortfall in the number of medically qualified anaesthetists it is important to consider whether non-physician anaesthetists (NPAs), who do not have a medical qualification, are able to provide equivalent anaesthetic services to medically qualified anaesthesia providers. OBJECTIVES (...) : To assess the safety and effectiveness of different anaesthetic providers for patients undergoing surgical procedures under general, regional or epidural anaesthesia. We planned to consider results from studies across countries worldwide (including developed and developing countries). SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL on 13 February 2014. Our search terms were relevant to the review question and not limited by study

Cochrane2014

75. The cost-effectiveness of clinic-based chloral hydrate sedation versus general anaesthesia for paediatric ophthalmological procedures

The cost-effectiveness of clinic-based chloral hydrate sedation versus general anaesthesia for paediatric ophthalmological procedures The cost-effectiveness of clinic-based chloral hydrate sedation versus general anaesthesia for paediatric ophthalmological procedures The cost-effectiveness of clinic-based chloral hydrate sedation versus general anaesthesia for paediatric ophthalmological procedures Burnett H, Lambley R, West S, Ungar WJ, Mireskandari K Record Status This is a bibliographic (...) record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Burnett H, Lambley R, West S, Ungar WJ, Mireskandari K. The cost-effectiveness of clinic-based chloral hydrate sedation versus general anaesthesia for paediatric ophthalmological procedures. Toronto: Technology Assessment at SickKids (TASK). 2014 Authors' objectives The primary objective was to determine the incremental cost of paediatric eye examinations

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2014

76. Tracheal intubation with a flexible intubation scope versus other intubation techniques for obese patients requiring general anaesthesia.

Tracheal intubation with a flexible intubation scope versus other intubation techniques for obese patients requiring general anaesthesia. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m(2)) is increasing in both developed and developing countries, leading to a rise in the numbers of obese patients requiring general anaesthesia. Obese patients are at increased risk of anaesthetic complications, and tracheal intubation can be more difficult. Flexible intubation scopes

Cochrane2014

78. High versus low positive end-expiratory pressure during general anaesthesia for open abdominal surgery (PROVHILO trial): a multicentre randomised controlled trial.

High versus low positive end-expiratory pressure during general anaesthesia for open abdominal surgery (PROVHILO trial): a multicentre randomised controlled trial. 24894577 2014 08 11 2014 08 26 2015 06 16 1474-547X 384 9942 2014 Aug 09 Lancet (London, England) Lancet High versus low positive end-expiratory pressure during general anaesthesia for open abdominal surgery (PROVHILO trial): a multicentre randomised controlled trial. 495-503 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60416-5 S0140-6736(14)60416-5 (...) The role of positive end-expiratory pressure in mechanical ventilation during general anaesthesia for surgery remains uncertain. Levels of pressure higher than 0 cm H2O might protect against postoperative pulmonary complications but could also cause intraoperative circulatory depression and lung injury from overdistension. We tested the hypothesis that a high level of positive end-expiratory pressure with recruitment manoeuvres protects against postoperative pulmonary complications in patients at risk

Lancet2014

79. The safety of addition of nitrous oxide to general anaesthesia in at-risk patients having major non-cardiac surgery (ENIGMA-II): a randomised, single-blind trial.

The safety of addition of nitrous oxide to general anaesthesia in at-risk patients having major non-cardiac surgery (ENIGMA-II): a randomised, single-blind trial. 25142708 2014 11 13 2015 01 29 2015 06 16 1474-547X 384 9952 2014 Oct 18 Lancet (London, England) Lancet The safety of addition of nitrous oxide to general anaesthesia in at-risk patients having major non-cardiac surgery (ENIGMA-II): a randomised, single-blind trial. 1446-54 Nitrous oxide is commonly used in general anaesthesia (...) but concerns exist that it might increase perioperative cardiovascular risk. We aimed to gather evidence to establish whether nitrous oxide affects perioperative cardiovascular risk. We did an international, randomised, assessor-blinded trial in patients aged at least 45 years with known or suspected coronary artery disease having major non-cardiac surgery. Patients were randomly assigned via automated telephone service, stratified by site, to receive a general anaesthetic with or without nitrous

Lancet2014

80. End-tidal Control software for use with Aisys closed circuit anaesthesia systems for automated gas control during general anaesthesia

End-tidal Control software for use with Aisys closed circuit anaesthesia systems for automated gas control during general anaesthesia End-tidal Control software for use with End-tidal Control software for use with Aisys Aisys closed circuit anaesthesia systems for closed circuit anaesthesia systems for automated gas control during gener automated gas control during general al anaesthesia anaesthesia Medtech innovation briefing Published: 16 September 2014 nice.org.uk/guidance/mib10 pathways (...) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 1 of 40Summary Summary Effectiv Effectiveness eness End-tidal Control is a gas delivery software option for the GE Healthcare Aisys Carestation and Aisys CS2 anaesthesia delivery systems. Five studies compared End-tidal Control with manual gas control: 1 randomised trial (n=200), 2 observational studies (n=3675, n=80), 1 service evaluation (n=489) and 1 audit

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice2014